Friday

January 1 - Deaths

Calendar Date January 1st:
January 1 - Deaths:

379 – Saint Basil of Caesarea (b. 330)
404 – Saint Telemachus
874 – Hasan al-Askari - eleventh Shia Imam (b. 846)
898 – Odo - Count of Paris (b. 860)
962 – Baldwin III - Count of Flanders (b. c. 940)
1204 – King Haakon III of Norway (b. c. 1170)
1387 – King Charles II of Navarre (b. 1332)
1515 – King Louis XII of France (b. 1462)
1554 – Pedro de Valdivia - Spanish conquistador (b. 1500)
1559 – Christian III of Denmark & Norway (b. 1503)
1560 – Joachim du Bellay - French poet (b. 1522)
1617 – Hendrik Goltzius - Dutch painter (b. 1558)
1631 – Thomas Hobson - the "Cambridge Carrier", eponym of Hobson's Choice (b. 1544)
1697 – Filippo Baldinucci - Florentine biographer/historian (b. 1624)
1716 – William Wycherley - English dramatist (b. 1640)
1730 – Samuel Sewall - English judge (b. 1652)
1742 – Peregrine Bertie - 2nd Duke of Ancaster & Kesteven, English statesman (b. 1686)
1748 – Johann Bernoulli - Swiss mathematician (b. 1667)
1759 – Jacques-Joachim Trotti - marquis de La Chétardie, French adventurer (b. 1705)
1766 – James Francis Edward Stuart - "The Old Pretender" (b. 1688)
1782 – Johann Christian Bach - German composer (b. 1735)
1789 – Fletcher Norton - 1st Baron Grantley, English politician (b. 1716)
1793 – Francesco Guardi - Venetian painter (b. 1712)
1796 – Alexandre-Théophile Vandermonde - French mathematician (b. 1735)
1800 – Louis-Jean-Marie Daubenton - French naturalist (b. 1716)
1817 – Martin Heinrich Klaproth - German chemist (b. 1743)
1835 – Mátyás Godina - writer, teacher & pastor (b. 1768)
1852 – John George Children - British chemist, mineralogist & zoologist (b. 1777)
1853 – Gregory Blaxland - Australian explorer (b. 1778)
1862 – Mikhail Vasilievich Ostrogradsky - Russian physicist (b. 1801)
1869 – Martin W. Bates - American politician (b. 1786)
1881 – Louis Auguste Blanqui - French political activist (b. 1805)
1892 – Roswell B. Mason - Mayor of Chicago (b. 1805)
1894 – Heinrich Rudolf Hertz - German physicist (b. 1857)
1896 – Alfred Ely Beach - American inventor (b. 1826)
1906 – Sir Hugh Nelson - Premier of Queensland (b. 1835)
1918 – Wilfred Campbell - Canadian poet (b. 1858)
1919 – Mikhail Drozdovsky - Russian general (b. 1881)
1921 – Theobald von Bethmann Hollweg - Chancellor of Germany (b. 1856)
1931 – Martinus Beijerinck - Dutch microbiologist & botanist (b. 1851)
1932 – C P Scott - British journalist, publisher & politician (b. 1846)
1940 – Panuganti Lakshminarasimha Rao - Indian writer & essayist (b. 1865)
1943 – Colonel Andrew Summers Rowan - U.S. military officer who gave "a message to Garcia" (b. 1857)
1944 – Sir Edward Lutyens - British architect who designed New Delhi (b. 1869)
1944 – Charles Turner - Australian cricketer (b. 1862)
1953 – Hank Williams - American singer (b. 1923)
1954 – Duff Cooper - British diplomat & writer (b. 1890)
1955 – Arthur C. Parker - American archaeologist, folklorist, & historian (b. 1881)
1957 – Seán South & Fergal O'Hanlon are killed in the Brookeborough Raid
1958 – Edward Weston - American photographer (b. 1886)
1960 – Margaret Sullavan - American actress (b. 1909)
1964 – Bechara El Khoury - President of Lebanon (b. 1890)
1966 – Vincent Auriol - French politician (b. 1884)
1969 – Barton MacLane - American actor (b. 1902)
1969 – Bruno Söderström - Swedish athlete (b. 1888)
