Saturday

Hey Jude (Song by The Beatles) 1968


Hey Jude Discography:
  • Song Name - "Hey Jude"
  • Old Name - Originally titled "Hey Jules".
  • Band - The Beatles
  • Written by - Paul McCartney but credited to Lennon/McCartney.
  • Released - released on 26 August 1968 in the US, and 30 August in the UK.
  • Length - 7 minutes
  • Sales - Approx 8 million copies.
  • Paul McCartney – vocal, bass, piano
  • John Lennon – backing vocal, acoustic guitar
  • George Harrison – backing vocal, lead guitar
  • Ringo Starr – backing vocal, drums, tambourine
Hey Jude Background Facts:
  • Ballad was written to comfort John Lennon's son Julian during his parents' divorce.
  • "Hey Jude" was released in August 1968 as the first single from The Beatles' record label Apple Records.
  • Spent nine weeks as number one in the United States.
Hey Jude Back Story to the Song:
  • John Lennon and his wife Cynthia Lennon had just separated (1968) due to his affair with Yoko Ono.
  • Soon afterwards, Paul McCartney drove out to visit Cynthia and Julian (Cynthia's son with Lennon).
  • On the journey down McCartney composed 'Hey Jude' in the car.
  • The song's original title "Hey Jules", and it was clealy intended to comfort Julian Lennon from the stress of his parents' divorce.
  • McCartney related later that , "I started with the idea 'Hey Jules', which was Julian, don't make it bad, take a sad song and make it better. Hey, try and deal with this terrible thing. I knew it was not going to be easy for him. I always feel sorry for kids in divorces ... I had the idea [for the song] by the time I got there. I changed it to 'Jude' because I thought that sounded a bit better."
  • John Lennon thought it had actually been written for him, rather than Julian.
Hey Jude Recording:
  • The band recorded 25 takes of "Hey Jude" at Abbey Road Studios, with the recording done over 2 nights (29 July & 30 July 1968), though these were mostly rehearsals.
  • The master rhythm track was recorded on 31 July at Trident Studios to utilise the 8-track recording machine there.
  • The song was finally completed on the 1st August 1968.
  • Overdubs, including a 36-piece orchestra, for the song's long coda were also added.
  • At about 2:58 of the song, McCartney can be heard to say, "Oh, fucking hell!"
  • It was Lennon's idea to leave the mistake in the final mix, insisting that it was buried just low enough so that it can barely be heard.
  • Ron Richards comments that during the recording McCartney was "oblivious to anyone else's feelings in the studio," and that he was driven to make the best possible record, at almost any cost.
The Beatles Performing Hey Jude introduced by David Frost on 8th September 1968:




Image - Hey Jude Gold LP by Andreas Thum (Wikipedia) the GNU Free Documentation License.

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Yellow Submarine (Song by The Beatles) 1966

"Yellow Submarine" is a 1966 song by The Beatles (credited to the Lennon-McCartney duo, but mainly written by McCartney). There is no music video for this song.

Below is the Beatles hit song "Yellow submarine" from the 1968 animated United Artists film. It is also the title for the soundtrack album to the film



Another Version Here:




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Beatles Songs (List by Title and Year)


