Wednesday

Old Inuit Song - I Think Over Again My Small Adventures, My Fears

I think over again my small adventures, my fears.
These small ones that seemed so big.
For all the vital things I had to get and to reach.
And yet there is only one great thing.
The only thing.
To live to see the great day that dawns.
And the light that fills the world.



Tags: Dawn - Inuit - Song - World
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Polyphasic Sleep Patterns


Polyphasic Sleep Definition:
  • Refers to sleeping multiple times in a 24 hour period, typically more than twice.
  • The term was first used by the psychologist J.S. Szymanski.
  • The biphasic pattern of sleep does not follow any particular schedule.
  • The monophasic sleep pattern is the default schedule.
Polyphasic Sleep Pattern Types:
  • Biphasic
  • Dymaxion
  • Everyman
  • Uberman
Reported Polyphasic Sleep Practitioners & Experimenters:
  • Buckminster Fuller (pictured)
  • Dr. Claudio Stampi
  • Professor David Dinges of the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
  • Steve Pavlina (http://www.stevepavlina.com)
Tags: Biphasic Sleep - Claudio Stampi - Buckminster Fuller - Dymaxion Sleep Pattern - - Everyman Sleep Pattern - Monophasic Sleep - Polyphasic Sleep - Sleep - Steve Pavlina - Uberman Sleep Pattern - University of Pennsylvania -
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Sunday

Clickthrough Hijacking - A Pernicious Internet Practice

Clickthrough Hijacking:
  • The term 'Clickthrough Hijacking', invented by Alchemipedia & ALCHEssMIST, refers to obtaining search result clickthroughs derived from copying portions of a legitimate webpage or blog.
  • Typically this involves linking sitemap feeds, from good websites or blogs, to pages whose main function is to attract search result impressions.
  • The result is that a portion of search traffic is being diverted to inappropriate pages & sites that are simply made to increase page views & advertising clicks.
  • This seems to be a technique used by some unscrupulous SEO services.
  • A less pernicious version of clickthrough hijacking occurs when a site produces some legitimate content but then adds a list of blog posts related to the content of the page which serve to attract extra search engine impressions.
  • Simply put, 'Clickthrough hijacking' is stealing and should be penalised.
  • Google, and other search engines, should develop ways to protect legitimate websites & blogs from this destructive process.
ALCHEssMIST & Alchemipedia will be introducing mechanisms to try & reduce the success of 'Clickthrough Hijacking'.

Related Links:
ALCHEssMIST Alchemipedia PTR Site
The Usual Suspects - Search Result Clickthrough Hijacking
Search Result Clickthrough Hijacking A Real Problem


Tags: Advertising - Clickthrough - Clickthrough Hijacking - Pernicious - SEO
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Thursday

Vibrio harveyi (Gram-Negative, Bioluminescent, Marine Bacteria Species)


Vibrio harveyi General Facts:
  • Species of gram-negative, bioluminescent, marine bacteria.
  • Organism implicated in the production of marine mucilage or marine snow, based on samples collected by ocean going vessels.
  • Vibrio harveyi bacteria have been shown to communicate via quorum sensing - enabling them to coordinate the production of virulence factors & also bioluminescense (see culture plate opposite).
Vibrio harveyi Bacteriology:
  • Genus - Vibrio.
  • Shape - rod-shaped
  • Staining -Gram negative.
  • Motility - Motile - has polar flagella.
  • Respiration - Facultatively anaerobic
  • Other - Halophilic.
  • Growth temperature - between 4°C & 35°C.
  • Locations - free-swimming in tropical marine waters.
  • Commensal - gut microflora of marine animals.
Vibrio harveyi Pathogenicity:
  • Both a primary & opportunistic pathogen of marine animals.
  • Corals - Gorgonian corals.
  • Molluscs - Oysters
  • Marine crustaceans - Prawns, Lobsters,
  • Fish - Asian Sea Bass, Barramundi, Common Snook, Milkfish, Seahorses, Turbot.
  • Produces a condition called luminous vibriosis - affecting commercially farmed penaeid prawns.