1971 – Saint Amphilochius of Pochayiv - Ukrainian Orthodox Christian Saint (b. 1894)
1972 – Maurice Chevalier - French actor & singer (b. 1888)
1973 – Sergei Kourdakov - former KGB agent
1980 – Adolph Deutsch - American composer & arranger (b. 1897)
1980 – Pietro Nenni - Italian socialist politician (b. 1891)
1981 – Hephzibah Menuhin - American-Jewish concert pianist (b. 1920)
1982 – Victor Buono - American actor (b. 1938)
1984 – Alexis Korner - British blues musician (b. 1928)
1985 – Sigerson Clifford - Irish poet & writer (b. 1913)
1985 – Kamatari Fujiwara - Japanese actor (b. 1905)
1986 – Alfredo Binda - Italian cyclist (b. 1902)
1986 – Bruce Norris - American hockey executive (Detroit Red Wings) (b. 1924)
1989 – Aleka Stratigou - Greek actress (b. 1926)
1991 – Buck Ram - American songwriter & businessman (The Platters) (b. 1907)
1992 – Grace Hopper - American computer pioneer (b. 1906)
1994 – Lord Arthur Porritt - Governor-General of New Zealand (b. 1900)
1994 – Cesar Romero - American actor (b. 1907)
1994 – Edward Arthur Thompson - British historian (b. 1914)
1995 – Fred West - British serial killer (suicide) (b. 1941)
1995 – Eugene Wigner - Hungarian American physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1902)
1996 – Arleigh Burke - American admiral (b. 1901)
1996 – Arthur Rudolph - German engineer (b. 1906)
1997 – Ivan Graziani - Italian singer-songwriter (b. 1945)
1997 – Hagood Hardy - Canadian composer & musician (b. 1937)
1997 – Townes Van Zandt - American musician (b. 1944)
1998 – Helen Wills Moody - American tennis player (b. 1905)
2000 – Colin Vaughan - Australian political journalist (b. 1931)
2001 – Ray Walston - American actor (b. 1914)
2002 – Julia Phillips - American film producer (b. 1944)
2003 – Joe Foss - American politician, fighter pilot & AFL Commissioner (b. 1915)
2003 – F. William Free - American advertising executive (b. 1928)
2003 – Cyril Shaps - English actor (b. 1923)
2005 – Shirley Chisholm - American politician (b. 1924)
2005 – Hugh Lawson - 6th Baron Burnham, British newspaperman (b. 1931)
2005 – Eugene J. Martin - American painter, artist (b. 1938)
2005 – Bob Matsui - American politician (b. 1941)
2006 – Bryan Harvey - American musician (House of Freaks) (b. 1956)
2006 – Dawn Lake - Australian TV comedienne (b. 1927)
2006 – Harry Magdoff - American magazine editor (b. 1913)
2006 – Hugh McLaughlin - Irish publisher & inventor (b. 1918)
2007 – A. I. Bezzerides - American novelist & screenwriter (b. 1908)
2007 – Leon Davidson - American scientist known for studying UFOs (b. 1922)
2007 – Leonard Fraser - Australian serial killer (b. 1951)
2007 – Julius Hegyi - American conductor (b. 1923)
2007 – Tad Jones - American jazz music historian (b. 1952)
2007 – Ernie Koy - American baseball player (b. 1909)
2007 – Roland Levinsky - South African medical scientist (b. 1943)
2007 – Tillie Olsen - American writer (b. 1912)
2007 – Del Reeves - American country singer (b. 1932)
2007 – Darrent Williams - American football player (b. 1982)
2008 – Salvatore Bonanno - son of Joseph Bonanno (b. 1932)
2008 – Peter Caffrey - Irish actor (b. 1949)
2008 – Pratap Chandra Chunder - Union minister of India (b. 1919)
2008 – Harold Corsini - American photographer (b. 1919)
2009 – Claiborne Pell - U.S. senator (b. 1918)
2009 – Nizar Rayan - Hamas leader (b. 1962)
2009 – Aarne Arvonen - Finnish supercentenerian (b.1897)


