January 18th - Basic Facts:
- January 18 is the 18th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar.
- There are 347 days remaining until the end of the year (348 in leap years).
- The preceding day is January 17.
- Next day is January 19.
January 18th Deaths (Here)
January 18th Events:
350 – Generallus Magnentius deposes Roman Emperor Constans & proclaims himself Emperor.
474 – Leo II briefly becomes Byzantine emperor.
532 – Nika riots in Constantinople fail.
1126 – Emperor Huizong abdicates the Chinese throne in favour of his son Emperor Qinzong.
1486 – King Henry VII of England marries Elizabeth of York (daughter of Edward IV).
1520 – King Christian II of Denmark & Norway defeats the Swedes at Lake Åsunden.
1535 – Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro founds Lima (capital of Peru).
1562 – Pope Pius IV reopens the Council of Trent for 3rd & final session.
1591 – King Naresuan of Siam kills Crown Prince Minchit Sra of Burma in single combat - date is now observed marked as Royal Thai Armed Forces day.
1670 – Henry Morgan captures Panama.
1701 – Frederick I becomes King of Prussia.
1777 – Representatives of the New Hampshire Grants declare the independence of the Vermont Republic from Britain.
1778 – Captain James Cook is the first known European to discover the Hawaiian Islands - naming them the "Sandwich Islands".
1788 – First elements of the First Fleet arrive at Botany Bay - carrying 736 convicts from England to Australia.
1861 – Georgia joins South Carolina, Florida, Mississippi, & Alabama in seceding from the United States (American Civil War).
1866 – Wesley College, Melbourne is established.
1871 – Wilhelm I of Germany is proclaimed the first German Emperor in the "Hall of Mirrors" of the Palace of Versailles.
1884 – Dr. William Price attempts to cremate the body of his infant son, Jesus Christ Price - legal precedent for cremation in the UK.
1886 – Modern field hockey is created with the formation of The Hockey Association in England.
1896 – The X-ray machine is exhibited for the first time.
1903 – President Theodore Roosevelt sends a radio message to King Edward VII - 1st transatlantic radio transmission from United States.
1911 – First time an aircraft lands on a ship - Eugene B. Ely lands on the deck of the USS Pennsylvania.
1913 – Naval Battle of Lemnos - Greek flotilla defeats the Ottoman Navy in the First Balkan War.
1915 – Japan issues the "Twenty-One Demands" to the Republic of China in a bid to increase its power in East Asia.
1919 – The Paris Peace Conference opens in Versailles, France (World War I).
1919 – Ignacy Jan Paderewski becomes Prime Minister of newly independent Poland.
1919 – Bentley Motors Limited is founded.
1943 – Warsaw Ghetto Uprising - 1st uprising of Jews in the Warsaw Ghetto.
1944 – The Metropolitan Opera House(New York City) hosts first jazz concert.
1944 – Siege of Leningrad - Soviet forces liberate Leningrad, ending a 3 year Nazi siege.
1945 – Red Army liberates Budapest ghetto.
1955 – Battle of Yijiangshan is fought.
1967 – Albert DeSalvo, the "Boston Strangler" - convicted & sentenced to life imprisonment.
1974 – A Disengagement of Forces agreement signed between the Israeli & Egyptian governments, ends conflict (Egyptian front of the Yom Kippur War).
1977 – Cause of Legionnaires' disease found.
1977 – Granville rail disaster, Sydney..
1978 – United Kingdom government found guilty of mistreating prisoners in Northern Ireland (The European Court of Human Rights).
1983 – The International Olympic Committee restores Jim Thorpe's Olympic medals to his family.
1990 – Marion Barry (Washington, D.C. Mayor) is arrested for drug possession in an FBI sting.
1993 – Martin Luther King, Jr. Day is officially observed for the first time in all 50 US states.
1994 – The Cando event - possible bolide impact in Cando, Spain.
1997 – Rwanda - Hutu militia members kill 3 Spanish aid workers, 3 soldiers & seriously wound one other.
1997 – Boerge Ousland of Norway - 1st person to cross Antarctica alone & unaided.
1998 – Lewinsky scandal - Matt Drudge (website The Drudge Report) breaks the story of the Bill Clinton-Monica Lewinsky affair.
2000 – The Tagish Lake meteorite impacts the Earth.
2002 – Sierra Leone Civil War is finally declared over.
2005 – The Airbus A380 (world's largest commercial jet) - unveiled at a ceremony in Toulouse, France.
Posted by ALCHEssMIST.
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