Sunday

January 10 - Deaths

Calendar Date January 10th:
January 10 - Deaths:
681 – Pope Agatho
976 – John I Tzimiskes - Greek Byzantine Emperor (b. 925)
1094 – Caliph Al-Mustansir of Cairo (b. 1029)
1276 – Pope Gregory X (b. c.1210)
1645 – William Laud - Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 1573)
1654 – Nicholas Culpeper - English botanist, herbalist, physician, & astrologer (b. 1616)
1662 – Prince Honoré II of Monaco (b. 1597)
1698 – Louis-Sébastien Le Nain de Tillemont - French historian (b. 1637)
1707 – Philibert - comte de Gramont - French writer (b. 1621)
1754 – Edward Cave - English editor & publisher (b. 1691)
1761 – Edward Boscawen - British admiral (b. 1711)
1777 – Spranger Barry - Irish actor (b. 1719)
1778 – Carolus Linnaeus - Swedish botanist (b. 1707)
1794 – Georg Forster - German scientist & revolutionary (d. 1754)
1811 – Marie-Joseph Chénier - French poet (b. 1764)
1824 – King Victor Emmanuel I of Sardinia (b. 1759)
1828 – François de Neufchâteau - French statesman & intellectual figure (b. 1750)
1833 – Adrien-Marie Legendre - French mathematician (b. 1752)
1851 – Karl Freiherr von Müffling - Prussian field marshal (b. 1775)
1855 – Mary Russell Mitford - English novelist & dramatist (b. 1787)
1862 – Samuel Colt - American inventor (b. 1814)
1863 – Lyman Beecher - US Presbyterian clergyman, temperance movement leader (b. 1775)
1866 – Pyotr Pletnyov - Russian poet (b. 1792)
1883 – Dr Samuel A. Mudd - American medical doctor (b. 1833)
1895 – Benjamin Godard - French composer (b. 1849)
1901 – Sir James Dickson - Premier of Queensland, Australian Minister for Defence (b. 1832)
1904 – Jean-Léon Gérôme - French painter & sculptor (b. 1824)
1905 – Kārlis Baumanis - Latvian composer (b. 1835)
1917 – William F. "Buffalo Bill" Cody - American frontiersman (b. 1846)
1922 – Frank Tudor - Australian Labor Opposition leader (b. 1866)
1934 – Marinus van der Lubbe - Dutch communist accused of setting the Reichstag fire (b. 1909)
1935 – Edwin Flack - Australian athlete, first Olympic champion (b. 1873)
1941 – Frank Bridge - English composer (b. 1879)
1941 – Sir John Lavery - Northern Irish artist (b. 1856)
1941 – Joe Penner - Hungarian-born comedian & actor (b. 1904)
1949 – Erich von Drygalski - German geographer, geophysicist, & polar scientist (b. 1865)
1951 – Sinclair Lewis - American writer, Nobel laureate (b. 1885)
1951 – Yoshio Nishina - Japanese physicist (b. 1890)
1957 – Gabriela Mistral - Chilean writer, Nobel laureate (b. 1889)
1960 – Jack Laviolette - Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1879)
1961 – Dashiell Hammett - American writer (b. 1894)
1968 – Basil Sydney - English actor (b. 1894)
1969 – John Brownlee - Australian tenor (b. 1900)
1970 – Pavel Belyayev - Soviet cosmonaut (b. 1925)