Image: Vibrio harvei luminescence in culture plate via Biomedical Beat
Tags: Barramundi - Bioluminescence - Common Snook - Flagella - Gorgonian Coral - Halophilic - Lobster - Luminescence - Luminous Vibriosis - Marine Mucilage - Marine Snow - Milkfish - Oyster - Prawn - Quorum Sensing - Seahorse - Turbot - Vibrio - Vibrio harveyi
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Exopolymeric Compound (Biopolymer)


Exopolymeric Compound Facts:
Produced by Micro-organisms:
  • Pseudoalteromonas antarctica NF3 - many reports in literature.

Image Credit: PLoS ONE - Climate Change and the Potential Spreading of Marine Mucilage and Microbial Pathogens in the Mediterranean Sea. (cc)
Tags: Biopolymer - Exopolymeric - Glycoprotein - Marine Mucilage - Marine Snow - Polysaccharide - Pseudoalteromonas antarctica NF3 -
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Adriatic Sea in Mediterranean Sea (Geography)


Adriatic Sea Facts:
  • The Adriatic Sea is a part of the Mediterranean Sea.
  • The Adriatic Sea separates the Italian Peninsula from the Balkan peninsula.
  • Geologically, the Adriatic Sea, also separates the system of the Apennine Mountains from that of the Dinaric Alps & adjacent ranges.
  • The western side of the Adriatic Sea runs along the east Italian coast.
  • The eastern side of the Adriatic Sea runs along the coastlines of Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia & Herzegovina (26 km), Montenegro, & Albania.
  • The Adriatic Sea (especially the northern portion) is the sea area most severely affected by outbreaks of massive marine mucilage.
Major Rivers Joining The Adriatic Sea:
  • Adige/Etsch
  • Brenta
  • Cetina
  • Drin (Drini)
  • Krka
  • Neretva
  • Piave
  • Po
  • Reno
  • Soča/Isonzo
  • Zrmanja
Image: Satellite Image from NASA Visible Earth (Public Domain)
Tags: Adriatic Sea - Albania - Balkan Peninsula - Bosnia - Croatia - Geography - Herzegovina - Marine Mucilage - Mediterranean Sea - Montenegro - Slovenia
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Cronica Universale - Written By Giovanni Villani, Matteo Villani, Filippo Villani


Giovanni Villani & Cronica Universale:
  • Giovanni Villani (1275-1348) begins the Cronica Universale.
  • It was written in Italian rather than Latin.
  • The Cronica Universale started from Biblical times.
  • Very quickly afterwards Giovanni began to write carefully about the events that occurred during his own time.
  • The statistical data he documented, and the detached approach, was unparalleled for the times.
  • His clear business-like mind, with his keen observations on people, was very useful for this task.
  • The historical events are reported just as he heard them, with little personal interpretation.
  • Giovanni Villani was clearly a chronicler & not a historian.
  • Giovanni's death by bubonic plague (Black Death) in 1348 stopped the writing of the Cronica Universale.
Matteo Villani & Cronica Universale:
Filippo Villani & Cronica Universale:
  • Filippo was the son of Matteo Villani.
  • Filippo continued the writing of the Cronica Universale, after his father's death, until 1410.

Tags:
1348 - 1363 - 1410 - Black Death - Bubonic Plague - Chronicle - Cronica Universale - Filippo Villani - Florence - Giovanni Villani - Italian - Matteo Villani -

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Wednesday

Coulrophobia - Fear Of Clowns


Coulrophobia Definition:
  • Abnormal or exagerated fear of clowns.
  • Possibly stems from a distrust of the painted face because it obscures facial expressions.
Coulrophobia Epidemiology:
  • Common amongst children.
  • Usually take hold during chilhood.
  • May be found in teenagers or adults.
  • May affect as many as one in 7 people.
Alleged Celebrity Suffers of Coulrophobia:
  • Billy Bob Thornton
  • Daniel Radcliffe
  • Johnny Depp
  • P Diddy (Sean Combs)
  • Ulrika Jonsson
Lady Very Afraid of Clowns:



Image: by Tiagø Ribeiro (cc)
Tags: Billy Bob Thornton - Clown - Coulrophobia - Daniel Radcliffe - Facial Expression - Fear - Johnny Depp - P Diddy - Painted Face - Sean Combs - Ulrika Jonsson
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Tuesday

Math Order Of Operations (Mnemonic) - Please Excuse My Dear Aunt Sally


A useful mnemonic for remembering the order of operations in Math.

