February 12 - General (Calendar Date)

February 12th - Basic Facts:
  • February 12 is the 43rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar.
  • There are 322 days remaining until the end of the year (323 in leap years).
  • The preceding day is February 11
  • Next day is February 13.
February 12th Births (Here)

February 12th Deaths (Here)

February 12 Events:

881 – Pope John VIII crowns Charles the Fat, the King of Italy: Emperor
1429 – Battle of Rouvray (aka Battle of the Herrings) - English forces under Sir John Fastolf defend a supply convoy carrying rations to the army besieging Orleans from attack by the Comte de Clermont & John Stuart.
1502 – Vasco da Gama sets sail from Lisbon, Portugal, on his 2nd voyage to India.
1541 – Santiago, Chile is founded by Pedro de Valdivia.
1554 – Lady Jane Grey is beheaded for treason - a year after claiming the throne of England for 9 days.
1689 – The Convention Parliament convenes & declares that the flight to France in 1688 by James II, the last Roman Catholic British monarch, constitutes an abdication.
1700 – The Great Northern War begins in Northern Europe.
1719 – The Onderlinge van 1719 u.a., the oldest existing life insurance company in the Netherlands is founded.
1733 – James Oglethorpe (Englishman) founds Georgia, the 13th colony of the Thirteen Colonies, & its first city at Savannah (known as Georgia Day).
1771 – Gustav III becomes the King of Sweden.
1816 – The Teatro di San Carlo, the oldest working opera house in Europe, is destroyed by fire.
1817 – An Argentine/Chilean patriotic army defeats Spanish troops on the Battle of Chacabuco - after crossing the Andes.
1818 – Bernardo O'Higgins formally approved the Chilean Declaration of Independence near Concepción, Chile.
1825 – The Creek cede the last of their lands in Georgia to the United States government, & migrate west.
1832 – Ecuador annexes the Galápagos Islands.
1855 – Michigan State University is established.
1870 – Women gain the right to vote in the Utah Territory.
1879 – The first artificial ice rink in North America opens at Gilmore's Park in New York City.
1894 – Anarchist Émile Henry hurls a bomb into Paris's Cafe Terminus, killing one & wounding 20.
1909 – The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) is founded.
1912 – Abdication of Xuantong Emperor of the Manchu Qing dynasty, the last Emperor of China.
1912 – The Republic of China adopts the Gregorian calendar.
1914 – First stone of the Lincoln Memorial is put into place in Washington, D.C.
1924 – Calvin Coolidge becomes the first President of the United States to deliver a political speech on radio.
1934 – The Austrian Civil War begins.
1934 – The Export-Import Bank of the United States is incorporated.
1934 – In Spain the national council of Juntas de Ofensiva Nacional-Sindicalista is inaugurated.
1940 – FBLA-PBL organization is founded.
1946 – Operation Deadlight ends after scuttling 121 of 154 captured U-boats (World War II).
1961 – U.S.S.R. launches Venera 1 towards Venus.
1966 – Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, announces the Six Points in Karachi as the election manifesto of Awami League - later leads to formation of Bangladesh.
1973 – Vietnam War - First United States prisoners of war are released by the Viet Cong.
1974 – Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn is exiled from the Soviet Union.
1976 – Actor Sal Mineo is stabbed to death in West Hollywood.
1990 – Carmen Lawrence - first female Premier in Australian history after she becomes Premier of Western Australia.
1997 – Hwang Jang-yop, secretary in the Workers' Party of Korea & a prime architect of North Korea's Juche doctrine, defects at the South Korean embassy in Beijing along with his aide, Kim Dok-hong.
1999 – President Bill Clinton is acquitted by the United States Senate in his impeachment trial.
2001 – NEAR Shoemaker spacecraft touchdown in the "saddle" region of 433 Eros becoming the first spacecraft to land on an asteroid.
2002 – The trial of former President of Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Slobodan Milošević begins at the United Nations war crimes tribunal in The Hague.
2002 – US Secretary of Energy makes the decision that Yucca Mountain is a suitable site for a deep geological repository for the United States.
2004 – San Francisco, California begins issuing marriage licenses to same-sex couples in response to a directive from Mayor Gavin Newsom.
2007 – A gunman opens fire in a mall in Salt Lake City, killing 5 people wounding 4 others in the Trolley Square shooting.

Posted by ALCHEssMIST.
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