Wednesday

Canada's Provinces from West to East (BASMOQ NNN &, Mnemonic)

BASMOQ NNN & - is a useful mnemonic to help with remembering Canada's provinces from west to east.

B - British Columbia,
A - Alberta,
S - Saskatchewan,
M - Manitoba,
O - Ontario,
Q - Quebec

N - New Brunswick
N - Newfoundland and Labrador
N - Nova Scotia

& - Prince Edward Island


Related Links:

Saskatchewan (Spelling Mnemonic)

Image Credit - Golbez (cc)

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The Seven Dwarfs From Snow White (Mnemonic)

This little mnemonic phrase helps you remember the 7 dwarfs from 'Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs' (Disney film, 1937).

2 S’s, 2 D’s, and 3 Emotions

2 S’s - Sleepy & Sneezy
2 D’s - Dopey & Doc

3 Emotions - Bashful, Happy, & Grumpy




From the queue of the classic Fantasyland darkride Snow White's Scary Adventures
at the Magic Kingdom of Walt Disney World in Orlando, Florida.
[Image by Joe Penniston, (cc)]


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Oxford Calculators (Merton College, Oxford) 1328-1349

The Oxford Calculators were four mathematicians from Merton College (University of Oxford), who were active together between 1328-1349.

Oxford Calculator Names Were:
Oxford Calculator General Facts:
  • The group employed a clear logico-mathematical approach to philosophical problems.
  • They were clearly able to differentiate kinematics from dynamics.
  • They logically investigated instantaneous velocity, with their studies emphasizing kinematics.
  • Following on from their investigations - they were the first to describe 'the mean speed theorem' - stating that a body traveling at constant velocity will cover the same distance in the same time as an accelerated body if its velocity is half the final speed of the accelerated body.
  • This theorem was arrived at way before the time of Galileo Galilei (1564-1642).
  • Soon after being appointed Archbishop of Canterbury in 1349, Thomas Bradwarding died as a result of the Black Death (bubonic plague), essentially ending the group's activities.

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Extreme Sheep LED Art by the Baaa-Studs (Video, 2009)

The Baaa-Studs (2009) present EXTREME SHEPHERDING, starring Emris ("The Electrician"), Gerry ("The Player"), Rob ("The LED Master"), Bernard ("The General"), some faithful sheepdogs and bunch of clueless of sheep.

The team took to the hills of Wales to make this fantastic video, armed with big ideas, some technology, great sheepdogs, and of course the sheep.

The team recreate a walking sheep, a game of Pong, numerous fireworks, and the Mona Lisa by 'Leonardo Baa-Vinci'.

Starring in alphabetical order are:
  • Bernard Llewellyn
  • Emris Williams
  • Georgia Davis
  • Gerry Lewis
  • Rhys Francis
  • Robert Jones
  • Wyn Griffiths
Thanks also to SAMSUNG & their Smart LED Technology.




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Thomas Bradwardine (1290-1349, Mathematician, Archbishop of Canterbury 1349)

