Tuesday

January 26 - Deaths

Calendar Date January 26th:
January 26 - Deaths:
946 – Eadgyth - German Queen (b. 910)
1567 – Nicholas Wotton - English diplomat
1630 – Henry Briggs - English mathematician (b. 1556)
1636 – Jean Hotman - Marquis de Villers-St-Paul, French diplomat (b. 1552)
1697 – Georg Mohr - Danish mathematician (b. 1640)
1744 – Ludwig Andreas Graf Khevenhüller - Austrian field marshal (b. 1683)
1750 – Albert Schultens - Dutch philologist (b. 1686)
1795 – Johann Christoph Friedrich Bach - German composer (b. 1732)
1799 – Gabriel Christie - British general (b. 1722)
1823 – Edward Jenner - English physician (b. 1749)
1824 – Théodore Géricault - French painter (b. 1791)
1855 – Gérard de Nerval - French writer (b. 1808)
1869 – Duncan Gordon Boyes - English recipient of the Victoria Cross (b. 1846)
1870 – Victor - 3rd duc de Broglie, French statesman & diplomat (b. 1785)
1885 – Edward Davy - English inventor (b. 1806)
1885 – Charles George Gordon - British general (b. 1833)
1886 – David Rice Atchison - American politician (b. 1807)
1891 – Nikolaus August Otto - German inventor (b. 1833)
1893 – Abner Doubleday - credited inventor of baseball (b. 1819)
1904 – Whitaker Wright - English mining tycoon (b. 1846)
1926 – John Flannagan - 2nd president of St. Ambrose University
1932 – William Wrigley Jr. - American industrialist (b. 1861)
1933 – Alva Belmont - American socialite (b. 1853)
1942 – Felix Hausdorff - German mathematician (b. 1868)
1943 – Harry H. Laughlin - American eugenicist (b. 1880)
1943 – Nikolai Vavilov - Russian botanist (b. 1887)
1946 – Adriaan van Maanen - Dutch-American astronomer (b. 1884)
1947 – Grace Moore - American soprano (b. 1898)
1947 – Prince Gustaf Adolf - Duke of Västerbotten, (b. 1906)
1948 – John Lomax - American teacher, pioneering musicologist & folklorist (b. 1867)
1952 – Khorloogiin Choibalsan - leader of Mongolia (b. 1895)
1953 – Athanase David - French Canadian politician & businessman (b. 1882)
1961 – Stan Nichols - English cricketer (b. 1900)
1962 – Lucky Luciano - American mobster (b. 1897)
1968 – Merrill C. Meigs - American newspaper publisher (b. 1883)
1968 – Yvor Winters - American poet (b. 1900)
1973 – Edward G. Robinson - American actor (b. 1893)
1973 – Jay C. Higginbotham - American musician (b. 1906)
1976 – João Branco Núncio - Portuguese Bullfighter (b. 1901)
1979 – Nelson Rockefeller - 41st Vice President of the United States (b. 1908)
1983 – Paul "Bear" Bryant - American football coach (b. 1913)
1990 – Lewis Mumford - American historian (b. 1895)
1990 – Bob Gerard - British racing driver (b. 1914)
1992 – José Ferrer - Puerto Rican actor (b. 1912)
1993 – Jan Gies - Dutch resistance leader (b. 1905)
1993 – Jeanne Sauvé - Governor-General of Canada (b. 1922)
1993 – Robert Jacobsen - Danish artist (b. 1912)
1996 – Georg Alexander - Duke of Mecklenburg, head of the House of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (b. 1921)
1996 – Harold Brodkey - American author (b. 1930)
1996 – Henry Lewis - American musician & conductor (b. 1932)
1996 – Stevie Plunder - Australian musician (b. 1963)
1996 – Dave Schultz - American wrestler (b. 1959)
1996 – Frank Howard - American college football player & coach (b. 1909)
1997 – Jeane Dixon - American astrologer (b. 1904)
1998 – Shinichi Suzuki - Japanese music teacher (b. 1898)
2000 – Don Budge - American tennis player (b. 1915)
2000 – Kathleen Hale - British author (b. 1898)
2000 – A. E. van Vogt - Canadian-born author (b. 1912)
2001 – Al McGuire - American basketball coach (b. 1928)
2003 – Valeriy Brumel - Soviet Olympic athlete (b. 1942)
2003 – Hugh Trevor-Roper - Baron Dacre of Glanton, English historian (b. 1917)
2003 – George Younger - 4th Viscount Younger of Leckie, British politician (b. 1931)
2004 – Fred Haas - American golfer (b. 1916)
2006 – Khan Abdul Wali Khan - Pakistani opposition leader & Pashtun nationalist (b. 1917)
2006 – Len Carlson - Canadian actor (b. 1937)
2006 – Carol Lambrino - son of Carol II of Romania & Zizi Lambrino (b. 1920)
2007 – Hans J. Wegner - Danish furniture designer (b. 1914)
2007 – Gump Worsley - Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1929)
2008 – Christian Brando - actor & son of Marlon Brando (b. 1958)
2008 – Viktor Schreckengost - leader of American 20th century design (b. 1906)