Beatles Title & Year

"12-Bar Original" 1965
"A Beginning" 1968
"A Day in the Life" 1967
"A Hard Day’s Night" 1964
"A Shot of Rhythm and Blues" 1963
"A Taste of Honey" 1963
"A World Without Love" 1964
"Across the Universe" 1968
"Act Naturally" 1965
"Ain’t She Sweet" 1961
"All I’ve Got to Do" 1963
"All My Loving" 1963
"All Things Must Pass" 1969
"All Together Now" 1967
"All You Need Is Love" 1967
"And I Love Her" 1964
"And Your Bird Can Sing" 1966
"Anna (Go to Him)" 1963
"Another Girl" 1965
"Any Time at All" 1964
"Ask Me Why" 1962
"Baby It’s You" 1963
"Baby You’re a Rich Man" 1967
"Baby’s in Black" 1964
"Back in the USSR" 1968
"Bad Boy" 1965
"Bad to Me" 1963
"Ballad of John and Yoko" 1969
"Because" 1969
"Being for the Benefit of Mr. Kite!" 1967
"Bésame Mucho" 1962
"Birthday" 1968
"Blackbird" 1968
"Blue Jay Way" 1967
"Boys" 1963
"Can’t Buy Me Love" 1964
"Carnival of Light" 1967
"Carol" 1963
"Carry That Weight" 1969
"Cayenne" 1960
"Chains" 1963
"Christmas Time (Is Here Again)" 1967
"Clarabella" 1963
"Come and Get It" 1969
"Come Together" 1969
"Cry Baby Cry" 1968
"Cry for a Shadow" 1961
"Crying, Waiting, Hoping" 1963
"Day Tripper" 1965
"Dear Prudence" 1968
"Devil in Her Heart" 1963
"Dig a Pony" 1969
"Dig It" 1969
"Dizzy Miss Lizzy" 1965
"Do You Want to Know a Secret" 1963
"Doctor Robert" 1966
"Don’t Bother Me" 1963
"Don’t Ever Change" 1963
"Don’t Let Me Down" 1969
"Don’t Pass Me By" 1968
"Drive My Car" 1965
"Eight Days a Week" 1964
"Eleanor Rigby" 1966
"Etcetera" 1968
"Every Little Thing" 1964
"Everybody’s Got Something to Hide Except Me and My Monkey" 1968
"Everybody’s Trying to Be My Baby" 1964
"Fixing a Hole" 1967
"Flying" 1967
"For No One" 1966
"Fool on the Hill" 1967
"For You Blue" 1969
"Free as a Bird" 1977 (1994)
"From Me to You" 1963
"Get Back" 1969
"Getting Better" 1967
"Girl" 1965
"Glad All Over" 1963
"Glass Onion" 1968
"Golden Slumbers" 1969
"Good Day Sunshine" 1966
"Good Morning Good Morning" 1967
"Good Night" 1968
"Got To Get You Into My Life" 1966
"Hallelujah, I Love Her So" 1960
"Happiness Is a Warm Gun" 1968
"Hello, Goodbye" 1967
"Hello Little Girl" 1962
"Help!" 1965
"Helter Skelter" 1968
"Her Majesty" 1969
"Here Comes the Sun" 1969
"Here, There, and Everywhere" 1966
"Hey Bulldog" 1968
"Hey Jude" 1968
"Hold Me Tight" 1963
"Honey Don’t" 1964
"Honey Pie" 1968
"How Do You Do It?" 1962
"I Am the Walrus" 1967
"I Call Your Name" 1964
"I Don’t Want to Spoil the Party" 1964
"I Feel Fine" 1964
"I Forgot to Remember to Forget" 1964
"I Got a Woman" 1963
"I Got to Find My Baby" 1963
"I Just Don’t Understand" 1963
"I Lost My Little Girl" 1962
"I Me Mine" 1970
"I Need You" 1965
"I Saw Her Standing There" 1963
"I Should Have Known Better" 1964
"I Wanna Be Your Man" 1963
"I Want to Hold Your Hand" 1963
"I Want to Tell You" 1966
"I Want You (She’s So Heavy)" 1969
"I Will" 1968
"If I Fell" 1964
"If I Needed Someone" 1965
"If You’ve Got Trouble" 1965
"I’ll Be Back" 1964
"I’ll Be on My Way" 1963
"I’ll Cry Instead" 1964
"I’ll Follow the Sun" 1964
"I’ll Get You" 1963
"I’m a Loser" 1964
"I’m Down" 1965
"I’m Gonna Sit Right Down and Cry (Over You)" 1963
"I’m Happy Just to Dance with You" 1964
"I’m In Love" 1963
"I’m Looking Through You" 1965
"I’m Only Sleeping" 1966
"I’m So Tired" 1968
"In My Life" 1965
"In Spite of All the Danger" 1958
"It Won’t Be Long" 1963
"It’s All Too Much" 1967
"It’s Only Love" 1965
"I’ve Got a Feeling" 1969
"I’ve Just Seen a Face" 1965
"Johnny B. Goode" 1964
"Julia" 1968
"Junk" 1968
"Kansas City"/Hey, Hey, Hey, Hey 1964
"Keep Your Hands off My Baby" 1963
"Komm Gib Mir Deine Hand" (German version of "I Want to Hold Your Hand") 1964
"Lady Madonna" 1968
"Leave My Kitten Alone" 1964
"Lend Me Your Comb" 1963
"Let It Be" 1969
