Saturday

Simon de Couvin or Simon de Covino (Parisian Doctor, French Chronicler) ca.1320-1367

Simon de Couvin Demographics:
  • Name - Simon de Couvin (or Simon de Covino).
  • Birth - ca. 1320
  • Death - 1367
  • Residence - Paris.
  • Education - Trained in medicine at Montpellier medical school.
  • Occupation - Parisian doctor & French chronicler.
Simon de Couvin & Black Death:
  • Reportedly showed allegiance to Aristotle & his pimacy of the heart (over Galen's brain).
  • Wrote Black Death poem (Libellus de judicio Solis in conviviis Saturni) around 1350.
  • Simon de Couvin alleged that tanners excaped the plague. [1]
  • He stated that the Black Death had 'miffed all doctors; the art of Hippocrates was lost'. [2]
  • Reported that all the doctors of Montpellier perished in the plague of 1348.
  • Doctor deaths due to the Black Death were greater at Montpellier than elsewhere in France, as a large number of doctors resided there because of the Montpellier medical school.
Simon de Couvin - Other Facts:
  • He was a Montpellier-trained doctor who worked in Paris.
  • Reportedly showed allegiance to Aristotle & his primacy of the heart (over Galen's brain).
  • During the European famine (1346-1347), prior to the Black Death, de Couvin commented that:
    "The one who was poorly nourished by insubstantial food fell victim to the merest breath of the disease; the impoverished crowd of common folk died a welcome death, since for them life was death." [3]

References:
[1] - Hankin, 'On the epidemiology of plague', p. 57.
[2] - 'Opuscule relatif a la peste de 1348'
[3] - Stephanie True Peters (2004).
The Black Death. Benchmark Books (NY).


Posted by ALCHEssMIST.
Alchemipedia | Home | Index | AZ | Numbers | Years | Animals | Architecture | Art | Business | Fashion | Films | Food & Drink | Games | Health | History | Literature | Media | Music | People |Politics | Science | Sport | Technology | World |

