Sunday

Act for the Repression of Vagrancy (1597)

Act for the Repression of Vagrancy (1597):
  • Required than anyone deemed to be a rogue, vagabond, or sturdy beggar, who was found begging could be "stripped naked from the middle upwards and openly whipped until his or her body be bloody.
  • The person was then passed to his or her birthplace or last residence.
People falling within the scope of this Act included:
  1. Wandering scholars seeking alms.
  2. Shipwrecked seamen.
  3. Idle persons using subtle craft in games or in fortune-telling.
  4. Pretended proctors, procurers or gatherers of alms for institutions.
  5. Fencers, bearwards, common players or minstrels.
  6. Jugglers, tinkers, pedlars & petty chapmen.
  7. Able-bodied wandering persons & labourers without means refusing to work for current rates of wages.
  8. Discharged prisoners.
  9. Wanderers pretending losses by fire.
  10. Egyptians or gypsies.
Amendments to Act:
  • In the ensuing 2 centuries the list was amended from time to time to include any class of person now considered undesirable.
  • Examples included - unlicensed lottery ticket dealers, "end-gatherers" (persons buying ends of cloth), poachers, persons "in possession of burglarious implements", etc.

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February 19 - Deaths

Calendar Date February 19th:
February 19th - Deaths:
197 – Clodius Albinus - Roman governor of Britain
1133 – Irene Ducaena - wife of Alexius I Comnenus (b. 1066)
1553 – Erasmus Reinhold - German astronomer & mathematician (b. 1511)
1589 – Saint Philothei - Orthodox martyr & Patron of Athens (b. 1522)
1605 – Orazio Vecchi - Italian composer (b. 1550)
1602 – Philippe Emmanuel - Duke of Mercoeur, French soldier (b. 1558)
1620 – Roemer Visscher - Dutch writer (b. 1547)
1622 – Sir Henry Savile - English educator (b. 1549)
1653 – Luigi de Rossi - Italian composer (b. 1597)
1663 – Adam Adami - German bishop & diplomat (b. 1603)
1670 – King Frederick III of Denmark (b. 1609)
1672 – Charles Chauncy - English-born president of Harvard College (b. 1592)
1709 – Tokugawa Tsunayoshi - Japanese shogun (b. 1646)
1716 – Dorthe Engelbrechtsdatter - Norwegian poet (b. 1634)
1789 – Nicholas Van Dyke - American lawyer & President of Delaware (b. 1738)
1799 – Jean-Charles de Borda - French mathematician, physicist, political scientist, & sailor (b. 1733)
1806 – Elizabeth Carter - English writer (b. 1717)
1837 – Georg Büchner - German playwright (b. 1813)
1837 – Thomas Burgess - English author, philosopher, Bishop of Saint David's & Bishop of Salisbury (b. 1756)
1887 – Multatuli - Dutch writer (b. 1820)
1897 – Karl Weierstraß - German mathematician (b. 1815)
1916 – Ernst Mach - Austrian-Czech physicist & philosopher (b. 1838)
1927 – Robert Fuchs - Austrian composer (b. 1847)
1936 – Billy Mitchell - American general & military aviation pioneer (b. 1879)
1936 – Charles Harding Firth - British historian (b. 1857)
1942 – Frank Abbandando - American gangster (executed) (b. 1910)
1951 – André Gide - French writer, Nobel laureate (b. 1869)
1952 – Knut Hamsun - Norwegian author, Nobel laureate (b. 1859)
1957 – Maurice Garin - French cyclist (b. 1871)
1962 – Georgios Papanikolaou - Greek doctor, inventor of the Pap smear (b. 1883)
1968 – Georg Hackenschmidt - Estonian professional wrestler (b. 1878)
1969 – Madge Blake - American actress (b. 1899)
1970 – Christoforos Nezer - Greek actor (b. 1887)
1972 – John Grierson - Scottish documentary filmmaker (b. 1898)
1972 – Tedd Pierce - American animator (b. 1906)
1973 – Joseph Szigeti - Hungarian violinist (b. 1892)
1973 – Kostas Negrepontis - Greek footballer (b. 1897)
1975 – Luigi Dallapiccola - Italian composer (b. 1904)
1977 – Mike González - Cuban baseball player (b. 1890)
1977 – Anthony Crosland - British politician (b. 1918)
1980 – Bon Scott - Australian singer (AC/DC) (b. 1946)
1983 – Alice White - American film actress (b. 1904)
1986 – Adolfo Celi - Italian actor (b. 1922)
1988 – André Frédéric Cournand - French-born physician, Nobel laureate (b. 1895)
1992 – Tojo Yamamoto - American professional wrestler (b. 1927)
1994 – Derek Jarman - British film director (b. 1942)
1996 – Antonio Creus - Spanish racecar driver (b. 1924)
1996 – Charles O. Finley - American sports entrepreneur (b. 1918)
1997 – Deng Xiaoping - Chinese Communist leader & revolutionary (b. 1904)
1997 – Leo Rosten - American Yiddish writer & humorist (b. 1908)
1998 – Grandpa Jones - American entertainer (b. 1913)
1999 – Mohammad Sadeq al-Sadr - Iraqi Shiite leader (assassinated) (b. 1943)
2000 – Friedensreich Hundertwasser - Austrian artist (b. 1928)
2001 – Priscilla Davis - American socialite (b. 1942)
2001 – Stanley Kramer - American director (b. 1913)
2001 – Charles Trenet - French singer (b. 1913)
2003 – Johnny Paycheck - American singer (b. 1938)
2007 – Janet Blair - American actress (b. 1921)
2007 – Celia Franca - founder of National Ballet of Canada (b. 1921)
2008 – Lydia Shum - Hong Kong comedian & actress (b. 1945)
2008 – Yegor Letov - Russian song writer & singer (b. 1964)
2009 – Kelly Groucutt - Bass guitarist & singer for the band Electric Light Orchestra (b. 1945)
2009 – Miika Tenkula - Finnish guitarist for the band Sentenced (b. 1974)


