Wednesday

Caroline (Historical Period) 1625-1649

Caroline Period Facts:
  • Historical period.
  • Belongs to the years 1625-1649 when Charles I reigned as king of England, Scotland & Ireland.
  • The Latin version of Charles = Carolus.
  • Period was marked by increasing religious & social tension.
  • Eventually the tension found expression in the English Civil War.
Caroline Period & Literature:
  • Period includes the later metaphysical poets.
  • Period also contains the early works Milton.
  • The 'Cavalier poets' Sir John Suckling, Robert Herrick, Richard Lovelace & Thomas Carew are from this period.
  • The period also marks the watershed between the culture of Elizabethan literature & Jacobean literature in England.
  • English writer & physician Thomas Browne was a successor to Francis Bacon with his publications - Religio medici / The Religion of a Doctor (1643).

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January 20 - Deaths

Calendar Date January 20th:
January 20 - Deaths:
287 – St. Sebastian
1156 – Bishop Henry - patron saint of Finland
1191 – Frederick VI - Duke of Swabia (b. 1167)
1479 – King John II of Aragon (b. 1397)
1568 – Myles Coverdale - English Bible translator
1612 – Rudolf II - Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1552)
1663 – Isaac Ambrose - English Puritan divine (b. 1604)
1666 – Anna of Austria - wife of Louis XIII of France & regent (b. 1601)
1707 – Humphrey Hody - English theologian (b. 1659)
1709 – François de la Chaise - French confessor of Louis XIV of France (b. 1624)
1739 – Francesco Galli-Bibiena - Italian architect/designer (b. 1659)
1751 – John Hervey - 1st Earl of Bristol - English politician (b. 1665)
1770 – Charles Yorke - Lord Chancellor of Great Britain (b. 1722)
1779 – David Garrick - English actor (b. 1717)
1810 – Benjamin Chew - Chief Justice of colonial Pennsylvania (b. 1722)
1819 – King Charles IV of Spain (b. 1748)
1848 – Christian VIII of Denmark (b. 1786)
1850 – Adam Oehlenschläger - Danish poet (b. 1779)
1873 – The Venerable Father Basil Anthony Marie Moreau - Founder of the Congregation of Holy Cross (b. 1799)
1875 – Jean-François Millet - French painter (b. 1814)
1877 – Dato Maharajalela Lela - Malay nationalist.
1891 – David Kalakaua - King of Hawaii (b. 1836)
1900 – John Ruskin - English art critic (b. 1819)
1901 – Zénobe Gramme - Belgian engineer (b. 1826)
1908 – John Ordronaux - American Civil War army surgeon, a professor of medical jurisprudence, & pioneering mental health commissioner (b. 1830)
1913 – José Guadalupe Posada - Mexican engraver & illustrator (b. 1852).
1920 – Georg Lurich - Estonian wrestler (b. 1876)
1936 – King George V of the United Kingdom (b. 1865)
1940 – Omar Bundy - American army general (b. 1861)
1944 – James McKeen Cattell - American psychologist (b. 1860)
1947 – Josh Gibson - American baseball player (b. 1911)
1954 – Fred Root - English cricketer (b. 1890)
1962 – Robinson Jeffers - American poet (b. 1887)
1965 – Alan Freed - American disk jockey (b. 1922)
1971 – Gilbert M. 'Broncho Billy' Anderson - American actor, director, writer, & producer (b. 1880)
1973 – Lorenz Böhler - Austrian physician (b. 1885)
1979 – Gustav Winckler - Danish singer (b. 1925)
1983 – Garrincha - Brazilian footballer (b. 1933)
1984 – Johnny Weissmuller - American swimmer & actor (b. 1904)
1988 – Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan - Pashtun Nationalist & non-violent freedom fighter (b. 1890)
1988 – Dora Stratou - Greek choreographer & folklorist (b. 1903)
1989 – Alamgir Kabir - Bangladeshi film director (b. 1938)
1990 – Hayedeh - Persian singer (b. 1942)
1990 – Barbara Stanwyck - American actress (b. 1907)
1993 – Audrey Hepburn - Anglo-Dutch actress (b. 1929)
1994 – Sir Matt Busby - Scottish football player & coach (b. 1909)
1996 – Gerry Mulligan - American musician (b. 1927)
1997 – Curt Flood - American baseball player (b. 1938)
1998 – Bobo Brazil - American professional wrestler (b. 1924)
2002 – Carrie Hamilton - actress & singer (b. 1963). Daughter of comedienne/actress Carol Burnett.
2003 – Al Hirschfeld - American caricaturist (b. 1903)
2003 – Craig Kelly - American snowboarder (b. 1966)
2003 – Nedra Volz - American actress (b. 1908)
2003 – Bill Werbeniuk - Canadian snooker player (b. 1947)
2004 – Guinn Smith - American athlete (b. 1920)
2005 – Per Borten - Prime Minister of Norway (b. 1913)
2005 – Roland Frye - American literary critic & theologian (b. 1921)
2005 – Jan Nowak-Jeziorański - Polish journalist, writer, & politician (b. 1913)
2005 – Miriam Louisa Rothschild - British zoologist, entomologist, & author (b. 1908)
2006 – Dave Lepard - Swedish rock singer & guitarist (b. 1980)
2009 – Stéphanos II Ghattas - Patriarch Emeritus of Alexandria for the Coptic Catholic Church (b. 1920)
2009 – Stan Hagen - Canadian politician (b. 1940)
2009 – David Newman - American jazz musician - nicknamed "Fathead" (b. 1933)
2009 – Sheila O'Nions Walsh (aka Sheila Walsh, Sophie Leyton), English romance writer (b. 1928)


