Sunday

April 9 - Births

Calendar Date April 9th:
April 9th - Births:
1498 – John, Cardinal of Lorraine - French churchman (d. 1550)
1597 – John Davenport - Connecticut pioneer (d. 1670)
1634 – Albertine Agnes of Nassau - Regent of Friesland, Groningen & Drenthe (d. 1696)
1648 – Henri de Massue - Marquis de Ruvigny, 1st Viscount Galway, French soldier & diplomat (d. 1720)
1649 – James Scott - 1st Duke of Monmouth, illegitimate son of Charles II of Great Britain (d. 1685)
1680 – Philippe Néricault Destouches - French dramatist (d. 1754)
1686 – James Craggs the Younger - British politician (d. 1721)
1691 – Johann Matthias Gesner - German classical scholar (d. 1761)
1757 – Edward Pellew - 1st Viscount Exmouth, British admiral (d. 1833)
1770 – Thomas Johann Seebeck - German physicist (d. 1831)
1773 – Étienne Aignan - French writer (d. 1824)
1794 – Theobald Boehm - German inventor of the modern flute (d. 1881)
1806 – Isambard Kingdom Brunel - British engineer (d. 1859)
1821 – Charles Baudelaire - French poet (d. 1867)
1830 – Eadweard Muybridge - English-born photographer & motion picture pioneer (d. 1904)
1835 – King Leopold II of Belgium (d. 1909)
1865 – Erich Ludendorff - German general in World War I (d. 1937)
1865 – Charles Proteus Steinmetz - German-born engineer & mathmetician (d. 1923)
1867 – Chris Watson - third Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1941)
1872 – Léon Blum - French prime minister (d. 1950)
1882 – Frederick Francis IV - Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, (d. 1946)
1888 – Sol Hurok - Russian-born impresario (d. 1974)
1889 – Efrem Zimbalist - Russian violinist (d. 1985)
1893 – Mahapandit Rahul Sankrityayan - Indian historian, writer, scholar (d. 1963)
1895 – Michel Simon - French actor (d. 1975)
1897 – John B. Gambling - American radio talk show host (d. 1974)
1898 – Curly Lambeau - American football coach, executive (d. 1965)
1898 – Paul Robeson - American singer & activist (d. 1976)
1900 – Allen Jenkins - American actor (d. 1974)
1901 – Paul Willis - American actor (d. 1960)
1903 – Ward Bond - American actor (d. 1960)
1904 – Sharkey Bonano - American musician (d. 1972)
1905 – J. William Fulbright - American politician (d. 1995)
1906 – Rafaela Aparicio - Spanish actress (d. 1996)
1906 – Antal Dorati - Hungarian conductor (d. 1988)
1908 – Victor Vasarely - Hungarian-born painter (d. 1997)
1910 – Abraham Ribicoff - American politician (d. 1998)
1912 – Lew Kopelew - Russian author (d. 1997)
1915 – Daniel Johnson, Sr. - Quebec politician (d. 1968)
1917 – Johannes Bobrowski - German lyricist & writer (d. 1965)
1917 – Brad Dexter - American actor (d. 2002)
1918 – Jørn Utzon - Danish architect (d. 2008)
1919 – J. Presper Eckert - American computer pioneer (d. 1995)
1921 – Jean-Marie Balestre - French motorsports official (FIA) (d. 2008)
1921 – Frankie Thomas - American actor (d. 2006)
1922 – Carl Amery - German writer (d. 2005)
1926 – Hugh Hefner - American entrepreneur & publisher
1928 – Paul Arizin - American basketball player (d. 2006)
1928 – Tom Lehrer - American satirist & mathematician
1930 – Nathaniel Branden - Canadian psychotherapist
1930 – F. Albert Cotton - American chemist (d. 2007)
1931 – Richard Hatfield - Canadian politician (d. 1991)
1932 – Jim Fowler - American zoologist
1932 – Armin Jordan - Swiss conductor (d. 2006)
1932 – Carl Perkins - American musician (d. 1998)
1933 – Jean-Paul Belmondo - French actor
1934 – Bill Birch - New Zealand politician
1935 – Avery Schreiber - American actor (d. 2002)
1936 – Valerie Solanas - American feminist (d. 1988)
1937 – Marty Krofft - Canadian television producer
1937 – Valerie Singleton - British television presenter