"Like Dreamers Do" 1962
"Little Child" 1963
"Lonesome Tears in My Eyes" 1963
"Long, Long, Long" 1968
"Long Tall Sally" 1964
Looking Glass 1962
"Love Me Do" 1962
"Love Me Tender" 1962
"Love of the Loved" 1962
"Love You To" 1966
"Lovely Rita" 1967
"Loving You" N/A
"Lucille" 1963
"Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds" 1967
"Maggie Mae" 1969
"Magical Mystery Tour" 1967
"Mailman, Bring Me No More Blues" 1969
"Martha My Dear" 1968
"Matchbox" 1964
"Maxwell’s Silver Hammer" 1969
"Mean Mr. Mustard" 1969
"Memphis, Tennessee" 1963
"Michelle" 1965
"Misery" 1963
"Money (That’s What I Want)" 1963
"Mother Nature’s Son" 1968
"Mr. Moonlight" 1964
"No Reply" 1964
"Norwegian Wood (This Bird Has Flown)" 1965
"Not a Second Time" 1963
"Not Guilty" 1968
"Nothin’ Shakin’" 1963
"Nowhere Man" 1965
"Ob-La-Di, Ob-La-Da" 1968
"Octopus’s Garden" 1969
"Oh! Darling" 1969
"Old Brown Shoe" 1969
"One After 909″ 1969
One and One Is Two 1964
"Only a Northern Song" 1967
"Ooh! My Soul" 1963
"Paperback Writer" 1966
"Penny Lane" 1967
"Piggies" 1968
"Please Mr. Postman" 1963
"Please Please Me" 1962
"Polythene Pam" 1969
"P.S. I Love You" 1962
"Rain" 1966
"Real Love" 1979 (1995)
"Revolution" 1968
"Revolution 1″ 1968
"Revolution 9″ 1968
"Rip It Up"/"Shake, Rattle, and Roll"/"Blue Suede Shoes" 1969
"Rock and Roll Music" 1964
"Rocky Raccoon" 1968
"Roll Over Beethoven" 1964
"Run for Your Life" 1965
"Savoy Truffle" 1968
"Searchin’" 1962
"September in the Rain" 1962
"Sexy Sadie" 1968
"Sgt. Pepper’s Lonely Hearts Club Band" 1967
"Sgt. Pepper’s Lonely Hearts Club Band (Reprise)" 1967
"She Came in Through the Bathroom Window" 1969
"She Loves You" 1963
"She Said She Said" 1966
"She’s a Woman" 1964
"She’s Leaving Home" 1967
"Shout" 1964
"Sie Liebt Dich" (German version of "She Loves You") 1964
"Slow Down" 1964
"So How Come (No One Loves Me)" 1963
"Soldier of Love (Lay Down Your Arms)" 1963
"Some Other Guy" 1963
"Something" 1969
"Step Inside Love"/Los Paranoias 1968
"Strawberry Fields Forever" 1967
"Sun King" 1969
"Sure to Fall (In Love with You)" 1963
"Sweet Little Sixteen" 1963
"Take Good Care of My Baby" 1962
"Taxman" 1966
"Teddy Boy" 1969
"Tell Me What You See" 1965
"Tell Me Why" 1964
"Thank You Girl" 1963
"That Means a Lot" 1965
"That’ll Be the Day" 1958
"That’s All Right (Mama)" 1963
"The Continuing Story of Bungalow Bill" 1968
"The End" 1969
"The Fool on the Hill" 1967
"The Hippy Hippy Shake" 1963
"The Honeymoon Song" 1963
"The Inner Light" 1968
"The Long and Winding Road" 1969
"The Night Before" 1965
"The Sheik of Araby" 1962
"The Word" 1965
"There’s a Place" 1963
"Things We Said Today" 1964
"Think for Yourself" 1965
"This Boy" 1963
"Three Cool Cats" 1962
"Ticket to Ride" 1965
"Till There Was You" 1963
"Tip of My Tongue" 1962
"To Know Her is to Love Her" 1963
"Tomorrow Never Knows" 1966
"Too Much Monkey Business" 1963
"Twist and Shout" 1963
"Two of Us" 1969
"Wait" 1965
"We Can Work It Out" 1965
"What Goes On" 1965
"What You’re Doing" 1964
"What’s The New Mary Jane" 1968
"When I Get Home" 1964
"When I’m Sixty-Four" 1967
"While My Guitar Gently Weeps" 1968
"Why Don’t We Do It in the Road?" 1968
"Wild Honey Pie" 1968
Winston’s Walk 1960
"With a Little Help from My Friends" 1967
"Within You Without You" 1967
"Words of Love" 1964
"Yellow Submarine" 1966
"Yer Blues" 1968
"Yes It Is" 1965
"Yesterday" 1965
"You Can’t Do That" 1964
"You Know My Name (Look Up the Number)" 1969
"You Know What to Do" 1964
"You Like Me Too Much" 1965
"You Never Give Me Your Money" 1969
"You Really Got a Hold on Me" 1963
"You Won’t See Me" 1965
"You’ll Be Mine" 1960
"Young Blood" 1963
"Your Mother Should Know" 1967
"You’re Going to Lose That Girl" 1965
"You’ve Got to Hide Your Love Away" 1965


