Monday

Waxing or Waning Moon Phases (Mnemonic) DOC



A mnemonic for Waxing or Waning Moon?

"DOC" represents this:


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The School of Athens (Painting by Raphael) 1510-1511


Important Facts:
  • "The School of Athens" ("Scuola di Atene" in Italian).
  • Very famous painting by the Italian artist Raphael from the Renaissance.
  • The fresco was painted between 1510-1511.
  • It was part of Raphael's commission to paint frescoes in the Stanze di Raffaello rooms, in the Vatican Apostolic Palace.
  • Considered as "Raphael's masterpiece and the perfect embodiment of the classical spirit of the High Renaissance."
The figures in the painting:
  • Some of the philosophers in the picture are clear, such as Plato & Aristotle.
  • There is some disagreement about many of the figures, including possible double portayals in the painting.
  • Raphael did not leave any contemporary documents to explain the fresco, nor make any designations outside possible likenesses.
  • In the center of the fresco are the 2 undisputed main subjects (14 & 15).
    • Plato (left) & Aristotle his student (right).
    • Both Plato & Aristotle hold copies of their books in their left hands.
    • Plato holds Timaeus and Aristotle holds his Nicomachean Ethics.
  • The figures are shown in more detail below.


Postulated identities of the figures:
(bracketed names are contemporary characters whom Raphael may have drawn likenesses)
  • 1: Zeno of Citium
  • 2: Epicurus
  • 3: Federico II of Mantua?
  • 4: Anicius Manlius Severinus Boethius or Anaximander or Empedocles?
  • 5: Averroes
  • 6: Pythagoras
  • 7: Alcibiades or Alexander the Great?
  • 8: Antisthenes or Xenophon?
  • 9: Hypatia (from Francesco Maria della Rovere or Raphael's mistress Margherita)
  • 10: Aeschines or Xenophon?
  • 11: Parmenides?
  • 12: Socrates
  • 13: Heraclitus (from Michelangelo)
  • 14: Plato holding the Timaeus (from Leonardo da Vinci)
  • 15: Aristotle holding the Ethics
  • 16: Diogenes of Sinope?
  • 17: Plotinus?
  • 18: Euclid or Archimedes with students (from Bramante)?
  • 19: Strabo or Zoroaster? (from Baldassare Castiglione or Pietro Bembo)
  • 20: Ptolemy? R: Apelles (from Raphael)
  • 21: Protogenes (from Il Sodoma, Perugino or Timoteo Viti)
Credits - Wikipedia & painting images in Public Domain

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Coconut Crab (Birgus latro)


Coconut Crab Facts:
  • Scientific name - Birgus latro
  • Other names - robber crab, palm thief, terrestrial hermit crab.
  • Island local names - unga or kaveu in the Cook Islands, ayuyu in the Marianas.
  • Largest land-living anthropod in the world.
  • They are the only species of the genus Birgus.
  • They can live more than 30 years.
Coconut Crab Physical Features:
  • 4 body regions: cephalic lobe, forepart, trunk, & opisthosoma.
  • Body length - up to 40 cm.
  • Weight - up to 4.1 kg (9.0 lb).
  • Leg span - > 0.91 m (3.0 ft).
  • Males bigger than females.
  • Crabs use a special organ called a branchiostegal lung to breathe; they will drown in water.
  • Also have an additional rudimentary set of gills.
Coconut Crab Habits:
  • Famous for being able to crack open a coconut with its great pincers.
  • Inhabits the coastal forest regions of many Indo-Pacific islands.
  • Mostly nocturnal crabs, remaining hidden during the day.
  • Highly apomorphic hermit crab.
  • Live alone in underground burrows and rock crevices.
  • The burrows contain fibers of the coconut husk which it uses as bedding.
Coconut Crab Reproduction:
  • Coconut crabs mate on dry land.
  • Female crab lays her eggs & glues them to the underside of her abdomen.
  • These fertilized eggs are carried underneath for several months.
  • When hatching time approaches she releases the eggs into the ocean at high tide.
  • The hatched crab larvae float in the pelagic zone of the ocean with the other plankton.
  • Once the larvae reach the glaucothoe stage of development, they settle to the ocean bottom, find and then wear a 'house' shell, and start migrating to the shoreline.
  • As they grow, the crabs change their shell like other hermit crabs.
  • They eventually leave the ocean for good & lose the ability to breathe in water.
Coconut Crab Locations:
  • Live in areas from the Indian to the central Pacific Ocean.
  • Christmas Island has the largest population in the world.
  • Found on the Seychelles, i.e. Aldabra, the Glorioso Islands, Astove Island, Assumption Island and Cosmoledo.
  • Inhabit several of the Andaman & Nicobar Islands in the Bay of Bengal.
  • Populations also on Chagos Archipelago (British Indian Ocean Territories, BIOT).
  • The Cook Islands, especially Pukapuka, Suwarrow, Mangaia, Takutea, Mauke, Atiu, & Palmerston Island have large populations.
  • The Line Islands of Kiribati also have coconut crabs, esp. on Teraina (Washington Island) & Caroline Island.
Coconut Crab Popular Culture:
  • Suggested that legendary aviatrix Amelia Earhart's body was devoured by coconut crabs on an island called Nikumaroro.
  • "If Amelia died on Nikumaroro, her body was eaten by crabs. That's pretty much a given,” Richard Gillespie (TIGHAR).


Image Credit - by Drew Avery (cc)


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Songs Listed

Songs Listed (A-Z):

Father and Son (Song by Cat Stevens) 1970
Galaxy Song (Monty Python)
Hakuna Matata (Song, The Lion King)
Hey Jude (Song by The Beatles) 1968
"Imagine" (Song by John Lennon) 1971
In The Ghetto (Song)
Like A Rolling Stone (Song by Bob Dylan)
Yellow Submarine (Song by The Beatles) 1966
"You're Missing" (Song, Bruce Springsteen)


Misc:
Beatles Songs (List by Title and Year)

Poems Listed

Poems Listed (A-Z):

A Farewell (Poem by Alfred, Lord Tennyson)
Alone (Poem by Maya Angelou)
How Do I Love Thee (Poem by Elizabeth Barrett Browning)
I Loved a Lass (Poem by George Wither)
Longing (Poem by Sara Teasdale)
Madonna Mia (Poem by Oscar Wilde)
Medieval Funeral Rite (Anonymous 13th Century Poet)
Porphyria's Lover (Poem by Robert Browning)
Retort (Poem by Paul Laurence Dunbar)
The Book-Worms (Poem by Robert Burns)
The Hour-Glass (Poem by Ben Jonson)
The Jackdaw of Rheims (Poem by Reverend Richard Harris Barham)
The Miner (Poem by James Russell Lowell)
The Road Not Taken (Poem By Robert Frost)
The Toucan (Poem by Shel Silverstein)
The Tyger (Poem by William Blake)
The Unknown Citizen (Poem by W. H. Auden)


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