Wednesday

January 13 - Deaths

Calendar Date January 13th:
January 13 - Deaths:
1048 – Al-Biruni - Persian mathematician (b. 973)
1124 – Pope Callixtus II
1126 – Henry IX - Duke of Bavaria
1204 – Maimonides - Spanish rabbi and philosopher (b. 1135)
1250 – Frederick II - Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1194)
1404 – Albert - Count of Holland (b. 1336)
1466 – Donatello - Florentine artist and sculptor (b. 1386)
1516 – Johannes Trithemius - German cryptographer (b. 1462)
1521 – Manuel I of Portugal (b. 1469)
1557 – Niccolo Fontana Tartaglia - Italian mathematician
1565 – Conrad Gessner - Swiss naturalist (b. 1516)
1603 – Franciscus Vieta - French mathematician (b. 1540)
1621 – Katarina Stenbock - Queen of Gustav I of Sweden (b. 1535)
1716 – Charles de La Fosse - French painter (b. 1640)
1721 – Alexander Selkirk - Scottish sailor and castaway (b. 1676)
1729 – Anthony Collins - English philosopher (b. 1676)
1754 – Mahmud I - Ottoman Sultan (b. 1696)
1769 – Christian Fürchtegott Gellert - German poet (b. 1715)
1783 – Pehr Wilhelm Wargentin - Swedish astronomer (b. 1717)
1784 – Samuel Johnson - English writer and lexicographer (b. 1709)
1814 – Charles Joseph - Prince de Ligne, Belgian-born Austrian field marshal (b. 1735)
1835 – John Storm - American Revolutionary soldier (b. 1760)
1837 – Herman of Alaska - Russian Orthodox hermit (b. 1756)
1863 – Christian Friedrich Hebbel - German writer (b. 1813)
1868 – Carl Friedrich Philipp von Martius - German botanist (b. 1794)
1881 – August Senoa - Croatian writer (b. 1838)
1883 – Victor de Laprade - French poet and critic (b. 1812)
1895 – Ányos Jedlik - Hungarian physicist (b. 1800)
1919 – Woldemar Voigt - German physicist (b. 1850)
1922 – Hannes Hafstein - Icelandic politician and poet (b. 1861)
1924 – Samuel Gompers - American labor and political leader, founder of AFL (b. 1850)
1930 – Fritz Pregl - Slovenian/Austrian chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1869)
1931 – Gustave le Bon - French psychologist (b. 1840)
1932 – Georgios Jakobides - Greek painter (b. 1853)
1934 – Thomas A. Watson - American assistant to Alexander Graham Bell (b. 1854)
1935 – Victor Grignard - French chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1871)
1940 – Jacques-Arsène d'Arsonval - French physicist (b. 1851)
1940 – George Regas - Greek actor (b. 1890)
1942 – Wlodimir Ledochowski - Polish-Austrian director of the Society of Jesus (b. 1866)
1944 – Wassily Kandinsky - Russian-born French artist (b. 1866)
1944 – Lupe Vélez - Mexican actress (b. 1908)
1945 – Irma Grese - Nazi war criminal (b. 1923)
1945 – Josef Kramer - commandant of Bergen Belsen concentration camp (b. 1906)
1945 – Elisabeth Volkenrath - supervisor at concentration camps (b. 1919)
1947 – Nicholas Roerich - Russian-born painter (b. 1874)
1950 – Abraham Wald - Hungarian mathematician (b. 1902)
1954 – John Raymond Hubbell - American writer (b. 1879)
1955 – Egas Moniz - Portuguese psychiatrist and neurosurgeon, Nobel laureate (b. 1874)
1958 – Tim Moore - American actor (b. 1887)
1960 – Dora Marsden - British editor - writer (b. 1882)
1961 – Grandma Moses - American painter (b. 1860)
1962 – Harry Barris - American popular singer (b. 1905)
1969 – Raymond A. Spruance - American admiral (b. 1886)
1969 – Spencer Williams - Jr., American actor (b. 1893)
1973 – Henry Green - English author (b. 1905)
1979 – Jon Hall - American actor (b. 1915)
1981 – Pigmeat Markham - American entertainer (b. 1904)
1983 – Alexander Schmemann - Orthodox Christian priest and theologian (b. 1921)
1983 – Nichita Stanescu - Romanian poet (b. 1933)
1992 – K.C. Irving - Canadian industrialist (b. 1899)
1992 – Cornelius Vanderbilt Whitney - American businessman and heir (b. 1899)
1993 – Vanessa Duriès - French novelist (b. 1972)
1994 – Norman Beaton - Guyanese actor (b. 1934)
2001 – Chuck Schuldiner - American musician (Death) (b. 1967)
2002 – Zal Yanovsky - Canadian musician (The Lovin' Spoonful) (b. 1945)
2003 – William V. Roth - Jr., U.S. Senator (b. 1921)
2004 – Andre Rodgers - Bahamian baseball player (b. 1934)
2004 – David Wheeler - English computer scientist (b. 1927)
2005 – Timothy Jordan II - American musician (The All American Rejects, Jonezetta) (b. 1981)
2005 – Stanley Tookie Williams - co-founder of the Crips and convicted murderer (b. 1953)
2006 – Lamar Hunt - American sports executive (b. 1932)
2007 – Floyd Red Crow Westerman - American actor (b. 1936)
2007 – Mark Partridge - Rhodesian politician (b. 1922)
2008 – John Drake - New Zealand rugby union footballer (b. 1959)
2008 – Kathy Staff - British actress (Last of the Summer Wine) (b. 1928)