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January 1 - Births

Calendar Date January 1st:
January 1 - Births:

766 – Ali al-Rida - Shia Imam (d. 818)
1431 – Pope Alexander VI - (d. 1503)
1467 – Sigismund I the Old - King of Poland & Grand Duke of Lithuania (d. 1548)
1484 – Huldrych Zwingli - Swiss Protestant leader (d. 1531)
1511 – Henry Duke of Cornwall - (d. 1511)
1516 – Margaret Leijonhufvud - Queen of Gustav I of Sweden (d. 1551)
1557 – István Bocskay - Prince of Transylvania (d. 1606)
1600 – Friedrich Spanheim - Dutch theologian (d. 1649)
1614 – John Wilkins - English Bishop of Chester (d. 1672)
1618 – Bartolomé Estéban Murillo - Spanish painter (baptism) (d. 1682)
1638 – Emperor Go-Sai of Japan - (d. 1685)
1648 – Elkanah Settle - English writer (d. 1724)
1655 – Christian Thomasius - German jurist (d. 1728)
1684 – Arnold Drakenborch - Dutch classical scholar (d. 1748)
1704 – Soame Jenyns - English writer (d. 1787)
1711 – Franz Freiherr von der Trenck - Austrian soldier (d. 1749)
1714 – Kristijonas Donelaitis - Lithuanian poet (d. 1780)
1735 – Paul Revere - American patriot (d. 1818)
1745 – Anthony Wayne - American general & statesman (d. 1796)
1750 – Frederick Muhlenberg - American statesman (d. 1801)
1752 – Betsy Ross - American seamstress (d. 1836)
1767 – Maria Edgeworth - Anglo-Irish novelist (d. 1849)
1774 – André Marie Constant Duméril - French zoologist (d. 1860)
1779 – William Clowes - English printer (d. 1847)
1803 – Guglielmo Libri Carucci dalla Sommaja - Italian mathematician (d. 1869)
1814 – Hong Xiuquan - Chinese rebel (d. 1864)
1819 – Arthur Hugh Clough - English poet (d. 1861)
1823 – Sándor Petőfi - Hungarian poet & revolutionary (d. 1849)
1833 – Robert Lawson - New Zealand architect (d. 1902)
1834 – Ludovic Halévy - French playwright (d. 1908)
1848 – John Goff - Irish lawyer (d. 1924)
1852 – Eugène-Anatole Demarçay - French chemist (d. 1904)
1854 – Sir James George Frazer - Scottish anthropologist (d. 1941)
1863 – Pierre de Coubertin - French organizer of the Olympic Games (d. 1937)
1864 – Qi Baishi - Chinese painter (d. 1957)
1864 – Alfred Stieglitz - American photographer (d. 1946)
1867 – Lew Fields - American vaudeville performer (d. 1941)
1868 – Snitz Edwards - American actor (d. 1937)
1873 – Mariano Azuela - Mexican novelist (d. 1952)
1874 – Frank Knox - American Secretary of the Navy (d. 1944)
1874 – Gustave Whitehead - German inventor (d. 1927)
1876 – Harriet Brooks - Canadian physicist (d. 1933)
1878 – Agner Krarup Erlang - Danish scientist and engineer (d. 1929)
1879 – E. M. Forster - English novelist (d. 1970)
1879 – William Fox - Hungarian-born American film producer (d. 1952)
1881 – Vajiravudh - King of Thailand (d. 1925)
1887 – Wilhelm Canaris - German admiral (d. 1945)
1888 – John Garand - American inventor (d. 1974)
1888 – Georgios Stanotas - Greek cavalry officer (d. 1965)
1889 – Charles Bickford - American film actor (d. 1967)
1890 – Anton Melik - Slovenian geographer (d. 1966)
1892 – Artur Rodziński - Croatian conductor (d. 1958)
1892 – Manuel Roxas - 5th President of the Philippines (d. 1948)
1894 – Satyendra Nath Bose - Indian mathematician (d. 1974)
1894 – Shitsu Nakano - Japanese supercentenarian (d. 2007)
1895 – J. Edgar Hoover - American FBI director (d. 1972)
1900 – Xavier Cugat - Spanish musician (d. 1990)
1900 – Chiune Sugihara - Japanese diplomat (d. 1986)
1902 – Buster Nupen - South African cricketer (d. 1977)
1904 – Vasilis Avlonitis - Greek actor (d. 1970)
1904 – Fazal Ilahi Chaudhry - Pakistani politician (d. 1982)
1905 – Stanisław Mazur - Polish mathematician (d. 1981)
1906 – Giovanni D'Anzi - Italian songwriter (d. 1974)
1908 – Bill Tapia - American musican
1909 – Dana Andrews - American actor (d. 1992)
1909 – Stepan Bandera - Ukrainian nationalist leader (d. 1959)
1909 – Barry Goldwater - American politician (d. 1998)
1911 – Basil Dearden - British film director (d. 1971)