1938 – Viktor Chernomyrdin - Russian politician
1939 – Michael Learned - American actress
1940 – Jim Roberts - Canadian ice hockey player
1941 – Kaye Adams - American country singer
1941 – Chu Song-woong - Korean stage actor (d. 1985)
1941 – Hannah Gordon - British actress
1942 – Brandon De Wilde - American actor (d. 1972)
1943 – Terry Knight - American music promoter (d. 2004)
1945 – Steve Gadd - American session drummer
1945 – Peter Gammons - American sports journalist
1946 – David Webb - English footballer & coach
1948 – Jaya Bachchan - Indian actress
1953 – Hal Ketchum - American musician
1954 – Dennis Quaid - American actor
1954 – Iain Duncan Smith - British politician
1955 – Joolz Denby - English poet & novelist
1955 – Kate Heyhoe - American food writer
1956 – Miguel Ángel Russo - Argentine footballer
1957 – Brian Alexander - British broadcaster
1957 – Seve Ballesteros - Spanish golfer
1957 – Martin Margiela - Belgian fashion designer
1961 – Mark Kelly - British keyboard player (Marillion)
1961 – Kirk McCaskill - pro baseball & hockey player
1962 – Ihor Podolchak - Ukrainian artist & film director
1962 – Imran Sherwani - British field hockey player
1963 – Marc Jacobs - American fashion designer
1963 – Joe Scarborough - American television personality
1964 – Rob Awalt - American football player
1964 – Soyo Oka - Japanese musician
1964 – Rick Tocchet - Canadian ice hockey player
1965 – Jay Wesley Neill - American murderer (d. 2002)
1965 – Mark Pellegrino - American actor
1965 – Paulina Porizkova - Czechoslovakian actress & supermodel
1965 – Jeff Zucker - American television executive
1966 – Cynthia Nixon - American actress
1967 – Alex Kahn - American artist
1970 – Mike Barz - American meteorologist & TV anchor
1971 – Peter Canavan - Gaelic footballer
1971 – Earl Cole - Winner of Survivor: Fiji
1971 – Austin Peck - American actor
1971 – Jacques Villeneuve - French/Canadian racing driver
1973 – Spenny Rice - Canadian entertainer
1974 – Jenna Jameson - American pornographic actress
1974 – Alexander Pichushkin - Russian serial killer
1975 – Robbie Fowler - English footballer
1975 – David Gordon Green - American filmmaker
1977 – Gerard Way - American singer (My Chemical Romance)
1978 – Jorge Andrade - Portuguese footballer
1978 – Vesna Pisarović - Croatian singer
1978 – Rachel Stevens - English singer (S Club)
1978 – Veronica Taylor - American actress
1979 – Albert Hammond, Jr. - American guitarist (The Strokes)
1979 – Katsuni - French pornographic actress
1979 – Keith Nobbs - American actor
1979 – Keshia Knight Pulliam - American actress
1979 – Jeff Reed - American football player
1980 – Clueso - German singer, rapper, songwriter & producer
1980 – Yoanna House - American model
1980 – Jerko Leko - Croatian footballer
1981 – Milan Bartovič - Slovak ice hockey player
1981 – Ireneusz Jeleń - Polish footballer
1981 – Dennis Sarfate - American baseball player
1982 – Jay Baruchel - Canadian actor
1982 – Carlos Hernández - Costa Rican footballer
1984 – Linda Chung - Canadian/Hong Kong actress & singer
1984 – Adam Loewen - Canadian baseball player
1985 – Tomohisa Yamashita - Japanese actor & singer (NEWS)
1986 – Brian Larsen - American musician & record producer
1986 – Leighton Meester - American singer & actress
1987 – Craig Mabbitt - American singer (Escape the Fate)
1987 – Jesse McCartney - American actor & singer
1987 – Jarrod Mullen - Australian rugby league footballer
1987 – Jazmine Sullivan - American R&B singer
1988 – Dino Imperial - Filipino actor
1988 – Uee - South Korean actress & singer (After School)
1989 – Danielle Kahle - American figure skater
1990 – Kristen Stewart - American actress
1998 – Elle Fanning - American actress