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January 13 - Births

Calendar Date January 13th:
January 13th - Births:
1521 – Pope Sixtus V (d. 1590)
1533 – King Eric XIV of Sweden (d. 1577)
1553 – King Henry IV of France (d. 1610)
1585 – William Drummond of Hawthornden - Scottish poet (d. 1649)
1640 – Robert Plot - English naturalist (d. 1696)
1662 – Francesco Bianchini - Italian philosopher & scientist (d. 1729)
1678 – Yongzheng Emperor of China (d. 1735)
1720 – Carlo Gozzi - Italian dramatist (d. 1804)
1724 – Franz Aepinus - German scientist (d. 1802)
1784 – Archduke Louis of Austria (d. 1864)
1797 – Heinrich Heine - German poet (d. 1856)
1804 – Joseph Howe - Canadian politician (d. 1873)
1816 – Ernst Werner von Siemens - German engineer, inventor, & industrialist (d. 1892)
1818 – Mary Todd Lincoln - First Lady of the United States (d. 1882)
1836 – Franz von Lenbach - German painter (d. 1904)
1856 – Svetozar Boroević - Austro-Hungarian field marshal (d. 1920)
1860 – Lucien Guitry - French actor (d. 1925)
1864 – Emil Seidel - Mayor of Milwaukee (d. 1947)
1867 – Kristian Birkeland - Norwegian explorer & scientist (d. 1917)
1870 – Edward LeSaint - American actor & director (d. 1940)
1871 – Emily Carr - Canadian artist (d. 1945)
1874 – Josef Lhévinne - Russian-born pianist (d. 1944)
1883 – Belle da Costa Greene - American librarian, bibliographer & archivist (d. 1950)
1887 – George Polya - Hungarian-born mathematician (d. 1985)
1887 – Alvin York - American soldier & Medal of Honor recipient (d. 1964)
1897 – Drew Pearson - American journalist (d. 1969)
1902 – Panagiotis Kanellopoulos - Prime Minister of Greece (d. 1986)
1903 – Talcott Parsons - American sociologist(d. 1979)
1903 – Ella Baker, African-American activist (d. 1986)
1903 – Carlos Montoya, Spanish guitarist (d. 1993)
1906 – Princess Marina, Duchess of Kent (d. 1968)
1906 – Sir Laurens van der Post, South African author (d. 1996)
1910 – Van Heflin, American actor (d. 1971)
1911 – Trygve Haavelmo, Norwegian economist & Bank of Sweden Prize winner (d. 1999)
1911 – Kenneth Patchen, American poet & painter (d. 1972)
1913 – Arnold Brown, the 11th General of The Salvation Army (d. 2002)
1913 – Archie Moore - American boxer (d. 1998)
1914 – Alan Bullock - British author of the first biography of Hitler written in any language. (d. 2004)
1915 – Curd Jürgens - German-born Austrian actor (d. 1982)
1915 – Ross Macdonald - American-born author (d. 1983)
1915 – B. J. Vorster - Prime Minister of South Africa 1966-1978 (d. 1983)
1917 – John Hart - American actor (d. 2009)
1919 – Hans-Joachim Marseille - German flying ace of World War II (d. 1942)
1920 – George Shultz - United States Secretary of State 1982-1989
1923 – Philip Warren Anderson - American physicist, Nobel laureate
1923 – Larry Doby - American baseball player (d. 2003)
1925 – Dick Van Dyke - American actor & comedian
1926 – George Rhoden - Jamaican athlete
1929 – Christopher Plummer - Canadian actor
1930 – Robert Prosky - American actor (d. 2008)
1934 – Richard D. Zanuck - American film producer
1935 – Joe Christopher - American baseball player
1935 – Ken Hall - American football player
1935 – Lindy McDaniel - American baseball player
1936 – J. C. Martin - American baseball player
1937 – Ulf G. Lindén - Swedish entrepreneur (d. 2009)
1937 – Ron Taylor - Canadian baseball player
1938 – Alvin Curran - American composer
1938 – Heino - German folk singer.
1939 – Eric Flynn - British actor & singer (d. 2002)
1941 – John Davidson - American actor & game show host
1942 – Anna Eshoo - American politician
1943 – Ferguson Jenkins - Canadian baseball player
1943 – Gösta Winbergh - Swedish tenor (d. 2002)
1944 – Hwang Jang Lee - Korean martial artist & film actor
1945 – Kathy Garver - American actress
1945 – Brian McGuire - Australian racing driver (d. 1977)