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January 26 - Births

Calendar Date January 26th:
January 26th - Births:
1497 – Emperor Go-Nara of Japan (d. 1557)
1541 – Florent Chrestien - French writer (d. 1596)
1714 – Jean-Baptiste Pigalle - French sculptor (d. 1785)
1716 – George Germain - 1st Viscount Sackville, British soldier & politician (d. 1785)
1722 – Alexander Carlyle - Scottish church leader (d. 1805)
1763 – Charles XIV John of Sweden - Napoleonic general (d. 1844)
1781 – Achim von Arnim - German poet (d. 1831)
1813 – Juan Pablo Duarte - Dominican founding father (d. 1876)
1826 – Julia Dent Grant - First Lady of the United States (d. 1902)
1832 – George Shiras Jr. - U.S. Supreme Court justice (d. 1924)
1842 – François Coppée - French poet & novelist (d. 1908)
1852 – Pierre Savorgnan de Brazza (Pietro Paolo Savorgnan di Brazzà) - explorer (d. 1905)
1857 – Trinley Gyatso - Tibetan, The 12th Dalai Lama (d. 1875)
1864 – József Pusztai - Slovene writer - poet & journalist in Hungary (d. 1934)
1878 – Dave Nourse - South African cricketer (d. 1948)
1880 – Douglas MacArthur - American general & Medal of Honor recipient (d. 1964)
1885 – Michael Considine - Australian politician (d. 1959)
1887 – François Faber - Luxembourgian cyclist (d. 1915)
1887 – Marc Mitscher - American admiral (d. 1947)
1891 – Frank Costello - Italian-born gangster (d. 1973)
1891 – Wilder Penfield - American-born Canadian neurosurgeon (d. 1976)
1892 – Zara Cully - American actress (d. 1978)
1892 – Bessie Coleman - American pioneer aviator (d. 1926)
1893 – Giuseppe Genco Russo - Sicilian mafioso (d. 1976)
1900 – Karl Ristenpart - German conductor (d. 1967)
1902 – Menno ter Braak - Dutch author & polemicist (d. 1940)
1904 – Ancel Keys - American scientist (d. 2004)
1904 – Seán MacBride - Irish statesman, Nobel Prize Laureate (d. 1988)
1905 – Charles Lane - American actor (d. 2007)
1905 – Maria von Trapp - Austrian-born singer (d. 1987)
1908 – Stéphane Grappelli - French jazz violinist (d. 1997)
1908 – Jill Esmond - English actress (d. 1990)
1908 – Rupprecht Geiger - German painter (d. 2009)
1910 – Jean Image - Hungarian-born French animator (d. 1989)
1911 – Polykarp Kusch - German-born physicist, Nobel Prize Laureate (d. 1993)
1911 – Norbert Schultze - German composer & songwriter (d. 2002)
1913 – Jimmy Van Heusen - American songwriter (d. 1990)
1914 – Princess Hadice Hayriye Ayshe Dürrühsehvar (d. 2006)
1915 – William Hopper - American actor (d. 1970)
1918 – Nicolae Ceauşescu - Romanian dictator (d. 1989)
1918 – Philip José Farmer - American writer (d. 2009)
1919 – Bill Nicholson - English footballer & manager for Tottenham Hotspur. (d. 2004)
1919 – Valentino Mazzola - Italian footballer (d. 1949)
1921 – Akio Morita - Japanese businessman (d. 1999)
1921 – Eddie Barclay - French producer (Barclay Records) (d. 2005)
1922 – Michael Bentine - British comedian (d. 1996)
1923 – Anne Jeffreys - American actress
1924 – Rauf Denktaş - Cypriot politician
1924 – Annette Strauss - American philanthropist & politician (d. 1998)
1924 – Alice Babs - Swedish singer
1925 – Joan Leslie - American actress
1925 – Paul Newman - American actor, philanthropist, race car driver & race team owner (d. 2008)
1925 – Claude Ryan - Quebec newspaper editor (d. 2004)
1926 – Farman Fatehpuri - Pakistani scholar
1927 – José Azcona del Hoyo - President of Honduras (d. 2005)
1927 – Bob Nieman - American baseball player (d. 1985)
1928 – Roger Vadim - French film director & actor (d. 2000)
1929 – Jules Feiffer - American cartoonist & writer
1929 – Gordon Solie - American wrestling commentator (d. 2000)
1930 – Napoleón Abueva - Filipino sculptor
1931 – Mary Murphy - American film actress