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April 9 - General (Calendar Date)

April 9th - Basic Facts:
  • April 9 is the 99th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar.
  • There are 266 days remaining until the end of the year.
  • The preceding day is April 8.
  • Next day is April 10.
April 9th Births (Here)

April 9th Deaths (Here)

April 9 Events:

193 – Septimius Severus is proclaimed Roman Emperor by the army in Illyricum (Balkans region).
475 – Byzantine Emperor Basiliscus issues a circular letter (Enkyklikon) to the bishops of his empire, supporting the Monophysite christological position.
1241 – Mongol forces defeat the Polish & German armies (Battle of Liegnitz).
1413 – Henry V is crowned King of England.
1440 – Christopher of Bavaria is appointed King of Denmark.
1682 – Robert Cavelier de La Salle discovers the mouth of the Mississippi River - he claims it on behalf of France & names it Louisiana.
1860 – Oldest audible sound recording of a human voice is made.
1865 – Robert E. Lee surrenders the Army of Northern Virginia to Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Courthouse, Virginia (American Civil War).
1867 – United States purchases Alaska from Russia following ratification of a treaty.
1909 – Payne-Aldrich Tariff Act passed by the U.S. Congress.
1916 – The Battle of Verdun – German forces launch their 3rd offensive of the battle (World War I).
1917 – The Battle of Arras – the battle begins with Canadian Corps executing a massive assault on Vimy Ridge (World War I).
1918 – The Battle of the Lys – World War I
1937 – The Kamikaze, the first Japanese-built aircraft to fly to Europe, arrives at Croydon Airport in London.
1940 – Operation Weserübung – Germany invades Denmark & Norway (World War II).
1942 – The Battle of Bataan/Bataan Death March (World War II).
1945 – The German pocket battleship Admiral Scheer is sunk (World War II).
1945 – The Battle of Königsberg, in East Prussia, ends (World War II).
1945 – United States Atomic Energy Commission is formed.
1947 – Glazier-Higgins-Woodward tornadoes run through Texas, Oklahoma, & Kansas.
1947 – The Journey of Reconciliation - the first interracial Freedom Ride begins.
1948 – Jorge Eliécer Gaitán's assassination provokes a violent riot in Bogotá.
1948 – Massacre at Deir Yassin.
1952 – Hugo Ballivian's government is overthrown by the Bolivian National Revolution.
1957 – Suez Canal in Egypt is cleared & opens to shipping.
1959 – Project Mercury - NASA announces the selection of the United States' first 7 astronauts.
1965 – Astrodome opens - 1st indoor baseball game is played.
1967 – First Boeing 737 (a 100 series) makes its maiden flight.
1968 – Funeral of Martin Luther King.
1969 – First British-built Concorde 002 makes its maiden flight from Filton to RAF Fairford.
1980 – Saddam Hussein's regime kills philosopher Muhammad Baqir al-Sadr & his sister Bint al-Huda after 3 days of torture.
1989 – The April 9 tragedy in Tbilisi, Georgian SSR.
1991 – Georgia declares its independence from the Soviet Union.
1992 – Manuel Noriega, former Panamanian dictator, is found guilty in a U.S. Federal Court of drug & racketeering charges.
1992 – John Major's Conservative Party wins a 4th general election victory in the United Kingdom.
2003 – 2003 invasion of Iraq.
2005 – Wedding of Charles, Prince of Wales & Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall in a civil ceromony at Windsor's Guildhall.


