February 13 - General (Calendar Date)

February 13th - Basic Facts:
  • February 13 is the 44rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar.
  • There are 321 days remaining until the end of the year (322 in leap years).
  • The preceding day is February 12
  • Next day is February 14.
February 13th Births (Here)

February 13th Deaths (Here)

February 13 Events:

1503 – Disfida di Barletta – the very famous challenge between 13 Italian & 13 French knights near Barletta.
1542 – Catherine Howard is executed for adultery - the 5th wife of Henry VIII of England.
1575 – Henry III of France is crowned at Rheims - he also marries Louise de Lorraine-Vaudémont on the same day.
1633 – Galileo Galilei arrives in Rome for his trial before the Inquisition.
1668 – Spain recognizes Portugal as an independent nation.
1689 – William & Mary are proclaimed co-rulers of England.
1692 – Massacre of Glencoe -about 78 Macdonalds at Glen Coe (in Scotland) are killed early in the morning for not promptly pledging allegiance to the new king, William of Orange.
1815 – The Cambridge Union Society is founded.
1867 – Work begins on the covering of the Zenne, burying Brussels's primary river & creating the modern central boulevards.
1880 – Thomas Edison observes the Edison effect.
1881 – La Citoyenne (feminist newspaper) is first published in Paris by the activist Hubertine Auclert.
1894 – Auguste & Louis Lumière patent the Cinematographe, a combination movie camera & projector.
1914 – In New York City the American Society of Composers, Authors & Publishers is established to protect the copyrighted musical compositions of its members.
1920 – Negro National League is formed.
1934 – The Soviet steamship Cheliuskin sinks in the Arctic Ocean.
1935 – Bruno Hauptmann found guilty of the 1932 kidnapping & murder of the Lindbergh baby, the son of Charles Lindbergh; trial in Flemington, New Jersey.
1945 – The siege of Budapest concludes with the unconditional surrender of German & Hungarian forces to the Red Army (World War II).
1945 – Royal Air Force bombers are dispatched to Dresden, Germany to attack the city with a massive aerial bombardment (World War II).
1955 – Israel obtains 4 of the 7 Dead Sea scrolls.
1960 – France tests its first atomic bomb.
1960 – Black college students stage the first of the Nashville sit-ins at three lunch counters in Nashville, Tennessee.
1967 – American researchers discover the Madrid Codices by Leonardo da Vinci in the National Library of Spain.
1970 – Black Sabbath, arguably the very first heavy metal album, is released.
1971 – South Vietnamese troops invade Laos (Vietnam War, backed by American air & artillery support).
1975 – A fire breaks out in the World Trade Center in New York City, New York.
1978 – Hilton bombing - bomb explodes in a refuse truck outside the Hilton Hotel in Sydney, Australia, killing 2 refuse collectors & a policeman.
1979 – Windstorm strikes western Washington - sinking a half-mile-long section of the Hood Canal Bridge.
1981 – Sewer explosions destroys more than 2 miles of streets in Louisville, Kentucky.
1982 – Río Negro massacre in Guatemala.
1984 – Konstantin Chernenko succeeds the late Yuri Andropov as general secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.
1990 – German reunification - agreement is reached on a two-stage plan to reunite Germany.
1991 – Two laser-guided "smart bombs" destroy the Amiriyah shelter in Baghdad (Gulf War).
2000 – The last original "Peanuts" comic strip appears in newspapers one day after Charles M. Schulz dies.
2001 – An earthquake hits El Salvador (measuring 6.6 on the Richter Scale), killing at least 400.
2004 – The Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics announces the discovery of the universe's largest known diamond, white dwarf star BPM 37093 - named "Lucy" after The Beatles' song "Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds".
2007 – Taiwan opposition leader Ma Ying-jeou resigns as the chairman of the Kuomintang party after being indicted by the Taiwan High Prosecutors Office on charges of embezzlement during his tenure as the mayor of Taipei.
2008 – Australian Prime Minister Kevin Rudd makes a historic apology to the Indigenous Australians & the Stolen Generations.
2010 – A bombing at the German Bakery in Pune, India, kills 10 & injures 60 more.

Posted by ALCHEssMIST.
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