1932 – Coxsone Dodd - Jamaican record producer
1933 – Ercole Baldini - Italian cyclist
1934 – Roger Landry - Quebec businessman & newspaper publisher
1935 – Bob Uecker - American baseball player & broadcaster
1936 – Sal Buscema - American comic book artist
1937 – Joseph Saidu Momoh - Sierra Leone political leader (d. 2003)
1941 – Scott Glenn - American actor
1941 – Henry Jaglom - English director
1942 – Souad Hosni - Egyptian actress (d. 2001)
1943 – César Gutiérrez - Venezuelan baseball player (d. 2005)
1943 – Jean Knight - American singer
1943 – Austin "Jack" Warner,Trinidadian FIFA Vice-President & CONCACAF President
1944 – Angela Davis - American feminist & activist
1945 – Jacqueline du Pré - English cellist (d. 1987)
1946 – Gene Siskel - American film critic (d. 1999)
1947 – Michel Sardou - French singer
1947 – Patrick Dewaere - French actor (d. 1982)
1947 – John Mather - Philosopher ALC
1949 – Jonathan Carroll - American author
1949 – David Strathairn - American actor
1950 – Jörg Haider - Austrian far-right politician (d. 2008)
1950 – Janet Lupo - American model
1953 – Anders Fogh Rasmussen - Prime Minister of Denmark
1953 – Lucinda Williams - American singer
1953 – Alik L. Alik - vice-president of the Federate States of Micronesie
1954 – Kim Hughes - Australian cricketer
1955 – Eddie Van Halen - Dutch musician (Van Halen)
1958 – Anita Baker - American singer
1958 – Ellen DeGeneres - American actress & comedian
1958 – Salvador Sánchez - Mexican boxer
1960 – Road Warrior Animal - American professional wrestler
1960 – Charlie Gillingham - American musician (Counting Crows)
1961 – Li Cunxin - Chinese-Australian ballet dancer
1961 – Tom Keifer - American musician (Cinderella)
1961 – Wayne Gretzky - Canadian ice hockey player
1962 – Oscar Ruggeri - Argentine footballer
1963 – José Mourinho - Portuguese football manager
1963 – Andrew Ridgeley - English musician
1963 – Riddell Akua - Nauruan politician
1963 – Gisela Valcarcel - Peruvian Hostess
1964 – Paul Johansson - American actor
1965 – Natalia Yurchenko - Soviet gymnast
1965 – Thomas Östros - Swedish politician
1967 – Pradip Somasundaran - Indian playback singer
1968 – Ravi Teja - Tollywood film actor
1969 – Michael O'Hearn - American bodybuilder
1970 – Kirk Franklin - American gospel singer
1970 – Tracy Middendorf - American actress
1971 – Bryan Callen - American actor
1971 – Dorian Gregory - American actor
1973 – Mayu Shinjo - Japanese mangaka
1973 – Melvil Poupaud - French actor
1974 – Shannon Hale - American author
1975 – Frankie Rayder - American model
1976 – Willie Adler - American guitar player
1977 – Vince Carter - American basketball player
1977 – Justin Gimelstob - American tennis player
1977 – Tye Tribbett - American Singer
1978 – Estéban Germán - Dominican baseball player
1978 – Corina Morariu - American tennis player
1978 – Kelly Stables - American actress
1979 – Sara Rue - American actress
1981 – Gustavo Dudamel - Venezuelan Composer/Conductor
1981 – Juan Jose Haedo - Argentinian Cyclist
1983 – Petri Oravainen - Finnish footballer
1984 – Layla Kayleigh - British television personality
1984 – Iain Turner - Scottish footballer
1984 – Luo Xuejuan - Chinese swimmer
1986 – Gerald Green - American basketball player
1986 – Matt Heafy - American musician (Trivium)
1986 – Shantelle Taylor - Canadian professional wrestler
1986 – Hero - South Korean singer (TVXQ)
1987 – Vladimir Garin - Russian actor (d. 2003)
1987 – Mia Rose - English/Portuguese singer
1987 – Marlon Mario Brandao da Silveira - Brazilian footballer
1989 – Emily Hughes - American figure skater
1990 – Christopher Massey - American actor
1993 – Cameron Bright - Canadian actor
2009 – Suleman octuplets


