Friday

Hear and Here (Spelling Mnemonic)

Is the spelling hear or here?

You HEAR with your EAR.


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Susan Atkins (Charles Manson Family Member) Dies of Brain Tumour



Susan Atkins has recently died in prison from a brain tumour at the age of 61 years. She spent 37 years in the California Institution for Women at Frontera. When Atkins fell ill, she was moved to a medical unit at the Central California Women's Facility in Chowchilla where she died.



Demographics:
  • Name - Susan Atkins
  • Birth - May 7, 1948
  • Birthplace - Los Angeles suburb of San Gabriel.
  • Death - September 25, 2009
  • Mother - Her mother died of cancer when she was 15 years old.
  • Father - Alcoholic father, sent her and her brother to live with relatives.
  • Teenager - Ran away to San Francisco and worked dancing in a topless bar.
Susan Atkins and the Charles Manson Family:
  • Follower of cult leader Charles Manson.
  • She was one of the cult members who went on a murderous rampage in August 1969.
  • The Manson Family murders remained unsolved for ~ three months, until Susan Atkins confessed to a cellmate following her arrest on another unrelated charge.
  • Susan Atkins boasted that she "stabbed [Sharon] Tate, tasted her blood and used the blood to write the word 'Pig' on the front door of the house."
  • She also said - "I don't know how many times I stabbed (Tate) and I don't know why I stabbed her," ... "She kept begging and pleading and begging and pleading and I got sick of listening to it, so I stabbed her."
  • Susan Atkins was the only Manson Family member to have participated in the Tate and Labiaca murders as well as the murder of Gary Hinman.
  • In 1968, Ms. Atkins gave birth to a son which Charles Manson insisted be named Zezozose Zadfrack Glutz (Manson had already given Atkins the name Sadie Mae Glutz).
  • Zezozose Zadfrack Glutz was adopted out (1969) to a couple in California at the age of 1 year.
Life in Prison:
  • In 1977 Atkins published her autobiography, Child of Satan, Child of God.
  • Married twice in prison, last to lawyer James W. Whitehouse, 15 years her junior.
  • Whitehouse unsuccessfully represented her at her 2000, 2005 & 2009 parole hearings.
  • Diagnosed with terminal brain cancer in 2008.
Image Credit - from http://www.bittenandbound.com

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Affect and Effect (Spelling Mnemonic)

A simple mnemonic (spelling mnemonic) differentiating "affect" from "effect".

Use the word RAVEN to remember when to use “affect” versus “effect”.
  • R - Remember
  • A - Affect
  • V - Verb
  • E - Effect
  • N - Noun
Also - IF YOU AFFECT A SITUATION, YOU HAVE AN EFFECT ON IT.


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Yersinia Pestis Infection (Plague) Untreated Mortality


Following the sad news of Professor Malcolm Casadaban's death from septicaemic plague. These are the reported mortality rates for untreated Yersinia pestis (plague) infection.

There are 3 main forms of the infection:

Mortality rates for untreated infections:


Bubonic plague:
  • 60% (ref 1)
  • 40-60% (ref 2)
  • 50-90% (ref 3)
  • 60% (Health Protection Agency, UK) (ref 4)
  • 50-60% (ref 5)
  • 60% (ref 6)
  • 30-75% (ref 7)
Pneumonic plague:
  • Constant 100% (ref 1)
  • Nearly 100% fatal (ref 2)
  • 100% (ref 3)
  • 100% (Health Protection Agency, UK) (ref 4)
  • Approaches 100% (ref 5)
  • 90-95% (ref 8)
Septicaemic plague:
  • 50-75% (ref 1)
  • 100% (ref 2)
  • 100% (Health Protection Agency, UK) (ref 4)
  • Approaches 100% (ref 5)
  • Close to 100% (ref 8)

Related Links:


References:
Ref 1 - http://knol.google.com/k/jared-gaynor/jared-gaynor/26o07dobfc6fv/1#
Ref 2 - http://www.shadowedrealm.com/articles/submitted/bubonic_plague_black_death
Ref 3 - http://www.uptodate.com/patients/content/topic.do?topicKey=~kFkqRLTloUPliY
Ref 4 - http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/life_and_style/health/article6737667.ece
Ref 5 - http://www.upmc-biosecurity.org/website/focus/agents_diseases/fact_sheets/plague.html
Ref 6 - McGovern TW, et al. Arch Dermatol 1999; 135:311-322

Ref 7 - R. Totaro, Suffering in Paradise: The Bubonic Plague in English Literature from More to Milton (Pittsburgh: Duquense University Press, 2005), p. 26.
Ref 8 - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Black_Death

Image credit - Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Public Health Image Library (PHIL), with identification number #2047

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Windoze (Word Definition) Microsoft Windows



Windoze is derogatory internet slang for Microsoft Windows.