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April 8 - Deaths

Calendar Date April 8th:
April 8th - Deaths:
217 – Caracalla - Roman Emperor (b. 186)
956 – Gilbert of Chalon - Duke of Burgundy
1143 – John II Comnenus - Byzantine Emperor (b. 1087)
1364 – King John II of France (b. 1319)
1461 – Georg Purbach - German mathematician & astronomer (b. 1423)
1586 – Martin Chemnitz - Lutheran reformer & theologian (b. 1522)
1587 – John Foxe - English writer (b. 1516)
1691 – Carlo Rainaldi - Italian architect (b. 1611)
1697 – Niels Juel - Danish admiral (b. 1629)
1704 – Hiob Ludolf - German orientalist (b. 1624)
1704 – Henry Sydney, 1st Earl of Romney - English statesman (b. 1641)
1725 – John Wise - English clergyman (b. 1652)
1735 – Francis II Rákóczi - leader of the Hungarian uprising against the Habsburg (b. 1676)
1848 – Gaetano Donizetti - Italian composer (b. 1797)
1857 – Mangal Pandey - Indian soldier (b. 1827)
1861 – Elisha Otis - American elevator builder (b. 1811)
1870 – Charles de Bériot - Belgian composer (b. 1802)
1906 – Auguste D - First recorded Alzheimer's victim (b. 1850)
1919 – Loránd Eötvös - Hungarian physicist (b. 1848)
1920 – Charles Tomlinson Griffes - American composer (b. 1884)
1931 – Erik Axel Karlfeldt - Swedish writer, Nobel laureate (b. 1864)
1936 – Robert Bárány - Austrian physician, Nobel laureate (b. 1876)
1942 – Kostas Skarvelis - Greek songwriter (b. 1880)
1950 – Vaslav Nijinsky - Polish-born ballet dancer (b. 1890)
1958 – Ethel Turner - Australian author (b. 1872)
1965 – Lars Hanson - Swedish actor (b. 1886)
1968 – Barbara Jane Harrison - Air stewardess (b.1945)
1973 – Pablo Picasso - Spanish artist & sculptor (b. 1881)
1974 – James Charles McGuigan - Catholic archbishop of Toronto (b. 1894)
1978 – Ford Frick - American baseball commissioner (b. 1894)
1981 – Omar Bradley - U.S. general (b. 1893)
1984 – Pyotr Kapitsa - Russian physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1894)
1985 – J. Fred Coots - American songwriter (b. 1897)
1986 – Yukiko Okada - Japanese idol singer (b. 1967)
1990 – Ryan White - American AIDS activist (b. 1971)
1991 – Per Yngve "Dead" Ohlin - Swedish metal singer (b. 1969)
1992 – Daniel Bovet - Swiss-born pharmacologist, Nobel laureate (b. 1907)
1993 – Marian Anderson - American contralto (b. 1897)
1994 – François Rozet - French Canadian actor (b. 1899)
1996 – George W. Jenkins - American businessman (b. 1907)
1996 – Ben Johnson - American actor (b. 1918)
1996 – León Klimovsky - Argentine film director (b. 1906)
1997 – Laura Nyro - American singer & composer (b. 1947)
2000 – Claire Trevor - American actress (b. 1910)
2002 – María Félix - Mexican actress (b. 1914)
2004 – Enda Colleran - Gaelic footballer (b. 1941)
2005 – Eddie Miksis - American baseball player (b. 1926)
2005 – Onna White - Canadian choreographer (b. 1924)
2006 – Gerard Reve - Dutch writer (b. 1923)
2007 – Carey W. Barber - American clergyman (b. 1905)
2007 – Sol LeWitt - American artist (b. 1928)
2008 – Timothy Beaumont - Baron Beaumont of Whitley (b. 1928)
2008 – John Button - Australian politician (b. 1933)
2008 – Stanley Kamel - American actor (b. 1943)
2009 – Piotr Morawski - Polish mountaineer (b. 1976)
2010 – Malcolm McLaren - British music manager & musician (b. 1946)