1911 – Hank Greenberg - American baseball player (d. 1986)
1911 – Roman Totenberg - Polish-American violinist
1911 – Audrey Wurdemann - American poet (d.1960)
1912 – Boris Vladimirovich Gnedenko - Russian mathematician (d. 1995)
1912 – Kim Philby - British spy (d. 1988)
1912 – Nikiforos Vrettakos - Greek writer and poet (d. 1991)
1914 – Noor Inayat Khan - Indian princess and SOE agent (d. 1944)
1917 – Jule Gregory Charney - American meteorologist (d. 1981)
1917 – Albert Mol - Dutch actor (d. 2004)
1918 – Patrick Anthony Porteous - Scottish Victoria Cross recipient (d. 2000)
1918 – Frances Bay - Canadian actress
1919 – Rocky Graziano - American boxer (d. 1990)
1919 – Carole Landis - American film actress (d. 1948)
1919 – J. D. Salinger - American novelist
1919 – Yoshio Tabata - Japanese singer
1920 – Virgilio Savona - Italian singer (Quartetto Cetra) (d. 2009)
1921 – Ismail al-Faruqi - Palestinian philosopher (d. 1986)
1921 – César Baldaccini - French sculptor. (d. 1998)
1922 – Ernest Hollings - American politician
1923 – Daniel Gorenstein - American mathematician (d. 1992)
1923 – Milt Jackson - American jazz vibraphonist (d. 1999)
1924 – Roberts Blossom - American actor and poet
1925 – Matthew "Stymie" Beard - American actor (d. 1981)
1925 – Paul Bomani - Tanzanian politician and ambassador (d. 2005)
1925 – Valentina Cortese - Italian actress
1925 – Raymond Pellegrin - French actor (d. 2007)
1926 – Richard Verreau - French-Canadian tenor (d. 2005)
1927 – Maurice Béjart - French choreographer (d. 2007)
1927 – Pat Heywood - Scottish actress
1927 – Calum MacKay - Canadian hockey player (d. 2001)
1927 – Vernon L. Smith - American economist, Nobel Prize in Economics winner
1927 – Doak Walker - American football star (d. 1998)
1928 – Ernest Tidyman - American writer (d. 1984)
1929 – Raymond Chow - Hong Kong film producer
1930 – Gaafar al-Nimeiry - President of Sudan 1971–85 (d. 2009)
1930 – Jean-Pierre Duprey - French poet and sculptor (d. 1959)
1930 – Ty Hardin - American film actor
1932 – Jackie Parker - American football player (d. 2006)
1932 – Giuseppe Patanè - Italian opera conductor (d. 1989)
1933 – Frederick Lowy - Canadian educator
1933 – Joe Orton - English writer (d. 1967)
1933 – Norman Yemm - Australian actor
1935 – B. Kliban - American cartoonist (d. 1990)
1936 – James Sinegal - American businessman
1937 – John Fuller - English poet
1937 – Matt Robinson - American actor (d. 2002)
1937 – Adam Wiśniewski-Snerg - Polish author (d. 1995)
1938 – Clay Cole - American television host & producer.
1938 – Robert Jankel - British coachbuilder (d. 2005)
1938 – Frank Langella - American actor
1939 – Michèle Mercier - French actress
1942 – Dennis Archer - American politician
1942 – Martin Frost - American politician
1942 – Country Joe McDonald - American musician (Country Joe and the Fish)
1942 – Alassane Ouattara - Former Prime Minister of Ivory Coast
1942 – Gennadi Sarafanov - Soviet cosmonaut (d. 2005)
1942 – Judy Stone - Australian pop singer
1943 – Larry Clark - American director
1943 – Tony Knowles - 9th Governor of Alaska
1943 – Raghunath Anant Mashelkar - Indian scientist
1943 – Don Novello - American actor
1944 – Jimmy Hart - American wrestling manager
1944 – Zafarullah Khan Jamali - Pakistani politician
1945 – Peter Duncan - Australian politician
1945 – Jim Gordon - former drummer for Derek & The Dominos
1945 – Jacky Ickx - Belgian race car driver
1945 – Max Julien - American actor
1946 – Carl B. Hamilton - Swedish economist & politician.
1946 – Rick Hurst - American actor
1946 – Rivelino - Brazilian football player
1947 – Jon Corzine - American politician
1947 – Paula Tsui - Hong Kong singer
1947 – Frances Yip - Hong Kong singer
1948 – Pavel Grachev - Russian general
1948 – Ashok Saraf - Marathi/Hindi Film Actor
1949 – Daniel E Gawthrop - American composer
1950 – Wayne Bennett - Australian rugby league coach
