January 13th - Basic Facts:
- January 13 is the 13th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar.
- There are 352 days remaining until the end of the year (353 in leap years).
- The preceding day is January 12.
- Next day is January 14.
January 13th Deaths (Here)
January 13th Events:
1294 – Saint Celestine V resigns the papacy after only 5 months, hoping to return to being an ascetic hermit.
1545 – Council of Trent begins.
1577 – Sir Francis Drake leaves from Plymouth, England, on his round-the-world voyage.
1636 – The Massachusetts Bay Colony (future United States National Guard founders) organizes 3 militia regiments to defend the colony against the Pequot Indians.
1642 – Abel Janszoon Tasman reaches New Zealand.
1643 – The Battle of Alton takes place in Hampshire (English Civil War).
1769 – Dartmouth College is founded by the Rev. Eleazar Wheelock, with a Royal Charter from King George III.
1809 – Dr. Ephraim McDowell performed the 1st ovariotomy, removing a 22 pound tumor.
1862 – Battle of Fredericksburg, Confederate General Robert E. Lee defeats the Union Major General Ambrose E. Burnside (American Civil War).
1867 – Fenian bomb explodes in Clerkenwell, London.
1937 – Battle of Nanjing – Nanjing, defended by the National Revolutionary Army under the command of General Tang Shengzhi, falls to the Japanese (Second Sino-Japanese War).
1937 – Nanjing Massacre - Japanese troops begin raping & killing of civilians & suspected Chinese resistance after the fall of Nanjing.
1938 – The Neuengamme concentration camp opens in the Bergedorf district of Hamburg, Germany (The Holocaust).
1939 – World War II - Battle of the River Plate.
1941 – World War II - Hungary & Romania declare war on the United States.
1943 – World War II - The Massacre of Kalavryta by German occupying forces in Greece.
1949 – The Knesset votes to move the capital of Israel to Jerusalem.
1959 – Archbishop Makarios becomes the first President of Cyprus.
1962 – NASA "Relay 1" launch, first active repeater communications satellite in orbit.
1967 – Constantine II of Greece attempts an unsuccessful counter-coup against the Regime of the Colonels
1968 – Brazilian president Artur da Costa e Silva decrees the AI-5 (or the fifth Institutional Act), which lasts until 1978.
1972 – Apollo program - Eugene Cernan & Harrison Schmitt begin the 3rd & final Moonwalk of Apollo 17.
1974 – Malta becomes a republic.
1979 – The Canadian Government of Prime Minister Joe Clark is defeated in the House of Commons, prompting the 1980 Canadian election.
1981 – General Wojciech Jaruzelski declares martial law in Poland to prevent dismantling of the communist system by Solidarity.
1988 – Palestinian Leader Yasser Arafat gives a speech at the UN general assembly in the Austrian city of Geneva.
1989 – Attack on Derryard checkpoint: The Provisional IRA attack a British Army permanent vehicle checkpoint near Rosslea, Northern Ireland.
2001 – Indian Parliament Sansad is attacked by terrorists.
2002 – European Union enlarged - Announced that Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia, & Slovenia will become members from May 1, 2004.
2003 – Saddam Hussein is captured near his home town of Tikrit (Operation Red Dawn).
2004 – General Augusto Pinochet (former Chilean dictator) placed under house arrest following accusations of kidnapping & manslaughter; house arrest is lifted the same day on appeal.
2006 – The Baiji (Chinese River Dolphin) is announced as extinct.
Posted by ALCHEssMIST.
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