Wednesday

Kings Play Chess On Fairly Good Soft Velvet (Mnemonic)


Kings Play Chess On Fairly Good Soft Velvet (KPCOFGS) is another mnemonic for remembering the classification of living organisms. See other Kings Play Chess mnemonics.

Kings - Kingdom
Play - Phylum
Chess - Class
On - Order
Fairly - Family
Good - Genus
Soft - Species
Velvet - Variety

Related Links:

Image - Velvet Fabric

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Paul Wells (Hanged For Forgery, 1749)

Paul Wells' Conviction For Forgery:
  • Paul Wells, a young man, was tried for forgery at the Oxford assizes in 1749.
  • Wells had altered the date on a bond, so that he would not need to pay it till the next year.
  • This case of forgery was technically a capital offence.
  • The judge for the trial was a Mr Justice Willes.
  • In view of the relatively trivial nature of the forgery, Mr Justice Willes had assured Paul Wells that a pardon was very likely when the judgement and recommendation was sent to the King.
  • Unfortunately for Paul Wells, King George II greatly disliked the Prince of Wales who was a good friend of Judge Willes.
  • As a result, King George II rejected the judgement (the pardon recommended by Mr Justice Willes).
  • Paul Wells was hanged at Oxford on September 1, 1749.
Quote About Paul Wells:
Of Paul Wells it was said that, 'Wine, Dainties, and Women he embrac'd with open Arms, and with great Rapidity rush'd on his Ruin' (Anon. 1749: 8-9). [1]

References:
[1] - Anon. (1749) An Authentick Account of the Life of Paul Wells, Gent, Who was Executed at Oxford, Sept. 1. 1749, for Forgery. 2nd ed. London.


Tags:

Forgery - Hanging - King - Oxford - Prince of Wales - Trial

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Paronomasia (Punning) Word Definition

Paronomasia General Details:
  • Punning (pun).
  • The term was used in ancient rhetoric.
  • As a noun, refers to any play on the sounds of words.
  • The adjective form is - paronomastic
Paronomasia History:
  • Origin between 1570-1580.
  • Via Latin from Greek.

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Collective Unconscious (Analytical Psychology)

Collective Unconscious Background:
  • Analytical psychology term.
  • Term introduced by Carl Jung (1875-1961) for possible inborn racial memory.
  • He believed this to be the possible primitive source of the symbols (archetypes or universal) found in poetry, dreams & legends.
Carl Jung Regarding Collective Unconscious (Quote):
“My thesis then, is as follows: in addition to our immediate consciousness, which is of a thoroughly personal nature and which we believe to be the only empirical psyche (even if we tack on the personal unconscious as an appendix), there exists a second psychic system of a collective, universal, and impersonal nature which is identical in all individuals. This collective unconscious does not develop individually but is inherited. It consists of pre-existent forms, the archetypes, which can only become conscious secondarily and which give definite form to certain psychic contents.” [From Book - Archetypes and the Collective Unconscious]

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Parliament (United Kingdom) Sovereignty

General Details:
  • European Union (EU) Law take precedence over national law.
  • This means that parliament is no longer the supreme law-maker.
  • Domestic (UK) courts have a duty to apply EU law in preference to national (UK) law.
Merchant Shipping Act (1988) Validity:
  • This act was successfully challenged applying European Union law.
  • There was a conflict with the Treaty of Rome.
  • Case: R v Secretary of State for Transport, ex parte Factortame (1990).

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