January 30th - Basic Facts:
- January 30 is the 30th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar.
- There are 335 days remaining until the end of the year (336 in leap years).
- The preceding day is January 29.
- Next day is January 31.
January 30th Deaths (Here)
January 30 Events:
1048 – The villagers around today´s Baden-Baden elect their own priest in defiance of the local bishop (protestantism religion).
1648 – Eighty Years' War - The Treaty of Münster & Osnabrück is signed, ending the conflict between the Netherlands & Spain.
1649 – King Charles I of England is beheaded.
1661 – Oliver Cromwell is ritually executed two years after his death, on the anniversary of the execution of King Charles I of England.
1790 – First boat specializing as a lifeboat is tested on the River Tyne.
1806 – The original Lower Trenton Bridge (also called the Trenton Makes the World Takes Bridge), which spans the Delaware River is opened.
1820 – Edward Bransfield sights the Trinity Peninsula & claims the discovery of Antarctica.
1826 – The Menai Suspension Bridge (world's first modern suspension bridge), connecting the Isle of Anglesey to the north West Wales, is opened.
1835 – First assassination attempt against a President of the United States, Richard Lawrence attempts to shoot president Andrew Jackson.
1841 – Fire destroys two-thirds of Mayagüez, Puerto Rico.
1847 – Yerba Buena, California is renamed San Francisco.
1862 – The USS Monitor, first American ironclad warship, is launched.
1889 – Archduke Crown Prince Rudolf of Austria (heir to the Austro-Hungarian crown), is found dead with mistress Baroness Mary Vetsera in Mayerling.
1911 – Canadian Naval Service becomes the Royal Canadian Navy.
1913 – Irish Home Rule Bill is rejected by the United Kingdom's House of Lords.
1925 – The Government of Turkey throws Patriarch Constantine VI out of Istanbul.
1933 – Adolf Hitler is sworn in as Chancellor of Germany.
1944 – United States troops land on Majuro (World War II).
1945 – Raid at Cabanatuan: 126 American Rangers & Filipino resistance liberate 500 prisoners from the Cabanatuan POW camp (World War II).
1945 – Hitler gives his last ever public address, a radio address on the 12th anniversary of his coming to power (World War II).
1948 – Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi is assassinated by Nathuram Godse, a Hindu extremist.
1956 – Martin Luther King, Jr.'s home is bombed in retaliation for the Montgomery Bus Boycott.
1960 – African National Party is founded in Chad.
1964 – Ranger program - Ranger 6 is launched.
1968 – Vietnam War - The Tet Offensive begins when Viet Cong forces launch a series of surprise attacks in South Vietnam.
1969 – The Beatles' last public performance, on the roof of Apple Records in London.
1972 – Bloody Sunday - British Paratroopers kill 14 unarmed civil rights/anti internment marchers in Northern Ireland.
1972 – Pakistan withdraws from the Commonwealth of Nations.
1982 – Richard Skrenta writes the first PC virus code - 400 lines long & disguised as an Apple boot program called "Elk Cloner".
1989 – American embassy in Kabul, Afghanistan closes.
1994 – Péter Lékó, at the time, becomes the youngest chess grand master in the world.
1995 – National Institutes of Health announce the success of clinical trials testing the first preventive treatment for sickle-cell disease.
1996 – Gino Gallagher (suspected leader of the Irish National Liberation Army), is killed while waiting in a queue for his unemployment benefit.
1996 – Comet Hyakutake is discovered by amateur astronomer Yuji Hyakutake.
2000 – Kenya Airways Flight 431 crashes into the Atlantic Ocean, off of the Ivory Coast, killing 169.
Posted by ALCHEssMIST.
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