1950 – Morgan Fisher - English musician (Mott the Hoople)
1950 – Deepa Mehta - Indian-born Canadian film director and screenwriter
1951 – Ashfaq Hussain - Urdu poet
1951 – Nana Patekar - Indian film and stage actor
1951 – Hans-Joachim Stuck - German race car driver
1952 – Stephanie Faracy - American actress
1953 – Greg Carmichael - British guitarist (Acoustic Alchemy)
1954 – Bob Menendez - American politician
1954 – Yannis Papathanasiou - Greek politician
1956 – Sergei Avdeyev - Russian cosmonaut
1956 – Mark R. Hughes - American entrepreneur (d. 2000)
1956 – Mike Mitchell - American basketball player
1956 – Kōji Yakusho - Japanese actor
1956 – Ziad Rahbani - Lebanese composer
1957 – Ewa Kasprzyk - Polish actress
1957 – Evangelos Venizelos - Greek lawyer, professor and politician
1958 – Grandmaster Flash - Barbadian musician
1959 – Azali Assoumani - Comorian president
1959 – Jennifer Edwards - American actress
1959 – Panagiotis Giannakis - Greek basketball player and coach
1960 – Michael Seibert - American ice dancer
1961 – Sam Backo - Australian rugby league footballer
1961 – Sam Palahnuk - American video game designer
1961 – Fiona Phillips - British television presenter
1961 – Mark Wingett - British actor
1962 – Ari Up - German musician (The Slits)
1963 – Lina Kačiušytė - Lithuanian swimmer
1964 – Juliana Donald - American actress
1964 – Clare Holman - British actress
1964 – Dedee Pfeiffer - American actress
1966 – Anna Burke - Australian politician
1967 – John Digweed - English DJ
1967 – Tim Dog - American rapper
1967 – Derrick Thomas - American football player (d. 2000)
1967 – Juanma Bajo Ulloa - Spanish film director
1968 – Miki Higashino - Japanese composer
1968 – Joey Stefano - American actor (d. 1994)
1968 – Davor Šuker - Croatian footballer
1969 – Morris Chestnut - American actor
1969 – Nicolle Dickson - Australian actress
1969 – Paul Lawrie - Scottish golfer
1969 – Christi Paul - American news anchor
1969 – Verne Troyer - American actor
1970 – Shelley O'Donnell - Australian netballer
1970 – Kimberly Page - American manager and actress
1971 – Sammie Henson - American wrestler
1971 – Bobby Holik - Czech ice hockey player
1971 – Chris Potter - American jazz saxophonist
1972 – Neve McIntosh - Scottish actress
1972 – Lilian Thuram - French footballer
1973 – Anwar Mansoor Mangrio - Sindhi poet
1973 – Magnus Sahlgren - Swedish musician (Lake of Tears)
1975 – Sonali Bendre - Indian model and actress
1975 – Joe Cannon - American footballer
1975 – Eiichiro Oda - Japanese manga artist
1975 – Fernando Tatis - Dominican Baseball player
1976 – Georgina Chapman - British fashion designer and actress
1977 – Hasan Salihamidžić - Bosnian footballer
1977 – Robert Roode - Canadian professional wrestler
1978 – Vidya Balan - Indian model & actress
1978 – Nina Bott - German actress
1978 – Phillip Mulryne - Northern Irish footballer
1978 – Tarik O'Regan - British composer
1979 – Brody Dalle - Australian singer (The Distillers)
1979 – Koichi Domoto - Japanese artist
1980 – Elin Nordegren - Swedish model
1981 – Jonas Armstrong - English actor
1981 – Zsolt Baumgartner - Hungarian racing driver
1981 – Abdülkadir Koçak - Turkish boxer
1981 – Eden Riegel - American actress
1982 – David Nalbandian - Argentinian tennis player
1983 – Ali Bastian - English actress and model
1983 – Calum Davenport - English footballer
1983 – Emi Kobayashi - Japanese model
1984 – José Paolo Guerrero - Peruvian footballer
1984 – Alok Kapali - Bangladeshi cricketer
1984 – Michael Witt - Australian rugby league footballer
1985 – Jeff Carter - Canadian ice hockey player
1985 – Steven Davis - Northern Irish footballer
1986 – Colin Morgan - Northern Irish actor
1986 – Sungmin - Korean Singer
1987 – Gilbert Brule - Canadian ice hockey player
1987 – Meryl Davis - American ice dancer
1987 – Devin Setoguchi - Canadian ice hockey player
1992 – Jack Wilshere - English footballer
1992 – He Kexin - Chinese gymnast