Please Excuse My Dear Aunt Sally

Please - Parentheses
Excuse - Exponents
My - Multiplication
Dear - Division
Aunt - Addition
Sally - Subtraction


Image: "Aunt Sally" game of Oxfordshire, published Whiteley's General Catalogue, 1911 (Public Domain)

Tags: Addition - Aunt Sally - Division - Exponents - Math - Mnemonic - Multiplication - Order - Operations - Parentheses - Subtraction
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April 11 - Deaths

Calendar Date April 11th:
April 11th - Deaths:
1034 – Romanus III - Byzantine emperor (b. 968)
1165 – Stephen IV - King of Hungary (b. 1133)
1240 – Llywelyn the Great - King of Gwynedd
1554 – Thomas Wyatt the younger - English rebel (b. 1521)
1612 – Emanuel van Meteren - Flemish historian (b. 1535)
1612 – Edward Wightman - English Baptist preacher (b. 1566)
1626 – Marin Getaldić - Croatian mathematician (b. 1568)
1712 – Richard Simon - French Biblical critic (b. 1638)
1723 – John Robinson - English diplomat (b. 1650)
1798 – Karl Wilhelm Ramler - German poet (b. 1725)
1856 – Juan Santamaría - national hero of Costa Rica (b. 1831)
1861 – Francisco González Bocanegra - Mexican poet (b. 1824)
1873 – Edward Canby - U.S. general (b. 1817)
1890 – Joseph Merrick - "The Elephant Man" (b. 1862)
1894 – Constantin Lipsius - German architect (b. 1832)
1903 – Gemma Galgani - Catholic saint & mystic (b. 1878)
1906 – James Anthony Bailey - American circus impresario (b. 1847)
1906 – Francis Pharcellus Church - American editor & publisher (b. 1839)
1908 – Henry Bird - English chess player & author (b. 1829)
1916 – Richard Harding Davis - American author (b. 1864)
1926 – Luther Burbank - American botanist (b. 1849)
1947 – Louise Peete - American murderer (b. 1880)
1953 – Kid Nichols - American baseball player (b. 1869)
1958 – Konstantin Yuon - Russian painter (b. 1875)
1962 – Ukichiro Nakaya - Japanese physicist (b. 1900)
1967 – Donald Sangster - Jamaican Prime Minister (b. 1911)
1970 – Cathy O'Donnell - American actress (b. 1923)
1970 – John O'Hara - American author (b. 1905)
1977 – Jacques Prévert - French poet & screenwriter (b. 1900)
1983 – Dolores del Río - Mexican actress (b. 1905)
1985 – Enver Hoxha - Albanian Communist dictator (b. 1908)
1985 – Bunny Ahearne - British ice hockey promoter (b. 1900)
1987 – Erskine Caldwell - American author (b. 1903)
1987 – Primo Levi - Italian chemist & author (b. 1919)
1990 – Harold Ballard - Canadian ice hockey club owner & executive (b. 1903)
1990 – Xenophon Zolotas - Greek economist, Prime Minister of Greece (b. 1904)
1991 – Walker Cooper - American baseball player (b. 1915)
1992 – Alejandro Obregón - Colombian painter (b. 1920)
1992 – Eve Merriam - American playwright, director, & poet (b. 1916)
1996 – Jessica Dubroff - American pilot (b. 1988)
2000 – Diana Darvey - British actress, singer & dancer (b. 1945)
2001 – Sandy Bull - American musician (b. 1941)
2001 – Harry Secombe - Welsh actor & comedian (b. 1921)
2003 – Cecil Howard Green - British geophysicist & businessman (b. 1900)
2005 – André François - French cartoonist (b. 1915)
2005 – Lucien Laurent - French footballer (b. 1907)
2006 – June Pointer - American singer (Pointer Sisters) (b. 1953)
2006 – Proof - American rapper (D12) (b. 1973)
2007 – Roscoe Lee Browne - American actor (b. 1925)
2007 – Kurt Vonnegut - American author (b. 1922)
2007 – Ronald Speirs - American Army officer (CO of Easy Company) (b. 1920)
2007 – Janet McDonald - American novelist (b. 1954)
2008 – Merlin German - United States Marine (b. 1985)
2009 – Corín Tellado - Spanish romance novelist (b. 1927)
2009 – Gerda Gilboe - Danish actress (b. 1914)