Image Credit - by oddsock (cc)

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Prime Numbers (Mathematics) First 1000

A Prime Number is a number which can only be divided by itself and 1.

The First 1,000 Primes (the 1,000th is 7919)

   2      3      5      7     11     13     17     19     23     29
31 37 41 43 47 53 59 61 67 71
73 79 83 89 97 101 103 107 109 113
127 131 137 139 149 151 157 163 167 173
179 181 191 193 197 199 211 223 227 229
233 239 241 251 257 263 269 271 277 281
283 293 307 311 313 317 331 337 347 349
353 359 367 373 379 383 389 397 401 409
419 421 431 433 439 443 449 457 461 463
467 479 487 491 499 503 509 521 523 541
547 557 563 569 571 577 587 593 599 601
607 613 617 619 631 641 643 647 653 659
661 673 677 683 691 701 709 719 727 733
739 743 751 757 761 769 773 787 797 809
811 821 823 827 829 839 853 857 859 863
877 881 883 887 907 911 919 929 937 941
947 953 967 971 977 983 991 997 1009 1013
1019 1021 1031 1033 1039 1049 1051 1061 1063 1069
1087 1091 1093 1097 1103 1109 1117 1123 1129 1151
1153 1163 1171 1181 1187 1193 1201 1213 1217 1223
1229 1231 1237 1249 1259 1277 1279 1283 1289 1291
1297 1301 1303 1307 1319 1321 1327 1361 1367 1373
1381 1399 1409 1423 1427 1429 1433 1439 1447 1451
1453 1459 1471 1481 1483 1487 1489 1493 1499 1511
1523 1531 1543 1549 1553 1559 1567 1571 1579 1583
1597 1601 1607 1609 1613 1619 1621 1627 1637 1657
1663 1667 1669 1693 1697 1699 1709 1721 1723 1733
1741 1747 1753 1759 1777 1783 1787 1789 1801 1811
1823 1831 1847 1861 1867 1871 1873 1877 1879 1889
1901 1907 1913 1931 1933 1949 1951 1973 1979 1987
1993 1997 1999 2003 2011 2017 2027 2029 2039 2053
2063 2069 2081 2083 2087 2089 2099 2111 2113 2129
2131 2137 2141 2143 2153 2161 2179 2203 2207 2213
2221 2237 2239 2243 2251 2267 2269 2273 2281 2287
2293 2297 2309 2311 2333 2339 2341 2347 2351 2357
2371 2377 2381 2383 2389 2393 2399 2411 2417 2423
2437 2441 2447 2459 2467 2473 2477 2503 2521 2531
2539 2543 2549 2551 2557 2579 2591 2593 2609 2617
2621 2633 2647 2657 2659 2663 2671 2677 2683 2687
2689 2693 2699 2707 2711 2713 2719 2729 2731 2741
2749 2753 2767 2777 2789 2791 2797 2801 2803 2819
2833 2837 2843 2851 2857 2861 2879 2887 2897 2903
2909 2917 2927 2939 2953 2957 2963 2969 2971 2999
3001 3011 3019 3023 3037 3041 3049 3061 3067 3079
3083 3089 3109 3119 3121 3137 3163 3167 3169 3181
3187 3191 3203 3209 3217 3221 3229 3251 3253 3257
3259 3271 3299 3301 3307 3313 3319 3323 3329 3331
3343 3347 3359 3361 3371 3373 3389 3391 3407 3413
3433 3449 3457 3461 3463 3467 3469 3491 3499 3511
3517 3527 3529 3533 3539 3541 3547 3557 3559 3571
