January 19th - Basic Facts:
- January 19 is the 19th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar.
- There are 346 days remaining until the end of the year (347 in leap years).
- The preceding day is January 18.
- Next day is January 20.
January 19th Deaths (Here)
January 19th Events:
1419 – Hundred Years' War - Rouen surrenders to Henry V of England - completing reconquest of Normandy.
1511 – Mirandola surrenders to the French.
1520 – Battle of Bogesund - Sten Sture the Younger (Regent of Sweden) is mortally wounded.
1607 – San Agustin Church in Manila is officially completed - oldest church still standing in the Philippines.
1764 – John Wilkes expelled from the British House of Commons for seditious libel.
1788 – First Fleet - the 2nd group of ships arrives at Botany Bay, Australia.
1795 – The Batavian Republic is proclaimed in the Netherlands.
1806 – United Kingdom occupies the Cape of Good Hope.
1812 – Peninsular War - Following a 10 day siege, Arthur Wellesley orders British soldiers to storm Ciudad Rodrigo.
1817 – General José de San Martín & army crosses the Andes from Argentina to liberate Chile & then Peru.
1829 – Johann Wolfgang von Goethe's Faust Part 1 receives its premiere performance.
1839 – The British East India Company captures Aden.
1840 – Captain Charles Wilkes circumnavigates Antarctica.
1853 – Giuseppe Verdi's opera Il Trovatore receives its premiere performance in Rome.
1862 – Battle of Mill Springs (American Civil War) – Confederacy suffers its first significant defeat in the conflict.
1871 – Battle of St. Quentin (Franco-Prussian War) is fought - decisive Prussian victory.
1883 – The first electric lighting system using overhead wires (by Thomas Edison) begins service at Roselle, New Jersey.
1899 – Anglo-Egyptian Sudan is formed.
1915 – Neon discharge tube patented by Georges Claude for use in advertising.
1915 – World War I - German zeppelins bomb the towns of Great Yarmouth & King's Lynn.
1917 – Silvertown explosion - explosion in a munitions plant in London.
1918 – The first serious battles between the Red Guards & the White Guard (Finnish Civil War).
1920 – The United States Senate votes against joining the League of Nations.
1937 – Howard Hughes sets a new air record by flying from Los Angeles, California to New York City - time of 7 hours, 28 minutes, 25 seconds.
1942 – Japanese forces invade Burma (World War II).
1945 – Soviet forces liberate the Łódź ghetto - from 200,000 inhabitants, less than 900 survived the Nazi occupation (World War II).
1946 – International Military Tribunal - General Douglas MacArthur established in Tokyo to try Japanese war criminals.
1949 – Cuba recognizes Israel.
1953 – I Love Lucy program - Lucy gives birth - watched by 68% of all television sets in the United States.
1975 – An earthquake strikes Himachal Pradesh, India
1977 – President Gerald Ford pardons Iva Toguri D'Aquino (a.k.a. "Tokyo Rose").
1977 – Snow falls in Miami, Florida - the only time in recorded history.
1978 – Last Volkswagen Beetle made in Germany leaves VW's plant in Emden.
1981 – Iran Hostage Crisis - United States & Iranian officials sign an agreement leading to release of 52 American hostages after 14 months of captivity.
1983 – Nazi war criminal Klaus Barbie is arrested in Bolivia.
1983 – The Apple Lisa - first commercial personal computer from Apple Inc. which had graphical user interface & a computer mouse, is announced.
1991 – SCUD attack from Iraq causes 15 injuries in Israel (Gulf War).
1993 – Czech Republic & Slovakia join the United Nations.
1997 – Yasser Arafat returns to Hebron after more than 30 years & joins celebrations over the handover of the last Israeli-controlled West Bank city.
2006 – The New Horizons probe is launched by NASA on the first mission to Pluto.
2007 – Armenian Journalist Hrant Dink is assassinated by Turkish ultranationalist Ogün Samast.
Posted by ALCHEssMIST.
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