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Paris Syndrome (French: Syndrome de Paris)


General Features of Paris Syndrome:
  • Paris syndrome (French: Syndrome de Paris)
  • Transient psychological disorder encountered by some people visiting or vacationing in Paris, France.
  • Japanese visitors are especially susceptible.
  • First described in Nervure (French Journal of Psychiatry) by A. Viala, et al. (2004)[1].
Clinical Features of Paris Syndrome:
  • A number of psychiatric symptoms may occur such as anxiety, psychosomatic manifestations (i.e. palpitations, dizziness, sweating), acute delusional states, hallucinations, feelings of persecution, derealization, depersonalization.
  • The clinical picture is thus quite variable.
  • The characteristic feature is that during the trip to Paris, the traveller has to deal with things unfamiliar to them, which they did not anticipate.
  • The symptoms are not present before the trip and they resolve with return to the traveller's normal surroundings.
Triggers:
  • Cultural differences - esp compared with Japanese culture.
  • Exhaustion - ie busy visit with associated jet lag.
  • Idealised image of Paris - not like Paris appears in literature and films.
  • Language barriers - again particularly noticeable with the Japanese.
Similar Conditions:
  • Jerusalem syndrome
  • Stendhal syndrome
  • Voyager syndrome (Syndrome du voyageur)
Differential Diagnosis:
  • Pathological voyage - the psychiatric disorder(s) already pre-exist.

References:

[1] - A. Viala, H. Ota, M.N. Vacheron, P. Martin, and F. Caroli.(2004) - "Les Japonais en voyage pathologique à Paris : un modèle original de prise en charge transcuturelle"

Image Credit - Olivier Ffrench (cc) Eiffel Tower + Sunset + Paris

Posted by ALCHEssMIST.
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Jean Marie Joseph Capgras (French Psychiatrist) 1873-1950

Joseph Capgras Demographics:
  • Name - Jean Marie Joseph Capgras
  • Born - 1873 (Verdun-sur-Garonne)
  • Death – 1950 (Paris)
  • Nationality - French
  • Occupation - Psychiatrist
Joseph Capgras Important Facts:
  • He was a brilliant student at the Montauban lycee where he trained in Medicine.
  • Student of the French Psychiatrist Valentin Magnan.
  • Capras became Chief Psychiatrist at the Maison-Blanche asylum.
  • Popular because of his extreme benevolence.
  • Capgras was very open to the ideas of his young co-workers, even if they expressed views that he did not share.
Jean Marie Joseph Capgras & the Capgras Delusion:
  • Best known for first describing the the Capgras delusion in 1923 together with his assistant Jean Reboul-Lachaux; when they were working at the Sainte-Anne Hospital.
  • The case was first presented at the meeting of the Clinical Society for Mental Medicine (10 January 1923).
  • They described the case of a 53 year old woman whom they wrote had l'illusion des sosies.
  • Sosies is the French word for "doubles".

Posted by ALCHEssMIST.
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