Saturday

Ghostbusters (Song by Ray Parker, Jr.) Theme from Ghostbusters (Film)


Important Facts:
  • "Ghostbusters" is a 1984 song recorded by Ray Parker, Jr.
  • The song is performed in the key of B major.
  • Parker recounts that he was approached by the Ghostbuster film producers to create a theme song.
  • Ray Parker hit upon the idea of writing the song as a pseudo-advertising jingle.
Song Plaudits:
  • Number one on the Billboard Hot 100 on August 11 in 1984, staying for 3 weeks.
  • Number two on the UK Singles Chart for 3 weeks in the summer of 1984.
  • Nominated for the Academy Award for Best Music, Original Song 1984.
Recent Popular Culture:


Ray Parker Jr - Ghostbusters




GHOSTBUSTERS (Lyrics):

If there's something strange
in your neighborhood
Who ya gonna call?
GHOSTBUSTERS

If there's something weird
and it don't look good
Who ya gonna call?
GHOSTBUSTERS

I ain't afraid of no ghosts
I ain't afraid of no ghosts

If you're seeing things
running through your head
Who can ya call?
GHOSTBUSTERS

An invisible man
sleeping in your bed
Who ya gonna call?
GHOSTBUSTERS

I ain't afraid of no ghosts
I ain't afraid of no ghosts

Who ya gonna call?
GHOSTBUSTERS

If ya all alone
pick up the phone
and call
GHOSTBUSTERS

I ain't afraid of no ghosts
I here it likes the girls
I ain't afraid of no ghost
Yeah Yeah Yeah Yeah

Who ya gonna call?
GHOSTBUSTERS

If you've had a dose of a
freaky ghost baby
Ya better call
GHOSTBUSTERS

Lemme tell ya something
Bustin' makes me feel good!

I ain't afraid of no ghosts
I ain't afraid of no ghosts

Don't get caught alone no no

GHOSTBUSTERS

When it comes through your door
Unless you just want some more
I think you better call
GHOSTBUSTERS

Who ya gonna call?
GHOSTBUSTERS

Who ya gonna call?
GHOSTBUSTERS

I think you better call
GHOSTBUSTERS

Who ya gonna call?
GHOSTBUSTERS

I can't hear you
Who ya gonna call?
GHOSTBUSTERS

Louder
GHOSTBUSTERS

Who ya gonna call?
GHOSTBUSTERS

Who can ya call?
GHOSTBUSTERS

Who ya gonna call?
GHOSTBUSTERS


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Kings Play Chess On Fine Glass Surfaces (Mnemonic)


Kings Play Chess On Fine Glass Surfaces (KPCOFGS) is another mnemonic for remembering the classification of living organisms. See other Kings Play Chess mnemonics.

Kings - Kingdom
Play - Phylum
Chess - Class
On - Order
Fine - Family
Glass - Genus
Surfaces - Species

Related Links:


Image - Glass windows on Swiss Re Tower (London Gherkin) by nickmilleruk (cc)


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Health Boards (Earliest Origins and History)


The Beginnings:
  • The earliest health boards (or special magistracies) appeared during the time of the Black Death (1348).
  • They were set up to help coordinate the treatment and control of the plague which was especially devastating southern European cities.
  • They were initially temporary emergency councils, and hence disbanded as the threat from the Black Death subsided.
Initial Locations (1348):
  • Florence
  • Pistoia
  • Venice
Permanent Health Boards:
  • Did not appear in Italy until around the mid-fifteenth century.
  • The city of Milan led the way with securing this valuable public body.
  • Permanent health boards then subsequently developed in Palermo and Turin (1576).
  • Interestingly, these early boards were composed mainly of notaries & beaurocrats from outside the medical profession.
Health Boards & Bubonic Plague Control (1575-1578):
  • The plague crisis of 1575–1578 had a major impact on public health and medical history.
  • The first attempts were now being made, through detailed health-board statistics, to track the progress of diseases such as bubonic plague.
  • Doctors also now understood the importance of engaging in politics & instructing princes & beaurocrats on public health.
  • With the new more extensive health-board records, plague writers also looked at new forms of plague writing - now including personal trauma, pathos, dark comedy, and lessons into the narratives they spun.
  • Plague death counts were now not the only important records that were kept.
  • Some of the later masterpieces of plague literature can be traced to influences from this time, including Camus & Defoe.
Early Health Board Functions:
  • Clinical issues:
    • Imposition of quarantine.
    • Place sick in isolation hospitals.
    • Compile lists of the dead.
    • Order autopsies.
  • Environmental issues:
    • Clean the streets.
    • Clear the waterways.
    • Ban goods from entering or leaving an area.
  • Legal issues:
    • Medical inquests.
    • Powers of punishment (which could be draconian).
    • Development of wide reaching information networks.

