Tuesday

100 Greatest Britons (BBC Poll, 2002)

The BBC conducted a poll in 2002 to discover the 100 Greatest Britons:
  1. Winston Churchill, (1874-1965) - Prime Minister (1940-1945, 19511955)
  2. Isambard Kingdom Brunel, (18061859) - Engineer.
  3. Diana, Princess of Wales (19611997) - First wife of Charles, Prince of Wales, & mother of Prince William & Prince Harry of Wales.
  4. Charles Darwin (18091882) - Naturalist; the originator of the theory of evolution through natural selection & author of 'On the Origin of Species'.
  5. William Shakespeare (1564–1616) - English poet & playwright.
  6. Sir Isaac Newton (1643–1727) - Mathematician, physicist, astronomer, natural philosopher, & alchemist.
  7. Queen Elizabeth I of England (1533-1603) - Monarch (reigned 1558-1603).
  8. John Lennon (19401980) - Musician with The Beatles.
  9. Vice Admiral Horatio Nelson, 1st Viscount Nelson (17581805) - Naval commander.
  10. Oliver Cromwell (1599–1658) - Lord Protector.
  11. Sir Ernest Shackleton (18741922) - Polar explorer.
  12. Captain James Cook (17281779) - Explorer.
  13. Robert Baden-Powell, 1st Baron Baden-Powell (18571941) - Boy Scouts & Girl Guides founder.
  14. Alfred the Great (849?–899) - King of Wessex (reigned 871–899).
  15. Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington (17691852) - Military commander, statesman & Prime Minister 18281830 & 1834.
  16. Margaret Thatcher, Baroness Thatcher (1925-) - Prime Minister (19791990).
  17. Michael Crawford (1942-) - Actor & singer.
  18. Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom (18191901) - Monarch (reigned 18371901).
  19. Sir Paul McCartney (1942-) - Musician with The Beatles.
  20. Sir Alexander Fleming (18811955) - Biologist, pharmacologist, discoverer of penicillin.
  21. Alan Turing (19121954) - Pioneer of computing.
  22. Michael Faraday (17911867) - Scientist.
  23. Owain Glyndŵr (1359–1416) - Prince of Wales.
  24. Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom (1926-) - Reigning monarch (from 1952).
  25. Professor Stephen Hawking (born 1942) - Theoretical physicist.
  26. William Tyndale (1494–1536) - English translator of the Bible.
  27. Emmeline Pankhurst (18581928) - Suffragette.
  28. William Wilberforce (17591833) - Humanitarian.
  29. David Bowie (1947-) - Musician.
  30. Guy Fawkes (1570–1606) - English revolutionary.
  31. Leonard Cheshire, Baron Cheshire (19171992) - Aviator & charity organiser.
  32. Eric Morecambe (19261984) - Comedian.
  33. David Beckham (1975-) - Footballer.
  34. Thomas Paine (17371809) - Political philosopher.
  35. Boudica (died c.60) - Leader of Celtic resistance to Roman Empire.
  36. Sir Steve Redgrave (1962-) - Olympic rower.
  37. Saint Thomas More (1478–1535) - English saint, lawyer & politician.
  38. William Blake (17571827) - Author, poet, painter & printer.
  39. John Harrison (1693–1776) - Clock designer.
  40. King Henry VIII of England (1491–1547) - Monarch (reigned 1509–1547).
  41. Charles Dickens (18121870) - Author.
  42. Sir Frank Whittle (19071996) - Jet engine inventor.
  43. John Peel (19392004) - Broadcaster.
  44. John Logie Baird (18881946) - Television pioneer.
  45. Aneurin Bevan (18971960) - Labour politician, helped in formation of the National Health Service.
  46. Boy George (1961-) - Musician with Culture Club.
  47. Sir Douglas Bader (19101982) - Aviator & charity campaigner.
  48. Sir William Wallace (c.1270–1305) - Guardian of Scotland.
  49. Sir Francis Drake (c.1540–1596) - English naval commander.
  50. John Wesley (17031791) - Methodism founder.
