Friday

February 5 - Deaths

Calendar Date February 5th:
February 5th - Deaths:
995 – William IV - Duke of Aquitaine (b. 937)
1520 – Sten Sture the Younger - regent of Sweden (b. 1493)
1574 – Nicolaas Kruik - Dutch cartographer (b. 1678)
1578 – Giambattista Moroni - Italian painter (b. c.1520-24)
1705 – Philipp Jakob Spener - German theologian (b. 1635)
1766 – Leopold Josef Graf Daun - Austrian field marshal (b. 1705)
1775 – Eusebius Amort - German Catholic theologian (b. 1692)
1790 – William Cullen - Scottish physician & chemist (b. 1710)
1807 – Pasquale Paoli - Corsican patriot & military leader (b. 1725)
1843 – Theodoros Kolokotronis - Greek general in the Greek War of Independence (b. 1770)
1881 – Thomas Carlyle - Scottish writer & historian (b. 1795)
1892 – Emilie Flygare-Carlén - Swedish novelist (b. 1807)
1915 – Ross Barnes - baseball player (b. 1850)
1917 – Jaber II Al-Sabah - Emir of Kuwait (b. 1860)
1922 – Slavoljub Eduard Penkala - Croatian inventor (b. 1871)
1922 – Christiaan De Wet - South African general (b. 1854)
1927 – Inayat Khan - Indian sufi (b. 1882)
1933 – Josiah Thomas - Australian politician (b. 1863)
1937 – Lou Andreas-Salome - Russian-born writer (b. 1861)
1938 – Hans Litten - German jurist (b. 1903)
1941 – Banjo Paterson - Australian poet, author of "Walzing Matilda" (b. 1864)
1946 – George Arliss - English actor (b. 1868)
1948 – Johannes Blaskowitz - German general (b. 1883)
1957 – Sami Ibrahim Haddad - Lebanese surgeon (b. 1890)
1962 – Jacques Ibert - French composer (b. 1890)
1967 – Leon Leonwood Bean - American department store founder (b. 1872)
1969 – Thelma Ritter - American actress (b. 1905)
1970 – Rudy York - American baseball player (b. 1913)
1972 – Marianne Moore - American poet (b. 1887)
1976 – Rudy Pompilli - American musician (Bill Haley & His Comets) (b. 1926)
1977 – Oskar Klein - Swedish physicist (b. 1894)
1981 – Ella Grasso - Governor of Connecticut (b. 1919)
1984 – Rodolfo Guzmán Huerta - Mexican wrestler & film actor (b. 1917)
1985 – Georges-Émile Lapalme - Quebec politician (b. 1907)
1987 – William Collier - American film & stage actor (b. 1902)
1991 – Dean Jagger - American actor (b. 1903)
1992 – Miguel Rolando Covian - Brazilian physiologist (b. 1913)
1993 – Marcel Léger - Quebec politician (b. 1930)
1993 – Joseph L. Mankiewicz - American writer, producer, & director (b. 1909)
1993 – Tip Tipping - British actor & stuntman (parachuting accident) (b. 1958)
1993 – Séan Flanagan - senior Fianna Fáil politician & Gaelic footballer (b. 1922)
1995 – Doug McClure - American actor (b. 1935)
1997 – Pamela Harriman - English-born American diplomat (b. 1920)
1998 – Tim Kelly - American musician (b. 1963)
1999 – Wassily Leontief - Russian economist, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1906)
2000 – Claude Autant-Lara - French film director (b. 1901)
2003 – Helge Boes - American Central Intelligence Agency officer (b. 1970)
2004 – John Hench - American animator (b. 1908)
2005 – Gnassingbe Eyadema - President of Togo (b. 1937)
2006 – Norma Candal - Puerto Rican actress & comedian (b. 1930)
2006 – Franklin Cover - American actor (b. 1928)
2007 – Alfred Worm - Austrian investigative journalist (b. 1945)
2007 – Leo T. McCarthy - American politician & 43rd Lieutenant Governor of California (1983–1995) (b. 1930)
2007 – Fred Ball - American movie studio executive, actor, & the brother of comedienne Lucille Ball (b. 1915)
2008 – Maharishi Mahesh Yogi - Indian guru, founder of Transcendental Meditation (b. c. 1917)