1947 – Darlene Cates - American actress
1947 – Rex Hagon - Canadian actor & host
1947 – Dave Hamilton - American baseball player
1948 – Jeff Baxter - American guitarist (Steely Dan, The Doobie Brothers)
1948 – Lillian Board - British track & field athlete (d. 1970)
1948 – Ted Nugent - American guitarist
1948 – Brian Wilson - Scottish politician
1949 – Randy Owen - American country singer & guitarist (Alabama)
1949 – Tom Verlaine - American singer & guitarist (Television)
1949 – Robert Lindsay - English actor
1949 – Paula Wilcox - English actress
1950 – Wendie Malick - American actress
1950 – Tom Vilsack - 40th Governor of Iowa & 30th United States Secretary of Agriculture
1952 – Sylvester Ritter (Junkyard Dog) - American professional wrestler (d. 1998)
1953 – Ben Bernanke - American economist & current United States Chairman of the Federal Reserve
1953 – Bill Castro - Dominican baseball player
1953 – Jim Davidson - British comedian
1953 – Bob Gainey - Canadian ice hockey player & General Manager
1954 – John Anderson - American country music singer-songwriter
1954 – Tamora Pierce - American author
1956 – Dale Berra - American baseball player
1956 – Majida El Roumi - Lebanese singer
1956 – Phil Hubbard - American basketball player
1957 – Steve Buscemi - American actor
1957 – Morris Day - American singer (The Time)
1957 – Jean-Marie Messier - French businessman
1958 – Lynn-Holly Johnson - American figure skater & actress
1959 – Jim Barrell - American professional wrestler
1959 – Johnny Whitaker - American actor
1960 – Daggubati Venkatesh - Indian actor
1961 – Harry Gregson-Williams - English composer
1961 – Irene Saez - Miss Universe 1981 & Venezuelan politician
1961 – Gary Zimmerman - American football player
1962 – Roger Ilegems - Belgian track cyclist & road bicycle racer
1962 – Kendra Slewenski - English netballer
1964 – hide - Japanese musician (X Japan) (d. 1998)
1965 – Marko Mäetamm - Estonian artist
1966 – Ross Burden - New Zealand celebrity chef
1966 – Don Roff - American writer & filmmaker
1967 – Jamie Foxx - American actor & singer
1967 – Bo Pelini - American football coach
1968 – Tony Curran - Scottish actor & The 'Crouchman' twins were born
1969 – Sergei Fedorov - Russian ice hockey player
1969 – Murat Nasyrov - Russian singer (d. 2007)
1970 – Gerlinde Kaltenbrunner - Austrian mountaineer
1972 – Niki Evans - English singer
1973 – Christie Clark - American actress
1974 – Sara Cox - English TV & radio presenter
1974 – Debbie Matenopoulos - American television personality & actress
1974 – Nicholas McCarthy - English guitarist (Franz Ferdinand)
1975 – Bates Battaglia - American ice hockey player
1975 – Tom DeLonge - American guitarist (blink-182, Angels & Airwaves)
1975 – Matthew LeCroy - American baseball player
1976 – Josh Fogg - American baseball player
1976 – Søren Friis - Danish footballer
1976 – Radosław Sobolewski - Polish footballer
1977 – Sascha Kindred - British Paralympic swimmer
1977 – Peter Stringer - Irish rugby union footballer
1978 – Ryo Kawakita - Japanese guitarist (Maximum the Hormone)
1978 – BJ Penn - American mixed martial artist
1980 – Satoshi Tsumabuki - Japanese actor
1980 – Ryan France - English footballer
1981 – Amy Lee - American singer/songwriter (Evanescence)
1982 – Anthony Callea - Australian singer/songwriter
1982 – Ricky Nolasco - American baseball player
1982 – Tuka Rocha - Brazilian racing driver
1982 – Freddie Weinke - American football player
1982 – Dominik Werling - German footballer
1983 – Matt Deis - American bassist
1983 – Otylia Jędrzejczak - Polish swimmer
1985 – Michael Bumpus - American football player
1985 – Laurence Leboeuf - Canadian actress
1988 – Rickie Fowler - American amateur golfer
1989 – Taylor Swift - American Country singer
1991 – Jay Greenberg - American composer
2005 – Prince Aymeric of Belgium
2005 – Prince Nicolas of Belgium


