Monday

Essential Amino Acids (Mnemonic)

Mnemonic for the ten essential amino acids in man.

"These Ten Valuable Amino Acids Have Long Preserved Life In Man."
These ....... Tryptophan
Ten ......... Threonine
Valuable .... Valine
Amino Acids . Arginine
Have ........ Histidine
Long ........ Lysine
Preserved ... Phenylalanine
Life ........ Leucine
In .......... Isoleucine
Man ......... Methionine

Posted by ALCHEssMIST.
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The Four Voices In Quartets (Mnemonics)

The four voices in the various quartets (mixed, male, female) can be remembered with the mnemonics:

Mixed Groups (TABS):
  • T - Tenor
  • A - Alto
  • B - Bass
  • S - Soprano
Male Groups (BATS):
  • B - BAss
  • A - BAritone
  • T - Tenor (First)
  • S - (Second) Tenor (Lead)
Female Groups (CATS):
  • C - Contralto
  • A - Alto
  • T - Tenor
  • S - Soprano

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Galaxy Song (Monty Python)


The Galaxy Song by Monty Python.


Interesting Facts:
  • Nice happy upbeat song.
  • Very, very clever lyrics.
  • Excellent animation, for the time, by Terry Gilliam.
  • Eric Idle comes out of a fridge in the sketch, and returns to the fridge at the end.
  • John Cleese sighing at the end is also genius.



Galaxy Song (Lyrics):

Just remember that you're standing on a planet that's evolving
And revolving at nine hundred miles an hour,
That's orbiting at nineteen miles a second, so it's reckoned,
A sun that is the source of all our power.
The sun and you and me and all the stars that we can see
Are moving at a million miles a day
In an outer spiral arm, at forty thousand miles an hour,
Of the galaxy we call the 'Milky Way'.
Reply | Spam Our galaxy itself contains a hundred billion stars.
It's a hundred thousand light years side to side.
It bulges in the middle, sixteen thousand light years thick,
But out by us, it's just three thousand light years wide.
We're thirty thousand light years from galactic central point.
We go 'round every two hundred million years,
And our galaxy is only one of millions of billions
In this amazing and expanding universe.
Reply | Spam The universe itself keeps on expanding and expanding
In all of the directions it can whizz
As fast as it can go, at the speed of light, you know,
Twelve million miles a minute, and that's the fastest speed there is.
So remember, when you're feeling very small and insecure,
How amazingly unlikely is your birth,
And pray that there's intelligent life somewhere up in space,
'Cause there's bugger all down here on Earth.


Posted by ALCHEssMIST.
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The Miner (Poem by James Russell Lowell)


'The Miner' Important Facts:
  • Author - James Russell Lowell (18191891) pictured opposite.
  • The poem deliberately starts off on the wrong path.
  • Lowell, however, turns around and attacks the very institutions he had seemingly set out to praise.

The Miner

Down 'mid the tangled roots of things
That coil about the central fire,
I seek for that which giveth wings
To stoop, not soar, to my desire.

Sometimes I hear, as 'twere a sigh,
The sea's deep yearning far above,
'Thou hast the secret not,' I cry,
'In deeper deeps is hid my Love.'

They think I burrow from the sun,
In darkness, all alone, and weak;
Such loss were gain if He were won,
For 'tis the sun's own Sun I seek.

'The earth,' they murmur, 'is the tomb
That vainly sought his life to prison;
Why grovel longer in the gloom?
He is not here; he hath arisen.'

More life for me where he hath lain
Hidden while ye believed him dead,
Than in cathedrals cold and vain,
Built on loose sands of _It is said_.

My search is for the living gold;
Him I desire who dwells recluse,
And not his image worn and old,
Day-servant of our sordid use.

If him I find not, yet I find
The ancient joy of cell and church,
The glimpse, the surety undefined,
The unquenched ardor of the search.

Happier to chase a flying goal
Than to sit counting laurelled gains,
To guess the Soul within the soul
Than to be lord of what remains.

Hide still, best Good, in subtile wise,
Beyond my nature's utmost scope;
Be ever absent from mine eyes
To be twice present in my hope!


