January 3rd - Basic Facts:
- January 3 is the 3rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar.
- There are 362 days remaining until the end of the year (363 in leap years).
- The preceding day is January 2.
- Next day is January 4.
January 3rd Deaths (Here)
January 3rd Events:
1431 – Joan of Arc is handed over to the Bishop Pierre Cauchon.
1496 – Leonardo da Vinci tests a flying machine, unsuccessfully.
1521 – Pope Leo X excommunicates Martin Luther - papal bull Decet Romanum Pontificem.
1749 – Establishment of Vermont - first of the New Hampshire Grants by Benning Wentworth.
1777 – George Washington (general) defeats British general Charles Cornwallis at the Battle of Princeton.
1782 – Sylhet District established.
1815 – secret defensive alliance treaty against Prussia and Russia formed by Austria, the United Kingdom, & France.
1823 – Stephen F. Austin has a grant of land in Texas from the government of Mexico.
1848 – Joseph Jenkins Roberts - first president of the independent African Republic of Liberia.
1861 – American Civil War - Delaware votes not to secede from United States.
1868 – The Tokugawa shogunate is abolished (Meiji Restoration in Japan) - agents of Satsuma & Chōshū seize power.
1870 – Brooklyn Bridge construction begins.
1888 – Lick Observatory refracting telescope (largest in the world at the time) is used for the first time.
1921 – Turkey makes peace with Armenia.
1924 – Howard Carter (British explorer) discovers the sarcophagus of Tutankhamen in the Valley of the Kings, near Luxor, Egypt.
1925 – Italian Benito Mussolini announces the taking of dictatorial powers over Italy.
1932 – Honduras declares martial law to prevent a revolt by banana workers fired by United Fruit.
1938 – President Franklin D. Roosevelt establishes The March of Dimes.
1944 – Top Ace Major Greg "Pappy" Boyington (World War II) is shot down in his Corsair by Captain Masajiro Kawato flying a Zero.
1945 – Admiral Chester W Nimitz is placed in command of all U.S. Naval forces (World War II) in preparation for planned assaults against Iwo Jima, Okinawa & Japan.
1947 – U.S. Congress proceedings televised for the 1st time.
1953 – Frances Bolton & son, Oliver from Ohio, are the first mother & son to serve together in the U.S. Congress.
1956 – Fire damages the top of the Eiffel Tower.
1957 – First electric watch introduced by the Hamilton Watch Company.
1958 – The West Indies Federation is formed.
1959 – Alaska is admitted as 49th U.S. State.
1961 – United States cuts diplomatic relations with Cuba.
1961 – The SL-1, a nuclear reactor (near Idaho Falls, Idaho) leaks radiation, killing 3 workers.
1962 – Pope John XXIII excommunicates Fidel Castro.
1977 – The company Apple Computer is incorporated.
1988 – Margaret Thatcher becomes longest-serving British Prime Minister of the 20th Century.
1990 – Former Panama leader Manuel Noriega surrenders to American forces.
1993 – George H. W. Bush & Boris Yeltsin sign the second Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (START) in Moscow.
1994 – An Aeroflot Tupolev TU-154 crashes and explodes after takeoff from Irkutsk, Russia.
1994 – Over 7 million people from former Apartheid Homelands, receive South African citizenship.
1997 – China announces it will spend $27.7 billion USD to fight erosion & pollution in the Yangtze & Yellow river valleys.
1999 – The Mars Polar Lander is launched.
2004 – Flight 604 (of Flash Airlines, an Egyptian airliner), a Boeing 737 plunges into the Red Sea, killing all passengers.
2007 – National Express has a severe coach crash near Heathrow Airport.
Posted by ALCHEssMIST.
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