Image Credit - by mod as hell (cc)

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Toghrol Tower (City of Ray, Iran) 12th Century Monument


Toghrol Tower Important Features:
  • Toghrol Tower is a 12th century monument (pictured).
  • Height - 20 meters (66 feet).
  • Structure - Brick tower, originally capped with a conical dome.
  • Crossectional shape - 24 angle polygon.
  • Walls - thickness aries from 1.75 - 2.75m.
  • Diameters - inner diameter 11 meters, outer diameter 16 meters.
  • Function - Probably Tomb of Toqrol I of the Saljuqi Dynasty.
  • Location - City of Ray, Iran.
Toghrol Tower Other Facts:
  • The original dome of the tower collapsed following an earthquake.
  • The 24 sided polygon cross-section shape is believed to help protect the structure against earthquakes.
  • The tower, on the orders of Nasereddin Shah, underwent some restorations in 1884 because sections of the top were collapsing.
Alternative Spellings:
  • Toghrul
  • Toqrol
  • Tughrol
  • Tughrul

Image Credit - public domain by Zereshk

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Geoffrey Cockerel, Gallows Survivor Miracle (Oakham, 1349)


Geoffrey Cockerel Facts:
  • Geoffrey Cockerel was convicted of both false accusation & larceny.
  • He was sentenced to death by hanging in Oakham, March 1349.
  • Following the hanging he was cut down from the gallows and his body taken to the Oakham churchyard for burial.
  • Not long after arrival at the churchyard cemetery he was reported to have suddenly started gasping for breath, jumping to his feet & running into the church for sanctuary.
  • King Edward III, probably believing that there had been divine intervention allowing Cockerel to survive the hanging, let him go free.
  • The Royal Pardon (letter of remission) was sent from Westminster on April 2, 1349.

Image Credit - Pearson Scott Foresman, donated to the Public Domain.

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Ralph de Swantone (Priory Infirmarer Norwich Cathedral) d. 1349


Ralph de Swantone Demographics:
  • Name - Ralph de Swantone
  • Other Names - Ralph Swanton, Ralph Swantone
  • Died - 1349 (the plague, Black Death)
  • Occupation - Priory Infirmarer at Norwich Cathedral (norman tower pictured).
Important Facts:
  • Priory infirmarer at Norwich Cathedral during the time of the Black Death.
  • He worked in the infirmary to one side of the Cathedral nave.
  • Replaced by John de Heders on 10th July 1349.
  • Swantone must have died before this date.
  • He was buried in the monks' cemetery at Norwich Cathedral in 1349.
Ralph de Swantone's Infirmary Work:
  • Ralph de Swantone cared for infirm monks & also the sick of the wider monastic community.
  • He is likely to have caught the plague as a result of his duties at the infirmary.
  • He grew herbs and medicinal plants in the infirmary garden (it was a physic garden).
  • Swantone was also expert at mixing these garden ingredients to create remedies for his patients.
  • Although Ralph de Swantone did practice medicine based on the teachings of Galen, Hippocrates, and to a lesser degree Aristotle; his level of skill was probably no more than that of a common apothecary.

Image Credit - Norman Tower of Norwich Cathedral, GNU license.

