- February 14 is the 45th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar.
- There are 320 days remaining until the end of the year (321 in leap years).
- The preceding day is February 13
- Next day is February 15.
February 14th Deaths (Here)
February 14 Events:
842 – Charles the Bald & Louis the German swear the Oaths of Strasbourg in the French & German languages.
1009 – First known mention of Lithuania - from annals of the monastery of Quedlinburg.
1014 – Pope Benedict VIII recognizes Henry of Bavaria as King of Germany.
1076 – Pope Gregory VII excommunicates Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor.
1349 – Strasbourg - approximately 2,000 Jews are burned to death by mobs or forcibly removed from the city of Strasbourg.
1556 – Thomas Cranmer is declared a heretic.
1743 – Henry Pelham becomes British Prime Minister.
1778 – The United States Flag is formally recognized by a foreign naval vessel for the 1st time - French Admiral Toussaint-Guillaume Picquet de la Motte gives a 9 gun salute to USS Ranger, commanded by John Paul Jones.
1779 – James Cook is killed by Native Hawaiians near Kealakekua on the Island of Hawaii.
1797 – Battle of Cape St. Vincent (French Revolutionary Wars) – John Jervis, 1st Earl of St Vincent & Horatio Nelson (later 1st Viscount Nelson) lead the British Royal Navy to victory over a Spanish fleet in action near Gibraltar.
1803 – Chief Justice John Marshall declares that any act of U.S. Congress that conflicts with the Constitution is void.
1804 – Karadjordje leads the First Serbian Uprising against the Ottoman Empire.
1831 – Ras Marye of Yejju marches into Tigray & defeats & kills Dejazmach Sabagadis in the Battle of Debre Abbay.
1835 – The original Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, is formed in Kirtland, Ohio.
1849 – James Knox Polk becomes the 1st serving President of the United States to have his photograph taken (New York City).
1855 – Texas is linked by telegraph to the rest of the United States, - following completion of a connection between New Orleans & Marshall, Texas.
1859 – Oregon is admitted as the 33rd U.S. state.
1876 – Alexander Graham Bell applies for a patent for the telephone, as does Elisha Gray.
1879 – The War of the Pacific breaks out when Chilean armed forces occupy the Bolivian port city of Antofagasta.
1899 – Voting machines are approved by the U.S. Congress for use in federal elections.
1900 – South Africa - 20,000 British troops invade the Orange Free State (Second Boer War).
1903 – The United States Department of Commerce & Labor is established (later split into Department of Commerce & Department of Labor).
1912 – Arizona is admitted as the 48th U.S. state.
1912 – First diesel-powered submarine is commissioned - in Groton, Connecticut.
1918 – The Soviet Union adopts the Gregorian calendar (on 1 February according to the Julian calendar).
1919 – The Polish-Soviet War begins.
1920 – The League of Women Voters is founded in Chicago, Illinois.
1924 – International Business Machines Corporation (IBM) is founded.
1929 – Saint Valentine's Day massacre -7 people, 6 of them gangster rivals of Al Capone's gang, are murdered in Chicago, Illinois.
1942 – Battle of Pasir Panjang - contributes to the fall of Singapore.
1943 – World War II: Rostov-on-Don, Russia is liberated.
1943 – World War II: Tunisia Campaign – General Hans-Jurgen von Arnim's Fifth Panzer Army launches a concerted attack against Allied positions in Tunisia.
1944 – Anti-Japanese revolt on Java (World War II).
1945 – First day of the bombing of Dresden, the British Royal Air Force & the United States Army Air Forces begin fire-bombing Dresden.
1945 – Prague is bombed - ? a mistake in the orientation of the pilots bombing Dresden.
1945 – President Franklin D. Roosevelt meets with King Ibn Saud of Saudi Arabia aboard the USS Quincy, officially starting the U.S.-Saudi diplomatic relationship.
1945 – Mostar is liberated by Yugoslav partisans (World War II).
1946 – Bank of England is nationalized.
1946 – ENIAC, the first general-purpose electronic computer, is unveiled.
1949 – The Knesset (Israeli parliament) convenes for the first time.
1949 – The Asbestos Strike begins in Canada - marks the beginning of the Quiet Revolution in Quebec.
1956 – The XX Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union begins in Moscow. Last night of the meeting Nikita Khrushchev (Premier) condemns Joseph Stalin's crimes in a secret speech.
1961 – Element 103, Lawrencium, is first synthesized at the University of California.
1962 – First Lady Jacqueline Kennedy takes television viewers on a tour of the White House.
1966 – Australian currency is decimalised.
1979 – Muslims kidnap the American ambassador to Afghanistan, Adolph Dubs who is later killed during a gunfight between his kidnappers & police in Kabul.
1981 – Stardust Disaster - fire in a Dublin nightclub kills 48 people
1983 – United American Bank of Knoxville, Tennessee collapses.
1989 – Reparations for Bhopal Disaster (1984) - Union Carbide agrees to pay $470 million to the Indian government for damages it caused.
1989 – Iranian leader Ruhollah Khomeini issues a fatwa encouraging Muslims to kill the author of The Satanic Verses, Salman Rushdie.
1989 – The first of 24 satellites of the Global Positioning System are placed into orbit.
1990 – 92 people are killed aboard Indian Airlines Flight 605 at Bangalore, India.
1996 – China launches a Long March 3 rocket, carrying the Intelsat 708 satellite. The rocket flies off course 3 seconds after liftoff & crashes into a rural village.
2000 – The spacecraft NEAR Shoemaker enters orbit around asteroid 433 Eros, the first spacecraft to orbit an asteroid.
2002 – Tullaghmurray Lass sinks off the coast of Kilkeel, County Down, Northern Ireland killing three members of the same family on board.
2004 – Roof of the Transvaal water park (Moscow, Russia) collapses, killing more than 25 people, & wounding more than 100 others.
2005 – Lebanese self-made billionaire & business tycoon Rafik Hariri killed, along with 21 others, when explosives equivalent of around 1,000 kg of TNT were detonated as his motorcade drove near the St. George Hotel in Beirut.
2005 – Seven people are killed & 151 wounded in a series of bombings by suspected Al-Qaeda-linked militants that hit the Philippines' Makati financial district in Metro Manila, Davao City, & General Santos City.
2008 – Northern Illinois University shooting - gunman opened fire in a lecture hall of the DeKalb County, Illinois university resulting in 6 fatalities (including gunman) & 18 injuries.
Posted by ALCHEssMIST.
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