January 23 - Deaths

Calendar Date January 23rd:
January 23 - Deaths:
1002 – Otto III - Holy Roman Emperor (b. 980)
1199 – Yaqub - Almohad Caliph (b. 1160)
1548 – Bernardo Pisano - Italian composer (b. 1490)
1549 – Johannes Honter - Transylvanian Saxon humanist & theologian (b. 1498)
1567 – Jiajing - Emperor of China (b. 1507)
1570 – James Stewart - Earl of Moray, regent of Scotland (assassinated)
1622 – William Baffin - English explorer
1744 – Giambattista Vico - Italian philosopher & historian (b. 1668)
1785 – Matthew Stewart - Scottish mathematician (b. 1717)
1789 – Frances Brooke - English writer (b. 1724)
1789 – John Cleland - English novelist (b. 1709)
1800 – Edward Rutledge - American statesman (b. 1749)
1803 – Arthur Guinness - Irish brewer (b. 1725)
1805 – Claude Chappe - French telecommunications pioneer (b. 1763)
1806 – William Pitt the Younger - Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1759)
1810 – Johann Wilhelm Ritter - German chemist & physicist (b. 1776)
1812 – Robert Craufurd - British general (b. 1764)
1820 – Prince Edward Augustus - Duke of Kent & Strathearn (b. 1767)
1833 – Edward Pellew - 1st Viscount Exmouth, British admiral (b. 1757)
1837 – John Field - Irish composer (b. 1782)
1866 – Thomas Love Peacock - English satirist (b. 1785)
1875 – Charles Kingsley English writer (b. 1819)
1883 – Gustave Doré - French artist, engraver, & illustrator (b. 1832)
1893 – Lucius Quintus Cincinnatus Lamar - U.S. Supreme Court Justice (b. 1825)
1922 – Arthur Nikisch - Hungarian conductor (b. 1855)
1923 – Max Nordau - Austrian author, philosopher, & Zionist leader (b. 1849)
1931 – Anna Pavlova - Russian ballerina (b. 1881)
1937 – Orso Mario Corbino - Italian physicist (b. 1876)
1939 – Matthias Sindelar - Austrian footballer (b. 1903)
1943 – Alexander Woollcott - American actor, author, & bon vivant (b. 1887)
1944 – Edvard Munch - Norwegian painter (b. 1863)
1944 – Viktor Gusev - Russian poet (b. 1909)
1956 – Alexander Korda - Hungarian/British film director (b. 1893)
1958 – Nikolaos Georgantas - Greek discus thrower (b. 1880)
1971 – Fritz Feigl - Austria-born chemist (b. 1871)
1973 – Alexander Onassis - Greek heir of the Onassis family (b. 1948)
1973 – Kid Ory - American jazz trombonist (b. 1886)
1976 – Paul Dupuis - French Canadian film & television actor (b. 1913)
1976 – Paul Robeson - American actor, singer, & social activist (b. 1898)
1977 – Toots Shor - New York restaurateur (b. 1903)
1978 – Terry Kath - American musician (Chicago) (b. 1946)
1978 – Jack Oakie - American actor (b. 1903)
1978 – Vic Ames - American singer (Ames Brothers) (b. 1925)
1981 – Samuel Barber - American composer (b. 1910)
1983 – Fred Bakewell - English cricketer (b. 1908)
1984 – Mu'in Bseiso - Palestinian poet (b. 1926)
1986 – Joseph Beuys - German artist (b. 1921)
1988 – Charles Glen King - American biochemist (b. 1896)
1989 – Salvador Dalí - Catalan artist (b. 1904)
1990 – Allen Collins - American guitarist (Lynyrd Skynyrd) (b. 1952)
1991 – Northrop Frye - Canadian writer & critic (b. 1912)
1992 – Freddie Bartholomew - Irish actor (b. 1924)
1992 – Markos Vafiadis - leader of the Communist Party of Greece (b. 1906)
1993 – Thomas A. Dorsey - American singer (b. 1899)
1994 – Nikolai Ogarkov - Soviet field marshal (b. 1917)
1994 – Brian Redhead - English journalist & broadcaster (b. 1929)
1997 – Richard Berry - American composer & musician (b. 1935)
1999 – Jay Pritzker - American businessman (b. 1922)
1999 – Prince Lincoln Thompson - Jamaican musician (b. 1949)
2002 – Pierre Bourdieu - French sociologist (b. 1930)
2002 – Paul Aars - American racecar driver (b. 1934)
2002 – Robert Nozick - American philosopher (b. 1938)
2003 – Nell Carter - American singer & actress (b. 1948)
2004 – Bob Keeshan - American actor (b. 1927)
2004 – Helmut Newton - German-born photographer (b. 1920)
2005 – Morys George Lyndhurst Bruce - 4th Baron Aberdare, British politician (b. 1921)
2005 – Johnny Carson - American television host (b. 1925)
2006 – Chris McKinstry - Canadian scientist (b. 1967)
2007 – E. Howard Hunt - American Watergate figure (b. 1918)
2007 – Ryszard Kapuściński - Polish journalist & writer (b. 1932)
2007 – Syed Hussein Alatas - Malaysian Politician (b. 1928)
2009 – Robert W. Scott - American politician, governor of North Carolina (b. 1929)


Posted by ALCHEssMIST.
Alchemipedia | Home | Index | AZ | Numbers | Years | Animals | Architecture | Art | Business | Fashion | Films | Food & Drink | Games | Health | History | Literature | Media | Music | People |Politics | Science | Sport | Technology | World |