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February 19 - Births

Calendar Date February 19th:
February 19th - Births:
1473 – Nicolaus Copernicus - mathematician & astronomer (d. 1543)
1526 – Charles de L'Ecluse - Flemish botanist (d. 1609)
1552 – Melchior Klesl - Austrian cardinal & statesman (d. 1630)
1630 – Shivaji - founder of the Maratha Empire (d. 1680)
1660 – Friedrich Hoffmann - German physician & chemist (d. 1742)
1717 – David Garrick - British actor (d. 1779)
1722 – Tiphaigne de la Roche - French writer (d. 1774)
1743 – Luigi Boccherini - Italian composer (d. 1805)
1780 – Richard McCarty - American politician (d. 1844)
1802 – Wilhelm Matthias Naeff - Swiss Federal Councillor (d. 1881)
1804 – Carl Freiherr von Rokitansky - German physician (d. 1878)
1804 – David Wark - Canadian politician (d. 1905)
1821 – August Schleicher - German linguist (d. 1868)
1833 – Élie Ducommun - Swiss journalist - recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1906)
1859 – Svante Arrhenius - Swedish chemist - Nobel laureate (d. 1927)
1865 – Sven Hedin - Swedish explorer (d. 1952)
1869 – Hovhannes Tumanyan - Armenian poet & writer (d. 1923)
1876 – Constantin Brancusi - Romanian sculptor (d. 1957)
1877 – Gabriele Münter - German painter (d. 1962)
1880 – Alvaro Obregon - Mexican president (d. 1928)
1888 – José Eustasio Rivera - Colombian writer (d. 1928)
1888 – Aurora Quezon - First Lady of the Philippines (d. 1949)
1893 – Sir Cedric Hardwicke - British actor (d. 1964)
1895 – Louis Calhern - American actor (d. 1956)
1895 – Diego Mazquiarán - Spanish matador ( d. 1940 )
1896 – André Breton - French poet (d. 1966)
1897 – Alma Rubens - American actress (d. 1931)
1899 – Yury Olesha - Russian novelist (d. 1960)
1902 – Kay Boyle - American writer (d. 1992)
1904 – Havank - Dutch writer (d. 1964)
1910 – Dorothy Janis - American silent film actress (d. 2010)
1911 – Merle Oberon - British actress (d. 1979)
1912 – Saul Chaplin - American composer (d. 1997)
1913 – Prince Pedro Gastão of Orléans-Braganza - pretender to the Brazilian throne (d. 2007)
1914 – Jacques Dufilho - French comedian (d. 2005)
1916 – Eddie Arcaro - American jockey (d. 1997)
1917 – Carson McCullers - American author (d. 1967)
1920 – C. Z. Guest - American socialite (d. 2003)
1920 – Jaan Kross - Estonian writer (d. 2007)
1920 – George Rose - British music hall entertainer (d. 1988)
1924 – David Bronstein - Ukrainian chess player (d. 2006)
1924 – Lee Marvin - American actor (d. 1987)
1924 – Bruce Norris - American ice hockey executive (d. 1986)
1924 – František Vláčil - Czech film director, painter, & graphic artist (d. 1999)
1929 – Jacques Deray - French film director (d. 2003)
1930 – John Frankenheimer - American film director (d. 2002)
1930 – K Viswanath - South Indian film director
1932 – Joseph P. Kerwin - NASA astronaut
1934 – Carole Eastman - American screenwriter (d. 2004)
1935 – Dave Niehaus - American sportscaster
1936 – Sam Myers - American musician & songwriter (d. 2006)
1936 – Marin Sorescu - Romanian writer & novelist (d. 1997)
1937 – Robert Walker Jr. - American blues guitarist
1938 – René Muñoz - Cuban actor, screenwriter of telenovelas & the cinema of Mexico (d. 2000)
1939 – Gwen Taylor - English actress
1940 – Saparmurat Niyazov - President of Turkmenistan (d. 2006)
1940 – Smokey Robinson - American singer
1941 – David Gross - American physicist - Nobel laureate
1942 – Paul Krause - American football player
1943 – Lou Christie - American singer
1943 – Homer Hickam - American author & retired NASA engineer
1943 – Tim Hunt - British biochemist - Nobel laureate
1945 – Michael Nader - American actor
1946 – Paul Dean - Canadian guitarist (Loverboy)
1946 – Peter Hudson - Australian rules footballer
1946 – Karen Silkwood - American activist (d. 1974)
1947 – Tim Shadbolt - mayor of Invercargill - New Zealand
1948 – Mark Andes - American musician
1948 – Pim Fortuyn - Dutch politician (d. 2002)
1948 – Big John Studd - American professional wrestler (d. 1995)
1948 – Tony Iommi - English guitarist (Black Sabbath)
1949 – Dan Bunten - American software developer (d. 1998)
1949 – William Messner-Loebs - American comics writer
1950 – Andy Powell - British musician
1951 – Stephen Nichols - American actor
1951 – Shaykh-ul-Islam Dr Muhammad Tahir-ul-Qadri (Db) - Pakistani Islamic Sufi Scholar
1952 – Amy Tan - American novelist
1952 – Rodolfo Neri Vela - Mexican astronaut
1953 – Massimo Troisi - Italian actor (d. 1994)
1953 – Bill Kirchenbauer American comedian & actor
1953 – Cristina Elisabet Fernández – President of Argentina
1954 – Socrates - Brazilian footballer
1955 – Jeff Daniels - American actor
1956 – Kathleen Beller - American actress
1956 – Roderick MacKinnon - American biologist, Nobel laureate
1956 – Dave Wakeling - English musician (The (English) Beat - General Public)
1957 – Falco - Austrian singer (d. 1998)
1957 – Lorianne Crook - Television Personality
1957 – Ray Winstone - British actor
1958 – Helen Fielding - English writer
1960 – Andrew - Duke of York
1960 – Leslie Ash - English actress
1961 – Benoît Chamoux - French mountaineer (d. 1995)
1961 – Justin Fashanu - English footballer (d. 1998)
1961 – Andy Wallace - English race car driver
1962 – Hana Mandlíková - Czech tennis player
1962 – John Laroche - American orchid poacher
1963 – Laurell K. Hamilton - American writer
1963 – Seal - English singer
1963 – Jessica Tuck - American actress
1964 – Dmitri Lipskerov - Russian writer
1964 – Sonu Walia - Indian actress
1964 – Doug Aldrich - American musician (Whitesnake)
1965 – Cathy Lane - English Swimmer
1965 – Leroy - American musician (Smash Mouth)
1965 – Jon Fishman - American musician (Phish)
1966 – Justine Bateman - American actress
1966 – Paul Haarhuis - Dutch tennis player
1966 – Enzo Scifo - Belgian footballer
1967 – Benicio del Toro - Puerto Rican actor
1969 – Burton C. Bell - American vocalist
1971 – Miguel Batista - Dominican baseball player
1971 – Gil Shaham - Israeli-born American violinist
1971 – Lisa McCune - Australian actress
1972 – Francine - American professional wrestler
1974 – Danny Doring - American professional wrestler
1975 – Daniel Adair - Canadian Drummer (Nickelback)
1975 – Mikko Kavén - Finnish footballer
1975 – Katja Schuurman - Dutch actress & singer
1975 – Daewon Song - Korean professional skateboarder
1976 – Jahidi White - American basketball player
1977 – Ola Salo - Swedish singer (The Ark)
1977 – Gianluca Zambrotta - Italian footballer
1978 – Michalis Konstantinou - Greek-Cypriot footballer
1978 – Immortal Technique - American rapper
1979 – Mariska - Finnish rapper
1979 – Clinton Morrison - Irish footballer
1979 – Mariana Ochoa - Mexican singer & actress
1979 – Steve Cherundolo - American soccer player
1980 – Neleh Dennis - American Survivor contestant
1980 – Dwight Freeney - American football player
1980 – Mike Miller - American basketball player
1980 – Ma Lin - Chinese table tennis player
1981 – Ronnie Arniell - Canadian professional wrestler
1981 – Beth Ditto - American singer (The Gossip)
1981 – Gil Reyes - American boxer
1981 – Nicky Shorey - English footballer
1981 – Vitas - Russian singer
1981 – Kyle Martino - American soccer player
1981 – Daniel Letterle - American actor & singer
1983 – Assunta De Rossi - Filipino actress
1983 – Mika Nakashima - Japanese singer/actress
1983 – Ryan Whitney - American ice hockey player
1984 – Chris Richardson - American Idol finalist
1985 – Haylie Duff - American singer/actress
1985 – Arielle Kebbel - American actress
1986 – Kyle Chipchura - Canadian ice hockey player
1986 – Reon Kadena - Japanese model/actress
1986 – Henri Karjalainen - Finnish racing driver
1986 – Maria Mena - Norwegian singer
1986 – Jayde Nicole - Canadian model
1986 – Marta - Brazilian footballer
1986 – Björn Gustafsson - Swedish comedian
1988 – Miyu Irino - Japanese voice actor
1989 – Luke Pasqualino - English actor
1993 – Victoria Justice - American actress
1993 – Empress Schuck - Filipina actress