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January 26 - General (Calendar Date)


January 26th - Basic Facts:
  • January 26 is the 26th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar.
  • There are 339 days remaining until the end of the year (340 in leap years).
  • The preceding day is January 25.
  • Next day is January 27.
January 26th Births (Here)

January 26th Deaths (Here)

January 26 Events:

1340 – King Edward III of England is declared King of France.
1500 – Vicente Yáñez Pinzón is the 1st European to set foot on Brazil.
1531 – Lisbon, Portugal is hit by a severe earthquake, killing thousands.
1564 – The Council of Trent issues its conclusions in the Tridentinum - establishes a distinction between Roman Catholicism & Protestantism.
1565 – Battle of Talikota - fought between the Vijayanagara Empire & the Islamic sultanates of the Deccan, leads to the subjugation, & eventual destruction of the last Hindu kingdom in India.
1589 – Job is elected as Patriarch of Moscow & All Russia.
1699 – Signing of Treaty of Carlowitz.
1700 – The Cascadia Earthquake (magnitude 9) takes place off the west coast of the North America (from Japanese records).
1736 – Abdication of Stanislaus I of Poland from his throne.
1788 – The British First Fleet, led by Arthur Phillip, sails into Port Jackson (Sydney Harbour) to establish Sydney.
1808 – The Rum Rebellion - armed takeover of the government in Australia.
1837 – Michigan is admitted as the 26th U.S. state.
1838 – First prohibition law in the United States is enacted in Tennessee.
1841 – United Kingdom formally occupies Hong Kong; China later formally cedes.
1855 – Point No Point Treaty - signed in Washington Territory.
1856 – First Battle of Seattle - USS Decatur marines drive off American Indian attackers after all day battle with settlers.
1861 – American Civil War - State of Louisiana secedes from the Union.
1863 – American Civil War - General Ambrose Burnside is replaced by Joseph Hooker, as commander of the Army of the Potomac after the disastrous Fredericksburg campaign.
1870 – American Civil War - Virginia rejoins the Union.
1885 – Troops loyal to The Mahdi conquer Khartoum.
1905 – The finding of the Cullinan Diamond at the Premier Mine (near Pretoria) in South Africa.
1907 – The Short Magazine Lee-Enfield Mk III is officially introduced into British Military Service.
1911 – The first successful American seaplane is flown by Glenn H. Curtiss.
1911 – Richard Strauss' opera Der Rosenkavalier debut's at the Dresden State Opera.
1920 – Henry Leland (former Ford Motor Company executive) launches the Lincoln Motor Company.
1924 – St.Petersburg is renamed Leningrad
1930 – Indian National Congress declares 26 January as Independence Day.
1934 – The Apollo Theater reopens in Harlem, New York City.
1934 – German-Polish Non-Aggression Pact is signed.
1939 – Spanish Civil War - Troops loyal to General Francisco Franco (& aided by Italy) take Barcelona.
1942 – First United States forces arrive in Europe landing in Northern Ireland (World War II).
1950 – The Constitution of India comes into force, forming a republic - observed as Republic Day in India.
1952 – Rioters burn Cairo's central business district, targeting British & upper-class Egyptian businesses (Black Saturday in Egypt).
1958 – Japanese ferry Nankai Maru capsizes off southern Awaji Island, Japan.
1962 – Ranger 3 is launched to study the moon (Ranger program).
1965 – Hindi becomes the official language of India.
1966 – The Beaumont Children go missing from Glenelg Beach near Adelaide, South Australia.
1978 – The Great Blizzard of 1978 - strikes the Ohio – Great Lakes region.
1980 – Israel & Egypt establish diplomatic relations.
1991 – Mohamed Siad Barre is removed from power in Somalia & is succeeded by Ali Mahdi.
1998 – Lewinsky scandal - U.S. President Bill Clinton, denies on American television having had "sexual relations" with Monica Lewinsky.
2001 – An earthquake hits Gujarat, India - more than 20,000 deaths recorded.
2004 – President Hamid Karzai signs the new constitution of Afghanistan.
2004 – A decomposing sperm whale explodes in the town of Tainan, Taiwan.
2005 – Glendale train crash in Glendale, California, near Los Angeles.