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April 8 - Births

Calendar Date April 8th:
April 8th - Births:
1320 – King Peter I of Portugal (d. 1367)
1336 – Tamerlane (Timur) - Central Asian, Turkic conqueror (d. 1405)
1533 – Claudio Merulo - Italian composer (d. 1604)
1541 – Michele Mercati - Italian physician (d. 1593)
1605 – King Philip IV of Spain - (d. 1665)
1641 – Henry Sydney - 1st Earl of Romney, English statesman (d. 1704)
1692 – Giuseppe Tartini - Italian composer (d. 1770)
1732 – David Rittenhouse - American astronomer, inventor, & mathematician (d. 1796)
818 – August Wilhelm von Hofmann - German chemist (d. 1892)
1818 – King Christian IX of Denmark (d. 1906)
1826 – Pancha Carrasco - Costa Rican war heroine (d. 1890)
1827 – Ramón Emeterio Betances - Puerto Rican politician, medical doctor & diplomat (d. 1898)
1842 – Elizabeth Bacon Custer - wife of George Armstrong Custer (d. 1933)
1859 – Edmund Husserl - Austrian philosopher (d. 1938)
1865 – Charles W. Woodworth - American entomologist (d. 1940)
1869 – Harvey Cushing - American neurosurgeon (d. 1939)
1871 – Clarence Hudson White American photographer (d. 1925)
1874 – Stanisław Taczak - Polish general (d. 1960)
1875 – King Albert I of Belgium (d. 1934)
1883 – R. P. Keigwin - English academic (d. 1972)
1885 – Dimitrios Levidis - Greek composer (d. 1951)
1888 – Dennis Chavez - American politician (d. 1964)
1889 – Sir Adrian Boult - British conductor (d. 1983)
1892 – Richard Neutra - American architect (d. 1970)
1892 – Mary Pickford - Canadian actress (d. 1979)
1896 – Yip Harburg - American lyricist (d. 1981)
1902 – Andrew Irvine - British mountaineer (d. 1924)
1904 – John Hicks - British economist, Bank of Sweden Prize winner (d. 1989)
1904 – Hirsch Jacobs - American thoroughbred horse trainer & owner (d. 1970)
1905 – Helen Joseph - South African anti-apartheid activist (d. 1992)
1905 – Erwin Keller - German field hockey player (d. 1971)
1906 – Raoul Jobin - French Canadian tenor (d. 1974)
1908 – Hugo Fregonese - Argentine film director (d. 1987)
1909 – John Fante - American novelist (d. 1983)
1910 – George Musso - American football player (d. 2000)
1911 – Melvin Calvin - American chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1997)
1911 – Emil Cioran - Romanian philosopher & essayist (d. 1995)
1912 – Alois Brunner - Austrian Nazi
1912 – Sonja Henie - Norwegian figure skater & actress (d. 1969)
1914 – María Félix - Mexican actress (d. 2002)
1918 – Betty Ford - First Lady of the United States
1918 – Glendon Swarthout - American author (d. 1992)
1919 – Ian Smith - Prime Minister of Rhodesia (d. 2007)
1920 – Carmen McRae - American jazz singer (d. 1994)
1921 – Alfie Bass - English actor (d. 1987)
1921 – Franco Corelli - Italian tenor (d. 2003)
1921 – Jan Novák - Czech composer (d. 1984)
1923 – George Fisher - American cartoonist (d. 2003)
1923 – Edward Mulhare - Irish actor (d. 1997)
1924 – Frédéric Back - German-born Canadian short film director & screenwriter
1924 – Sir Anthony Farrar-Hockley - English soldier & historian (d. 2006)
1926 – Henry N. Cobb - American architect
1926 – Shecky Greene - American comedian
1926 – Shirley Mills - American actress (d. 2010)
1926 – Jürgen Moltmann - German theologian
1928 – Leah Rabin - widow of Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin (d. 2000)
1928 – Monty Sunshine - English jazz clarinetist
1929 – Walter Berry - Austrian bass-baritone (d. 2000)
1929 – Jacques Brel - Belgian singer/composer (d. 1978)
1929 – Renzo De Felice - Italian historian (d. 1996)
1930 – Carlos Hugo of Bourbon-Parma - Duke of Parma
1931 – John Gavin - American actor & politician
1932 – Sultan Iskandar of Johor - also the 8th Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia (d. 2010)
1933 – Fred Ebb - American composer (d. 2004)
1934 – Kisho Kurokawa - Japanese architect (d. 2007)
1935 – Albert Bustamante - American politician
1935 – Oscar Zeta Acosta - American attorney, politician, & Chicano Movement activist (d. 1974?)
1937 – Seymour Hersh - American journalist
1938 – Kofi Annan - Ghanaian United Nations Secretary General
1940 – John Havlicek - American basketball player
1941 – Darlene Gillespie - Canadian-born American actress