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January 13 - General (Calendar Date)


January 13th - Basic Facts:

  • January 13 is the 13th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar.
  • There are 352 days remaining until the end of the year (353 in leap years).
  • The preceding day is January 12.
  • Next day is January 14.
January 13th Births (Here)

January 13th Deaths (Here)

January 13th Events:

1294 – Saint Celestine V resigns the papacy after only 5 months, hoping to return to being an ascetic hermit.
1545 – Council of Trent begins.
1577 – Sir Francis Drake leaves from Plymouth, England, on his round-the-world voyage.
1636 – The Massachusetts Bay Colony (future United States National Guard founders) organizes 3 militia regiments to defend the colony against the Pequot Indians.
1642 – Abel Janszoon Tasman reaches New Zealand.
1643 – The Battle of Alton takes place in Hampshire (English Civil War).
1769 – Dartmouth College is founded by the Rev. Eleazar Wheelock, with a Royal Charter from King George III.
1809 – Dr. Ephraim McDowell performed the 1st ovariotomy, removing a 22 pound tumor.
1862 – Battle of Fredericksburg, Confederate General Robert E. Lee defeats the Union Major General Ambrose E. Burnside (American Civil War).
1867 – Fenian bomb explodes in Clerkenwell, London.
1937 – Battle of Nanjing – Nanjing, defended by the National Revolutionary Army under the command of General Tang Shengzhi, falls to the Japanese (Second Sino-Japanese War).
1937 – Nanjing Massacre - Japanese troops begin raping & killing of civilians & suspected Chinese resistance after the fall of Nanjing.
1938 – The Neuengamme concentration camp opens in the Bergedorf district of Hamburg, Germany (The Holocaust).
1939 – World War II - Battle of the River Plate.
1941 – World War II - Hungary & Romania declare war on the United States.
1943 – World War II - The Massacre of Kalavryta by German occupying forces in Greece.
1949 – The Knesset votes to move the capital of Israel to Jerusalem.
1959 – Archbishop Makarios becomes the first President of Cyprus.
1962 – NASA "Relay 1" launch, first active repeater communications satellite in orbit.
1967 – Constantine II of Greece attempts an unsuccessful counter-coup against the Regime of the Colonels
1968 – Brazilian president Artur da Costa e Silva decrees the AI-5 (or the fifth Institutional Act), which lasts until 1978.
1972 – Apollo program - Eugene Cernan & Harrison Schmitt begin the 3rd & final Moonwalk of Apollo 17.
1974 – Malta becomes a republic.
1979 – The Canadian Government of Prime Minister Joe Clark is defeated in the House of Commons, prompting the 1980 Canadian election.
1981 – General Wojciech Jaruzelski declares martial law in Poland to prevent dismantling of the communist system by Solidarity.
1988 – Palestinian Leader Yasser Arafat gives a speech at the UN general assembly in the Austrian city of Geneva.
1989 – Attack on Derryard checkpoint: The Provisional IRA attack a British Army permanent vehicle checkpoint near Rosslea, Northern Ireland.
2001 – Indian Parliament Sansad is attacked by terrorists.
2002 – European Union enlarged - Announced that Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia, & Slovenia will become members from May 1, 2004.
2003 – Saddam Hussein is captured near his home town of Tikrit (Operation Red Dawn).
2004 – General Augusto Pinochet (former Chilean dictator) placed under house arrest following accusations of kidnapping & manslaughter; house arrest is lifted the same day on appeal.
2006 – The Baiji (Chinese River Dolphin) is announced as extinct.