Thomas Bradwardine Demographics:
  • Name - Thomas Bradwardine (known as "the Profound Doctor")
  • Born - c. 1290
  • Birthplace - either at Hartfield (Sussex) or at Chichester.
  • Death - 26 August 1349
  • Place of death - Rochester
  • Buried - Canterbury.
  • Occupation - English scholar, mathematician, courtier, theologian & briefly Archbishop of Canterbury (1349).
  • Family social class - smaller gentry / burghers.
Childhood & Education:
  • Known as a precocious student.
  • Educated at Balliol College, Oxford.
  • Made a Fellow of Balliol College by 1321.
  • Recieved degree of doctor of divinity.
  • Reputation as an excellent scholar, mathematician & theologian.
  • Particularly gifted logician - with theories on the insolubles & the liar paradox.
  • Later moved to Merton College (Oxford) on a fellowship.
  • Eventually became chancellor of the University of Oxford & professor of divinity.
  • Was a contemporary of William of Ockham (of Occam's Razor fame).
Religious & Public Life:
  • Ordinary secular cleric.
  • Was chancellor of the diocese of London.
  • As Dean of St Paul's, he became chaplain and confessor to Edward III.
  • He preached at the victory mass following the successful Battle of Crécy.
  • Edward III repeatedly entrusted him with diplomatic missions.
  • Was elected Archbishop of Canterbury by the canons in 1349 (following death of Archbishop John Stratford) but Edward III would not give his consent.
  • Edward III's chancellor John de Ufford was instead made Archbishop of Canterbury, but soon died of the Black Death (bubonic plague).
  • Bradwardine was then made Archbishop of Canterbury, receiving confirmation from Pope Clement VI (then located in Avignon).
  • Unfortunately Archbishop Bradwardine also died (26 August 1349) of the Black Death (bubonic plague), in Rochester, after returning from Avignon.
Scientific Life:
  • Was as one of the Merton College 'Oxford Calculators', which also included William Heytesbury, Richard Swineshead, & John Dumbleton.
  • They were first to formulate the 'mean speed theorem'.
  • They also demonstrated "The Law of Falling Bodies"— long before Galileo Galilei.
  • Bradwardine spent time examining Aristotle's theories of dynamics.
  • As a mathematician he is best known for the work Tractatus de proportionibus velocitatum (1328).
  • Bradwardine was the first mathematician to study "star polygons", which would later be studied more extensively by Kepler.
  • Bradwardine was also a memory expert, using mnemonic techniques to improve his mental abilities, which he wrote about in De Memoria Artificiali (c. 1335).
Writen Works:
  • De causa Dei contra Pelagium et de virtute causarum (published London, 1618)
  • De Geometria speculativa (printed at Paris, 1530) [see thumbnail image]
  • De Arithmetica practica (printed at Paris, 1502)
  • De proportionibus velocitatum in motibus (1328) (printed at Paris, 1495; Venice, 1505)
  • De Quadratura Circuli (Paris, 1495)
  • Ars Memorative, Sloane manuscripts. No. 3974 in the British Museum—earning from the Pope the title of the Profound Doctor.
  • De Continuo (?)
  • Tractatus de proportionibus (1328)
  • De Memoria Artificiali (c. 1335)

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Gods Of Death (List)

Acheron
Artume (Artumes, Aritimi)
Auraka
Azrael
Bulu
Chamer
Charon / Charon
Charontes
Charun
Cizin
Cum Hau
Gallu
Giltine
Grim Reaper
Guta
Hades
Hafaza
Hermes
Hisa-Me
Karihi
Letum
Merau
Mors
Morta
Muut
Nga
Nyx
Odin
Parcae
Samulayo
Thanatos
Todote
Were


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The Unknown Citizen (Poetry Reading)

These are poetry readings of the poem 'The Unknown Citizen', by W.H. Auden.







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Petrarch (Francesco Petrarca, 1304-1374)