1941 – Peggy Lennon - American singer (The Lennon Sisters)
1941 – Vivienne Westwood - English fashion designer
1942 – Roger Chapman - British rock singer (Family, Streetwalkers)
1942 – Douglas Trumbull - American film director
1943 – Tony Banks - British politician (d. 2006)
1943 – Michael Bennett - American dancer/choreographer (d. 1987)
1943 – Miller Farr - American football player
1944 – Hywel Bennett - Welsh actor
1944 – Odd Nerdrum - Norwegian painter
1945 – Derrick Walker - British racing team owner
1946 – Catfish Hunter - American baseball player (d. 1999)
1946 – Stuart Pankin - American actor
1946 – Tim Thomerson - American actor
1947 – Tom DeLay - American politician
1947 – Steve Howe - English guitarist (Yes, Asia, GTR)
1947 – Robert Kiyosaki - American investor
1947 – Larry Norman - American singer/songwriter (d. 2008)
1947 – Pascal Lamy - Director-General of WTO
1948 – Michael Leshner - Canadian lawyer & gay rights advocate
1949 – John Madden - English film director
1949 – Brenda Russell - American singer/songwriter
1950 – Grzegorz Lato - Polish footballer
1951 – Geir Haarde - former Icelandic prime minister
1954 – G.V. Loganathan - American professor (d. 2007)
1954 – Gary Carter - American baseball player
1955 – Ricky Bell - American football player (d. 1984)
1955 – Kane Hodder - American actor & stuntman
1955 – Barbara Kingsolver - American novelist
1955 – David Wu - Taiwanese-born American politician
1956 – Christine Boisson - French actress
1956 – Jim Piddock - English actor, writer & producer
1957 – Fred Smerlas - American football player
1960 – John Schneider - American actor
1961 – Richard Hatch - American reality television personality
1962 – Izzy Stradlin - American musician (Guns N' Roses)
1963 – Julian Lennon - English musician & singer
1963 – Terry Porter - American basketball player & coach
1963 – Alec Stewart - English cricketer
1963 – Seth Tobias - American financial commentator (d. 2007)
1964 – Lisa Guerrero - American sports broadcaster
1964 – Biz Markie - American rapper/disc jockey
1964 – John McGinlay - Scottish footballer
1965 – Michael Jones - New Zealand rugby player & coach
1966 – Mark Blundell - British racing driver
1966 – Mazinho - Brazilian footballer
1966 – Bobby Ologun - Nigerian television personality
1966 – Evripidis Stylianidis - Greek politician
1966 – Robin Wright Penn - American actress
1966 – Dalton Grant - British high jumper
1967 – Arwyn Davies - Welsh actor
1968 – Patricia Arquette - American actress
1968 – Patricia Girard-Léno - French athlete (100 m hurdles)
1968 – Tracy Grammer - American folk singer
1972 – Paul Gray - American bassist (Slipknot)
1973 – Khaled Badra - Tunisian footballer
1973 – Emma Caulfield - American actress
1973 – Alex S. Gonzalez - American baseball player
1974 – Chino XL - American rapper
1974 – Holger Hott Johansen - Norwegian orienteerist
1974 – Nnedi Okorafor - Nigerian American writer
1974 – Nayden Todorov - Bulgarian conductor
1975 – Anouk - Dutch singer
1975 – Timo Pérez - Dominican baseball player
1977 – Mehran Ghassemi - Iranian journalist (d. 2008)
1977 – Mark Spencer - American computer programmer
1978 – Ana de la Reguera - Mexican actress
1978 – Bernt Haas - Swiss footballer
1978 – Rachel Roberts - Canadian model & actress
1979 – Jeremy Guthrie - American baseball player
1979 – Alexi Laiho - Finnish guitarist & singer (Children of Bodom, Sinergy, Kylähullut)
1980 – Manuel Ortega - Austrian singer
1980 – Katee Sackhoff - American actress
1981 – Brian Burres - American baseball player
1981 – Lito Sheppard - American football cornerback
1981 – Taylor Kitsch - Canadian actor & model
1982 – Judy Star - Canadian porn star
1983 – Allu Arjun - Indian film actor
1983 – Adrian Bellani - American actor
1984 – Júlia Liptáková - Slovakian model
1984 – Taran Noah Smith - American actor
1984 – Kirsten Storms - American actress
1986 – Igor Akinfeev - Russian footballer
1986 – Félix Hernández - Venezuelan baseball player
1986 – Erika Sawajiri - Japanese actress, model & singer
1987 – Royston Drenthe - Dutch footballer
1989 – Hitomi Takahashi - Japanese singer
1989 – Alex DeLeon - lead singer of The Cab
1990 – Kim Jonghyun - South Korean singer, lead vocalist of boy band SHINee
1992 – Shelby Young - American actress