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Tardigrades (Phylum Tardigrada, Superphylum Ecdysozoa) Polyextremophiles


Tardigrade Biology Facts:
  • Common Names - water bears or moss piglets.
  • Phylum Tardigrada, part of the superphylum Ecdysozoa.
  • More than 1000 species have been identified.
  • They are microscopic, water-dwelling, segmented animals with 8 legs (see image).
  • Adults may grow to length 1.5 mm.
  • Smallest adults can be below 0.1 mm.
  • Larvae on hatching can be smaller than 0.05 mm.
  • Locations - Himalayas to the deep sea (below 4,000 m) as well as equator to polar regions.
  • Can be found on lichens & mosses.
  • Most tardigrades are phytophagous (plant eaters), or bacteriophagous (bacteria eaters).
Tardigrade Anatomy:
  • Have a body with four segments (this does include the head).
  • Consist of 4 pairs of legs without joints.
  • Have feet with claws or toes.
  • Surface cuticle which contains chitin and is able to be moulted.
  • Contain a ventral nervous system with one ganglion per segment.
  • There is a multilobed brain.
  • Tardigrades have rhabdomeric pigment-cup eyes.
  • Have a haemocoel rather than a coelom (except around the gonad, coelomic pouch).
  • They have a sucking type pharynx.
  • Males & females are usually present, each with a single gonad.
  • Some species are, however, parthenogenetic.
Polyextremophile Capabilities:
  • Tardigrades are polyextremophiles - i.e. can survive in extreme environments that would kill almost any other animal.
  • Some tardigrades can survive temperatures of -273°C, close to absolute zero. [1]
  • Some can survive temperatures as high as 151 °C (303 °F).
  • Can survive 1,000 times more radiation than other animals such as humans. [2]
  • Have been described as going for almost a decade without water. [3]
  • Some have even reported to survive the vacuum of outer space. [4]
Tardigrade History:
  • Tardigrades were first described by Johann August Ephraim Goeze in 1773 (kleiner Wasserbär = little water bear).
  • Name Tardigrada was given by Lazzaro Spallanzani in 1777 and means "slow walker".
  • The name water bear comes from their gait - which looks like a bear walking.
Tardigrade Phylogeny:
  • Recent sequencing data (DNA & RNA) suggest that tardigrades are related to the arthropods & Onychophora. [5]
  • Considered in some schemes as Ecdysozoa.

References:
[1] - Becquerel P. (1950). "La suspension de la vie au dessous de 1/20 K absolu par demagnetization adiabatique de l’alun de fer dans le vide les plus eléve". C. R. hebd. Séances Acad. Sci. Paris 231: 261–263.
[2] - Radiation tolerance in the tardigrade Milnesium tardigradum
[3] - Crowe, John H.; Carpenter, John F.; Crowe, Lois M. (October 1998), "The role of vitrification in anhydrobiosis", Annual Review of Physiology 60: 73–103
[4] - K. Ingemar Jönsson, Elke Rabbow, Ralph O. Schill, Mats Harms-Ringdahl and Petra Rettberg (2008). "Tardigrades survive exposure to space in low Earth orbit". Current Biology 18 (17): R729–R731.
[5] - http://faculty.uml.edu/rhochberg/hochberglab/Courses/AdvancedInvertZool/Tardigrada/Tardigrade%20DNA%20Taxonomy.pdf

Image by Goldstein lab - tardigrades (cc)
Scanning electron micrograph of an adult water bear (tardigrade), Hypsibius dujardini.
by Bob Goldstein & Vicky Madden, UNC Chapel Hill tardigrades.bio.unc.edu/