January 23 - Births

Calendar Date January 23rd:
January 23rd - Births:
1350 – Vincent Ferrer - Spanish missionary & saint (d. 1419)
1688 – Queen Ulrika Eleonora of Sweden (d. 1741)
1719 – John Landen - English mathematician (d. 1790)
1737 – John Hancock - American patriot (d. 1793)
1745 – William Jessop - English canal engineer (d. 1814)
1752 – Muzio Clementi - Italian composer (d. 1832)
1783 – Stendhal - French writer (d. 1842)
1786 – Auguste de Montferrand - French architect (d. 1858)
1809 – Veer Surendra Sai - Indian Freedom Fighter (d. 1884)
1813 – Camilla Collett - Norwegian writer & feminist (d. 1895)
1828 – Takamori Saigo - Samurai, leader of Satsuma rebellion (d. 1877)
1832 – Edouard Manet - French artist (d. 1883)
1840 – Ernst Abbe - German physicist (d. 1905)
1855 – John Moses Browning - American inventor (d. 1926)
1857 – Andrija Mohorovičić - Croatian seismologist (d. 1936)
1862 – David Hilbert - German mathematician (d. 1943)
1872 – Goce Delchev - a revolutionary from the Balkans – leader of the Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization (d. 1903)
1872 – Paul Langevin - French physicist (d. 1946)
1872 – Joze Plečnik - Slovenian architect (d. 1957)
1876 – Otto Diels - German chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1954)
1884 – Ralph DePalma - Italian-American race car driver (d. 1956)
1891 – Antonio Gramsci - Italian political philosopher, (d. 1937)
1896 – Charlotte - Grand Duchess of Luxembourg (d. 1985)
1896 – Alf Hall - South African cricketer (d. 1964)
1897 – Subhas Chandra Bose - Indian independence fighter (d. 1945)
1897 – Sir William Samuel Stephenson - Canadian soldier, W.W.II codename, Intrepid. Inspiration for James Bond. (d. 1989)
1897 – Margarete Schütte-Lihotzky - Austrian architect (d. 2000)
1898 – Sergei Eisenstein - Russian film director (d. 1948)
1898 – Freda Utley - British scholar & author (d. 1978)
1898 – Randolph Scott - American actor (d. 1987)
1899 – Glen Kidston - British aviator & racing driver (d. 1931)
1900 – William Ifor Jones - Welsh conductor & organist (d. 1988)
1903 – Jorge Eliécer Gaitán - Colombian politician (d. 1948)
1907 – Dan Duryea - American actor (d. 1968)
1907 – Hideki Yukawa - Japanese physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1981)
1910 – Django Reinhardt - Belgian guitarist (d. 1953)
1912 – Boris Pokrovsky - Russian operatic stage director (d. 2009)
1913 – Wally Parks - American racing executive, founder of the NHRA (d. 2007)
1915 – Potter Stewart - American Supreme Court Justice (d. 1985)
1915 – Arthur Lewis - British economist, Nobel laureate (d. 1991)
1916 – Airey Neave - British Major, politician & indictment server at the Nuremberg Trials (d. 1979)
1916 – David Douglas Duncan - American photo-journalist
1918 – Gertrude B. Elion - American scientist, Nobel laureate (d. 1999)
1919 – Ernie Kovacs - American comedian (d. 1962)
1919 – Bob Paisley - English Football player & manager. (d. 1996)
1919 – Hans Hass - Austrian zoologist & underwater scientist
1923 – Walter M. Miller - Jr., American writer (d. 1996)
1923 – Cot Deal - major league baseball player & coach
1924 – Bal Thackeray - founder & president of Indian political party Shiv Sena
1924 – Frank Lautenberg - American politician
1927 – Lars-Eric Lindblad - Swedish-American entrepreneur & explorer (d. 1994)
1927 – Jack Quinlan - Chicago Cubs Broadcaster (d. 1965)
1928 – Chico Carrasquel - Venezuelan baseball player (d. 2005)
1928 – Jeanne Moreau - French actress
1929 – Patriarch Filaret (Mykhailo Denysenko) of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church, Kiev Patriarch
1929 – John Charles Polanyi - Canadian chemist, Nobel laureate
1930 – Derek Walcott - West Indian writer, Nobel laureate
1930 – Teresa Żylis-Gara - Polish singer
1933 – Chita Rivera - Puerto Rican actress & dancer
1934 – Pierre Bourgault - Quebec politician & essayist (d. 2003)
1936 – Jerry Kramer - American football player
1936 – Bob Moses - American educator & 1960s Civil Rights Movement activist
1938 – Shohei Baba - Japanese professional wrestler (d. 1999)