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February 19 - General (Calendar Date)

February 19th - Basic Facts:
  • February 19 is the 50th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar.
  • There are 315 days remaining until the end of the year (316 in leap years).
  • The preceding day is February 18
  • Next day is February 20.
February 19th Births (Here)

February 19th Deaths (Here)

February 19 Events:

197 – Septimius Severus (Roman Emperor) defeats usurper Clodius Albinus in the Battle of Lugdunum.
1594 – Sigismund III (of the House of Vasa) is crowned King of Sweden, succeeding his father John III of Sweden.
1600 – The Peruvian stratovolcano Huaynaputina explodes.
1674 – Treaty of Westminster signed by England & the Netherlands - ends the Third Anglo-Dutch War.
1807 – Former Vice President of the United States Aaron Burr is arrested for treason.
1819 – William Smith (British explorer) discovers the South Shetland Islands.
1846 – Austin, Texas the newly formed Texas state government is officially installed.
1847 – The first group of rescuers reaches the Donner Party.
1859 – Daniel E. Sickles, NY congressman - acquitted of murder on grounds of temporary insanity.
1861 – Serfdom abolished in Russia.
1864 – Knights of Pythias are founded by Justus H. Rathbone in Washington, D.C.
1878 – Thomas Edison patents the phonograph.
1884 – The Enigma tornado outbreak occurs.
1937 – During Viceregal Palacec ceremony in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 2 Eritrean nationalists attempt to kill viceroy Rodolfo Graziani.
1942 – Japanese warplanes (~ 250) attack Australian city of Darwin killing 243 people (World War II).
1942 – President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs the executive order 9066, allowing the United States military to relocate Japanese-Americans to Japanese internment camps (World War II).
1943 – Battle of the Kasserine Pass in Tunisia begins (World War II).
1945 – Battle of Iwo Jima (World War II).
1949 – Ezra Pound is awarded the first Bollingen Prize in poetry.
1953 – Georgia approves 1st literature censorship board in the United States.
1959 – Cyprus granted independence by United Kingdom.
1963 – Publication of Betty Friedan's The Feminine Mystique.
1972 – The Asama-Sansō hostage standoff begins in Japan.
1976 – Executive Order 9066 is rescinded by President Gerald R. Ford's Proclamation 4417
1978 – Egyptian forces raid Larnaca International Airport in an attempt to intervene in a hijacking, without authorisation from the Republic of Cyprus authorities.
1985 – William J. Schroeder (artificial heart recipient) becomes the 1st such patient to leave hospital.
1985 – Iberia Airlines Boeing 727 crashes into Mount Oiz in Spain.
1986 – Akkaraipattu massacre - Sri Lankan Army massacres 80 Tamil farm workers.
1986 – The Soviet Union launches its Mir spacecraft.
1999 – Posthumous pardon issued by President Bill Clinton for U.S. Army Lt. Henry Ossian Flipper.
2001 – Oklahoma City bombing museum is dedicated at the Oklahoma City National Memorial.
2002 – NASA's Mars Odyssey space probe begins to map the surface of Mars - the probe using a thermal emission imaging system.


