- April 1 is the 91st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar.
- There are 274 days remaining until the end of the year (275 in leap years).
- The preceding day is March 31.
- Next day is April 2.
April 1st Deaths (Here)
April 1 Events:
527 – Byzantine Emperor Justin I names his nephew Justinian I as co-ruler & successor to the throne.
1293 – Robert Winchelsey leaves England for Rome => consecrated as Archbishop of Canterbury.
1318 – Scottish capture Berwick-upon-Tweed from the English.
1340 – Niels Ebbesen kills Gerhard III of Holstein in his bedroom - the murder ends the 1332-1340 interregnum in Denmark.
1572 – The Watergeuzen capture Brielle from the Spaniards, gaining the first foothold on land for what would become the Dutch Republic (Eighty Years' War).
1789 – United States House of Representatives, in New York City, holds its 1st quorum & elects Frederick Muhlenberg of Pennsylvania as its first House Speaker.
1826 – The internal combustion engine is patented by Samuel Morey.
1854 – Hard Times begins serialisation in Charles Dickens' magazine, Household Words.
1865 – Battle of Five Forks – In Siege of Petersburg, Confederate General Robert E. Lee begins his final offensive (American Civil War).
1867 – Singapore becomes a British crown colony.
1873 – The British steamer RMS Atlantic sinks off Nova Scotia.
1887 – Establishment of the Mumbai Fire Brigade.
1891 – Wrigley Company is founded in Chicago, Illinois.
1893 – Chief Petty Officer rank in the United States Navy is established.
1908 – The Territorial Force is formed as a volunteer reserve component of the British Army (renamed Territorial Army in 1920).
1918 – Royal Air Force is created by the merger of the Royal Flying Corps & the Royal Naval Air Service.
1924 – Adolf Hitler is sentenced to 5 years in jail for his participation in the "Beer Hall Putsch"; though spends only 9 months in jail, where he writes Mein Kampf.
1924 – The Royal Canadian Air Force is formed.
1933 – Nazis under Julius Streicher organize a one-day boycott of all Jewish-owned businesses in Germany.
1936 – Orissa (formerly known as Kalinga or Utkal) becomes a state in India.
1937 – Aden becomes a British crown colony.
1939 – Generalísimo Francisco Franco announces the end of the Spanish Civil War.
1941 – The Blockade Runner Badge for the German navy is instituted.
1944 – Accidental American bombing of the Swiss city of Schaffhausen - d.t. navigation errors.
1945 – Operation Iceberg – United States troops land on Okinawa in the last campaign of the war (World War II).
1946 – Aleutian Island earthquake - a 7.8 magnitude earthquake near the Aleutian Islands creates a tsunami which hits the Hawaiian Islands..
1946 – Formation of the Malayan Union.
1948 – Berlin Airlift – Military forces, directed by the Soviet-controlled government in East Germany, set-up a land blockade of West Berlin (Cold War).
1948 – Faroe Islands receive autonomy from Denmark.
1949 – The Communist Party of China holds unsuccessful peace talks with the Kuomintang in Beijing (Chinese Civil War).
1949 – The Canadian government repeals Japanese Canadian internment after 7 years.
1949 – Republic of Ireland formed from the 26 counties of the Irish Free State.
1954 – President Dwight D. Eisenhower authorizes the creation in Colorado of the United States Air Force Academy.
1955 – The EOKA rebellion against The British Empire begins in Cyprus.
1957 – The BBC broadcasts the spaghetti tree hoax on Panorama programme.
1967 – The United States Department of Transportation begins work.
1969 – Hawker Siddeley Harrier enters Royal Air Force service.
1970 – President Richard Nixon signs the Public Health Cigarette Smoking Act into law.
1973 – Project Tiger is launched in the Corbett National Park, India.
1974 – United Kingdom - Metropolitan & non-metropolitan counties come into being.
1976 – Apple Inc. is formed by Steve Jobs & Steve Wozniak.
1976 – The Jovian-Plutonian gravitational effect hoax is 1st reported by British astronomer Patrick Moore.
1978 – The Philippine College of Commerce becomes the Polytechnic University of the Philippines.
1979 – Iran becomes an Islamic Republic by a 98% vote leading to the overthrow of the Shah.
1981 – Daylight saving time is introduced in the USSR.
1989 – Margaret Thatcher's new local government tax, the Community Charge ("poll tax"), is introduced in Scotland.
1992 – Bosnian war starts.
1996 – The Halifax Regional Municipality in Nova Scotia is created.
1997 – Comet Hale-Bopp is seen passing over perihelion.
1999 – Nunavut is established as a Canadian territory.
2001 – Former President of Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Slobodan Milošević surrenders to police special forces - he is subsequently tried on war crimes charges.
2001 – Same-sex marriage becomes legal in the Netherlands.
2002 – The Netherlands legalizes euthanasia.
2004 – Google introduces its Gmail product to the public.
2006 – The Serious Organised Crime Agency is created in the United Kingdom.
2009 – Croatia & Albania join NATO
Posted by ALCHEssMIST.
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