1971 – Gabrielle "Coco" Chanel - French fashion designer (b. 1883)
1972 – Aksel Larsen - Danish politician (b. 1897)
1976 – Howlin' Wolf - American musician (b. 1910)
1978 – Pedro Joaquín Chamorro Cardenal - Nicaraguan journalist (b. 1924)
1978 – Don Gillis - American composer (b. 1912)
1980 – Hughie Critz - American baseball player (b. 1900)
1980 – George Meany - American labor leader (b. 1894)
1980 – Bo Rein - American college football coach (b. 1945)
1981 – Katherine Alexander - American actress (b. 1898)
1981 – Richard Boone - American actor (b. 1917)
1981 – Fawn M. Brodie - American historian (b. 1915)
1982 – Paul Lynde - American comedian (b. 1926)
1984 – Souvanna Phouma - Prince & Prime Minister of Laos (b. 1901)
1985 – Anton Karas - Austrian zither player & composer (b. 1906)
1986 – Jaroslav Seifert - Czech writer, Nobel laureate (b. 1901)
1987 – Marion Hutton - American singer & actress (b. 1919)
1987 – Sir David Robinson - English philanthropist & entrepreneur (b. 1904)
1989 – Herbert Morrison - American radio reporter (b. 1905)
1989 – Colin Winchester - Australian Assistant Police Commissioner, murdered (b. 1933)
1992 – Roberto Bonomi - Argentine racing driver (b. 1919)
1995 – Kathleen Tynan - Canadian-British journalist, author & screenwriter (b. 1937)
1997 – Elspeth Huxley - British journalist & writer (b. 1907)
1997 – Sheldon Leonard - American film producer, actor, & director (b. 1907)
1997 – Alexander R. Todd - Baron Todd, Scottish chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1907)
1999 – Sir Edward Williams - Australian judge (b. 1921)
2000 – Sam Jaffe - American producer (b. 1901)
2002 – W.A. Criswell - American (Baptist) preacher (b. 1909)
2004 – Spalding Gray - American actor & screenwriter (b. 1941)
2004 – Alexandra Ripley - American author (b. 1934)
2005 – Gene Baylos - American comedian (b. 1906)
2005 – Margherita Carosio - Italian soprano (b. 1908)
2005 – James Forman - American civil rights leader (b. 1928)
2005 – Kalevi Hämäläinen - Finnish cross country skier (b. 1932)
2005 – Erwin Hillier - British cinematographer (b. 1911)
2005 – Jack Horner - American sports journalist (b. 1912)
2005 – Joséphine-Charlotte - Grandduchess of Luxembourg (b. 1927)
2005 – Metropolitan Wasyly Fedak - primate of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church of Canada (b. 1909)
2007 – Carlo Ponti - Italian film producer (b. 1912)
2007 – Bradford Washburn - American explorer (b. 1910)
2008 – Christopher Bowman - American figure skater (b. 1967)
2008 – Maila Nurmi - aka Vampira, Finnish-born American actress (b. 1921)
2008 – Mikhail Minin - Russian Soviet soldier (b. 1922)
2009 – William Frederick "Bill" Stone - British World War I veteran (b. 1900)
2010 – Tony Halme - Finnish boxer & politician (b. 1963)


