- January 31 is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar.
- There are 334 days remaining until the end of the year (335 in leap years).
- The preceding day is January 30.
- Next day is February 1.
January 31st Deaths (Here)
January 31 Events:
314 – Silvester becomes Pope of the Catholic Church, succeeding Pope Miltiades.
1504 – France cedes Naples to Aragon.
1606 – Gunpowder Plot - Guy Fawkes is executed for plotting against Parliament & James I of England.
1747 – London Lock Hospital opens first venereal diseases clinic.
1814 – Gervasio Antonio de Posadas becomes Supreme Director of Argentina.
1846 – Following Milwaukee Bridge War, Juneautown & Kilbourntown unified as the City of Milwaukee, Wisconsin.
1849 – Corn Laws are abolished in the United Kingdom (following legislation in 1846).
1862 – The white dwarf star Sirius B, a companion of Sirius, is discovered by Alvan Graham Clark discovers at Northwestern University.
1865 – American Civil War - Confederate General Robert E. Lee becomes general-in-chief.
1867 – Maronite nationalist leader Youssef Karam leaves Lebanon on board a French ship for Algeria
1876 – The United States orders all Native Americans to move into reservations.
1891 – The first attempt at a Portuguese republican revolution breaks out in the northern city of Porto.
1900 – Datu Muhammad Salleh is assassinated in Kampung Teboh, Tambunan - ends the Mat Salleh Rebellion
1915 – World War I - Germany uses poison gas against Russia.
1917 – World War I - Germany announces its U-boats will engage in unrestricted submarine warfare.
1919 – The Battle of George Square takes place in Glasgow, Scotland.
1929 – Soviet Union exiles Leon Trotsky.
1930 – 3M starts marketing Scotch Tape.
1943 – German Field Marshall Friedrich Paulus surrenders to the Soviets at Stalingrad.
1944 – World War II - American forces land on Kwajalein Atoll & other islands in the Marshall Islands.
1944 – During Anzio campaign 1st Ranger Battalion (Darby's Rangers) is destroyed behind enemy lines in an encounter at Battle of Cisterna, Italy. (World War II)
1946 – Yugoslavia's new constitution - establishes 6 constituent republics (Bosnia-Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia & Slovenia).
1950 – President Harry S. Truman announces a program to develop the hydrogen bomb.
1953 – North Sea flood - leads to ~ 1,800 deaths in the Netherlands.
1957 – Mid-air collision between a Douglas DC-7 airliner & a Northrop F-89 Scorpion fighter jet, in Pacoima, California
1958 – Explorer 1 – The first successful launch of an American satellite into orbit (Explorer program).
1958 – James Van Allen discovers the Van Allen radiation belt.
1961 – Mercury-Redstone 2 – Ham the Chimp travels into outer space (Project Mercury).
1966 – Soviet Union launches the unmanned Luna 9 spacecraft as part of the Luna program.
1968 – Tet Offensive - Viet Cong attack the United States embassy in Saigon, & other attacks, in the early morning hours.
1968 – Nauru gains independence from Australia.
1971 – Apollo 14 Mission – Astronauts aboard a Saturn V, lift off for a mission to the Fra Mauro Highlands on the Moon.
1971 – The Winter Soldier Investigation begins in Detroit, Michigan.
1990 – The first Soviet Union McDonald's Restaurant opens in Moscow.
1995 – President Bill Clinton authorizes a $20 billion loan to Mexico to stabilize its economy.
1996 – Explosives-filled truck rams gates of the Central Bank of Sri Lanka in Colombo.
2000 – Alaska Airlines flight 261 MD-83, crashes in the Pacific Ocean off the coast of Point Mugu, California.
2001 – Scottish court (in the Netherlands) convicts Libyan Abdelbaset Ali Mohmed Al Megrahi for the bombing of Pan Am Flight 103 which blew up over Lockerbie, Scotland in 1988.
2003 – Waterfall rail accident - occurs near Waterfall, New South Wales, Australia.
Posted by ALCHEssMIST.
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