3581 3583 3593 3607 3613 3617 3623 3631 3637 3643
3659 3671 3673 3677 3691 3697 3701 3709 3719 3727
3733 3739 3761 3767 3769 3779 3793 3797 3803 3821
3823 3833 3847 3851 3853 3863 3877 3881 3889 3907
3911 3917 3919 3923 3929 3931 3943 3947 3967 3989
4001 4003 4007 4013 4019 4021 4027 4049 4051 4057
4073 4079 4091 4093 4099 4111 4127 4129 4133 4139
4153 4157 4159 4177 4201 4211 4217 4219 4229 4231
4241 4243 4253 4259 4261 4271 4273 4283 4289 4297
4327 4337 4339 4349 4357 4363 4373 4391 4397 4409
4421 4423 4441 4447 4451 4457 4463 4481 4483 4493
4507 4513 4517 4519 4523 4547 4549 4561 4567 4583
4591 4597 4603 4621 4637 4639 4643 4649 4651 4657
4663 4673 4679 4691 4703 4721 4723 4729 4733 4751
4759 4783 4787 4789 4793 4799 4801 4813 4817 4831
4861 4871 4877 4889 4903 4909 4919 4931 4933 4937
4943 4951 4957 4967 4969 4973 4987 4993 4999 5003
5009 5011 5021 5023 5039 5051 5059 5077 5081 5087
5099 5101 5107 5113 5119 5147 5153 5167 5171 5179
5189 5197 5209 5227 5231 5233 5237 5261 5273 5279
5281 5297 5303 5309 5323 5333 5347 5351 5381 5387
5393 5399 5407 5413 5417 5419 5431 5437 5441 5443
5449 5471 5477 5479 5483 5501 5503 5507 5519 5521
5527 5531 5557 5563 5569 5573 5581 5591 5623 5639
5641 5647 5651 5653 5657 5659 5669 5683 5689 5693
5701 5711 5717 5737 5741 5743 5749 5779 5783 5791
5801 5807 5813 5821 5827 5839 5843 5849 5851 5857
5861 5867 5869 5879 5881 5897 5903 5923 5927 5939
5953 5981 5987 6007 6011 6029 6037 6043 6047 6053
6067 6073 6079 6089 6091 6101 6113 6121 6131 6133
6143 6151 6163 6173 6197 6199 6203 6211 6217 6221
6229 6247 6257 6263 6269 6271 6277 6287 6299 6301
6311 6317 6323 6329 6337 6343 6353 6359 6361 6367
6373 6379 6389 6397 6421 6427 6449 6451 6469 6473
6481 6491 6521 6529 6547 6551 6553 6563 6569 6571
6577 6581 6599 6607 6619 6637 6653 6659 6661 6673
6679 6689 6691 6701 6703 6709 6719 6733 6737 6761
6763 6779 6781 6791 6793 6803 6823 6827 6829 6833
6841 6857 6863 6869 6871 6883 6899 6907 6911 6917
6947 6949 6959 6961 6967 6971 6977 6983 6991 6997
7001 7013 7019 7027 7039 7043 7057 7069 7079 7103
7109 7121 7127 7129 7151 7159 7177 7187 7193 7207
7211 7213 7219 7229 7237 7243 7247 7253 7283 7297
7307 7309 7321 7331 7333 7349 7351 7369 7393 7411
7417 7433 7451 7457 7459 7477 7481 7487 7489 7499
7507 7517 7523 7529 7537 7541 7547 7549 7559 7561
7573 7577 7583 7589 7591 7603 7607 7621 7639 7643
7649 7669 7673 7681 7687 7691 7699 7703 7717 7723
7727 7741 7753 7757 7759 7789 7793 7817 7823 7829
7841 7853 7867 7873 7877 7879 7883 7901 7907 7919

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Saint George (Christian Martyr and Patron Saint)