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January 10 - Births

Calendar Date January 10th:
January 10th - Births:
1480 – Margaret of Austria - Regent of the Netherlands (d. 1530)
1538 – Louis of Nassau - Dutch general (d. 1574)
1573 – Simon Marius - German astronomer (d. 1624)
1607 – Isaac Jogues - French missionary (d. 1646)
1628 – George Villiers - 2nd Duke of Buckingham, English statesman (d. 1687)
1638 – Nicolas Steno - Danish geologist (d. 1686)
1644 – Louis François - duc de Boufflers, French marshal (d. 1711)
1654 – Joshua Barnes - English scholar (d. 1712)
1702 – Johannes Zick - German painter (d. 1762)
1715 – Christian August Crusius - German philosopher & theologian (d. 1775)
1721 – Johann Philipp Baratier - German scholar (d. 1740)
1729 – Lazzaro Spallanzani - Italian biologist (d. 1799)
1738 – Ethan Allen - American military leader (d. 1789)
1750 – Thomas Erskine - 1st Baron Erskine, British Lord Chancellor (d. 1823)
1769 – Michel Ney - French marshal (d. 1815)
1797 – Annette von Droste-Hülshoff - German writer (d. 1848)
1810 – Jeremiah S. Black - American statesman (d. 1883)
1812 – Georg Hermann Nicolai - German architect (d. 1881)
1815 – Sir John Alexander Macdonald - first Prime Minister of Canada (d. 1891)
1828 – Herman Koeckemann - German Catholic prelate (d. 1892)
1834 – Lord Acton - British historian (d. 1902)
1836 – Charles Ingalls - father of Laura Ingalls Wilder (d. 1902)
1840 – Louis Nazaire Bégin - Canadian archbishop & cardinal (d. 1925)
1843 – Frank James - American outlaw (d. 1915)
1849 – Francisco Ferrer Guardia - Spanish free-thinker (d. 1909)
1850 – John Wellborn Root - American architect (d. 1891)
1858 – Heinrich Zille - German illustrator & photographer (d. 1929)
1864 – Grand Duke Peter Nikolaevich of Russia (d. 1931)
1865 – Mary Ingalls - sister of Laura Ingalls Wilder (d. 1928)
1873 – Jack O'Neill - Irish-born baseball player (d. 1935)
1873 – George Orton - Canadian athlete (d. 1958)
1880 – Manuel Azaña y Diaz - Spanish republican President (d. 1940)
1883 – Francis X. Bushman - American actor (d. 1966)
1883 – Aleksei Nikolaevich Tolstoi - Russian writer (d. 1945)
1887 – Robinson Jeffers - American poet (d. 1962)
1890 – Grigory Landsberg - Russian physicist (d. 1957)
1893 – Albert Jacka - Australian soldier, first Victoria Cross winner (d. 1932)
1898 – Katharine Blodgett - American scientist & inventor (d. 1979)
1903 – Barbara Hepworth - English sculptor (d. 1975)
1903 – Voldemar Väli - Estonian wrestler (d. 1997)
1903 – Violet Wilkey - American actress (d. 1976)
1904 – Ray Bolger - American actor & dancer (d. 1987)
1905 – Albert Arlen - Australian pianist, composer, actor, director (d. 1993)
1908 – Paul Henreid - Austrian actor (d. 1993)
1908 – Bernard Lee - English actor (d. 1981)
1910 – Jean Martinon - French conductor & composer (d. 1976)
1912 – Maria Mandel - Austrian Auschwitz prison guard (d. 1948)
1913 – Gustáv Husák - President of Czechoslovakia (d. 1991)
1913 – Mehmet Shehu - Albanian politician (d. 1981)
1914 – Yu Kuo-hwa - Premier of Taiwan (d. 2000)
1915 – Dean Dixon - American conductor (d. 1976)
1916 – Sune Bergström - Swedish biochemist, Nobel laureate (d. 2004)
1916 – Don Metz - Canadian ice hockey player (d. 2007)
1916 – Eldzier Cortor - American painter
1917 – Jerry Wexler - American record producer (d. 2008)
1918 – Arthur Chung - President of Guyana (d. 2008)
1920 – Georges Marchal - French actor (d. 1997)
1920 – Max Patkin - American baseball player (d. 1999)
1921 – Rodger Ward - American racing driver (d. 2004)
1924 – Ludmilla Chiriaeff - Canadian ballet dancer, choreographer & director (d. 1996)
1924 – Max Roach - American musician & composer (d. 2007)
1926 – Musallam Bseiso - Palestinian journalist & politician
1927 – Gisele MacKenzie - Canadian singer (d. 2003)
1927 – Lee Philips - American actor (d. 1999)
1927 – Johnnie Ray - American singer (d. 1990)
1927 – Otto Stich - Swiss politician
1928 – Philip Levine - American poet
1929 – Derek Hammond-Stroud - English operatic baritone
1930 – Roy Edward Disney - American film executive (d. 2009)
1931 – Peter Barnes - English writer (d. 2004)
1932 – Elaine Devry - American actress
1933 – Anton Rodgers - English actor (d. 2007)
1934 – Leonid Kravchuk - Ukrainian politician
1935 – Ronnie Hawkins - American musician