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Cain Complex (Psychology)


Cain Complex Facts:
  • The Cain complex is characterized by rivalry, competition, & extreme jealousy (or envy) of a brother, leading to hatred.
  • In Psychiatry, this complex is recognised as a destructive form of sibling rivalry which may lead to fratricide.
  • There is usually perceived favoritism from a parental figure.
Cain Complex Biblical Origins:
  • Cain was the first son of Adam & Eve. (Bible - Gen. 4.)
  • Cain murdered his brother Abel (see painting) out of jealousy & was condemned to be a fugitive by God.
  • The 2 brothers, on one Sabbath(?) presented their offerings to the Lord.
  • Abel's offering was of the "firstlings of his flock and of the fat," while Cain's was "of the fruit of the ground."
  • Abel's sacrifice was considered "more excellent" (Heb. 11:4) than Cain's, & was accepted by God.
  • From this event Cain was "very wroth," & cherished feelings of murderous hatred against his brother; leading to the murder of Abel (1 John 3:12).
  • For this crime Cain was expelled from Eden, & henceforth led the life of an exile.

Related Links:

Diana Complex (Psychology)
Complex (Psychology)



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Katia Ivanova (Model, Celebrity Big Brother Contestant 2010) b. 1988


Katia Ivanova Demographics:
  • Name - Ekaterina "Katia" Ivanova
  • Born - 1988 in Kyrgyzstan.
  • Age - 21 years old.
  • Residence - London, UK (lived here since age 3 years).
  • Occupation - Model & former waitress.
  • Mother - Irina Ivanova
  • Father - Sergei Ivanova
Katia Ivanova Facts:
  • Katia was born (1988) in Kyrgyzstan but brought up in London by her mother Irina.
  • Katia was in the Celebrity Big Brother 2010 reality TV program house.
  • Became known after her public relationship with Rolling Stone musician Ronnie Wood.
Katia Ivanova Celebrity Big Brother Related Facts:
  • For a short time was linked with Jonas Erik Altberg (aka Basshunter) on the program.
  • Katia was brought to tears after 'heartbroken' Jonas 'Basshunter' Altberg reminded her she was only on the show because of her relationship with a Rolling Stone.
  • One of 3 housemates (also Lady Sovereign & Heide Fleiss) up for first eviction public vote.
  • Katia was first to be evicted from the celebrity house, followed by Heidi Fleiss, on 15 January 2010.


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Republic of Haiti (Geography, Caribbean)


Haiti Geography Facts:
  • Haiti - officially the Republic of Haiti.
  • Occupies the island of Hispanola along with the Dominican Republic.
  • Part of the Greater Antillean archipelago.
  • Capital of Haiti is Port-au-Prince.
  • Haiti's terrain consists mainly of rugged mountains connected with small coastal plains and river valleys.
  • The country's highest point is Pic la Selle (2,680 metres or 8,793 ft).
  • The total area of Haiti is 27,750 square kilometres (10,714 sq mi).
  • Haiti has been rocked by a huge earthquake (7.0 on Richter scale) on January 12, 2010, at 4:53 p.m. EST.
Haiti Culture:
  • Creole- and French-speaking Caribbean country.
  • Haiti is the only predominantly Francophone independent nation in the Americas.
Haiti History:
  • Originally inhabited by the Taíno Arawak Indians (were seafaring South American Arawaks).
  • Ayiti (meaning - land of high mountains) was the indigenous Taíno name for this mountainous western (Haiti) side of the island.
  • Christopher Columbus landed at Môle Saint-Nicolas (5 December 1492) claiming the whole island for Spain.
  • The spanish subsequently exploited the island for its gold.
  • The spanish were also responsible for introducing new diseases to the indigenous population, including smallpox, which decimated their numbers.
  • As a result, the spanish then started importing African slaves to the island.
  • French buccaneers, including Bertrand D'Ogeron, settled in the area & started growing tobacco during the 1600s.
  • France & Spain settled hostilities on the island of Hispanola with the Treaty of Ryswick of 1697.
  • France obtained the western third of Hispanola island & named it Saint-Domingue.
  • The French Revolution in France also contributed to the onset of the Haitian Revolution.
Haiti Politics:
  • The government of Haiti is a semi-presidential republic.
  • Haiti was the first independent nation in Latin America.
  • Interestingly, Haiti is also the only nation whose independence was attained following a successful slave rebellion.

Image - Presidential Palace (prior to earthquake) by Garrett Crawford (cc)


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