Image Credit - by Rain Rabbit (cc)

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Public Library of Science Article Level Metrics

Public Library of Science now has article level metrics. This article by Dr Alan Cann, shown here, has a video (below), which explains some of the benefits.



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PQ4R Reading Technique (Mnemonic)


This is a mnemonic device to remember the reading learning method of:
  • Preview
  • Question
  • Four (4) R's - Read, Reflect, Recite, Review
Read with a purpose. If you are reading a chapter in your textbook, you should start by skimming the whole chapter for an overview. After this initial preview create some questions to concentrate on while you prepare to read in more depth. Then read the chapter.

After you've finished reading the chapter, move on to reflect, ie think about how the chapter has answered your previous questions. Proceed to recite the answers back to yourself, explaining the information in your own words.

Finally, go back through the book chapter again, skimming the text for the main points.


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Rasta Orangutan (Image by Julia Malanjina)



"Rasta Orangutan" a great image created by Julia Malanjina.

Key features of the picture include the visual references to Cannabis (pot, weed, splif), dreadlocks, hair beads, knitted cap (rasta hat), rastafarian and rastafarianism.

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CiteULike (Online Scholarly Reference Manager)



CiteULike is a very useful online scholarly reference manager.

Uses:
  • Easily helps you store references you find online.
  • Helpful for discovering new articles and resources.
  • Has ability to enable sharing of references with your peers.
  • Has function of telling you who's reading what you're reading.
  • You can store and search your PDFs online.
CiteULike (http://www.citeulike.org/)

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diagrammr (Creates Diagrams By Writing Sentences)



This useful site diagrammr (http://diagrammr.com/) enables you to create relational diagrams from simple sentences. Worth a look.

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Lesser Periwinkle (Vinca minor) AKA Blue Buttons, Dicky Dilver, Ground Ivy, Sen Green, Periwinkle, Death's Flower

The Lesser Periwinkle plant (Vinca minor) (pictured) is a plant native to central and southern Europe, and is also found as far afield as the Caucasus (to the East), and in southwestern Asia in Turkey. Has clear lavender-coloured flowers with asymmetrical petals. The plant was mentioned by Chaucer as "Pervinke rich of hew". It is also associated with the Virgin Mary because of its colour, and also with Venus.

In the book "British Wild Flowers - In Their Natural Haunts Vol2-4", by A. R. Horwood there is the following historical description:
"The plant is called Blue Buttons, Dicky Dilver, Ground Ivy, Periwinkle, Sen Green. It was supposed to inspire love, and called Death's flower, being scattered over the graves of children in Italy and Tuscany. It was said to signify early recollections or pleasures of memory. Rousseau was struck with their appearance in a hedge when going to Charmattes, and thirty years afterwards, in company with Mme De Stael he saw the flower, and it reminded him of the occasion again. It is much cultivated in grardens and shrubberies."
Medicinal Properties:
  • It has been used as a traditional medicine to treat cardiovascular disorders by enhancing blood circulation (including the brain), and also to enhance metabolism within the brain.
  • Vincamine appears to be responsible for Vinca minor's memory enhancing activity.
Popular Culture:
  • The name Dicky Dilver is one of the few words that rhymes with silver.

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Woo Factor and Woo-Master

This interesting video from MoneyWatch.com's Eric Schurenberg shows an interview with Wharton School Professor G. Richard Shell. Professor Shell, and co-author Mario Moussa, have recently written a book entitled "The Art of Woo" which looks at the skill of strategic persuasion and winning people over. In the interview Shell gives an assessment of the woo factor ability of various personalities. President Barack Obama comes out of the discussion with the plaudit of "woo-master".

"The Art of Woo" has it's own website (here). The first chapter of the book is also available for free download on the home page. Interestingly, it appears that relationship-based persuasion (woo factor) follows a distinctive, repeatable four-step process:

• Step 1—Survey Your Situation
• Step 2—Confront the Five Barriers
• Step 3—Make Your Pitch, and
• Step 4—Secure Your Commitments.



Interesting video and the book looks well worth reading.

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Sporange (Botany Word)


Sporange and sporangium - the little capsule or receptacle that holds spores in certain species of fungi, molds, & ferns.

Related botany terms include - hypnosporange, macrosporange, and megasporange.

Rhymes with orange.

Image from the book "Class-Book Of Botany USA & Canada", by Alphonso Wood (1897).
Mosses. 513, Polytrichium. 514, Sporange with calyptra, without calyptra. 515, Sporange (enlarged) with the operculum at top. 516, Mnium, 517, Sporange. 518, Bartramia. 519, Sporange with calyptra. 520, Same mature, open. 521, Peristome, with its teeth. 522, Antheridium and paraphyses (a flower) of Polytrichium.


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