1935 – Sherrill Milnes - American baritone
1936 – Stephen Ambrose - American historian (d. 2002)
1936 – Burnum Burnum - Australian activist, actor & author (d. 1997)
1936 – Al Goldstein - American publisher & pornographer
1936 – Robert Woodrow Wilson - American physicist, radio astronomer, Nobel laureate
1937 – Thomas Penfield Jackson - American judge
1938 – Donald Knuth - American mathematician & computer scientist
1938 – Frank Mahovlich - Canadian ice hockey player & Canadian Senator
1938 – Willie McCovey - American baseball player
1939 – Jared Carter - American poet
1939 – David Horowitz - American author & political commentator
1939 – William Levy - Dutch writer
1939 – Scott McKenzie - American singer
1939 – Sal Mineo - American actor (d. 1976)
1939 – Bill Toomey - American athlete
1940 – Guy Chevrette - Quebec politician
1940 – Harry Gant - American racing driver
1940 – Ntare VI of Ankole - Omugabe of Nkole
1940 – Yesudas - Indian playback singer & classical musician
1942 – Walter Hill - American film director
1943 – Jim Croce - American singer (d. 1973)
1944 – Rory Byrne - South African racing car designer
1944 – Bernard Derome - Canadian news presenter
1944 – William Sanderson - American actor
1944 – Frank Sinatra - Jr., American singer
1945 – John Fahey - Australian politician
1945 – Jennifer Moss - English Actress (d. 2006)
1945 – Rod Stewart - Scottish singer
1945 – Edward Wiskoski - American wrestler
1946 – Aynsley Dunbar - English musician
1947 – Afeni Shakur - mother of Tupac Shakur
1947 – Peer Steinbrueck - German politician
1948 – Donald Fagen - American musician (Steely Dan)
1948 – Teresa Graves - American actress & singer (d. 2002)
1948 – Mischa Maisky - Latvian cellist
1948 – Bernard Thévenet - French cyclist
1949 – George Foreman - American boxer
1949 – James Lapine - American stage director
1949 – Linda Lovelace - American pornographic actress (d. 2002)
1950 – Roy Blunt - American politician, House minority whip
1950 – Ernie Wasson - American gardener & writer
1951 – Paul DiMaggio - American educator
1952 – Scott Thurston - American musician
1953 – Pat Benatar - American singer
1953 – Dennis Cooper - American author
1953 – Bobby Rahal - American racing driver & team owner
1955 – Michael Schenker - German guitarist (UFO)
1956 – Shawn Colvin - American singer
1956 – Antonio Muñoz Molina - Spanish writer
1957 – Greg Walden - American politician
1958 – Anatoly Pisarenko - Soviet weightlifter
1959 – Fran Walsh - New Zealand screenwriter
1960 – Gurinder Chadha - British film director
1960 – Brian Cowen - Taoiseach of Ireland
1960 – Benoît Pelletier - Canadian politician
1960 – Samira Said - Moroccan singer
1961 – Evan Handler - American actor
1961 – Janet Jones - American actress
1961 – Nadja Salerno-Sonnenberg - Italian violinist
1962 – Michael Fortier - Canadian politician
1963 – Mark Pryor - American politician
1963 – David Dewayne Johnson - American convicted murderer (d. 2000)
1964 – Brad Roberts - Canadian singer (Crash Test Dummies)
1965 – Butch Hartman - American animator
1966 – Steve Kramer - American politician
1967 – Johan Laats - Belgian judoka
1970 – Buff Bagwell - American wrestler
1970 – Alisa Maric - Serbian-born chess grandmaster
1972 – Thomas Alsgaard - Norwegian cross-country skier
1972 – Brian Lawler - Abdelrahman Abdelhamid
1973 – Ryan Drummond - American voice actor
1973 – Glenn Robinson - American basketball player
1973 – Félix Trinidad - Puerto Rican boxer
1974 – Jemaine Clement - New Zealand actor
1974 – Davide Dionigi - Italian footballer
1974 – Akari Kaida - Japanese composer
1974 – Steve Marlet - French footballer
1974 – Hrithik Roshan - Indian actor
1975 – Jake Delhomme - American football player
1976 – Adam Kennedy - American baseball player
1978 – Brent Smith - American singer (Shinedown)
1980 – Nelson Cuevas - Paraguayan footballer
1980 – Petri Lindroos - Finnish musician (Ensiferum)
1980 – Sarah Shahi - American actress & model
1981 – Brian Joo - Korean-born singer
1982 – Josh Ryan Evans - American actor (d. 2002)
1983 – Danilo Dirani - Brazilian racing driver
1983 – Li Nina - Chinese aerial skier
1985 – Alex Meraz - American actor
1986 – Abigail Clancy - English model
1986 – Saleisha Stowers - American model
1989 – Kyle Reimers - Australian rules footballer
1990 – Tao Li - Singaporean swimmer