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April 11 - Births

Calendar Date April 11th:
April 11th - Births:
146 – Septimius Severus (d. 211)
1357 – John I of Portugal (d. 1433)
1374 – Roger Mortimer - 4th Earl of March (d. 1398)
1492 – Marguerite of Navarre - wife of Henry II of Navarre (d. 1549)
1592 – John Eliot - English statesman (d. 1632)
1721 – David Zeisberger - Moravian missionary (d. 1808)
1722 – Christopher Smart - English poet (d. 1771)
1755 – James Parkinson - English physician (d. 1824)
1769 – Jean Lannes - French marshal (d. 1809)
1770 – George Canning - Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1827)
1794 – Edward Everett - 15th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1865)
1798 – Macedonio Melloni - Italian physicist (d. 1854)
1810 – Henry Rawlinson - English scholar (d. 1895)
1819 – Charles Hallé - German pianist & conductor (d. 1895)
1825 – Ferdinand Lassalle - German politician (d. 1864)
1827 – Mahatma Jyotirao Phule - Indian social reformer (d. 1890)
1852 – Cap Anson - American baseball player (d. 1922)
1862 – Charles Evans Hughes - 11th Chief Justice of the United States (d. 1948)
1862 – William Wallace Campbell - American astronomer (d. 1938)
1866 – Bernard O'Dowd - Australian poet (d. 1953)
1867 – Mark Keppel - Superintendent of Schools of Los Angeles County (d. 1928)
1869 – Kasturba Gandhi - Wife of Mohandas Gandhi (d. 1944)
1869 – Gustav Vigeland - Norwegian sculptor (d. 1943)
1873 – Edward Lawson - Scottish recipient of the Victoria Cross (d. 1955)
1876 – Paul Henry - Northern Irish artist (d. 1958)
1889 – Nick LaRocca - American musician (d. 1961)
1890 – Donna Rachele Mussolini - wife of Benito Mussolini (d. 1979)
1893 – Dean Acheson - American statesman (d. 1971)
1896 – Léo-Paul Desrosiers - Quebec novelist (d. 1967)
1899 – Percy Lavon Julian - American chemist (d. 1975)
1900 – Sandor Marai - Hungarian writer (d. 1989)
1905 – József Attila - Hungarian poet (d. 1937)
1906 – Dale Messick - American cartoonist (d. 2005)
1907 – Ivor Spencer-Thomas - English farmer & entrepreneur (d. 2001)
1908 – Jane Bolin - first African-American woman judge (d. 2007)
1908 – Masaru Ibuka - Japanese industrialist (Sony) (d. 1997)
1908 – Dan Maskell - English tennis commentator (d. 1992)
1908 – Leo Rosten - American humorist & author (d. 1997)
1910 – António de Spínola - Portuguese politician (d. 1996)
1911 – Stanisława Walasiewicz - Polish runner (d. 1980)
1913 – Oleg Cassini - American fashion designer (d. 2006)
1914 – Norman McLaren - Canadian film animator & director (d. 1987)
1914 – Robert Stanfield - Premier of Nova Scotia (d. 2003)
1916 – Alberto Ginastera - Argentine composer (d. 1983)
1916 – Howard W. Koch - American film director (d. 2001)
1917 – Danny Gallivan - Canadian radio & television sportscaster (d. 1993)
1917 – David Westheimer - American novelist (d. 2005)
1918 – Richard Wainwright - English politician (d. 2003)
1921 – Jim Hearn - American baseball player (d. 1998)
1923 – George J. Maloof, Sr. - American businessman (d. 1980)
1925 – Pierre Péladeau - Canadian businessman & newspaper editor (Quebecor) (d. 1997)
1926 – Victor Bouchard - Quebec pianist & composer
1928 – Ethel Kennedy - widow of Robert F. Kennedy
1930 – Anton LaVey - American founder of the Church of Satan (d. 1997)
1931 – Johnny Sheffield - American actor
1931 – Kōichi Sugiyama - Japanese composer
1932 – Joel Grey - American singer & actor
1933 – Tony Brown - American journalist
1934 – Mark Strand - Canadian-born American poet
1935 – Richard Berry - American singer & composer (d. 1997)
1935 – Richard Kuklinski - American mafia hitman (d. 2006)
1938 – Michael Deaver - Deputy White House Chief of Staff (d. 2007)
1938 – Kurt Moll - German bass
1939 – Louise Lasser - American actress
1941 – Ellen Goodman - American political columnist
1941 – Shirley Stelfox - English actress
1943 – Harley Race - American professional wrestler
