- February 3 is the 34th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar.
- There are 331 days remaining until the end of the year (332 in leap years).
- The preceding day is February 2
- Next day is February 4.
February 3rd Deaths (Here)
February 3 Events:
1112 – Ramon Berenguer III of Barcelona & Douce I of Provence marry - leading to unification of the fortunes of these 2 states.
1377 – Cesena Bloodbath - more than 2,000 people of the Italian city of Cesena are slaughtered by Papal Troops.
1451 – Sultan Mehmed II inherits the throne of the Ottoman Empire.
1488 – Bartolomeu Dias of Portugal lands in Mossel Bay after rounding the Cape of Good Hope - the 1st known European to travel so far south.
1509 – The Battle of Diu (in Diu, India) - between Portugal & the Ottoman Empire.
1534 – The Irish rebel Silken Thomas is executed by the order of Henry VIII in London, England.
1637 – Tulip mania collapses in the United Provinces (now the Netherlands) by government order.
1690 – The colony of Massachusetts issues the first paper money in America.
1706 – During the Battle of Fraustadt Swedish forces defeat a superior Saxon-Polish-Russian force by deploying a double envelopment.
1783 – Spain recognizes United States independence (American Revolutionary War).
1787 – Shays' Rebellion is crushed.
1807 – A British military force, under Brigadier-General Sir Samuel Auchmuty captures the city of Montevideo, then part of the Spanish Empire now the capital of Uruguay.
1809 – The Illinois Territory is created.
1813 – The Battle of San Lorenzo takes place - at the Argentine War of Independence.
1830 – The sovereignty of Greece is confirmed in a London Protocol.
1834 – Wake Forest University is established.
1852 – The Battle of Caseros marks the end of the hegemony of Buenos Aires Province Governor Juan Manuel de Rosas over the Argentine Confederation.
1867 – Emperor Meiji becomes the 122nd emperor of Japan.
1870 – The Fifteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution is ratified - it guarantees voting rights to citizens regardless of race.
1900 – Gubernatorial candidate William Goebel is assassinated in Frankfort, Kentucky.
1913 – The Sixteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution is ratified, authorizing the Federal government to impose & collect an income tax.
1916 – Parliament buildings in Ottawa, Canada burn down.
1917 – World War I - The United States breaks off diplomatic relations with Germany a day after the latter announced a new policy of unrestricted submarine warfare.
1918 – The Twin Peaks Tunnel in San Francisco, California begins service as the longest streetcar tunnel in the world (11,920 feet, or 3,633 meters long).
1930 – The Communist Party of Vietnam is established.
1931 – The Hawke's Bay earthquake, New Zealand's worst natural disaster, kills 258.
1944 – World War II - During the Gilbert & Marshall Islands campaign, U.S. Army & Marine forces seize Kwajalein Atoll from the defending Japanese garrison.
1945 – World War II - part of Operation Thunderclap, 1,000 B-17's of the Eighth Air Force bomb Berlin.
1947 – The lowest temperature in North America is recorded in Snag, Yukon.
1957 – Senegalese political party Democratic Rally merges into the Senegalese Party of Socialist Action (PSAS).
1958 – Founding of the Benelux Economic Union, creating a testing ground for a later European Economic Community.
1959 – Plane crash near Clear Lake, Iowa kills Buddy Holly, Ritchie Valens, The Big Bopper, & pilot Roger Peterson & the incident becomes known as The Day the Music Died.
1960 – British Prime Minister Harold Macmillan speaks of the "a wind of change" of increasing national consciousness blowing through colonial Africa, signalling that his Government was likely to support decolonisation.
1966 – The unmanned Soviet Luna 9 spacecraft makes the first controlled rocket-assisted landing on the Moon.
1967 – Ronald Ryan, is hanged in Pentridge Prison, Melbourne - the last person to be executed in Australia.
1969 – In Cairo, Yasser Arafat is appointed Palestine Liberation Organization leader at the Palestinian National Congress.
1971 – New York Police Officer Frank Serpico is shot during a drug bust in Brooklyn & survives to later testify against police corruption. Many believe the incident proves that NYPD officers tried to kill him.
1984 – Dr. John Buster & the research team at Harbor-UCLA Medical Center announce history's first embryo transfer, from one woman to another resulting in a live birth.
1984 – Space Shuttle program: STS-41-B is launched using Space Shuttle Challenger.
1988 – Iran-Contra Affair: The United States House of Representatives rejects President Ronald Reagan's request for $36.25 million to aid Nicaraguan Contras.
1989 – After a stroke, P.W. Botha resigns party leadership & the presidency of South Africa.
1989 – A military coup overthrows Alfredo Stroessner, dictator of Paraguay since 1954.
1996 – The Lijiang earthquake in Lijiang, Yunnan, China.
1998 – Cavalese cable-car disaster: a United States Military pilot causes the death of 20 people when his low-flying plane cuts the cable of a cable-car near Trento, Italy.
Posted by ALCHEssMIST.
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