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Essex (County in East England, UK)

Essex Facts:
  • Essex is a non-metropolitan county in the East of England.
  • It is one of the home counties located to the northeast of Greater London.
  • Principal local authority for much of the county.
  • Chelmsford is the county town.
  • Located in the county are Lakeside Shopping Centre (in Thurruck) & London Stansted Airport.
  • Essex is known for the origin of the political term Essex man, & also for jokes about 'Essex girls'.
Essex History:
  • Essex originates in the Anglo-Saxon period of the Early Middle Ages.
  • The Kingdom of Essex was traditionally founded by Aescwine in 527 AD.
  • This Kingdom occupied territory north of the River Thames, including what would later become Middlesex & Hertfordshire.
  • Essex County Council was formed in 1889.
  • The Essex boundary with Greater London was established in 1965.
Image - Wikipedia Public Domain.

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Guitar Hero (Electronic Musical Game)


Guitar Hero News:
  • In the ITN Productions' Game On programme, Gene Simmons has confirmed that he "is the voice of Guitar Hero 6" (reported March 2010).
  • A new musical video game was first announced at the Game Developers Conference (March 2010) - named Power Gig: Rise of the SixString - is a possible major threat for the Guitar Hero franchise as Power Gig will use a bona-fide 6 string guitar.
  • The Guitar Hero franchise, although it has been a leader in the virtual music genre since 2005, does appear to be losing some of it's lustre now.
  • Whether the upcoming Guitar Hero 6 will shine is not clear, as the formula is a little tired now.
Guitar Hero 5:
  • Produced by Activision.
  • Guitar Hero 5 appears to rely largely on celebrity appearances to maintain its rocker cred
  • Guitar Hero 5 allows you to personalize & customize your experience music experience.
  • Ability to play with any in-game instrument combination in any game mode.
  • There are - multiple bassists, drummers, guitarists, vocalists.
  • There is an all-new Party Play Mode.
  • The ability to play as your Xbox Avatars is also a neat addition
  • Ability to drop in or drop out of gameplay seamlessly - not affecting the jam session.
Hits included in Guitar Hero 5 by Artists:
  • Bob Dylan
  • Johnny Cash
  • Kings of Leon
  • Santana
  • The Rolling Stones
  • The White Stripes
  • Tom Petty
  • Vampire Weekend

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World's Most Admired Companies 2010 (FORTUNE Magazine) Top 50


World's Most Admired Companies 2010 (Fortune Magazine):
  1. Apple ... CEO Steve Jobs pictured
  2. Google
  3. Berkshire Hathaway
  4. Johnson & Johnson
  5. Amazon.com
  6. Procter & Gamble
  7. Toyota Motor
  8. Goldman Sachs Group
  9. Wal-Mart Stores
  10. Coca-Cola
  11. Microsoft
  12. Southwest Airlines
  13. FedEx
  14. McDonald's
  15. IBM
  16. General Electric
  17. 3M
  18. J.P. Morgan Chase
  19. Walt Disney
  20. Cisco Systems
  21. Costco Wholesale
  22. BMW (=22)
  23. Target (=22)
  24. Nike
  25. PepsiCo
  26. Starbucks
  27. Singapore Airlines
  28. Exxon Mobil
  29. American Express
  30. Nordstrom
  31. Intel
  32. Hewlett-Packard
  33. UPS
  34. Nestlé
  35. Caterpillar
  36. Honda Motor
  37. Best Buy
  38. Sony
  39. Wells Fargo
  40. eBay
  41. Nokia
  42. Samsung Electronics
  43. Deere
  44. L'Oréal
  45. AT&T
  46. Lowe's
  47. General Mills
  48. Marriott International
  49. DuPont
  50. Volkswagen

Image by tsevis (cc)