1944 – John Milius - American director & writer
1946 – Bob Harris - British disc jockey & presenter
1947 – Peter Riegert - American actor
1947 – Uli Edel - German film director
1947 – Meshach Taylor - American actor
1947 – Lev Bulat - Russian physicist
1948 – Marcello Lippi - Italian football coach
1949 – Bernd Eichinger - German film producer
1949 – Carl Franklin - American actor
1950 – Tom Hill - English bass guitarist (Geordie)
1951 – Doris McGowen Beck Angleton - American socialite (d. 1997)
1951 – Paul Fox - English guitarist (The Ruts) (d. 2007)
1951 – James Patrick Kelly - American author
1952 – Peter Windsor - English motor racing journalist & reporter
1953 – Andrew Wiles - British mathematician
1953 – Guy Verhofstadt - Prime Minister of Belgium
1955 – Kevin Brady - American politician
1955 – Michael Callen - American musician (d. 1993)
1955 – Micheal Ray Richardson - American basketball player
1955 – Neville Staple - Jamaican musician
1958 – Stuart Adamson - British musician (Big Country) (d. 2001)
1958 – Brynn Hartman - wife & murderer of comedian Phil Hartman (d. 1998)
1959 – Ana María Polo - Cuban-American lawyer & arbitrator
1960 – Jeremy Clarkson - British journalist
1961 – Doug Hopkins - American musician (d. 1993)
1962 – Vincent Gallo - American actor
1963 – Chris Ferguson - American poker player
1963 – Billy Bowden - New Zealand umpire
1964 – Steve Azar - American singer-songwriter
1964 – Bret Saberhagen - American baseball player
1964 – Johann Sebastian Paetsch - American cellist
1966 – Mason Reese - American actor
1966 – Steve Scarsone - American baseball player
1966 – Lisa Stansfield - English singer
1968 – Sergey Lukyanenko - Russian author
1969 – Cerys Matthews - Welsh singer
1969 – Chisato Moritaka - Japanese singer
1969 – Dustin Rhodes - American professional wrestler
1970 – Trevor Linden - Canadian ice hockey player
1970 – Delroy Pearson - former singer Five Star
1970 – Johnny Messner - American actor
1971 – Oliver Riedel - German musician (Rammstein)
1971 – Vicellous Reon Shannon - American actor
1972 – Jason Varitek - American baseball player
1972 – Balls Mahoney - American professional wrestler
1973 – Jennifer Esposito - American actress
1974 – Àlex Corretja - Spanish tennis player
1974 – Ashot Danielyan - Armenian weightlifter
1974 – Anton Glanzelius - Swedish actor
1974 – Tricia Helfer - Canadian model & actor
1974 – Zöe Lucker - British television actor
1974 – Trot Nixon - American baseball player
1974 – David Jassy - Swedish musician, songwriter, & music producer
1975 – Walid Soliman - Tunisian author
1976 – Kelvim Escobar - Venezuelan baseball player
1978 – Brett Claywell - American actor
1978 – Josh Hancock - American baseball player (d. 2007)
1978 – Tom Thacker - Canadian musician
1979 – Nazanin Afshin-Jam - Canadian beauty pageant winner
1979 – Malcolm Christie - English footballer
1979 – Chris Gaylor - American drummer
1979 – Sebastien Grainger - Canadian musician
1979 – Michel Riesen - Swiss ice hockey player
1979 – Josh Server - American actor
1979 – María Elena Swett - Chilean actress
1980 – Keiji Tamada - Japanese footballer
1980 – Mark Teixeira - American baseball player
1980 – Festus Baise - Nigerian footballer
1981 – Alessandra Ambrosio - Brazilian model
1981 – Alexandre Burrows - Canadian ice hockey player
1982 – Ian Bell - English cricketer
1982 – Danja - American record producer, composer, & songwriter
1983 – Nicky Pastorelli - Dutch racing driver
1983 – Rubén Palazuelos - Spanish football player
1984 – Kelli Garner - American actress
1985 – Will Minson - Australian rules footballer
1986 – Roman Heart - American porn actor
1986 – Stephanie Pratt - American reality TV personality (The Hills)
1987 – Joss Stone - English singer
1987 – Lights Poxleitner - Canadian singer-songwriter
1994 – Dakota Blue Richards - English actress
2000 – Morgan Lily - American actress
2002 – Alexa Gerasimovich - American actress