  51. King Arthur - Celtic monarch of legend.
  52. Florence Nightingale (18201910) - Nurse.
  53. T. E. Lawrence (Lawrence of Arabia) (18881935) - Soldier & arabist.
  54. Robert Falcon Scott (18681912) - Polar explorer.
  55. Enoch Powell (19121998) - Politician.
  56. Sir Cliff Richard (1940-) - Musician.
  57. Alexander Graham Bell (18471922) - Telephone pioneer.
  58. Freddie Mercury (19461991) - Musician with band Queen.
  59. Dame Julie Andrews (1935-) - Actress & singer.
  60. Sir Edward Elgar (18571934) - Composer.
  61. Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother (19002002) - Queen consort.
  62. George Harrison (19432001) - Musician with The Beatles.
  63. Sir David Attenborough (1926-) - Broadcaster.
  64. James Connolly (18681916) - Scottish born leader of the Irish 1916 rising.
  65. George Stephenson (17811848) - Railway pioneer.
  66. Sir Charlie Chaplin (18891977) - Comic actor, film director.
  67. Tony Blair (1953-) - Prime Minister (19972007).
  68. William Caxton (c.1415~1422–c.1492) - English printer.
  69. Bobby Moore (19411993) - Footballer; Captain of England 1966 World Cup winning team.
  70. Jane Austen (17751817) - Author.
  71. William Booth (18291912) - Founder of Salvation Army.
  72. King Henry V of England (1387–1422) - Monarch (reigned 1413–1422).
  73. Aleister Crowley (18751947) - Occultist, writer, social provocateur; founder of Thelema.
  74. Robert the Bruce (1274–1329) - King of Scots.
  75. Bob Geldof (1951-) - Irish musician, philanthropist.
  76. The Unknown Warrior - Soldier of the Great War.
  77. Robbie Williams (1974-) - Musician; previous member of Take That.
  78. Edward Jenner (17491823) - Pioneer of vaccination.
  79. David Lloyd George, 1st Earl Lloyd George (18631945) - Prime Minister (19161922).
  80. Charles Babbage (17911871) - Computing pioneer & mathematician.
  81. Geoffrey Chaucer (c.1343–1400) - Medieval author.
  82. King Richard III of England (1452–1485) - Monarch (reigned 1483–1485).
  83. J.K. Rowling (1965-) - Harry Potter Series author.
  84. James Watt (1736–1819) - Steam engine developer.
  85. Sir Richard Branson (1950-) - Businessman.
  86. Bono (1960-) - Irish musician (Singer for Rock Band U2), philanthropist.
  87. John Lydon (Johnny Rotten) (1956-) - Musician.
  88. Bernard Law Montgomery, 1st Viscount Montgomery of Alamein (18871976) - Military commander.
  89. Donald Campbell (19211967) - Water speed world record challenger.
  90. King Henry II of England (1133–1189) - Monarch (reigned 1154–1189).
  91. James Clerk Maxwell (18311879) - Physicist.
  92. J.R.R. Tolkien (18921973) - Author & philologist.
  93. Sir Walter Raleigh (1552–1618) - English explorer.
  94. King Edward I of England (1239–1307) - Monarch (reigned 1272–1307).
  95. Sir Barnes Wallis (18871979) - Aviation technology pioneer.
  96. Richard Burton (19251984) - Actor.
  97. Tony Benn (1925-) - Politician; formerly 2nd Viscount Stangate.
  98. David Livingstone (18131873) - Missionary & explorer.
  99. Sir Tim Berners-Lee (1955-) - Internet pioneer & World Wide Web inventor.
  100. Marie Stopes (18801958) - Birth control promoter.

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Henry VIII's All-Encompassing Statute Of 1536


In 1536 Henry VIII signed the following all-encompassing statute entitled:
An Act for the Continue of the Statutes for Beggars and Vagabonds; and against Conveyance of Horses and Mares out of this Realm; against Welshmen making Affrays in the Counties of Hereford, Gloucester and Salop; and against the vice of Buggery.

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