St George Demographics:
  • Birth - No clear records
  • Birthplace - Turkey
  • Death - April 23, 303 AD
  • Place of death - Lydda, Palestine.
  • Death mode - Beheaded
  • Occupation - Roman soldier in the Guard of Diocletian.
  • Father - Gerontius, was a Roman army official from Cappadocia.
  • Mother - was from Palestine.
  • Religion - raised with Christian beliefs.
Background Information:
  • St George's Day is the date of his death 23rd April.
  • Highly unlikely he ever visited England or UK.
  • St George is Patron Saint of Aragon, Canada, Catalonia, China, England, Ethiopia, Georgia, Greece, Montenegro, Palestine, Portugal, Russia, and Serbia.
  • St George was beheaded because of his constant criticism of the Roman persecution of the Christians.
Mythology:
  • He is immortalized in the tale of Saint George and the Dragon.
  • A number of scholars have argued that George, or at least the legend, is based on George of Cappadocia.
St George Hymn:
“Liberator of captives,
and defender of the poor,
physician of the sick,
and champion of kings,
O trophy-bearer,
and Great Martyr George,
intercede with
Christ our God that
our souls be saved.”
Image Credit - Roman Zacharij (Public Domain)

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Celebrity Big Brother UK Winners (2001-2009)


Series 1 - 2001 - Jack Dee
Series 2 - 2002 - Mark Owen
Series 3 - 2005 - Bez Berry
Series 4 - 2006 - Chantelle Houghton
Series 5 - 2007 - Shilpa Shetty
Series 6 - 2009 - Ulrika Jonsson
(pictured)

Related Links:
Celebrity Big Brother 2010 (UK)

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Big Brother UK Winners (2001-2009)

Series 1 - 2000 - Craig Phillips
Series 2 - 2001 - Brian Dowling
Series 3 - 2002 - Kate Lawler
Series 4 - 2003 - Cameron Stout
Series 5 - 2004 - Nadia Almada
Series 6 - 2005 - Anthony Hutton
Series 7 - 2006 - Pete Bennett
Series 8 - 2007 - Brian Belo
Series 9 - 2008 - Rachel Rice
Series 10 - 2009 - Sophie (AKA Dogface)


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Chromosome Numbers For Living Organisms (Cell Biology, Genetics)