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February 5 - Births

Calendar Date February 5th:
February 5th - Births:
976 – Sanjō - Emperor of Japan (d. 1017)
1505 – Aegidius Tschudi - Swiss historian (d. 1572)
1519 – René of Châlon - (d. 1544)
1534 – Giovanni de' Bardi - Italian writer (d. 1612)
1589 – Esteban Manuel de Villegas - Spanish poet (d. 1669)
1608 – Gaspar Schott - German mathematician (d. 1666)
1626 – Marie de Rabutin-Chantal - marquise de Sévigné, French author (d. 1696)
1650 – Anne-Jules - French general (d. 1708)
1703 – Gilbert Tennent - Irish-born religious leader (d. 1764)
1725 – James Otis - American lawyer & patriot (d. 1783)
1744 – John Jeffries - Physician, Surgeon, Balloonist (d. 1819)
1784 – Nancy Hanks Lincoln - mother of Abraham Lincoln (d. 1818)
1788 – Robert Peel - Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1850)
1795 – Wilhelm Karl Ritter von Haidinger - Austrian mineralogist (d. 1871)
1804 – Johan Ludvig Runeberg - Finnish poet (d. 1877)
1808 – Carl Spitzweg - German painter (d. 1885)
1810 – Ole Bull - Norwegian violinist (d. 1880)
1837 – Dwight L. Moody - American evangelist (d. 1899)
1840 – John Boyd Dunlop - Scottish inventor (d. 1921)
1840 – Hiram Stevens Maxim - American inventor (Maxim gun) (d. 1916)
1848 – Joris-Karl Huysmans - French author (d. 1907)
1848 – Belle Starr - American outlaw (d. 1889)
1848 – Ignacio Carrera Pinto - Chilean war hero (d. 1882)
1878 – André Citroën - French automobile pioneer (d. 1935)
1880 – Gabriel Voisin - French aviation pioneer (d. 1973)
1889 – Ernest Tyldesley - English cricketer (d. 1962)
1900 – Adlai Stevenson - American politician (d. 1965)
1903 – Joan Whitney Payson - American heiress (d. 1975)
1906 – John Carradine - American actor (d. 1988)
1908 – Daisy & Violet Hilton - British conjoined twins (d. 1969)
1909 – Grażyna Bacewicz - Polish composer & violinist (d. 1969)
1910 – Francisco Varallo - Argentine footballer
1910 – Charles Leblond - Canadian cell biologist (d. 2007)
1911 – Jussi Björling - Swedish tenor (d. 1960)
1914 – William S. Burroughs - American author (d. 1997)
1914 – Alan Lloyd Hodgkin - Nobel Prize Laureate (d. 1998)
1915 – Robert Hofstadter - Nobel Prize Laureate (d. 1990)
1917 – Isuzu Yamada - Japanese actress
1919 – Red Buttons - American actor (d. 2006)
1919 – Andreas Papandreou - Greek politician, Prime Minister of Greece (d. 1996)
1919 – Tim Holt - American actor (d. 1973)
1920 – Frank Muir - British comedian (d. 1998)
1921 – John Pritchard - British conductor (d. 1989)
1922 – Alain de Changy - Belgian racing driver (d. 1994)
1923 – Claude King - American musician
1927 – Ruth Fertel - American entrepreneur (d. 2002)
1928 – Andrew Greeley - American priest & novelist
1929 – Luc Ferrari - French composer (d. 2005)
1929 – Fred Sinowatz - Austrian politician (d. 2008)
1929 – Al Worthington - American baseball player
1930 – John A. Gambling - American radio show host (d. 2004)
1932 – Cesare Maldini - Italian footballer & manager
1933 – Jörn Donner - Finnish writer/director
1934 – Don Cherry - Canadian ice hockey commentator
1934 – Hank Aaron - American baseball player
1936 – K. S. Nissar Ahmed - Kannada Poet
1937 – Stuart Damon - American actor
1937 – Gaston Roelants - Belgian athlete
1937 – Wang Xuan - Chinese scientist (d. 2006)
1940 – H.R. Giger - Swiss artist
1941 – Jane Bryant Quinn - American journalist
1941 – Stephen J. Cannell - American television producer & writer
1941 – David Selby - American actor
1941 – Kaspar Villiger - Swiss Federal Councilor
1942 – J.R. Cobb - American guitarist (Classics IV)
1942 – Roger Staubach - American football player
1942 – Cory Wells - American singer (Three Dog Night)
1943 – Nolan Bushnell - American video game pioneer
1943 – Michael Mann - American film director
1943 – Craig Morton - American football player