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January 10 - General (Calendar Date)


January 10th - Basic Facts:
  • January 10 is the 10th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar.
  • There are 355 days remaining until the end of the year (356 in leap years).
  • The preceding day is January 9.
  • Next day is January 11.
January 10th Births (Here)

January 10th Deaths (Here)

January 10th Events:

49 BC – Julius Caesar crosses the Rubicon, signaling the start of civil war.
1072 – Robert Guiscard conquers Palermo.
1475 – Stephen III of Moldavia defeats the Ottoman Empire (Battle of Vaslui).
1645 – Archbishop William Laud is beheaded at the Tower of London.
1776 – Thomas Paine publishes Common Sense.
1806 – Dutch settlers in Cape Town surrender to the British.
1810 – The marriage Between Napoleon & Josephine is annulled.
1861 – Florida secedes from the Union (American Civil War).
1863 – The London Underground opens between London Paddington station & Farringdon station.
1870 – John D. Rockefeller incorporates Standard Oil.
1901 – The first great Texas oil gusher is discovered at Spindletop in Beaumont, Texas.
1920 – The League of Nations holds its first meeting, & ratifies the Treaty of Versailles, ending World War I.
1922 – Arthur Griffith is elected President of the Irish Free State.
1923 – Lithuania seizes & annexes Memel.
1941 – Lend-Lease is introduced in the U.S. Congress.
1941 – The Greek army captures Kleisoura (World War II).
1946 – First General Assembly of the United Nations opens in London (51 nations represented).
1962 – NASA announces plans to build the C-5 rocket booster (Apollo Project).
1972 – Sheikh Mujibur Rahman returns as president to the newly independent Bangladesh.
1984 – The United States & the Vatican establish full diplomatic relations (after 117 years).
1990 – Time Warner is formed from merger of Time Inc. & Warner Communications Inc.
2001 – Large section of the chalk cliff at Beachy Head collapses into the sea.
2005 – A mudslide occurs in La Conchita, California, killing 10 people.


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CURB-65 (Clinical Prediction Rule)


CURB-65 Basic Facts:
  • CURB-65 (CURB criteria) is a clinical prediction rule.
  • It is an acronym for 5 risk factors (each scoring one point) giving a maximum score of 5.
  • Validated for predicting mortality in community-acquired pneumonia (Lim et al 2003). [1]
  • More recently the CURB-65 has been validated for mortality prediction for infections at any site (Howell et al 2007). [2]
CURB-65 Acronym:
  • C - Confusion (defined as an AMT(*) of 8 or less).
  • U - Urea greater than 7 mmol/l (Blood Urea Nitrogen > 19).
  • R - Respiratory rate of 30 breaths per minute or more.
  • B - Blood pressure (BP) less than 90 mmHg systolic or diastolic BP 60 mmHg or less.
  • 65 - Age 65 or older.
CURB-65 Score Mortality Prediction (Pneumonia):
  • 0 = 0.7%
  • 1 = 3.2%
  • 2 = 13.0%
  • 3 = 17.0%
  • 4 = 41.5%
  • 5 = 57.0%
CURB-65 Score Mortality Prediction (Any Infection):
  • 0 to 1 = < 5% mortality.
  • 2 to 3 = < 10% mortality.
  • 4 to 5 = 15-30% mortality.
(*) AMT = Abbreviated Mental Test Score

References:

[1] - Lim WS, van der Eerden MM, Laing R, et al. (2003). "Defining community acquired pneumonia severity on presentation to hospital: an international derivation and validation study". Thorax 58 (5): 377–82.
[2] - Howell MD, Donnino MW, Talmor D, Clardy P, Ngo L, Shapiro NI (2007). "Performance of severity of illness scoring systems in emergency department patients with infection". Academic emergency medicine : official journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine 14 (8): 709–14.