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February 18 - Deaths

Calendar Date February 18th:
February 18th - Deaths:
806 – Tarasius - Patriarch of Constantinople (b. 730)
814 – Angilbert - Frankish monk & confidant of Charlemagne
901 – Thabit ibn Qurra - Arab astronomer & mathematician (b. 826)
999 – Pope Gregory V (b. 972)
1139 – Prince Yaropolk II of Kiev (b. 1082)
1294 – Kublai Khan - Mongol Emperor (b. 1215)
1379 – Albert II of Mecklenburg (b. 1318)
1405 – Tamerlane - Mongol Emperor (b. 1336)
1455 – Fra Angelico - Italian artist (b. 1395)
1478 – George - Duke of Clarence, brother of Kings Edward IV of England & Richard III of England (executed) (b. 1449)
1535 – Heinrich Cornelius Agrippa - astrologer & alchemist (b. 1486)
1546 – Martin Luther - German religious reformer (b. 1483)
1564 – Michelangelo Buonarroti - Italian artist & sculptor (b. 1475)
1583 – Antonio Francesco Grazzini - Italian writer (b. 1503)
1654 – Jean-Louis Guez de Balzac - French writer (b. 1594)
1683 – Nicolaes Pieterszoon Berchem - Dutch painter (b. 1620)
1712 – Louis - duc de Bourgogne, heir to the throne of France (b. 1682)
1718 – Pierre Antoine Motteux - French-born English dramatist (b. 1663)
1743 – Anna Maria Luisa de' Medici - last of the Medicis (b. 1667)
1748 – Otto Ferdinand von Abensberg und Traun - Austrian field marshal (b. 1677)
1772 – Johann Hartwig Ernst - Count von Bernstorff, Danish statesman (b. 1712)
1778 – Joseph Marie Terray - French statesman (b. 1715)
1780 – Kristijonas Donelaitis - Lithuanian poet (b. 1714)
1788 – John Whitehurst - English clockmaker & scientist (b. 1713)
1803 – Johann Wilhelm Ludwig Gleim - German poet (b. 1719)
1842 – Thomas Hazlehurst - English soap & alkali manufacturer (b. 1779)
1845 – Johnny Appleseed - American environmentalist (b. 1774)
1851 – Carl Gustav Jakob Jacobi - German mathematician (b. 1804)
1873 – Vasil Levski - Bulgarian Revolutionist (b. 1837)
1893 – Serranus Clinton Hastings - American politician (b. 1814)
1895 – Karl Abs - German professional wrestler (b. 1851)
1900 – Clinton L. Merriam - American politician (b. 1824)
1902 – Charles Lewis Tiffany - American founder of Tiffany & Co. (b. 1812)
1906 – John Batterson Stetson - American manufacturer (b. 1830)
1911 – Billy Murdoch - Australian cricketer (b. 1854)
1923 – Alois Rašín - Czechoslovak politician, Minister of Finance (b. 1867)
1931 – Milan Šufflay - Croatian politician (b. 1879)
1933 – James J. Corbett - American boxer (b. 1866)
1938 – David King Udall - American politician (b. 1851)
1942 – Albert Payson Terhune - American author (b. 1872)
1945 – Ivan Chernyakhovsky - Russian general (b. 1906)
1956 – Gustave Charpentier - French composer (b. 1860)
1957 – Dedan Kimathi - Kenyan rebel leader (b. 1920)
1957 – Henry Norris Russell - American astronomer (b. 1877)
1964 – Joseph-Armand Bombardier - Quebec inventor & industrialist (b. 1907)
1966 – Robert Rossen - American screenwriter, producer, & director (b. 1908)
1967 – J. Robert Oppenheimer - American physicist (b. 1904)
1967 – Dragiša Cvetković - Kingdom of Yugoslavia prime minister (b. 1893)
1973 – Frank Costello - Italian-born gangster (b. 1891)
1977 – Andy Devine - American actor (b. 1905)
1978 – Maggie McNamara - American actress (b. 1928)
1981 – John Knudsen Northrop - American aircraft manufacturer (b. 1895)
1982 – Ngaio Marsh - New Zealand author (b. 1895)
1993 – Kerry Von Erich - American professional wrestler (b. 1960)
1993 – Jacqueline Hill - British actress (b. 1929)
1995 – Bob Stinson - American guitarist (b. 1959)
1997 – Emily Hahn - American writer (b. 1905)
1998 – Harry Caray - American baseball broadcaster (b. 1914)
1998 – Robbie James - Welsh footballer (b. 1957)
1999 – Noam Pitlik - American actor & director (b. 1932)
2000 – Willy Maltaite - Belgian comics creator (b. 1927)
2001 – Balthus - Polish-born painter (b. 1908)
2001 – Dale Earnhardt - American race car driver (b. 1951)
2001 – Eddie Mathews - American baseball player (b. 1931)
2003 – Isser Harel - Israeli Mossad leader (b. 1912)
2004 – Jean Rouch - French filmmaker & ethnologist (b. 1917)
2006 – Richard Bright - American actor (b. 1937)
2008 – Sir Richard Knowles - British politician (b. 1917)
2008 – Mihaela Mitrache - Romanian actress (b. 1955)
2008 – Mickey Renaud - Canadian professional ice hockey player (b. 1988)
2009 – Al-Tayyib Salih - Sudanese novelist & columnist (b. 1929)
2010 – John Babcock - Last known Canadian veteran of World War I (b. 1900)