African Wild Dog (Lycaon pictus) - 78
Alfalfa (Medicago sativa) - 32
Alligator (Alligator mississippiensis) - 32
Amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum) - 12
American Badger (Taxidea taxus) - 32
American Marten (Martes americana) - 38
American Mink (Neovison vison) - 30
Anotomys leander - 92
Arabidopsis thaliana - 10
Armidillo (Order Cingulata) - 64
Atlantic Salmon (Salmo salar) - 58
Barley (Hordeum vulgare) - 14
Bat-eared Fox (Otocyon megalotis) -72
Bean (Phaseolus sp.) - 22
Beech Marten (Martes foina) - 38
Bengal Fox (Vulpes bengalensis) - 60
Cabbage (Brassica oleracea) - 18
Camel, Dromedary (Camelus dromedarius) - 70
Carp (family Cyprinidae) - 104
Capuchin Monkey (Cebus sp.) - 54
Cat (Felis catus) - 38
Catfish (Ictalurus punctatus) - 58
Cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus) - 38
Chicken (Gallus gallus domesticus) - 78
Chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes) - 48
Chinchilla (Chinchilla lanigera ) - 64
Coatimundi (Nasua narica)- 38
Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) -52
Cow (Bos taurus) - 60
Coyote (Canis latrans) - 78
Deer mouse (Peromyscus sp.) - 48
Dhole (Cuon alpinus) - 78
Dingo (Canis lupus dingo) - 78
Dog (Canis lupus familiaris) - 78
Donkey (Equus africanus asinus)- 62
Dove (family Columbidae) - 78
Drosophila melanogaster (fruit fly) - 8
Duck (Anas platyrhynchos) - 80
Duck-billed Platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus) - 52
Earthworm (Allolobophora calignosa typica) - 36
Echidna (family Tachyglossidae) - 63/64 - 63 (XXY, male) & 64 (XXXX, female)
Elephant (Elephas sp. & Loxodonta sp.) - 56
Eurasian Badger (Meles meles) - 44
European Mink (Mustela lutreola) - 38
European Polecat (Mustela putorius) - 40
Fennec Fox (Vulpes zerda) - 64
Fern (Ophioglossum reticulatum) - 1200 or 1260
Ferret (Mustela putorius furo) - 40
Field Horsetail (Equisetum arvense) - 216
Fisher (Martes pennanti) - 38 - type of marten
Fossa (Cryptoprocta ferox) - 42
Frog (Rana esculenta) - 26
Giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis) - 62
Goat, Domestic (Capra aegagrus hircus) - 60
Golden Jackal (Canis aureus) - 78
Gorilla (Gorilla sp.) - 48
Gray Fox (Urocyon cinereoargenteus) - 66
Guinea Pig (Cavia cobaya ) - 64
Guppy (Lebistes reticulata) - 46
Gypsy moth (Lymantria dispar) - 62
Hawkweed (Hieracium sp. & Pilosella sp.) - 8
Hamster, Common (Cricetus cricetus) - 20
Hamster, Golden (Mesocricetus auratus) - 42
Hare (Lepus sp.) - 48
Hedgehog Genus Atelerix (African hedgehogs) - 90
Hedgehog Genus Erinaceus (Woodland hedgehogs) - 88
Honey Bee (Apis mellifica) - 32,16
Horse (Equus ferus caballus) - 64
Housefly (Musca domestica) - 12
Human (Homo sapiens) - 46
Hyena (Family Hyaenidae) - 40
Ichthyomys pittieri (semiaquatic rodent) - 92
Kangaroo (family Macropodidae) - 12
King Crab (Paralithodes camtschatica) - 208
Kit Fox (Vulpes macrotis) - 50
Lion (Panthera leo) - 38
Long-nosed Cusimanse (mongoose type) - 36
Lungfish (Protopterus) - 38
Maize (Zea mays) - 20
Maned Wolf (Chrysocyon brachyurus) - 76
Mango (Mangifera indica) 40[2]
Meerkat (Suricata suricatta) - 36
Mosquito (Aedes aegypti) - 6 (note A)
Mouse (Mus sp.) - 40
Mule - 63 - semi-infertile
Myrmecia pilosula (Ant species) - 2 (note B)
Nematode worm ( Caenorhabditis elegans) - 6
Newt (Triturus cristatus) - 24
Oats (Avena sativa) - 42
Orange (Citrus sinensis) - 18,27,36
Orangutan (Pongo sp.) - 48
Oriental Small-clawed Otter (Aeony cinerereah) - 38
Pea (Pisum sativum) - 14
Pig (Sus sp.) - 38
Pigeon (Family Columbidae) - 80
Pine Marten (Martes martes) - 38
Pineapple (Ananas comosus) - 50
Porcupine (Erethizon dorsatum) - 34
Potato (Solanum tuberosum) - 48
Rabbit (Family Leporidae) - 44
Raccoon (Procyon lotor) - 38
Raccoon Dog (Nyctereutes viverrinus) - 42 (note C)
Raccoon Dog (Nyctereutes procyonoides) - 56
Radish (Raphanus sativus) -18
Rat (Rattus sp.) - 40
Red Deer (Elk/Wapiti) (Cervus elaphus) - 68
Red Fox (Vulpes vulpes) - 34 - Plus 3-5 microsomes.
Red Panda (Ailurus fulgens) - 36
Rice (Oryza sativa) - 24
Rhesus Monkey (Macaca mulatta) - 48
Rye (Secale cereale) - 14
Sable (Martes zibellina) - 38
Sable Antelope (Hippotragus niger) - 60
Sea Otter (Enhydra lutris) - 38
Sea Trout (Salmo trutta) - 80
Sheep (Ovis aries) - 54
Shrimp (Infraorder Caridea) - 254
Silkworm (Bombyx sp.) - 54
Snail - 24
Spotted Skunk (Spilogale sp.) - 64
Starfish - 36
Striped skunk (Mephitis mephitis) - 50
Swamp Wallaby (Wallabia Bicolor) - 10/11 - 10 for male, 11 for female
Tanuki/Raccoon Dog (Nyctereutes procyonoides albus) - 38
Tiger (Panthera tigris) - 38
Tibetan fox (Vulpes ferrilata) - 36
Toad (Buffo vulgaris) - 22
Tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum) - 48
Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) - 24
Turkey (Meleagris sp.) - 82
Virginia Opossum (Didelphis virginiana) - 22[16]
Wheat (Triticum aestivum) - 42
White-tailed Deer (Odocoileus virginianus) - 70
Wolf (Canis lupus) - 78
Woolly Mammoth (Mammuthus primigenius) - 58
Wolverine (Gulo gulo) - 42
Yellow Mongoose (Cynictis penicillata) - 36
Yeast (i.e. Saccharomyces sp.) - 32
Zebrafish (Danio rerio) - 50