Petrarch Demographics:
  • Name - Francesco Petrarca (known in English as Petrarch)
  • Born - July 20, 1304
  • Birthplace - Garden Street, city of Arezzo.
  • Died - July 19, 1374
  • Place of Death - Arquà, near Padua in Italy
  • Occupation - Italian scholar, poet.
  • Father - Ser Petracco (Lawyer).
  • Son - Giovanni (born 1337) died of the plague in 1361.
  • Daughter - Francesca (born in 1343).
Petrarch General Facts:
  • One of the earliest Renaissance humanists.
  • Petrarch is often called the "Father of Humanism".
  • Petrarch was also known for being one of the first people to refer to the "Dark Ages".
  • His brother was the only one of 35 monks left alive in his monastery following an outbreak of the plague.
  • Petrarch, referring to the plague, predicted that generations to come would not believe tales of such horrors.
  • He watched many of those close to him die of the plague, and listed Giovanni Boccaccio (A.D. 1313-1375) as his only surviving friend.
  • The image opposite is a portrait of Petrarch (ca. 1450).
Petrarch Childhood & Education:
  • Early childhood was spent in the village of Incisa, near Florence.
  • Petrarch lived much of his early life at Avignon & Carpentras.
  • His family moved to Avignon to follow Pope Clement V (moved there in 1309 to begin the Avignon Papacy).
  • He studied law at Montpellier (1316–20) & Bologna (1320–23) at his father's insistance.
  • Petrarch, however, was mostly interested in writing & Latin literature.
Petrarch - Adult Life:
  • Petrarch was a prolific letter writer and counted Boccaccio among his friends.
  • He traveled widely in Europe and served as an ambassador and has been called "the first tourist"
  • Petrarch is credited with creating the concept of a historical "Dark Ages".
  • In later years he spent his time journeying through northern Italy as an international scholar & poet-diplomat.
  • Around 1368, Petrarch & his daughter (with family) moved to Arquà , near Padua, where he spent his remaining years in religious contemplation.
Petrarch Literary Works:
  • Petrarch was an enthusiastic Latin scholar, writing mostly in Latin.
  • His works contributed to the creation & structure of the modern Italian language.
  • His first large scale work, Africa, was an epic in Latin about the great Roman general Scipio Africanus, though it was never finished.
  • Petrarch is best known for his Italian poetry, particularly the Canzoniere & the Trionfi ("Triumphs").
  • Petrarch's sonnets have been admired & imitated throughout Europe during the Renaissance; becoming a model for lyrical poetry.
Petrarch Literary Works (Selected):
  • Secretum ("My Secret Book") - a very personal, guilt-laden imaginary dialogue with Augustine of Hippo.
  • De Viris Illustribus ("On Famous Men") - a series of moral biographies.
  • Rerum Memorandarum Libri - an incomplete treatise on the cardinal virtues.
  • De Otio Religiosorum ("On Religious Leisure") - praising contemplative life.
  • De Vita Solitaria ("On the Solitary Life") - praising contemplative life.
  • De Remediis Utriusque Fortunae ("Remedies for Fortune Fair and Foul") - self-help book which remained popular for centuries.
  • Itinerarium ("Petrarch's Guide to the Holy Land") - a travel guide.
  • Carmen Bucolicum - collection of 12 pastoral poems.
  • Epistolae familiares & Seniles - 2 books containing many letters.
Petrarch Quotes:
Homer, Petrarch relates, "was dumb to him, while he was deaf to Homer".

"In my younger days I struggled constantly with an overwhelming but pure love affair – my only one, and I would have struggled with it longer had not premature death, bitter but salutary for me, extinguished the cooling flames. I certainly wish I could say that I have always been entirely free from desires of the flesh, but I would be lying if I did".

"O happy people of the future, who have not known these miseries and perchance will class our testimony with the fables." [writing about the plague]
Petrarch & Philosophy:
  • Petrarch is traditionally known as the "Father of Humanism".
  • Some scholars even consider him to be the "Father of the Renaissance."
  • Petrarch believed that God had given humans their vast intellectual & creative potential to be used to their fullest.
  • Although Petrarch was a devout Catholic, he did not see a conflict between realizing humanity's potential & having religious faith.
  • He was a highly introspective man, which lead to him tending to emphasize the importance of solitude & study.
  • Later, Leonardo Bruni argued instead for the active life, or "civic humanism" which would subsequently influence a number of political, military, & religious leaders during the Renaissance.

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Kings Play Chess On Fine Green Silk (Mnemonic)


Kings Play Chess On Fine Green Silk (KPCOFGS) is another mnemonic for remembering the classification of living organisms. See other Kings Play Chess mnemonics.

Kings - Kingdom
Play - Phylum
Chess - Class
On - Order
Fine - Family
Green - Genus
Silk - Species

Related Links:

Image - Green Silk (scarf) by Sonia Luna (cc)


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