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January 1 - General (Calendar Date) New Years Day


January 1 - Basic Facts:
  • January 1 is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar.
  • There are 364 days remaining until the end of the year (365 in leap years).
  • The preceding day is December 31 of the previous year.
  • The next day in the year is January 2.
  • Most of the western European countries changed their start of ear to January 1 before they adopted the Gregorian calendar.
January 1st Births (Here)

January 1st Deaths (Here)

January 1st Events:
  • 153 BC - Roman consuls begin their year in office.
  • 45 BC - The Julian calendar takes effect.
  • 404 - The last known gladiatorial competition in Rome.
  • 630 - The Prophet Muhammad sets out toward Mecca.
  • 1600 - Scotland begins its numbered year on January 1 (instead of 25 March).
  • 1651 - Charles II is crowned King of Scotland.
  • 1707 - John V is crowned King of Portugal.
  • 1772 - The first traveler's cheques, which go on sale in London, can be used in 90 European cities.
  • 1788 - Publication of The Times of London (first edition), previously known as The Daily Universal Register.
  • 1800 - The Dutch East India Company is dissolved.
  • 1801 - The legislative union of Kingdom of Great Britain & Kingdom of Ireland is finished to produce the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
  • 1801 - Giuseppe Piazzi discovers the dwarf planet Ceres.
  • 1804 - French rule ends in Haiti.
  • 1833 - The United Kingdom claims sovereignty over the Falkland Islands.
  • 1876 - The Reichsbank opens in Berlin, Germany.
  • 1877 - Queen Victoria of Britain is now proclaimed Empress of India.
  • 1901 - The British colonies of New South Wales, Queensland, Victoria, South Australia, Tasmania & Western Australia become the Commonwealth of Australia.
  • 1901 - Edmund Barton becomes the first Prime Minister of Australia.
  • 1908 - New York City's Times Square ball is dropped for the first time - to signify the start of the New Year at midnight.
  • 1912 - The Republic of China is established.
  • 1925 - Edwin Hubble (American astronomer) announces the discovery of galaxies outside the Milky Way.
  • 1934 - "Law for the Prevention of Genetically Diseased Offspring" is passed in Nazi Germany.
  • 1937 - Vehicle windscreen safety glass becomes mandatory in Great Britain.
  • 1939 - William Hewlett & David Packard found the computer giant Hewlett-Packard.
  • 1942 - The Declaration by the United Nations is signed by 26 nations.
  • 1946 - First civil flight from Heathrow Airport occurs.
  • 1948 - The British railways are nationalised to form British Rail.
  • 1958 - The European Community is established.
  • 1959 - Fulgencio Batista (president of Cuba), is overthrown by Fidel Castro during the Cuban Revolution.
  • 1971 - American television bans cigarette advertisements.
  • 1972 - Kurt Waldheim (Austrian diplomat) becomes Secretary General of the United Nations.
  • 1973 - United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, Republic of Ireland & Denmark are admitted into the European Community.
  • 1983 - The ARPANET officially changes to using the Internet Protocol, giving rise to the Internet.
  • 1985 - The Internet's Domain Name System is created.
  • 1989 - The Montreal Protocol on Substances That Deplete the Ozone Layer comes into force.
  • 1993 - Czechoslovakia is dissolved: being divided into the Slovak Republic & the Czech Republic.
  • 1993 - European Community single market is introduced.
  • 1994 - The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) comes into effect.
  • 1994 - The European Economic Area (EEA) comes into effect.
  • 1995 - The World Trade Organization (WTO) comes into effect.
  • 1998 - The European Central Bank (ECB) is established.
  • 1999 - The Euro currency is introduced.
  • 2002 - Euro banknotes & coins become legal tender in 12 of the European Union's member states.

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