1944 – Al Kooper - American musician
1946 – Charlotte Rampling - British actress
1947 – Darrell Waltrip - American race car driver
1948 – Sven-Göran Eriksson - Swedish football manager
1948 – Christopher Guest - American actor
1948 – Barbara Hershey - American actress
1948 – Errol Morris - American film director
1949 – Yvon Vallières - Quebec politician
1951 – Russell Grant - British astrologer
1952 – Daniel Balavoine - French singer & songwriter (d. 1986)
1953 – John Beilein - American basketball coach
1953 – Takashi Ishikawa - Japanese sumo & professional wrestler
1954 – Cliff Martinez - American musician
1955 – Mike Heath - American baseball player
1956 – Hector Rebaque - Mexican racing driver
1956 – Betty Ong - flight attendant that died on September 11, 2001, on American Airlines Flight 11
1959 – Jennifer Granholm American politician
1960 – Aris Christofellis - Greek countertenor
1961 – Savvas Kofidis - Greek footballer & manager
1961 – Tim Meadows - American actor & comedian
1962 – Jennifer Jason Leigh - American actress
1963 – Steven Shainberg - American film director
1964 – Alexia - Cypriot singer
1964 – Laura Linney - American actress
1964 – Duff McKagan - American musician (Guns N' Roses)
1965 – Gheorghe Hagi - Romanian footballer
1965 – Keith Moseley - American musician (The String Cheese Incident)
1966 – Rok Petrovič - Slovenian skier (d. 1993)
1966 – Apostolos Nanos - Greek archer
1967 – Chris Parnell - American actor
1967 – Frederick Pitcher - Nauruan politician
1968 – Roberto Alomar - Puerto Rican baseball player
1968 – Eyþór Guðjónsson - Icelandic actor
1968 – Nir Kabaretti - Israeli conductor
1969 – Bobby Brown - American singer
1969 – Michael Sheen - Welsh actor
1971 – Sara Evans - American singer
1972 – Mary - Crown Princess of Denmark
1972 – Koriki Chōshū - Japanese comedian
1973 – Richard Matvichuk - Canadian ice hockey player
1973 – Trijntje Oosterhuis - Dutch singer
1975 – Giovanni van Bronckhorst - Dutch footballer
1975 – Adam Carson - American musician (AFI)
1976 – Tony Jaa - Thai actor
1976 – Abhishek Bachchan - Indian actor
1976 – John Aloisi - Australian soccer player
1976 – Brian Moorman - American football player
1977 – Ben Ainslie - British sailor
1977 – Adam Everett - American baseball player
1977 – Ahmad Merritt - American football player
1978 – Shawn Reaves - American actor
1978 – Brian Russell - American football player
1980 – Brad Fitzpatrick - American programmer
1980 – Prince Peter - American-born Yugoslav royalty
1980 – Jo Swinson - British politician
1980 – Robin Vik - Czech tennis player
1981 – Nora Zehetner - American actress
1981 – Loukas Vyntra - Greek football player
1982 – Aidin Nikkhah Bahrami - Iranian basketball player (d. 2007)
1982 – Kevin Everett - American football player
1982 – Marc Kennedy - Canadian Curler
1982 – Tomáš Kopecký - Slovak ice hockey player
1982 – Dionysis Makris - Greek singer
1982 – Rodrigo Palacio - Argentine footballer
1982 – Wheesung - Korean R&B singer
1984 – Carlos Tévez - Argentinine footballer
1984 – Nate Salley - American football player
1985 – Laurence Maroney - American football player
1985 – Cristiano Ronaldo - Portuguese footballer
1985 – Crystal Hunt - American actress
1985 – Lindsey Cardinale - American singer
1986 – Carlos Villanueva - Chilean footballer
1986 – Vedran Ćorluka Croatian football player
1986 – Manuel Fernandes - Portuguese footballer
1986 – Ashley Lane - American professional wrestler
1986 – Billy Sharp - English footballer
1986 – Reed Sorenson - American racecar driver
1987 – Sharon Baumeyer - Professional roller derby athelete
1988 – Kevin J Maclean - Scottish Singer Songwriter
1989 – Cristine Reyes - Filipino actress
1989 – Jeremy Sumpter - American actor
1990 – Jordan Rhodes - English footballer (Huddersfield Town)
1992 – Neymar - Brazilian footballer


