January 9th - Basic Facts:
- January 9 is the 9th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar.
- There are 356 days remaining until the end of the year (357 in leap years).
- The preceding day is January 8.
- Next day is January 10.
January 9th Deaths (Here)
January 9th Events:
475 – Byzantine Emperor Zeno flees his capital at Constantinople.
1349 – The Jewish population of Basel, Switzerland, blamed as the cause of the Black Death, is rounded up & incinerated.
1431 – Judges' investigations for the trial of Joan of Arc begin in Rouen, France, the seat of the English occupation government.
1760 – Afghans defeat Marathas in the Battle of Barari Ghat.
1768 – Philip Astley stages the first modern circus in London.
1788 – Connecticut (Nutmeg State) is the 5th state to be admitted to the United States.
1793 – Jean-Pierre Blanchard is the first person to fly in a balloon in the United States (near Woodbury, New Jersey).
1799 – William Pitt (British Prime Minister) to raise funds for the war against Napoleon, introduces income tax (2 shillings in the £).
1806 – Admiral Horatio Lord Nelson receives a state funeral & is interred in St Paul's Cathedral.
1811 – First women's golf tournament takes place in Scotland at Musselburgh.
1816 – Sir Humphry Davy tests the Davy lamp for miners at Hebburn Colliery.
1822 – The Portuguese prince Pedro I of Brazil decides to stay in Brazil against the orders of the Portuguese king João VI - leading to the Brazilian independence process.
1839 – Daguerreotype photography process is announced by The French Academy of Sciences.
1857 – The Californian Fort Tejon earthquake (estimated magnitude 7.9) occurs.
1858 – Anson Jones (last President of the Republic of Texas) commits suicide.
1861 – The "Star of the West" incident (American Civil War) occurs near Charleston, South Carolina.
1861 – Mississippi becomes the 2nd state to secede from the Union before the outbreak of the American Civil War.
1863 – Battle of Fort Hindman (American Civil War) occurs in Arkansas.
1878 – Umberto I becomes King of Italy.
1880 – The Great Gale of 1880 devastates parts of Oregon & Washington.
1894 – New England Telephone & Telegraph installs the 1st battery-operated telephone switchboard in Lexington, Massachusetts.
1902 – New York State outlaws (by a legal bill) flirting in public.
1903 – Hallam Tennyson (2nd Baron Tennyson, son of the famous poet Alfred Tennyson) becomes the 2nd Governor-General of Australia.
1905 – Russian workers march on the Winter Palace - ends in the massacre by Tsarist troops known as 'Bloody Sunday', beginning the Russian Revolution of 1905.
1909 – The South Pole expedition of Ernest Shackleton is forced to turn back.
1916 – The Battle of Gallipoli (World War I) concludes with an Ottoman Empire victory when the last Allied forces are evacuated from the peninsula.
1917 – Battle of Rafa (World War I) occurs near the Egyptian border with Palestine.
1918 – Battle of Bear Valley - last battle of the American Indian Wars.
1920 – Bolsheviks defeat the last of Admiral Koltchak's White Russian troops.
1923 – Juan de la Cierva makes the first autogyro flight at Getafe in Spain.
1929 – Alexander Fleming successfully treats his assistant Stuart Craddick's infection with a penicillin broth.
1941 – First flight of the Avro Lancaster (World War II).
1941 – The Greek Triton (S.112) sinks the Italian submarine Neghelli in Otranto - World War II.
1945 – United States invades Luzon in the Philippines - World War II.
1947 – Elizabeth "Betty" Short, the Black Dahlia, is last seen alive.
1951 – United Nations headquarters officially opens in New York City.
1951 – First British X Certificate film - La Vie Commence Demain (Life Begins Tomorrow).
1957 – Sir Anthony Eden resigns as British Prime Minister following Suez fiasco.
1960 – Work begins on the Aswan High Dam in Egypt.
1964 – Martyrs' Day - several Panamanian youths try to raise the Panamanian flag on the U.S.-controlled Panama Canal Zone.
1969 – First trial flight of Concorde begins in Bristol.
1972 – British Miners strike.
1978 – The Trib, a daily newspaper, is launched in New York.
1987 – Ernest Saunders resigns as chief executive of brewer Guinness.
2005 – Elections are held to replace Yasser Arafat as head of the Palestine Liberation Organization.
Posted by ALCHEssMIST.
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