Thursday

Kings Play Chess On Frosted Glass Surfaces (Mnemonic)


Kings Play Chess On Frosted Glass Surfaces (KPCOFGS) is another mnemonic for remembering the classification of living organisms. See other Kings Play Chess mnemonics.

Kings - Kingdom
Play - Phylum
Chess - Class
On - Order
Frosted - Family
Glass - Genus
Surfaces - Species

Related Links:


Image by Dědeček on Flickr (cc)


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Pastourelle (Word Definition) French Medieval Poetry


Pastourelle Definitions:
"a type of poetry concerning the romance of a shepherdess". [Wiktionary]

"A French (or Provençcal) medieval lyric characterized by its pastoral theme, usually the attempted seduction of a shepherdess by a gallant knight. Many examples survive from the troubadour and trouvère repertory of the 12th and 13th centuries." [Answers.com]
Pastourelle Interesting Facts:
  • The pastourelle poetic form contrasts with that of songs of courtly love.
  • In courtly love the object of desire is a noble lady where clear social constraints dictate events.
  • In the pastourelle, a commoner is the object of desire, with less refined associations-outcomes described or implied.
  • The point of view of a pastourelle is that of the man (knight).
Pastourelle Origins & History:
  • From the French.
  • Pastourelle is the French spelling of the Occitan word Pastorella.
  • Typically an Old French lyric form concerning the romance of a shepherdess (pictured).
  • This poetic form originated with the medieval troubadour poets of the 12th century.
  • In particular the form is associated with the poet Marcabru.
  • In the early pastourelles, the poet knight meets a shepherdess who gets the better of him in a wit battle, but also displays general coyness.
  • The poet knight (narrator) usually has sexual relations with the shepherdess, either by consent or rape.
  • Later examples of this poetic form moved toward pastoral poetry by having a shepherd & also sometimes a love quarrel.
  • Pastourelle, as a poetic troubadour form, blended with goliard poetry & was practiced in France & Occitan until the Carmina Burana of c. 1230.
  • The pastourelle, in Spanish literature, influenced the serranilla.
  • By the 15th century pastourelles existed in French, English, Welsh & German.

Image - Painting of a Shepherdess by
William Bouguereau - 'Pastourelle'

Tags:
Courtly Love - French - Knight - Medieval - Occitan - Pastourelle - Poetry - Seduction - Shepherdess - Troubadour - William Bouguereau

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Metacriticism (Word Definition)

Metacriticism Important Points:
  • Criticism of criticism.
  • The examination of the principles, methods, & terms of criticism.
  • This may be general, as in critical theory.
  • Alternatively, it may be more focussed such as the study of critical debates or particular critics.
  • The term generally implies the assessment of the principles associated with critical interpretation & judgement.
Other Definitions:
"A criticism of criticism, the goal of which is to scrutinize systematically the terminology, logic, and structure that undergird critical and theoretical discourse in general or any particular mode of such discourse." [Greig E. Henderson & Christopher Brown, University of Toronto]
"The examination of the principles, methods, and terms of criticism." [Ethnographic Thesaurus]

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