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February 18 - Births

Calendar Date February 18th:
February 18th - Births:
1374 – Saint Jadwiga of Poland - queen of Poland (d. 1399)
1404 – Leone Battista Alberti - Italian painter & philosopher (d. 1472)
1486 – Chaitanya Mahaprabhu - Bengali yogi (d. 1534)
1516 – Queen Mary I of England (d. 1558)
1530 – Uesugi Kenshin - Japanese samurai & warlord (d. 1578)
1543 – Charles III - Duke of Lorraine (d. 1608)
1559 – Isaac Casaubon - French classical scholar (d. 1614)
1602 – Per Brahe - Swedish soldier (d. 1680)
1609 – Edward Hyde - 1st Earl of Clarendon, English historian (d. 1674)
1635 – Johan Göransson Gyllenstierna - Swedish statesman (d. 1680)
1642 – Marie Champmeslé - French actress (d. 1698)
1658 – Charles-Irénée Castel de Saint-Pierre - French writer (d. 1743)
1745 – Alessandro Volta - Italian physicist (d. 1827)
1814 – Samuel Fenton Cary - American-born U. S. Congressman (d. 1900)
1818 – Pedro Figueredo - Cuban poet, musician - & freedom fighter (d. 1870)
1836 – Sri Ramakrishna - Indian Bengali guru of Swami Vivekananda (d. 1886)
1838 – Ernst Mach - Austrian physicist (d. 1916)
1846 – Wilson Barrett - English playwright (d. 1904)
1848 – Louis Comfort Tiffany - American glass artist (d. 1933)
1849 – Alexander Kielland - Norwegian author (d. 1906)
1859 – Sholom Aleichem - Russian Yiddish humorist (d. 1916)
1870 – William Laurel Harris - American mural painter & writer (d. 1924)
1871 – Harry Brearley - English inventor (d. 1948)
1883 – Nikos Kazantzakis - Greek author (d. 1957)
1884 – Andrew Watson Myles - Canadian politician (d. 1970)
1888 – George Papandreou - Prime Minister of Greece (d. 1968)
1890 – Edward Arnold - American actor (d. 1956)
1890 – Adolphe Menjou - American actor (d. 1963)
1892 – Wendell Willkie - American politician (d. 1944)
1896 – Andre Breton - French writer (d. 1966)
1897 – Charles Kuentz - German-born French WW1 veteran & centenarian (d. 2005)
1898 – Luis Muñoz Marín - Puerto Rican poet (d. 1980)
1898 – Enzo Ferrari - Founder of Ferrari (d. 1988)
1901 – Reginald Sheffield - British actor (d. 1957)
1902 – Walter Herbert - German-born conductor & impresario (d. 1975)
1903 – Nikolai Podgorny - Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet (d. 1983)
1906 – Hans Asperger - Austrian pediatrician (d. 1980)
1907 – Oscar Brodney - American screenwriter (d. 2008)
1909 – Tuppy Owen-Smith - South African cricketer & English rugby union player (d. 1990)
1909 – Wallace Stegner - American writer (d. 1993)
1914 – Pee Wee King - American country musician & songwriter (d. 2000)
1915 – Phyllis Calvert - British actress (d. 2002)
1916 – Jean Drapeau - Canadian politician, mayor of Montreal (d. 1999)
1918 – Jane Loevinger - American psychologist (d. 2008)
1919 – Jack Palance - American actor (d. 2006)
1920 – Bill Cullen - American game show host (d. 1990)
1920 – Eric Gairy - Grenadan politician (d. 1997)
1922 – Helen Gurley Brown - American editor
1922 – Allan Melvin - American actor (d. 2008)
1922 – Juhan Smuul - Estonian author (d. 1971)
1924 – Humberto Fernández Morán - Venezuelan scientist (d. 1999)
1924 – Louis Laberge - Canadian labour union leader (d. 2002)
1925 – George Kennedy - American actor
1925 – Marcel Barbeau - Canadian Quebec artist
1926 – Nalini Jaywant - Indian actress
1927 – John Warner - American politician
1927 – Luis Arroyo - Puerto Rican baseball player
1927 – Peter Fryer English Marxist writer & journalist (d. 2006)
1928 – Tom Johnson - Canadian ice hockey player
1929 – Len Deighton - British author
1929 – André Mathieu - Canadian composer (d. 1968)
1930 – Gahan Wilson - American cartoonist
1931 – Johnny Hart - American cartoonist (d. 2007)
1931 – Toni Morrison - American writer, Nobel laureate
1931 – Bob St. Clair - American football player
1932 – Miloš Forman - Czech film director
1933 – Yoko Ono - Japanese-American singer
1933 – Sir Bobby Robson - English football player & manager (d. 2009)
1933 – Mary Ure - Scottish actress (d. 1975)
1934 – Audre Lorde - Caribbean poet & activist (d. 1992)
1935 – Michel Aoun - Lebanese prime minister
1936 – Jean Auel - American writer
1936 – Dick Duff - Canadian ice hockey player
1938 – István Szabó - Hungarian film director
1938 – Manny Mota - Dominican baseball player
1939 – Dal Maxvill - American baseball player
1939 – Marek Janowski - Polish-born conductor
1939 – Claude Ake - Nigerian political scientist
1940 – Fabrizio De André - Italian singer-songwriter (d. 1999)
