Haiti Geography Facts:
- Haiti - officially the Republic of Haiti.
- Occupies the island of Hispanola along with the Dominican Republic.
- Part of the Greater Antillean archipelago.
- Capital of Haiti is Port-au-Prince.
- Haiti's terrain consists mainly of rugged mountains connected with small coastal plains and river valleys.
- The country's highest point is Pic la Selle (2,680 metres or 8,793 ft).
- The total area of Haiti is 27,750 square kilometres (10,714 sq mi).
- Haiti has been rocked by a huge earthquake (7.0 on Richter scale) on January 12, 2010, at 4:53 p.m. EST.
- Creole- and French-speaking Caribbean country.
- Haiti is the only predominantly Francophone independent nation in the Americas.
- Originally inhabited by the Taíno Arawak Indians (were seafaring South American Arawaks).
- Ayiti (meaning - land of high mountains) was the indigenous Taíno name for this mountainous western (Haiti) side of the island.
- Christopher Columbus landed at Môle Saint-Nicolas (5 December 1492) claiming the whole island for Spain.
- The spanish subsequently exploited the island for its gold.
- The spanish were also responsible for introducing new diseases to the indigenous population, including smallpox, which decimated their numbers.
- As a result, the spanish then started importing African slaves to the island.
- French buccaneers, including Bertrand D'Ogeron, settled in the area & started growing tobacco during the 1600s.
- France & Spain settled hostilities on the island of Hispanola with the Treaty of Ryswick of 1697.
- France obtained the western third of Hispanola island & named it Saint-Domingue.
- The French Revolution in France also contributed to the onset of the Haitian Revolution.
- The government of Haiti is a semi-presidential republic.
- Haiti was the first independent nation in Latin America.
- Interestingly, Haiti is also the only nation whose independence was attained following a successful slave rebellion.
Image - Presidential Palace (prior to earthquake) by Garrett Crawford (cc)
Posted by ALCHEssMIST.
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