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April 8 - General (Calendar Date)

April 8th - Basic Facts:
  • April 8 is the 94th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar.
  • There are 267 days remaining until the end of the year (268 in leap years).
  • The preceding day is April 7.
  • Next day is April 9.
April 8th Births (Here)

April 8th Deaths (Here)

April 8 Events:

217 – Roman Emperor Caracalla is assassinated & succeeded by Marcus Opellius Macrinus (Praetorian Guard prefect).
1093 – New Winchester Cathedral is dedicated by Walkelin.
1139 – Roger II of Sicily is excommunicated.
1149 – Pope Eugene III takes refuge in the castle of Ptolemy II of Tusculum.
1271 – Sultan Baybars conquers the Krak of Chevaliers in Syria.
1513 – Juan Ponce de León, a Spanish explorer, declares Florida a territory of Spain.
1730 – Dedication of Shearith Israel, the first synagogue in New York City.
1767 – Ayutthaya kingdom falls to Burmese invaders.
1820 – The Venus de Milo is discovered on the Aegean island of Melos.
1832 – Black Hawk War - approx 300 United States 6th Infantry troops leave St. Louis, Missouri to fight the Sauk Native Americans.
1864 – Battle of Mansfield – Union forces are thwarted by the Confederate army at Mansfield, Louisiana (American Civil War).
1866 – Italy & Prussia ally against Austrian Empire.
1886 – William Ewart Gladstone introduces the first Irish Home Rule Bill into the British House of Commons.
1893 – First recorded college basketball game at Beaver Falls, Pennsylvania.
1904 – Signing of Entente cordiale between the French Third Republic & the United Kingdom of Great Britain & Ireland.
1904 – Aleister Crowley, a British mystic, transcribes the first chapter of The Book of the Law.
1904 – Longacre Square in Midtown Manhattan is renamed Times Square after The New York Times.
1906 – The first person to be diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease, Auguste Deter, dies.
1908 – Harvard University votes to establish the Harvard Business School.
1913 – The 17th Amendment to the United States Constitution becomes law - this requires the direct election of Senators.
1918 – Actors Douglas Fairbanks & Charlie Chaplin sell war bonds on the streets of New York City's financial district (World War I).
1929 – At the Delhi Central Assembly, Bhagat Singh & Batukeshwar Dutt throw handouts & bombs to court arrest (Indian Independence Movement).
1940 – The United Kingdom & France announce the deployment of water mines in Norwegian territorial waters to prevent German supply ship use (World War II).
1942 – Siege of Leningrad – Soviet forces open a much-needed railway link to Leningrad (World War II).
1942 – The Japanese take Bataan in the Philippines (World War II).
1943 – U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt brings in new rules to aid the war effort.
1946 – Last meeting of the League of Nations is held.
1950 – Liaquat-Nehru Pact is signed by India & Pakistan.
1952 – U.S. President Harry Truman calls for the seizure of all domestic steel mills to prevent a nationwide strike.
1953 – Jomo Kenyatta, the Mau Mau leader, is convicted by Kenya's British rulers.
1968 – BOAC Flight 712 catches fire shortly after take off.
1970 – Bahr el-Baqar incident - Israeli bombers strike an Egyptian school killing 46 children.
1985 – Bhopal disaster - India files suit against Union Carbide.
1992 – Retired tennis great Arthur Ashe announces that he has AIDS.
1993 – The Republic of Macedonia joins the United Nations.
1999 – The indian political party Haryana Gana Parishad, in the Indian state of Haryana, merges with the Indian National Congress.
2004 – Darfur conflict - Humanitarian Ceasefire Agreement is signed by the Sudanese government & 2 rebel groups.
2006 – Shedden massacre - Ontario, Canada is linked to the Bandidos motorcycle gang.
2008 – The construction of the world's first building to integrate wind turbines is completed in Bahrain.