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January 20 - Births

Calendar Date January 20th:
January 20th - Births:
225 – Gordian III - Roman Emperor (d. 244)
1292 – Elisabeth of Bohemia (1292–1330) (d. 1330)
1358 – Eleanor of Aragon - wife of John I of Castile (d. 1382)
1435 – Ashikaga Yoshimasa - Japanese shogun (d. 1490)
1554 – King Sebastian of Portugal (d. 1578)
1586 – Johann Schein - German composer (d. 1630)
1664 – Giovanni Vincenzo Gravina - Italian writer & jurist (d. 1718)
1716 – King Charles III of Spain (d. 1788)
1716 – Jean-Jacques Barthélemy - French writer & numismatist (d. 1795)
1732 – Richard Henry Lee - American statesman (d. 1794)
1775 – André-Marie Ampère - French physicist (d. 1836)
1781 – Joseph Hormayr Freiherr zu Hortenburg - Austrian politician (d. 1848)
1783 – Justus Johann Friedrich Dotzauer - German cellist & composer (d. 1860)
1798 – Anson Jones - 5th & last President of Texas (d. 1858)
1804 – Eugène Sue - French novelist (d. 1857)
1812 – Thomas Meik - Scottish engineer (d. 1896)
1834 – George D. Robinson - 34th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1896)
1837 – David Josiah Brewer - U.S. Supreme Court Justice (d. 1910)
1855 – Ernest Chausson - French composer (d. 1899)
1867 – Yvette Guilbert - French singer & actress (d. 1944)
1873 – Johannes Vilhelm Jensen - Danish Nobel laureate (d. 1950)
1876 – Józef Hofmann - Polish pianist (d. 1967)
1878 – Finlay Currie - British actor (d. 1968)
1878 – Ruth St. Denis - American dancer (d. 1968)
1880 – Walter W. Bacon - American politician (d. 1962)
1889 – Allan Haines Loughead - American aviation executive (d. 1969)
1891 – Mischa Elman - Ukrainian born violinist (d. 1967)
1893 – Georg Åberg - Swedish athlete (d. 1946)
1894 – Walter Piston - American composer (d. 1976)
1895 – Gábor Szegő - Hungarian mathematician (d. 1985)
1896 – George Burns - American actor, comedian (d. 1996)
1896 – Isabel Withers - American actress (d. 1968)
1898 – U Razak - Burmese politician (d. 1947)
1899 – Kenjiro Takayanagi - Japanese development of television (d. 1990)
1899 – Clarice Cliff - English ceramic artist (d. 1972)
1900 – Colin Clive - British actor (d. 1937)
1902 – Leon Ames - American actor (d. 1993)
1907 – Paula Wessely - Austrian actress (d. 2000)
1908 – Fleur Cowles - American writer, editor & artist (d. 2009)
1910 – Joy Adamson - Austrian naturalist & writer (d. 1980)
1911 – Wendell J. Westcott - American carillonneur
1912 – Walter Briggs - Jr., American sports executive (d. 1970)
1915 – Ghulam Ishaq Khan - President of Pakistan (d. 2006)
1918 – Juan García Esquivel - Mexican bandleader (d. 2002)
1918 – Nevin S. Scrimshaw - American clinical
1920 – Federico Fellini - Italian film director (d. 1993)
1920 – DeForest Kelley - American actor (d. 1999)
1920 – Thorleif Schjelderup - Norwegian author & ski jumper (d. 2006)
1920 – Frank Kush - American football player & coach
1921 – Telmo Zarraonaindía - Spanish footballer (d. 2006)
1922 – Ray Anthony - American trumpeter, bandleader & actor
1922 – Graham Stark - British actor
1923 – Nora Brockstedt - Norwegian singer
1924 – Slim Whitman - American singer
1925 – Ernesto Cardenal - Nicaraguan theologian & politician
1926 – Jamiluddin Aali - Pakistani poet, essayist & columnist
1926 – Qurratulain Hyder - Indian & Pakistani novelist (d. 2007)
1926 – Patricia Neal - American actress
1926 – David Tudor - American pianist & composer (d. 1996)
1928 – Rudy Boesch - Contestant on Survivor: Borneo (3rd Place) & Survivor: All-Stars (17th Place)
1929 – Jimmy Cobb - American jazz drummer
1929 – Arte Johnson - American actor
1929 – Glenn Roberts - American race car driver (d. 1964)
1930 – Buzz Aldrin - American astronaut
1931 – David Lee - American physicist, Nobel Prize in Physics laureate
1931 – Hachidai Nakamura - Japanese songwriter & pianist (d. 1992)
1932 – Lou Fontinato - Canadian ice hockey player
1933 – Ron Townson - American singer (The 5th Dimension) (d. 2001)
1934 – Tom Baker - British actor
1935 – Joan Weston - Roller Derby Queen (d. 1997)
1935 – Alexander Men - Russian priest (d. 1990)
1937 – Dorothy Provine - American singer, dancer & actress
1938 – William Berger - Austrian actor (d. 1993)
1938 – Derek Dougan - Northern Irish footballer (d. 2007)
1939 – Paul Coverdell - American politician (d. 2000)
1940 – Carol Heiss - American figure skater
