January 20th - Basic Facts:
- January 20 is the 20th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar.
- There are 345 days remaining until the end of the year (346 in leap years).
- The preceding day is January 19.
- Next day is January 21.
January 20th Deaths (Here)
January 20th Events:
250 – Emperor Decius begins a widespread persecution of Christians in Rome.
250 – Pope Fabian is martyred.
1265 – In Westminster, the first English parliament conducts its first meeting held by Simon de Montfort in the Palace of Westminster ("Houses of Parliament").
1320 – Duke Wladyslaw Lokietek becomes king of Poland.
1356 – Edward Balliol abdicates as King of Scotland.
1502 – The first exploration of present-day location of Rio de Janeiro.
1523 – Christian II is forced to abdicate as King of Denmark & Norway.
1576 – León (Mexican city) is founded by order of the viceroy Don Martín Enríquez de Almanza.
1649 – Charles I of England goes on trial for treason & other "high crimes".
1667 – Treaty of Andrusovo - Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth cedes Kiev, Smolensk, & left-bank Ukraine to the Tsardom of Russia.
1783 – Revolutionary War (end of hostilities) - The Kingdom of Great Britain signs a peace treaty with France & Spain.
1788 – The 3rd & main part of First Fleet arrives at Botany Bay.
1788 – Arthur Phillip decides that Botany Bay is unsuitable for penal colony, moving to Port Jackson.
1801 – John Marshall is appointed the Chief Justice of the United States.
1839 – Battle of Yungay - Chile defeats an alliance between Peru & Bolivia.
1840 – Dumont D'Urville discovers Adélie Land, Antarctica.
1841 – Hong Kong Island is occupied by the British.
1885 – L.A. Thompson patents the roller coaster.
1887 – The United States Senate allows the Navy to lease Pearl Harbor as a naval base.
1892 – First official basketball game is played at the YMCA in Springfield, Massachusetts.
1920 – The American Civil Liberties Union is founded.
1921 – The first Constitution of Turkey is adopted.
1936 – Edward VIII becomes King of the United Kingdom.
1937 – Franklin Roosevelt is inaugurated for a 2nd term as President of the United States.
1942 – Wannsee Conference - Held in the Berlin suburb of Wannsee, senior Nazi German officials decided on the "Final Solution to the Jewish Question", accelerating The Holocaust (World War II).
1945 – Hungary agrees to an armistice with the Allies (World War II).
1959 – Vickers Vanguard first flight.
1960 – Hendrik Verwoerd announces a plebiscite on whether South Africa should become a Republic.
1961 – John F. Kennedy is inaugurated as the youngest man elected as President of the United States.
1981 – Iran releases 52 American hostages twenty minutes after Ronald Reagan is inaugurated as U.S. President.
1986 – Martin Luther King, Jr. day is celebrated as a federal holiday for the first time.
1987 – Terry Waite (Church of England envoy) is kidnapped in Lebanon.
1990 – Black January – crackdown of Azerbaijani pro-independence demonstrations by Soviet army in Baku.
1991 – Sudan's government imposes Islamic law nationwide.
1999 – The China News Service announces new government restrictions on Internet use aimed especially at Internet cafés.
2001 – Joseph Estrada (Philippine president) is ousted in a nonviolent 4-day revolution, to be succeeded by Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo.
2009 – Barack Obama is inaugurated as the 44th President of the United States of America.
Posted by ALCHEssMIST.
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