Notes:
  • Note A - The 2n=6 chromosome number is conserved in the entire family Culicidae, except in Chagasia bathana which has 2n=8.
  • Note B - 2 for females, males are haploid i.e. have 1. Other ant species have more chromosomes.
  • Note C - Some sources say sub-species differ with 38, 54, and even 56 chromosomes

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Kangaroos Play Cellos; Orangutans Fiddle; Gorillas Sing (Mnemonic)

Kangaroos Play Cellos; Orangutans Fiddle; Gorillas Sing (KPCOFGS) is another mnemonic for remembering the classification of living organisms. See other mnemonics.

Kangaroos - Kingdom
Play - Phylum
Cellos - Class
Orangutans - Order
Fiddle - Family
Gorillas - Genus
Sing - Species

Related Links:


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William Kamkwamba (Malawi Windmill Boy) Inventor


William Kamkwamba Demographics:
  • Born - 1987
  • Age - 22 years old (2009).
  • Residence - village of Masitala, a hamlet in Kasungu District, Central Region, Malawi.
  • Parents - Farmers.
William Kamkwamba Facts:
  • True story of a Malawian teenager who transformed his village by building electric windmills out of junk.
  • Had a dream of bringing electricity & running water to his village.
  • Considered a a good example of the youthful African 'Cheetah generation', who embrace education and technology.
  • His story is told in the book, The Boy Who Harnessed the Wind, written by himself & journalist Bryan Mealer.
William Kamkwamba Education:
  • Self-taught applied technologist / inventor.
  • Forced to quit school aged 14 because his family could no longer afford the $80-a-year (£50) school fees following a drought in Malawi.
  • Unable to attend school so he kept up his education he started using the local library.
  • William was fascinated by science, and his life changed one day when he found a tattered textbook and saw a picture of a windmill.
  • "I was very interested when I saw the windmill could make electricity and pump water."
  • "I thought: 'That could be a defence against hunger. Maybe I should build one for myself'."
  • William did just that and more. (see video below)
  • He is now on a scholarship at the elite African Leadership Academy in Johannesburg, South Africa.
The Kamkwamba Windmill:
  • He made a turbine from spare bicycle parts, a tractor fan blade and an old shock absorber.
  • He then produced windmill blades from plastic pipes, flattened by heating over a fire.
  • "I got a few electric shocks climbing that [windmill]," said William.
  • The finished windmill - a 5-m (16-ft) tall was made with a blue-gum-tree wood tower.
  • William has recently built a new windmill, 'the Green Machine', which is used to turn a water pump to irrigate his family's field.
William Kamkwamba Political Impact:
  • Feted by climate change campaigners (i.e. Al Gore) & business leaders the world over.
  • Invited in mid-2007 to the prestigious Technology Entertainment Design conference in Arusha, Tanzania, where he recounted his story to the audience and received a standing ovation. (video from conference below)
  • The Wall Street Journal, covered by Sarah Childress, wrote an article about him with a front page portrait.
  • Mr Kamkwamba has since been flown to conferences around the globe to recount his life-story.
  • William has also recently appeared on The Daily Show on October 7, 2009.
William Kamkwamba Time Line:
  • 2002 - Drought strikes in Malawi, William leaves school & builds a 5m high windmill.
  • 2006 - Daily Times writes article on William; a 12m windmill is built.
  • 2007 - Attends TED Conference.
  • 2007 - William brings solar power to his village and installs a solar pump.
  • 2008 - William builds the 'Green Machine' windmill which pumps well water on his family farm.
  • 2008 - September - William attends inaugural African Leadership Academy class.
  • 2009 - William builds a replica of his original 5m windmill.
  • 2009 - Appears on The Daily Show, with Jon Stewart (October 7).

William Kamkwamba: How I built my family a windmill (TED Conference 2007):



Image Credit - by whiteafrican (cc)

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