1938 – Georg Baselitz - German painter & sculptor
1939 – Sonny Chiba - Japanese actor & martial artist
1939 – Arlene Golonka - American actress
1940 – Joe Dowell - American singer
1940 – Johnny Russell - American country singer & songwriter (d. 2001)
1942 – Razzak - Bangladeshi actor & director
1943 – Gary Burton - American jazz vibraphonist
1943 – Gil Gerard - American actor
1943 – Millie Jackson - American singer
1944 – Rutger Hauer - Dutch actor
1945 – Mike Harris - Canadian politician, Premier of Ontario
1946 – Arnoldo Alemán - ex-president of Nicaragua
1946 – Don Whittington - American businessman, car & airplane racer & convicted felon
1947 – Thomas R. Carper - American politician.
1947 – Megawati Sukarnoputri - 5th President of Indonesia
1948 – Anita Pointer - American singer (Pointer Sisters)
1950 – Richard Dean Anderson - American actor
1950 – Danny Federici - American musician (Bruce Springsteen & the E Street Band) (d. 2008)
1950 – John Greaves - English musician (Henry Cow, National Health)
1951 – Chesley Sullenberger - Captain of US Airways Flight 1549 - successfully ditched into the Hudson River.
1952 – Omar Henry - South African cricketer
1953 – John Luther Adams - American composer
1953 – Antonio Villaraigosa - Hispanic-American 52nd Mayor of Los Angeles
1953 – Robin Zander - American singer (Cheap Trick)
1953 – Alister E. McGrath - British theologian & scientist
1954 – Franco De Vita - Venezuelan singer & songwriter
1954 – Edward Ka-Spel - English musician (Legendary Pink Dots)
1957 – Princess Caroline of Monaco
1957 – Lou Schuler - American fitness journalist
1959 – Clive Bull - English radio talk show host
1960 – Patrick de Gayardon - French skydiver & skysurfing pioneer (d. 1998)
1960 – Jean-François Sauvé - Canadian ice hockey player
1961 – Mas Selamat bin Kastari - Singapore's most-wanted terror fugitive
1962 – Elvira Lindo - Spanish writer & journalist
1962 – Vasia Panayopoulou - Greek actress
1963 – Gail O'Grady - American actress
1964 – Mariska Hargitay - American actress
1964 – Mario Roberge - Canadian ice hockey player
1964 – Bharrat Jagdeo - President of Guyana
1965 – Louie Clemente - American drummer (Testament)
1966 – Haywoode Workman - American basketball player
1967 – Naim Süleymanoğlu - Bulgaria-born Turkish weightlifter
1968 – Petr Korda - Czech tennis player
1969 – Ariadna Gil - Spanish actress
1969 – Andrei Kanchelskis - Ukrainian-Russian footballer
1969 – Brendan Shanahan - Canadian ice hockey player
1970 – Spiridon Vasdekis - Greek long jumper
1970 – Tracey Cherelle Jones - American actress
1970 – Brendan O'Connor - Irish journalist, satirist
1971 – Kevin Mawae - American football player
1971 – Lorne Spicer - British TV presenter
1971 – Scott Gibbs - Welsh rugby player
1971 – Marc Nelson - American R&B singer & lyricist
1972 – Ewen Bremner - Scottish actor
1972 – Mark Curry - American rapper
1972 – Marcel Wouda - Dutch swimmer
1973 – Lanei Chapman - American actress
1974 – Sampsa Astala - Finnish musician (Lordi)
1974 – Joel Bouchard - Canadian ice hockey player
1974 – Rebekah Elmaloglou - Australian actress
1974 – Yosvani Pérez - Cuban baseball player
1974 – Richard T. Slone - British artist
1974 – Tiffani Thiessen - American actress
1975 – Tito Ortiz - American UFC fighter
1976 – Brandon Duckworth - American baseball player
1976 – Angelica Lee - Taiwanese actress & singer
1976 – Nigel McGuinness - English professional wrestler
1977 – Kamal Heer - Punjabi singer & musician
1979 – Larry Hughes - American basketball player
1979 – Juan Rincón - Venezuelan baseball player
1981 – Greg Smith - American UFC fighter
1981 – Rob Friend - Canadian footballer
1982 – Wily Mo Peña - Dominican baseball player
1982 – Patrick Levis - American actor
1984 – Arjen Robben - Dutch footballer
1985 – Dong Fangzhuo - Chinese footballer
1985 – Doutzen Kroes - Dutch supermodel
1986 – Steven Taylor - English footballer
1986 – José Enrique Sánchez - Spanish footballer
1987 – Felicia Brandström - Swedish singer
1989 – April Pearson - British actress