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April 11 - General (Calendar Date)

April 11th - Basic Facts:
  • April 11 is the 10st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar; 102nd in leap years.
  • There are 264 days remaining until the end of the year.
  • The preceding day is April 10 .
  • Next day is April 12.
April 11th Births (Here)

April 11th Deaths (Here)

April 11 Events:

491 – Flavius Anastasius becomes Byzantine Emperor - known as Anastasius I.
1079 – Bishop Stanislaus of Krakow is executed by order of Bolesław II of Poland.
1241 – Batu Khan defeats Béla IV of Hungary at the Battle of Muhi.
1512 – French forces led by Gaston de Foix win the Battle of Ravenna (War of the League of Cambrai).
1689 – William III & Mary II are crowned as joint sovereigns of Britain.
1713 – Queen Anne's War (War of the Spanish Succession) - Treaty of Utrecht.
1775 – The last person executed for witchcraft in Germany.
1814 – The Treaty of Fontainebleau ends the War of the Sixth Coalition against Napoleon Bonaparte.
1828 – Bahia Blanca foundation.
1856 – Juan Santamaria burns down the hostel where William Walker's filibusters are under seige (Battle of Rivas).
1865 – Last public speech by President Abraham Lincoln.
1868 – The Shogunate is abolished in Japan.
1876 – The Benevolent & Protective Order of Elks is organized.
1899 – Spain cedes Puerto Rico to the United States.
1905 – Albert Einstein reveals his Theory of Relativity (special relativity).
1919 – International Labour Organization is founded.
1921 – The Emirate of Transjordan is created.
1945 – American forces liberate the Buchenwald concentration camp (World War II).
1951 – General Douglas MacArthur of overall command in Korea by President Harry Truman (Korean War).
1951 – The Stone of Scone is found on the site of the altar of Arbroath Abbey, having been taken from Westminster Abbey by Scottish nationalist students.
1952 – The Battle of Nanri Island.
1955 – Air India Kashmir Princess is bombed & crashes - failed assassination attempt on Zhou Enlai by the Kuomintang.
1957 – Britain agrees to Singaporean self-rule.
1961 – Trial of Adolf Eichmann begins in Jerusalem.
1965 – The Palm Sunday tornado outbreak of 1965.
1968 – Civil Rights Act of 1968, signed by President Lyndon B. Johnson - prohibits discrimination in the sale, rental, & financing of housing.
1970 – Apollo 13 is launched.
1976 – The Apple I is first created.
1979 – Idi Amin, the Ugandan dictator, is deposed.
1981 – Riot in Brixton, South London.
1987 – The London Agreement - signed secretly between King Hussein of Jordan & Israeli Foreign Affairs Minister Shimon Peres.
1990 – Barrel of supergun, bound for Iraq, is seized by Customs officers in Middlesbrough, United Kingdom.
1993 – Riot at the Southern Ohio Correctional Facility in Lucasville, Ohio.
2000 – Opening of AT&T Park in San Francisco, Comerica Park in Detroit, & Minute Maid Park in Houston open.
2002 – The Ghriba synagogue bombing in Tunisia, by Al Qaeda.
2002 – An attempted coup d'état against President Hugo Chávez occurs in Venezuela.
2006 – President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad announces that Iran has successfully enriched uranium.
2007 – Algiers bombings - 2 bombings in the Algerian capital of Algiers.