1940 – Krishnam Raju - Indian actor & politician
1941 – Pierre Lalonde - Canadian singer & television host
1942 – Linda Moulton Howe - American investigative journalist & documentary producer-writer-director-editor
1943 – Farhad Mehrad - Iranian musician (d. 2002)
1944 – José Luis Garci - Spanish filmmaker
1945 – Robert Olen Butler - American writer
1945 – Christopher Martin-Jenkins - cricket commentator & correspondent
1945 – Eric Stewart - English musician & songwriter (10cc)
1946 – David Lynch - American film director
1947 – Cyrille Guimard - French cyclist & directeur sportif
1948 – Natan Sharansky - Russian-born physicist & politician
1948 – Nancy Kress - American writer
1948 – Mel Pritchard - British Musician
1949 – Göran Persson - Prime Minister of Sweden
1950 – Liza Goddard - British actress
1950 – Edward Hirsch. American poet
1950 – Chuck Lefley - Canadian ice hockey player
1950 – Mahamane Ousmane - President of Niger
1951 – Ivan Fischer - Hungarian conductor
1951 – Ian Hill - British musician (Judas Priest)
1952 – Paul Stanley - American musician (Kiss)
1954 – Ken Page - American cabaret singer & actor
1955 – Wyatt Knight - American actor
1955 – Joe Doherty - Provisional Irish Republican Army member
1955 – Hiromi Ōta - Japanese singer
1956 – Maria Larsson - Swedish politician
1956 – Bill Maher - American actor, comedian, & political analyst
1958 – Lorenzo Lamas - American actor
1960 – Apa Sherpa - Nepalese Sherpa mountaineer, summitted Everest 19 times
1960 – Scott Thunes - American musician (Frank Zappa)
1960 – Will Wright - American computer game designer
1963 – James Denton - American actor
1963 – Firebreaker Chip - American professional wrestler
1964 – Ozzie Guillén - Venezuelan-born baseball player & manager
1964 – Ron Harper - American basketball player
1964 – Kazushige Nojima - Japanese game scenario writer
1965 – Colin Calderwood - Scottish footballer
1965 – Greg Kriesel - American bassist (The Offspring)
1965 – Sophie - The Countess of Wessex, the wife of Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex
1965 – John Michael Montgomery - American singer
1965 – Anton Weissenbacher - Romanian footballer
1966 – Stacey Dash - American actress
1966 – Tracii Guns - American guitarist
1966 – Rainn Wilson - American actor
1968 – Nick Anderson - American basketball player
1968 – Melissa Rivers - American reporter & actress
1969 – Patrick K. Kroupa - American computer hacker
1969 – Nicky Wire - British musician (Manic Street Preachers)
1970 – Mitch Benn - UK comedian, songwriter, actor
1970 – Kerri Kenney-Silver - American actress
1970 – Skeet Ulrich - American actor
1971 – Gary Barlow - English singer (Take That)
1971 – Brian Giles - American baseball player
1971 – Derrick Green - American singer (Sepultura)
1971 – Gerard McDonnell - Irish mountaineer (d. 2008)
1971 – Ahmir "Questlove" Thompson - American drummer (The Roots)
1973 – Princess Mathilde - Duchess of Brabant
1974 – David Dei - Italian footballer
1975 – David Eckstein - American baseball player
1975 – Norberto Fontana - Argentine racing driver
1976 – Gretha Smit - Dutch speed skater
1976 – Kirsty Gallacher - Scottish television presenter
1977 – Melody - Belgian singer
1977 – Sid Wilson - American Musician, (Slipknot)
1978 – Joy Giovanni - American actress & glamour model
1978 – Sonja Kesselschläger - German heptathlete
1978 – Allan Søgaard - Danish footballer
1979 – Asaka Kubo - Japanese gravure idol of 20th Century
1979 – Will Young - British singer
1979 – Shang Yi - Chinese footballer
1980 – Philippe Cousteau - Jr., French oceanographer; grandson of Jacques Cousteau
1980 – Brigitte Olivier - Belgian judoka
1981 – Freddy Guzmán - Dominican baseball player
1981 – Jason Richardson - American basketball player
1981 – Owen Hargreaves - English footballer
1981 – Daniel Cudmore - Canadian actor
1981 – Crystal Lowe - Canadian actress
1982 – Joe Swash - English actor
1982 – Fredrik Strømstad - Norwegian footballer
1983 – Geovany Soto - Puerto Rican baseball player
1983 – Paula Taylor - English-Thai actress, model & presenter
1983 – Mari Yaguchi - Japanese singer (Morning Musume)
1984 – Olivia Hallinan - English actress
1984 – Toni Gonzaga - Filipina actress & singer
1986 – Derek Fathauer - American professional golfer
1991 – Jolyon Palmer - English racing driver; son of Jonathan Palmer.