Image - Lobar Pneumonia Pathology by Pulmonary Pathology (cc)

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Greater London, City of London and the 32 London Boroughs


London Boroughs Basic Facts:
  • Greater London contains 32 London boroughs plus the City of London.
  • Inner London comprises 12 boroughs plus the City of London.
  • Outer London comprises the remaining 20 boroughs.
  • The London boroughs are administered by London Borough Councils (elected every 4 years).
  • The present London boroughs were created by the London Government Act 1963.
London Boroughs (Listed):
  1. City of London (not a borough)
  2. City of Westminster
  3. Kensington and Chelsea
  4. Hammersmith and Fulham
  5. Wandsworth
  6. Lambeth
  7. Southwark
  8. Tower Hamlets
  9. Hackney
  10. Islington
  11. Camden
  12. Brent
  13. Ealing
  14. Hounslow
  15. Richmond
  16. Kingston
  17. Merton
  18. Sutton
  19. Croydon
  20. Bromley
  21. Lewisham
  22. Greenwich
  23. Bexley
  24. Havering
  25. Barking and Dagenham
  26. Redbridge
  27. Newham
  28. Waltham Forest
  29. Haringey
  30. Enfield
  31. Barnet
  32. Harrow
  33. Hillingdon

Image - London Boroughs by Notscott (Wikipedia) (cc)

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Sea Slater (Ligia oceanica) Marine Isopod


Sea Slater Biology Facts:
  • Scientific name - Ligia oceanica (Linnaeus, 1767)
  • Common names - Sea slater, common sea slater, sea roach.
  • Marine crustacean.
  • Largest oniscid isopod.
  • Resembles a large woodlouse & is relative of woodlice.
  • Has long antennae & 7 pairs of walking legs.
  • Also has 2 uropod projections at end of abdomen.
  • Grows to a maximum of 2.5 - 3 cm in length.
Sea Slater KPCOFGS:
  • Kingdom: - Animalia
  • Phylum: - Arthropoda
  • Subphylum: - Crustacea
  • Class: - Malacostraca
  • Order: - Isopoda
  • Family: - Ligiidae
  • Genus: - Ligia
  • Species: - L. oceanica
Sea Slater Habits:
  • Lives particularly in rocky littoral zones.
  • Can be found above highwater mark on rocks & harbour walls.
  • Limited to damp environments because it has gills (but does not live in water).
  • Feeds on plant & animal debris (omnivore) during the night.
  • Active at night to reduce predation by seabirds.
  • Lives for around 2½ to 3 years.
  • Sea slaters usually breed only once in their lifetime (in 3rd year).
  • Breeding takes place in spring & summer.
  • In Europe it is found from the Mediterranean to Scandinavia.

Image - Sea Slater by me'nthedogs (cc)

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Codicology (Study of Books)


Codicology Facts:
  • Codicology is the study of books as physical objects.
  • Particularly refers to manuscipts written on parchment (paper) in codex (modern book) form.
  • Has been described as 'the archeology of the book'.
  • Included in the discipline is the examination of materials & techniques used in making books.
  • Relates also to the study of manuscripts, as artifacts, in their cultural context.
  • Some definitions include paleography (study of handwriting) within the field of codicology.
Codicology History:
  • Codicology - from Latin cōdex & Greek -λογία, -logia.
  • The term codicology is of recent origin.
  • There is some argument as to whether the inventor was the classical philologist Alphonse Dain or the historian Charles Samaran.
  • Likely that Charles Samaran invented codicography, based on the term paleography, with Alphonse Dain then deriving codicology from this.

Image - Istanbul Book Illustration by docman (cc)

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Most Common British Place Names (Ordnance Survey)

Commonest British place names based on Ordnance Survey:
  1. Newton
  2. Blackhill / Black Hill
  3. Castlehill / Castle Hill
  4. Mountpleasant / Mount Pleasant
  5. Woodside / Wood Side
  6. Newtown / New Town
  7. Burnside
  8. Greenhill / Green Hill
  9. Woodend / Wood End
  10. Beacon Hill

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Scalp Layers (Anatomy Mnemonic)


The following mnemonic is a useful reminder of the anatomical layers in the scalp.

S - Skin
C - Close connective tissue & cutaneous vessels & nerves.
A - Aponeurosis (epicranial aponeurosis)
L - Loose connective tissue (scalping layer, "Danger Zone")
P - Pericranium (periosteum of skull bones)


Image - Gray's Anatomy Scalp Diagram (Public Domain)

Tags:
Anatomy - Aponeurosis - Connective Tissue - Mnemonic - Pericranium - Periosteum - Scalp - Scalping - Skin - Skull


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