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April 10 - Deaths

Calendar Date April 10th:
April 10th - Deaths:
879 – Louis the Stammerer - King of the West Franks (b. 846)
948 – King Hugh of Italy
1533 – King Frederick I of Denmark (b. 1471)
1545 – Costanzo Festa - Italian composer
1585 – Pope Gregory XIII (b. 1502)
1599 – Gabrielle d'Estrée - mistress of King Henry IV of France (b. 1571)
1601 – Mark Alexander Boyd - Scottish poet (b. 1562)
1619 – Thomas Jones - Archbishop of Dublin (b. c. 1550)
1640 – Agostino Agazzari - Italian composer (b. 1578)
1646 – Santino Solari - Swiss architect & sculptor (b. 1576)
1704 – William Egon of Fürstenberg - Bishop of Strassburg (b. 1629)
1706 – Arthur Chichester - 3rd Earl of Donegall, Irish soldier (b. 1666)
1756 – Giacomo Antonio Perti - Italian composer (d. 1661)
1760 – Jean Lebeuf - French historian (b. 1687)
1786 – John Byron - British naval officer (b. 1723)
1806 – Horatio Gates - American Revolutionary War hero (b. 1727)
1813 – Joseph-Louis Lagrange - Italian-born mathematician (b. 1736)
1823 – Karl Leonhard Reinhold - Austrian philosopher (b. 1757)
1882 – Dante Gabriel Rossetti - English poet & painter (b. 1828)
1904 – Queen Isabella II of Spain (b. 1830)
1909 – Algernon Charles Swinburne - English poet & critic (b. 1837)
1910 – Jean Moréas - Greek poet (b. 1856)
1919 – Emiliano Zapata - Mexican revolutionary (b. 1879)
1920 – Moritz Cantor - German mathematician (b. 1829)
1931 – Khalil Gibran - Lebanese poet & painter (b. 1883)
1938 – Joe "King" Oliver - American musician (b. 1885)
1945 – Charles Nordhoff - English-born writer (b. 1887)
1945 – H.N. Werkman - Dutch artist & printer (b. 1882)
1954 – Auguste Lumière - French film pioneer (b. 1862)
1954 – Oscar Mathisen - Norwegian speed skater (b. 1888)
1955 – Teilhard de Chardin - French paleontologist & theologian (b. 1881)
1958 – Chuck Willis - American singer & songwriter (b. 1928)
1962 – Michael Curtiz - Hungarian-born director (b. 1886)
1962 – Stuart Sutcliffe - English musician (The Beatles) (b. 1940)
1965 – Lloyd Casner - American race car driver & owner (b. 1928)
1965 – Linda Darnell - American actress (b. 1923)
1966 – Evelyn Waugh - English writer (b. 1903)
1968 – Gustavs Celmins - Latvian politician (b. 1899)
1969 – Harley J. Earl - American automobile designer (b. 1893)
1975 – Marjorie Main - American actress (b. 1890)
1979 – Nino Rota - Italian composer (b. 1911)
1980 – Kay Medford - American actress (b. 1914)
1983 – Issam Sartawi - senior member of the Palestine Liberation Organization (assassinated) (b. 1935)
1986 – Linda Creed - American songwriter (b. 1948)
1991 – Kevin Peter Hall - American actor (b. 1955)
1991 – Natalie Schafer - American actress (b. 1900)
1992 – Sam Kinison - American comedian (b. 1953)
1993 – Chris Hani - South African activist (b. 1942)
1994 – Sam B. Hall - American politician (b. 1924)
1995 – Morarji Desai - Prime Minister of India (b. 1896)
1997 – Michael Dorris - American author (b. 1945)
1999 – Heinz Fraenkel-Conrat - German-born biochemist (b. 1910)
1999 – Jean Vander Pyl - American voice actress (b. 1919)
2000 – Peter Jones - English actor (b. 1920)
2000 – Larry Linville - American actor (b. 1939)
2000 – Kirsten Rolffes - Danish actress (b. 1928)
2003 – Little Eva - American singer (b. 1943)
2005 – Norbert Brainin - Austrian violinist (b. 1923)
2005 – Iakovos - Archbishop of America (b. 1911)
2005 – Al Lucas - American football player (b. 1978)
2005 – Scott Gottlieb - American drummer (Bleed the Dream) (b. 1970)
2007 – Dakota Staton - American singer (b. 1930)
2009 – Deborah Digges - American poet (b. 1950)
2010 – Passengers in the 2010 Polish Air Force Tu-154 crash
o Lech Kaczyński - President of Poland (b. 1949)
o Maria Kaczyńska - First Lady of Poland (b. 1942)
2010 – Dixie Carter - an American actress (b.1939)


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