FIDE General Facts:
- The Fédération Internationale des Échecs or World Chess Federation.
- International organization that connects the various national chess federations around the world.
- Acts as the governing body of international chess competition.
- Usually known as FIDE from its French acronym.
- Its motto is Gens una sumus, meaning "We are one people".
- FIDE controls the International Chess Elo Ratings list.
- FIDE was founded in Paris, France on July 20, 1924, as a kind of players' union.
- Alekhine, the reigning world champion in 1928, agreed to place future matches for the world title under the auspices of FIDE.
- Max Euwe, whilst negotiating his 1937 World Championship re-match with Alexander Alekhine, proposed that if he retained the title FIDE should manage both nomination of future challengers and also conduct the championship matches.
- FIDE was involved in a number of controversies with the late Bobby Fischer regarding candidates matches, & subsequent defense of his world title.
- During Max Euwe's period as president of FIDE (1970-1978) he strove to increase the number of member countries.
- The next president, Florencio Campomanes (president 1982-1995) of the Philippines, continued the policy started by Euwe.
- As a result of there now being alot more weak chess playing nations, it has been commented that FIDE decisions could be easily manipulated.
- Further controversy erupted in 1992 when Kasparov & Nigel Short concluded that FIDE had failed to get them the best financial deal available & so announced that they would "play under a new body, the "Professional Chess Association" (PCA).
- The 2 separate World Championships (FIDE & PCA) were not rejoined until 2006 when a re-unification match was played between Vladimir Kramnik & Veselin Topalov, which Kramnik won.
- The current FIDE president is Kirsan Ilyumzhinov.
- Kirsan Ilyumzhinov is also president of Kalmykia, an autonomous Republic in Russia.
- FIDE has also become recognised by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) in 1999.
- There has, however, been considerable controversy regarding the introduction of the IOC's anti-drugs rules to chess competition.
- The implementation of IOC anti-drugs rules relates to FIDE's attempts at becoming part of the Olympic Games movement.
- 1924–1949 - Alexander Rueb (25 years)
- 1949–1970 - Folke Rogard (21 years)
- 1970–1978 - Max Euwe (8 years)
- 1978–1982 - Friðrik Ólafsson (4 years)
- 1982–1995 - Florencio Campomanes (13 years)
- 1995–present - Kirsan Ilyumzhinov ((14 years as of 2009)
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Posted by ALCHEssMIST.
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