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Sir Ralph de Standish (Knighted by Richard II) 1344-1415


Ralph de Standish Demographics:
  • Name - Ralph de Standish.
  • Birth - 1344 (Standish, Lancashire)
  • Death - 1415 (in Standish, Lancashire)
  • Wife - Cecilia Bradshaigh (married 6 May, 1359)
  • Oldest son - Lawrence de Standish Esq.
  • Parents - Henry De Standish Esq. & Joan Worsley.
  • Grandfather - John de Standish Esq. (d. 1351)
  • Occupation - Sheriff of Lancashire; knighted by king Richard II in 1381.
Ralph de Standish Important Facts:
  • Best known for dealing the lethal blow to Wat Tyler, after an altercation between Tyler and Richard II, during the Peasants' Revolt.
  • Standish was one of three attendants who were knighted by king Richard II following the Peasants' Revolt.
  • He later became Sheriff of Lancashire.
Killing of Wat Tyler & Ralph de Standish:
  • Wat Tyler was the leader of the Peasant's Revolt in June 1381.
  • Tyler met with the 14 year old king Richard II, and behaved beligerantly to ward him.
  • Ralph de Standish defended the young king Richard II against the attack upon him of Wat Tyler.
  • The mayor of London had attempted to arrest wat Tyler.
  • In the struggle, de Standish drew his sword and mortally wounded Tyler (see painting).
  • For protecting the King, de Standish was knighted for his services.
Knighthood of Ralph de Standish:
  • Given for services, including the protection of the King against Wat Tyler (leader of the Peasant's Revolt in June 1381).
  • In August 1381 Ralph de Standish (formerly addressed as our dear esquire) was now referred to as the King's knight.
  • On August 14th, the King granted Ralph de Standish, for the better maintenance of his knightly rank, the wardship of Scarborough Castle, with 40 marks yearly and 20 marks from the manor of Drakelow in Cheshire.
  • This grant to de Standish was confirmed in October 1381.
  • A document relating to one of Sir Ralph's annuities has been found among the deeds of the Standish family of Standish.[1]
Ralph de Standish Genealogy (Children):
  • Lawrence de STANDISH Esq. - born 1363 and died 1434.
  • Robert de STANDISH - born 1365 in Standish, Lancashire, England.
  • Gilbert de STANDISH - born 1367 in Standish, Lancashire, England.
  • James de STANDISH - born 1370 in Standish, Lancashire, England.
  • John de STANDISH - born 1372 in Standish, Lancashire, England. He died after 23 Oct 1415.
  • Reverend Alexander de STANDISH - born 1375 in Standish, Lancashire, England. He died 1415 in Standish, Lancashire, England.
  • Elizabeth de STANDISH - born 1378.
  • Clemence de STANDISH - born 1382.
  • Eleanor de STANDISH - born 1385.
Ralph de Standish Genealogy:[2]
  • U.S. President's 11-Great Grandfather.
  • Poss. HRH Charles's 19-Great Grandfather.
  • PM Churchill's 16-Great Grandfather.
  • Lady Diana's 18-Great Grandfather.
  • HRH Albert II's 18-Great Grandfather.

References:
[1] - The Rev. Thomas Cruddas Porteus, A History of the Parish of Standish, Lancashire (Published by J. Starr & Son Ltd, Wigan, 1927)
[2] - Pedigree of Ralp de Standish (http://fabpedigree.com/s012/f188261.htm)


Image Credit - Public Domain - Jean Froissart's Chronicles (Bib. Nat. Fr. 2644, fol. 159v), 15th century manuscript.

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Jeuan Gethin (Welsh Poet) d. 1349 Bubonic Plague

Jeuan Gethin Demographics:
  • Name - Jeuan Gethin (also Ieuan Gethin, Euan Gethin)
  • Death - March-April 1349
  • Nationality - Welsh
  • Occupation - Poet
  • Names (other) - Euan Gethin, Ieuan Gethin.
Jeuan Gethin Important Facts:
Jeuan Gethin Quotes:
“We see death coming into our midst like black smoke, a plague which cuts off the young, and a rootless phantom which has no mercy for fair countenance. Woe is me of the shilling in the armpit; it is seething, terrible, wherever it may come, and a head that gives pain and causes a loud cry, a burden carried under the arms, a painful angry knob, and a white lump. It is of the form of an apple, like the head of an onion, a small boil that spares no one. Great is its seething, like a burning cinder, a grievous thing of an ashy colour. It is an ugly eruption that comes with unseemly haste. They are similar to the seeds of the black peas, broke in fragments of brittle sea-coal and crowds precede the end. It is a grievous ornament that breaks out in a rash. They are like a shower of peas, the early ornaments of Black Death, cinders of the peelings of the cockle weed, a mixed multitude, a black plague like halfpence, like berries. It is a grievous thing that they should be on a fair skin”.
[Jeuan Gethin, 1349]

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