Posted by ALCHEssMIST.
Alchemipedia | Home | Index | AZ | Numbers | Years | Animals | Architecture | Art | Business | Fashion | Films | Food & Drink | Games | Health | History | Literature | Media | Music | People |Politics | Science | Sport | Technology | World |

January 23 - General (Calendar Date)


January 23rd - Basic Facts:
  • January 23 is the 23rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar.
  • There are 342 days remaining until the end of the year (343 in leap years).
  • The preceding day is January 22.
  • Next day is January 24.
January 23rd Births (Here)

January 23rd Deaths (Here)

January 23 Events:

393 – Roman Emperor Theodosius I proclaims his 9 year old son Honorius co-emperor.
971 – Chinese history - the war elephant corps of the Southern Han are soundly defeated at Shao by crossbow fire from Song Dynasty troops.
1368 – Zhu Yuanzhang ascends to the throne (coronation ceremony) of China as the Hongwu Emperor, initiating Ming Dynasty rule over China.
1510 – Henry VIII of England (age 18 years old), appears incognito in the lists at Richmond joust, & is applauded for his skill before revealing his identity.
1533 – Anne Boleyn (2nd wife of Henry VIII) discovers herself pregnant.
1546 – Francois Rabelais publishes the Tiers Livre, his sequel to Gargantua and Pantagruel.
1556 – Shaanxi earthquake (China) strikes with estimated death toll up to ~ 830,000.
1570 – Assassination of regent James Stewart (1st Earl of Moray) sends Scotland into civil war.
1571 – The Royal Exchange opens in London.
1579 – The Union of Utrecht forms a Protestant republic in the Netherlands.
1656 – Blaise Pascal publishes the 1st of his Lettres provinciales.
1719 – The Principality of Liechtenstein is created within the Holy Roman Empire.
1789 – The 1st Roman Catholic college in the United States, Georgetown College, is founded in Georgetown, Maryland.
1793 – Russia & Prussia partition Poland for the second time.
1849 – Elizabeth Blackwell (1st US female doctor) is awarded her M.D. by the Medical Institute of Geneva, New York.
1855 – The first bridge over the Mississippi River opens in Minnesota (at now modern day Minneapolis) - now location of Father Louis Hennepin Bridge.
1870 – Marias Massacre, Montana, U.S. - cavalrymen kill 173 Native Americans.
1879 – Anglo-Zulu War - the Battle of Rorke's Drift ends.
1899 – Emilio Aguinaldo sworn in as President of the First Philippine Republic.
1904 – Ålesund Fire - in Norwegian coastal town Ålesund, is devastated by fire.
1907 – First Native American U.S. Senator, Charles Curtis of Kansas.
1912 – The International Opium Convention is signed at The Hague.
1920 – Netherlands refuses to surrender ex-Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany to the Allies.
1943 – Troops of Montgomery's 8th Army capture Tripoli in Libya from the German-Italian Panzer Army (World War II).
1943 – Australian & American forces finally defeat the Japanese army in Papua (World War II).
1943 – Duke Ellington plays at Carnegie Hall in New York City for the 1st time.
1943 – The Battle of Mount Austen, the Galloping Horse, & the Sea Horse on Guadalcanal during the Guadalcanal campaign ends.
1945 – Karl Dönitz launches Operation Hannibal (World War II).
1950 – The Knesset passes a resolution stating that Jerusalem is the capital of Israel.
1958 – Marcos Pérez Jiménez is overthrown in Venezuela.
1960 – The USS Trieste bathyscaphe creates a depth record by descending to 10,911 m (35,798 feet) in the Pacific Ocean.
1963 – Guinea-Bissau War of Independence begins - PAIGC guerrilla fighters attacke the Portuguese army stationed in Tite.
1964 – The 24th Amendment to the United States Constitution, prohibiting the use of poll taxes in national elections, is ratified.
1967 – Diplomatic relations between the Soviet Union & Ivory Coast are established.
1968 – North Korea seizes the USS Pueblo (AGER-2), claiming the ship had violated their territorial waters while spying.
1973 – President Richard Nixon announces the peace accord between U.S. & Vietnam.
1973 – Volcanic eruption destroys Heimaey in the Vestmannaeyjar chain of islands off the south coast of Iceland.
1986 – The Rock & Roll Hall of Fame inducts its 1st members - Chuck Berry, James Brown, Ray Charles, Fats Domino, the Everly Brothers, Buddy Holly, Jerry Lee Lewis & Elvis Presley.
1997 – Madeleine Albright becomes the first woman to serve as U. S. Secretary of State.
2002 – Reporter Daniel Pearl is kidnapped in Karachi, Pakistan & is subsequently murdered .
2003 – Final communication between Earth & Pioneer 10
2009 – Dendermonde nursery attack - Dendermonde, Belgium.


Posted by ALCHEssMIST.
Alchemipedia | Home | Index | AZ | Numbers | Years | Animals | Architecture | Art | Business | Fashion | Films | Food & Drink | Games | Health | History | Literature | Media | Music | People |Politics | Science | Sport | Technology | World |

Chronotope (Literary Concept of Time-Space) Mikhail Bakhtin


Chronotope Basic Facts:
  • Literary term devised by Russian literary theorist Mikhail Mikhailovich Bakhtin (1895-1975), pictured opposite.
  • Refers to coordinates of time & space invoked in a given story or narrative.
  • Considers the setting of a literary work as a spatio-temporal whole.
  • The term is literally translated as - "time-space."
  • A chronotope can be considered both as a cognitive concept & a narrative feature of language.
Tags:
Chronotope - Mikhail Bakhtin - Language - Literary Term - Narrative - Russian - Time-Space

Posted by ALCHEssMIST.
Alchemipedia | Home | Index | AZ | Numbers | Years | Animals | Architecture | Art | Business | Fashion | Films | Food & Drink | Games | Health | History | Literature | Media | Music | People |Politics | Science | Sport | Technology | World |
 
Web Statistics