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January 20 - General (Calendar Date)


January 20th - Basic Facts:
  • January 20 is the 20th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar.
  • There are 345 days remaining until the end of the year (346 in leap years).
  • The preceding day is January 19.
  • Next day is January 21.
January 20th Births (Here)

January 20th Deaths (Here)

January 20th Events:

250 – Emperor Decius begins a widespread persecution of Christians in Rome.
250 – Pope Fabian is martyred.
1265 – In Westminster, the first English parliament conducts its first meeting held by Simon de Montfort in the Palace of Westminster ("Houses of Parliament").
1320 – Duke Wladyslaw Lokietek becomes king of Poland.
1356 – Edward Balliol abdicates as King of Scotland.
1502 – The first exploration of present-day location of Rio de Janeiro.
1523 – Christian II is forced to abdicate as King of Denmark & Norway.
1576 – León (Mexican city) is founded by order of the viceroy Don Martín Enríquez de Almanza.
1649 – Charles I of England goes on trial for treason & other "high crimes".
1667 – Treaty of Andrusovo - Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth cedes Kiev, Smolensk, & left-bank Ukraine to the Tsardom of Russia.
1783 – Revolutionary War (end of hostilities) - The Kingdom of Great Britain signs a peace treaty with France & Spain.
1788 – The 3rd & main part of First Fleet arrives at Botany Bay.
1788 – Arthur Phillip decides that Botany Bay is unsuitable for penal colony, moving to Port Jackson.
1801 – John Marshall is appointed the Chief Justice of the United States.
1839 – Battle of Yungay - Chile defeats an alliance between Peru & Bolivia.
1840 – Dumont D'Urville discovers Adélie Land, Antarctica.
1841 – Hong Kong Island is occupied by the British.
1885 – L.A. Thompson patents the roller coaster.
1887 – The United States Senate allows the Navy to lease Pearl Harbor as a naval base.
1892 – First official basketball game is played at the YMCA in Springfield, Massachusetts.
1920 – The American Civil Liberties Union is founded.
1921 – The first Constitution of Turkey is adopted.
1936 – Edward VIII becomes King of the United Kingdom.
1937 – Franklin Roosevelt is inaugurated for a 2nd term as President of the United States.
1942 – Wannsee Conference - Held in the Berlin suburb of Wannsee, senior Nazi German officials decided on the "Final Solution to the Jewish Question", accelerating The Holocaust (World War II).
1945 – Hungary agrees to an armistice with the Allies (World War II).
1959 – Vickers Vanguard first flight.
1960 – Hendrik Verwoerd announces a plebiscite on whether South Africa should become a Republic.
1961 – John F. Kennedy is inaugurated as the youngest man elected as President of the United States.
1981 – Iran releases 52 American hostages twenty minutes after Ronald Reagan is inaugurated as U.S. President.
1986 – Martin Luther King, Jr. day is celebrated as a federal holiday for the first time.
1987 – Terry Waite (Church of England envoy) is kidnapped in Lebanon.
1990 – Black January – crackdown of Azerbaijani pro-independence demonstrations by Soviet army in Baku.
1991 – Sudan's government imposes Islamic law nationwide.
1999 – The China News Service announces new government restrictions on Internet use aimed especially at Internet cafés.
2001 – Joseph Estrada (Philippine president) is ousted in a nonviolent 4-day revolution, to be succeeded by Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo.
2009 – Barack Obama is inaugurated as the 44th President of the United States of America.


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