1941 – Irma Thomas - American singer
1943 – Graeme Garden - Scottish writer
1944 – Pat Bowlen - American sports team owner (Denver Broncos)
1945 – Judy Rankin - American golfer
1946 – Michael Buerk - British newsreader
1946 – Jean-Claude Dreyfus - French actor
1947 – Dennis DeYoung - American musician (Styx)
1947 – Princess Christina of the Netherlands
1947 – Carlos Lopes - Portuguese athlete
1947 – Eliot Lance Engel - American politician
1948 – Sinéad Cusack - Irish actress
1948 – Keith Knudsen - American drummer & songwriter (The Doobie Brothers) (d. 2005)
1949 – Gary Ridgway - American serial killer
1950 – John Hughes - American director (d. 2009)
1950 – Cybill Shepherd - American actress
1950 – Michel Gauthier - Canadian politician
1951 – Isabel Preysler - Philippines-born Spanish socialite
1952 – Maurice Lucas - American basketball player
1952 – Juice Newton - American singer
1953 – Robbie Bachman - Canadian drummer (Bachman-Turner Overdrive)
1954 – John Travolta - American actor
1955 – Miles Tredinnick - English playwright
1955 – Raymond Rougeau - Canadian professional wrestler
1956 – Ted Gärdestad - Swedish singer (d. 1997)
1956 – Paul Reed Smith - American luthier, founder & owner of PRS Guitars
1957 – Marita Koch - German athlete
1957 – Vanna White - American game show presenter
1958 – Giovanni Lavaggi - Italian racing driver
1958 – Gar Samuelson - American drummer (d. 1999)
1960 – Carol McGiffin - British TV & radio presenter
1960 – Greta Scacchi - Australian actress
1960 – Andy Moog - Canadian ice hockey player
1961 – Hironobu Kageyama - Japanese singer
1961 – Cosmo Wilson - American concert lighting designer
1962 – Moe Lemay - Canadian ice hockey player
1962 – Julie Strain - American actress
1963 – Henry Winter - English football journalist
1964 – Matt Dillon - American actor
1964 – Paul Hanley - British musician (The Fall, Tom Hingley & the Lovers)
1965 – Dr. Dre - American record producer & rapper
1965 – Gregory Scott Johnson - American murderer (d. 2005)
1966 – Guy Ferland - American television director
1967 – Roberto Baggio - Italian footballer
1967 – Tracey Edmonds - American film & television producer
1967 – Harry Van Barneveld - Belgian judoka
1967 – Yongyoot Thongkongtoon - Thai film director & producer
1968 – Molly Ringwald - American actress
1969 – Tomaž Humar - Slovenian mountaineer (d. 2009)
1969 – Alexander Mogilny - Russian ice hockey player
1969 – Jason Sutter - American drummer (Smash Mouth, American Hi-Fi)
1970 – Raine Maida - Canadian musician (Our Lady Peace)
1970 – Susan Egan - American actress
1971 – Constantin Popa - Romanian-born Israeli basketball player
1971 – Merritt Gant - American thrash metal guitarist
1973 – Claude Makélélé - French footballer
1974 – Jamey Carroll - American baseball player
1974 – Julia Butterfly Hill - American environmental activist
1974 – Ruby Dhalla - Canadian politician
1974 – Yevgeny Kafelnikov - Russian tennis player
1974 – Jillian Michaels - Personal trainer
1975 – Sarah Brown - American actress
1975 – Keith Gillespie - Irish footballer
1975 – Gary Neville - English footballer
1975 – Simon Kvamm - Danish singer & comedian
1976 – Chanda Rubin - American tennis player
1976 – Leilani Munter - American race car driver
1977 – Ike Barinholtz - American actor
1977 – Kátia - Brazilian footballer
1977 – Sean Watkins - American guitarist & songwriter
1977 – Chrissie Wellington - British triathlete
1978 – Josip Šimunić - Croatian footballer
1980 – Nikolai Antropov - Kazakh ice hockey player
1980 – Regina Spektor - Russian/American singer & songwriter
1981 – Andrei Kirilenko - Russian basketball player
1981 – Alex Rios - American baseball player
1981 – Ivan Sproule - Irish footballer
1981 – Larry Sweeney - American professional wrestler
1981 – Kim Jae Won - South Korean actor
1981 – Jasmine Fiore - American model (d. 2009)
1982 – Juelz Santana - American rapper
1983 – Jermaine Jenas - English footballer
1983 – Jason Maxiell - American basketball player
1983 – Troy Bienemann - American football player
1985 – Anton Ferdinand - English footballer
1985 – Lee Boyd Malvo - Jamaican serial killer
1986 – Marc Torrejón - Spanish footballer
1988 – Shane Lyons - American actor & chef
1988 – Maiara Walsh - American actress
1988 – Max - South Korean singer (TVXQ)
1990 – Cody Hodgson - Canadian hockey player
1991 – Malese Jow - American actress & singer
1991 – Henry Surtees - British racing driver (d. 2009)
1992 – Logan Miller - American actor