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Giovanni Filippo Ingrassia (Physician, Anatomist) 1510-1580


Giovanni Filippo Ingrassia Demographics:
  • Name - Dr Giovanni Filippo Ingrassia
  • Born - ca. 1510
  • Birthplace - Regalbuto, near Palermo, Sicily.
  • Death - November 6, 1580.
  • Death Location - Palermo, Sicily.
  • Burial - Entombed in the chapel of Santa Barbara in Palermo.
  • Nationality - Italian
  • Occupation - Physician & anatomist.
  • Status - Worked amongst the rich & powerful.
Giovanni Filippo Ingrassia General Information:
  • Was known as the Sicilian Hippocrates.
Giovanni Filippo Ingrassia Education:
  • First studied medicine in Palermo with Giovanni Battista di Pietra.
  • Continued his studies in the Medical Faculty of the University of Padua.
  • Attended classes of Hierunymus Fabrizio ab Acquapendente (1537-1619), Bartolomeu Eustachi (1510-1574) & Andreas Vesalius (1514-1564).
  • He was particularly close to Vesalius.
  • Filippo Ingrassia received the M.D. degree in 1537.
Giovanni Filippo Ingrassia Professional Life (important dates):
  • 1544 - Invited to the chair of practical and theoretical medicine, including anatomy, at the University of Naples in 1544.
  • 1556 - Through the recommendation of the Spanish viceroy of Sicily & by decree of Philip II of Spain, Filippo Ingrassia was called to Palermo as archiater – Protomedico generale – protomedicus.
  • 1562 - Celebrated case, involving Giovanni d’Arragona the marquis of Terranova, where he treated a traumatic lung empyema and obtained advice from Vesalius.
  • 1563 - Philip II made him chief physician to Sicily & the neighbouring islands.
Giovanni Filippo Ingrassia Professional Legacy:
  • As the protomedicus, Ingrassia was concerned particularly with problems of hygiene, epidemiology, & the general practice of Sicilian medicine.
  • He controlled Palermo's endemic malaria with drainage of marshes.
  • Developed isolation hospitals (lazzeratti) which helped with the control of the plague epidemics of 1575 & 1577.
  • Probably the first to comment about clustering of deaths within households as one of the most consistent signs of the plague.
  • He was the first to distinguish between chicken pox & scarlet fever, making the first description of both.
  • His based his description of scarlet fever on a Palermo epidemic in 1564.
  • Known as the founder of legal medicine.
  • Also made contributions to veterinary medicine.
Giovanni Filippo Ingrassia Anatomical Legacy:
  • Best known for his anatomical studies, based upon the methods of Vesalius.
  • Investigated & described the sutures of the skull in minute detail.
  • Detailed description of the sphenoid bone and its sinuses, as well as of the ethmoid.
  • Anatomists have given his name to the small wings of the sphenoid bone.
  • Particularly knowledgeable about the auditory ossicle, the stapes, calling it stapha (shape of the stirrup commonly used in Sicily).
  • He discovered the stapes in 1546.
  • Considered a founder of osteology.
Giovanni Filippo Ingrassia Quotes:
"never called by low people of this sort" ~ in his 1576 tract on the plague, writing about the poverty stricken amongst which the pestilence first spread.

He was not one of the "base physicians who attend people of this kind," those "poor, sickly-looking people full to overwhelming with the coarsest and filthiest humors."
Giovanni Filippo Ingrassia Bibliography:
  • 1544 - Iatroplologia etc. Venice, 1544, 1558.
  • 1549 - Scholia in iatropologiam. Naples, 1549.
  • 1553 - De tumoribus prater naturam, tomus primus. Naples, 1553.
  • 1560 - Raggionamento fatto sopra l’infermità epidemica dell’ anno 1558. Palermo, 1560.
  • 1560 - Trattato assai bello et utile dei doi mostri nati in Palermo in diversi tempi. Palermo, Giovanni Matteo Mayda, 1560.
  • 1564 - Constitutiones et capitula necnon jurisdictiones regii protomedicatus officii cum pandectis eiusdem reformatis. Palermo, 1564; 1567.
  • 1568 - Quaestio de purgatione per medicamentum. . . . Illustrissimi ducis Terraenovae casus enarratio . . . . Quaestio utrum victus. 4 parts in 1 volume. Venice: Sumptibus Angeli Patessii, 1568.
  • 1573 - Quaestio de purgatione per medicamentum atque obiter etiam de sanguinis missione, an sexta die possit fieri. Venice, 1573.
  • 1573 - Galeni ars medica. Venice, 1573.
  • 1575 - De frigidae potu post medicamentum purgans epistola. Venice, 1575; Milano 1586.
  • 1575 - Informazione del pestifero e contaggioso morbo il quale afligge et have afflicto la citta di Palermo . . . . nell’ anno 1575 e 1576. Palermo, 1576.
  • 1578 - Methodus dandi relationes pro mutilatis torquendis aut a tortura excusandi, pro deformibus, venenalisque judicandis; pro elephantliacis, extra urbem propulsandis, sive intus urbem sequestrandis, vel fortassis publice conservari dimittendis. Venice 1578 & 1637.
  • Posthumous - In Galeni librum de ossibus doctissima et expectatissima commentaria . . . Quibus appositus est Græcus Galeni contextus, una cum ... ejusdem Ingrassiæ in Latinum versione.
References:
Joseph Patrick Byrne (2006).
Daily life during the Black Death. Greenwood (August 30, 2006)


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