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February 5 - General (Calendar Date)

February 5th - Basic Facts:
  • February 5 is the 36th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar.
  • There are 329 days remaining until the end of the year (330 in leap years).
  • The preceding day is February 4
  • Next day is February 6.
February 5th Births (Here)

February 5th Deaths (Here)

February 5 Events:

AD 62 – Earthquake in Pompeii Italy
1576 – Henry of Navarre renounces Catholicism at Tours & rejoins the Protestant forces in the French Wars of Religion.
1597 – Group of early Japanese Christians are killed by the new Japanese government for being seen as a threat to Japanese society.
1631 – Roger Williams emigrates to Boston.
1649 – The claimant King Charles II of England & Scotland is declared King of Scotland, by the Parliament of Scotland (not followed by the Parliament of England or the Parliament of Ireland).
1778 – South Carolina becomes the first state to ratify the Articles of Confederation.
1782 – Spanish defeat British forces & capture Minorca.
1783 – Sequence of strong earthquakes begin in Calabria.
1818 – Jean-Baptiste Bernadotte ascends to the thrones of Sweden & Norway.
1859 – Wallachia & Moldavia are united under Alexander John Cuza as the United Principalities, an autonomous region within the Ottoman Empire (later becomes the modern Romanian state).
1885 – King Léopold II of Belgium establishes the Congo as a personal possession.
1900 – The United States & the United Kingdom sign a treaty for the Panama Canal
1917 – The current constitution of Mexico is adopted.
1917 – Asiatic Barred Zone Act - Congress of the United States passes the Immigration Act of 1917 over President Woodrow Wilson's veto. It forbade immigration from nearly all of south & southeast Asia.
1918 – Stephen W. Thompson shoots down a German airplane.
1919 – United Artists launched by Charlie Chaplin, Mary Pickford, Douglas Fairbanks, & D.W. Griffith.
1924 – The Royal Greenwich Observatory begins broadcasting the hourly time signals known as the Greenwich Time Signal or the "BBC pips".
1937 – President Franklin D. Roosevelt proposes a plan to enlarge the Supreme Court of the United States.
1945 – General Douglas MacArthur returns to Manila (World War II).
1946 – The Chondoist Chongu Party is founded in North Korea.
1958 – Gamel Abdel Nasser is nominated to be the first president of the United Arab Republic.
1958 – Tybee Bomb, a hydrogen bomb, is lost by the US Air Force off the coast of Savannah, Georgia, never to be recovered.
1962 – French President Charles De Gaulle calls for Algeria to be granted independence.
1968 – Battle of Khe Sanh begins (Vietnam War).
1972 – Bob Douglas - 1st African American elected to the Basketball Hall of Fame.
1988 – Manuel Noriega is indicted on drug smuggling & money laundering charges.
1994 – Byron De La Beckwith is convicted of the 1963 murder of civil rights leader Medgar Evers.
1997 – Big Three banks in Switzerland announce the creation of a $71 million fund to aid Holocaust survivors & their families.
2004 – Morecambe Bay cockle picker tragedy - 23 Chinese people drown when a group of 35 cockle-pickers are trapped by rising tides in Morecambe Bay, England.
2004 – Rebels from the Revolutionary Artibonite Resistance Front capture the city of Gonaïves, starting the 2004 Haiti rebellion.
2009 – The United States Navy guided missile cruiser USS Port Royal runs aground off Oahu, Hawaii, damaging both the ship and the coral reef.


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