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February 18 - General (Calendar Date)

February 18th - Basic Facts:
  • February 18 is the 49th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar.
  • There are 316 days remaining until the end of the year (317 in leap years).
  • The preceding day is February 17
  • Next day is February 19.
February 18th Births (Here)

February 18th Deaths (Here)

February 18 Events:

3102 BC – Epoch (origin) of the Kali Yuga.
1229 – The Sixth Crusade - Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor signs a 10-year truce with al-Kamil.
1268 – Battle of Rakvere - Livonian Brothers of the Sword are defeated by Dovmont of Pskov.
1332 – Amda Seyon I, Emperor of Ethiopia begins campaigns in the southern Muslim provinces.
1478 – George, Duke of Clarence, convicted of treason is executed in private at the Tower of London.
1685 – Fort St. Louis is established by a Frenchman at Matagorda Bay.
1745 – The city of Surakarta, Central Java becomes the capital of the Kingdom of Surakarta.
1797 – Trinidad surrenders to a British fleet under the command of Sir Ralph Abercromby.
1814 – The Battle of Montereau.
1841 – First ongoing filibuster in the United States Senate begins.
1846 – Beginning of the Galician peasant revolt.
1856 – The Know-Nothings convene in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
1861 – Jefferson Davis is inaugurated as the provisional President of the Confederate States of America.
1861 – Victor Emmanuel II of Piedmont, Savoy & Sardinia assumes the title of King of Italy.
1865 – Major General William T. Sherman's Union forces set the South Carolina State House on fire during the burning of Columbia.
1873 – Vasil Levski (Bulgarian revolutionary leader) is executed by hanging in Sofia by the Ottoman authorities.
1878 – John Tunstall is murdered by outlaw Jessie Evans.
1885 – Mark Twain's Adventures of Huckleberry Finn is published.
1901 – Winston Churchill makes his maiden speech in the House of Commons.
1906 – Belgian Olympic Committee is formed in Brussels by Edouard de Laveleye.
1911 – The first official flight with air mail takes place in Allahabad, British India.
1913 – Raymond Poincaré becomes President of France.
1929 – The first Academy Awards are announced.
1930 – Clyde Tombaugh discovers Pluto.
1932 – The Empire of Japan declares Manzhouguo (old Chinese name for Manchuria) independent from the Republic of China.
1943 – Nazis arrest the members of the White Rose movement.
1943 – Joseph Goebbels delivers his Sportpalast speech.
1948 – Eamon de Valera resigns as Taoiseach of Ireland.
1954 – Church of Scientology is established in Los Angeles, California.
1955 – Operation Teapot - Teapot test shot "Wasp" is successfully detonated at the Nevada Test Site.
1957 – Dedan Kimathi (Kenyan rebel leader) is executed by the British colonial government.
1965 – The Gambia becomes independent from the United Kingdom.
1972 – California Supreme Court - case of People v. Anderson, 6 Cal.3d 628 invalidates the state's death penalty.
1977 – The Space Shuttle Enterprise test vehicle - maiden "flight" on top of a Boeing 747.
1979 – Sahara Desert snow fall, in southern Algeria, occurs for the only time in recorded history.
1983 – Wah Mee Massacre in Seattle, Washington.
1991 – IRA bombs Paddington station & Victoria station in London.
2001 – FBI agent Robert Hanssen is arrested for spying for the Soviet Union.
2001 – Dale Earnhardt, Sr. dies when his stock car crashes on the final lap of the Daytona 500.
2003 – Daegu subway fire in South Korea.
2003 – Comet C/2002 V1 (NEAT) makes perihelion - recorded by the Solar & Heliospheric Observatory.
2004 – Run-away freight train near Neyshabur in Iran, carrying sulfur, petrol & fertilizer catches fire & explodes.


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World's Wealthiest Billionaires (2010) - Carlos Slim, Bill Gates, Warren Buffett, Mukesh Ambani, Lakshmi Mittal


The world's wealthiest billionaires currently are:
  • Carlos Slim & family ($53.5bn) - Mexican telecom giant (pictured)
  • Bill Gates ($53bn) - Microsoft founder
  • Warren Buffett ($43bn) - US investor
  • Mukesh Ambani ($29bn) - Reliance Industries, India's largest firm.
  • Lakshmi Mittal ($28.7bn) - Steel tycoon

Source - BBC News

Tags:
Bill Gates - Carlos Slim - Lakshmi Mittal - Mukesh Ambani - Warren Buffett



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FBI 'Most Wanted' List (60th Anniversary, 2010) Top Ten Fugitives


FBI 'Most Wanted' List Facts:
  • Celebrating it's 60th anniversary (2010).
  • This list includes the FBI's top 10 most wanted fugitives.
  • The list was officially launched by FBI director J Edgar Hoover, on 14th March 1950.
  • The FBI protocol for who qualifies for the Top Ten fugitives list - includes that they must be a "menace to society" & should not already be notorious (though Osama bin Laden breaks this rule).
  • In the 1950s the list was mostly - robbers, murderers & mobsters.
  • Early 1970s - militant political radicals were targets.
  • 1990s - Islamic terrorists were a priority.
  • Current days - mainly kidnappers & murderers.
  • From the initial days of posters the 'Most Wanted' list has gone electronic with links available on Facebook & many mobile phones.
  • The list also has linked with the TV program 'America's Most Wanted' on Fox TV (their longest-running programme).
  • There have been, since inception, 494 fugitives who have appeared on the FBI list.
  • To date, 463 of these fugitives have been discovered & captured.
Fugitives Still At Large Include:
  • James "Whitey" Bulger (Boston mobster)
  • Osama bin Laden (since 1999).
Image by by iirraa (cc)

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Bizarre Mental Disorders (List)


Bizarre Mental Disorders (A-Z List)
  • Acrotomophilia
  • Alice in Wonderland syndrome
  • Alien Hand Syndrome
  • Androphobia
  • Aphrodisia
  • Apotemnophilia
  • Bathophobia
  • Bibliomania
  • Bigorexia
  • Body Integrity Identity Disorder
  • Caligynephobia
  • Capgras Delusion
  • Celebriphilia
  • Cherophobia
  • Coprolalia
  • Cotard Delusion
  • Demonomania
  • Diogenes Syndrome
  • Dipsomania
  • Eremophobia
  • Folie à deux
  • Foreign Accent Syndrome
  • Fregoli Delusion
  • Genital Retraction Syndrome
  • Geophagia
  • Hybristophilia
  • Hyprophobia
  • Internet addiction
  • Jerusalem Syndrome
  • Kleptomania
  • Koro
  • Lima Syndrome
  • Lycomania
  • Messiah Complex
  • Misopedia
  • Munchausen syndrome
  • Mythomania
  • Neglect Syndrome
  • Paris Syndrome
  • Phantom Limb Disorder
  • Piblokto
  • Reduplicative Paramnesia
  • Rhypophagy
  • Sitiergia
  • Somatoparaphrenia
  • Stendhal Syndrome
  • Stockholm Syndrome
  • Synesthesia
  • Tarantism
  • The Jumping Frenchmen of Maine
  • Tourette Syndrome
  • Trichotillomania
  • Triskaidekaphobia
  • Urolagnia
  • Windigo Psychosis

Related Links:

Complex (Psychology)


Tags:
Bizarre - Mental Disorders



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