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Gemstones (Precious or Semiprecious Stones) List A-to-Z


Gemstones Listed (A-to-Z)

Agate
Almandine Garnet
Amazonite
Amethyst
Ametrine
Andalusite
Andesine-Labradorite
Apatite
Aquamarine
Aventurine
Azotic Topaz
Aquamarine
Beryl
Cat's Eye Apatite
Cat's Eye Tourmaline
Chalcedony
Chrome Diopside
Chrome Tourmaline
Chrysoberyl
Citrine
Color Change Garnet
Diamond
Emerald
Fire Opal
Fluorite
Garnet
Hiddenite
Imperial Topaz
Iolite
Jadeite
Jasper
Kunzite
Kyanite
Lapis Lazuli
Moonstone
Moss Opal
Mystic Quartz
Mystic Topaz
Onyx
Opal
Orthoclase
Paraiba tourmaline
Pearl
Peridot
Prehnite
Pyrope Garnet
Quartz
Rhodolite Garnet
Rose Quartz
Ruby
Ruby-Zoisite
Rutile Quartz
Sapphire
Smoky Quartz
Spessartite Garnet
Sphene
Spinel
Spodumene
Star Moonstone
Star Rose Quartz
Star Ruby
Star Sapphire
Tanzanite
Tiger's Eye
Topaz
Tourmaline
Tsavorite Garnet
Turquoise
Zircon

Image - The Fortress Baths gems from The National Roman Legion Museum, South Wales by MuseumWales (cc)

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Alphanus I (Alfano) of Salerno (Archbishop, Physician, Poet, Translator) d. 1085

Alphanus I Demographics:
  • Name - Alphanus I (Alfano I, Saint Alfano I, Alfanus, Alpuhans)
  • Birth - uncertain.
  • Death - 1085
  • Occupation - Archbishop of Salerno, physician.
  • Skills - Chronicler, monk, physician, poet, theologian, translator (esp Latin & Arabic), writer.
Alphanus' Religious Life:
  • Initially a Benedictine Monk of Monte Cassino.
  • Alphanus was held in high regard by prince Gisulf of Salerno.
  • Eventually this lead to him becoming archbishop of Salerno from 1058 to his death in 1085.
  • During Alphanus' later days as archbishop, he sheltered the exiled reformer, Pope Gregory VII.
  • The exciled Pope Gregory VII would eventually die in Salerno.
Alphanus' Literature:
  • Alphanus was distinguished as a literary man.
  • He was well known in medieval literature for his poems.
  • Alfano as probably the greatest poet of Italy in the 11th century.
Alphanus' Medical Life:
  • In his youth he studied at the Medical School at Salerno (Schola Medica Salernitana).
  • Alphanus was one of the earliest great doctors of the Schola Medica Salernitana.
  • He practiced as a physician before he became archbishop of Salerno.
  • Two medical texts are attributed to Alphanus:
    • De quattuor humoribus ("On The Four Humours")
    • De Pulsibus ("On The Pulse")
  • Under the support of Alphanus I, Salerno won the title of "Town of Hippocrates" (Hippocratica Civitas or Hippocratica Urbs).
  • People, both students & the sick, would visit from all over the world to the "Schola Salerni", in the hope of cures, or to learn the art of medicine.
Alphanus' & Medical Translations:
  • He travelled to Constantinople on an embassy visit in 1063.
  • Whilst in Constantinople he became acquainted with Greek medical texts.
  • He went on to translate 'On the Nature of Man' by Bishop Nemesius of Emesa (fl. 390).
  • His Premnon Physicon introduced into the Latin-speaking world a christian form of Galenism.
  • Alphanus invited Constantine the African from Carthage (now Tunisia) to Salerno to assist in the translation of Arabic medical texts.
  • Constantine the African brought a library of Arabic medical texts with him to Salerno which he commenced to translate into Latin.
Alphanus Quotes:
ad doctrinam huiusmodi copiosius a perpluribus dicta auctoribus, et praecipue ab his quos mater educavit Graecia, Latinorum cogente penuria, . . . transferenda conferam’ (Translation: ‘for the teaching of this kind I will devote myself to translating what is said more fully by many authors, and especially those whom mother Greece educated, whilst the Latins were oppressed by lack, ... of knowledge’). [preface to his translation of Nemesius’s Premnon phisicon]
'Tum medicinali tantum florebat in arte, posset ut hic nullus languor hobere locum.' (Translation: Medicine was so advanced in Salerno that there was no place for illness.)

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