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Lower Leg Medical Conditions (Listed A-to-Z)

Lower Leg Medical Conditions (Listed A-to-Z):
  • Achilles Tendinitis
  • Achilles Tendon Rupture
  • Achilles Tendonosis
  • Anterior Tibial Compartment Syndrome
  • Atrophie Blanche
  • Bruising
  • Calf Muscle Hypertrophy
  • Capillaritis
  • Deep Vein Thrombosis
  • Erythema Induratum (Bazin's Disease)
  • Erythema Nodosum
  • Exertional Compartment Syndrome
  • Gastrocnemius Muscle Tear
  • Gastrocnemius Strain
  • Genu Valgum
  • Genu Varum
  • Infected Eczema
  • Intermittent Claudication
  • Leg Oedema
  • Leg Ulceration, Arterial
  • Leg Ulceration, Mixed
  • Leg Ulceration, Venous
  • Medial Tibial Stress Syndrome
  • Muscle Cramps
  • Necrobiosis Lipoidica
  • Peripheral Neuropathy
  • Pretibial Myxoedema
  • Popliteal Artery Aneurysm
  • Post Thrombotic Syndrome
  • Psoriasis
  • Restless Legs Syndrome
  • Ruptured Baker's Cyst
  • Ruptured Plantaris Tendon
  • Sabre Tibia (Paget's disease)
  • Sclerosing Panniculitis (Lipodermatosclerosis)
  • Soft Tissue Sarcoma
  • Superficial Thrombophlebitis
  • Varicose Eczema

Posted by ALCHEssMIST.
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Drugs Affecting The Fetus (Simple List)

Drug & Adverse Fetal Effects Reported:
  • ACE-inhibitors - fetal or neonatal renal failure.
  • Antithyroid drugs - Fetal hypothyroidism.
  • Benzodiazepines - Drug dependence in fetus with withdrawal effects.
  • Beta-blockers - Growth retardation in utero.
  • NSAIDs - Fetal ductus arteriosus constriction from 2nd trimester.
  • Tetracyclines - Tooth discoloration & may inhibit bone growth.
  • Warfarin - Bleeding into fetal brain.

Tags:
ACE-inhibitor - Antithyroid drug - Benzodiazepine - Beta-blocker - Bleeding - Bone Growth - Ductus Arteriosus - Growth Retardation - Hypothyroidism - NSAIDs - Renal Failure - Tetracyclines - Tooth Discoloration - Warfarin



Posted by ALCHEssMIST.
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Pregnancy - Drugs With A Good Safety Record


Clinical Indications & Drug:
  • Analgesia - Paracetamol
  • Asthma - Bronchodilator & steroid inhalers
  • Hayfever - Beclomethasone nasal spray
  • Heartburn - Co-magaldrox (Mucogel, Maalox) or compound alginic preparations (Gaviscon, Peptac)
  • Nausea & vomiting - Cyclizine, prochlorperazine
  • Respiratory infections - Penicillins, cephalosporins
  • Urinary tract infections - Amoxicillin, cefalexin
Pregnant Donna image by David Clow - Maryland (cc)

Tags:
Amoxicillin - Analgesia - Asthma - Beclomethasone - Cefalexin - Cephalosporin - Cyclizine - Gaviscon - Hayfever - Heartburn - Maalox - Mucogel - Nausea - Paracetamol - Peptac - Penicillin - Pregnancy - Prochlorperazine - Respiratory Infection - Urinary Tract Infection - Vomiting


Posted by ALCHEssMIST.
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Beta Blocker Drugs A-to-Z List (Pharmacology)

Beta Blocker Drugs (A-to-Z):
  • Acebutolol (has ISA)
  • Alprenolol
  • Atenolol
  • Betaxolol
  • Bisoprolol
  • Bucindolol
  • Carteolol
  • Carvedilol (has ABA)
  • Celiprolol
  • Esmolol
  • Labetalol (has ABA)
  • Metoprolol
  • Nadolol
  • Nebivolol
  • Penbutolol (has ISA)
  • Pindolol (has ISA)
  • Propranolol
  • Timolol
ABA = α-blocking activity
ISA = intrinsic sympathomimetic activity


Posted by ALCHEssMIST.
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