Sunday

Kings Play Chess On Fine Grain Sand (Mnemonic)


Kings Play Chess On Fine Grain Sand (KPCOFGS) is another mnemonic for remembering the classification of living organisms. See other Kings Play Chess mnemonics.

Kings - Kingdom
Play - Phylum
Chess - Class
On - Order
Fine - Family
Grain - Genus
Sand - Species

Related Links:


Image - Wadi Rum fine grain red desert sand by Magh (cc)


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Six Wives Of King Henry VIII (List)

Six wives of King Henry VIII - mnemonic for fate of wives.

Divorced Beheaded Died - Divorced Beheaded Survived


Wife Life Years as Wife Separation

1

Catherine of Aragon

12/16/1485 - 1/7/1536

6/11/1509 - 5/23/1533

Divorced

2

Anne Boleyn

1501/7? - 5/19/1536

1/25/1533 - 5/17/1536

Beheaded

3

Jane Seymour

c. 1508 - 10/24/1537

5/20/1536 - 10/24/1537

Died

4

Anne of Cleves

9/22/1515 - 7/16/1557

1/6/1540 - 7/9/1540

Divorced

5

Catherine Howard

c. 1521 - 2/13/1542

7/28/1540 - 2/13/1542

Beheaded

6

Catherine Parr

c.1512 - 9/5/1548

7/12/1543 - 1/28/1547

Survived






















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Birthstones and Birthday Flowers (List)

JANUARY
  • Stone: Garnet
  • Flower: Carnation
FEBRUARY
  • Stone: Amethyst
  • Flower: Violet
MARCH
  • Stone: Aquamarine
  • Flower: Jonquil
APRIL
  • Stone: Diamond
  • Flower: Sweet Pea
MAY
  • Stone: Emerald
  • Flower: Lily
JUNE
  • Stone: Pearl
  • Flower: Rose
JULY
  • Stone: Ruby
  • Flower: Larkspur
AUGUST
  • Stone: Peridot
  • Flower: Gladiolus
SEPTEMBER
  • Stone: Sapphire
  • Flower: Aster
OCTOBER
  • Stone: Opal
  • Flower: Calendula
NOVEMBER
  • Stone: Topaz
  • Flower: Chrysanthemum
DECEMBER
  • Stone: Turquoise
  • Flower: Narcissus

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Neither Leisure Foreigner Seized The Weird Heights (Spelling Mnemonic)

"Neither leisure foreigner seized the weird heights."

That mnemonic sentence reminds us of the major exceptions to the rule:

"I before e, except after c, or when sounded as "a", as in neighbour or weigh."


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Spelling Mnemonic

Spelling mnemonics help us remember the spelling of words.

Related Links:


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The Real Mary Kings Close (Edinburgh)

Mary King Close Facts:
  • The name of Mary King's Close is believed to have originated from the property owner & advocate to Mary Queen of Scots, Alexander King.
  • Alexander King had a daughter called Mary.
  • This 17th century close (one of the many underground streets) was built over during the modernisation of the old Edinburgh town.
  • The close actually consists of a number of closes which were originally narrow streets with tenement houses on either side.
  • The lower floors acted as the foundation for The Royal Exchange (built in 1753), now The City Chambers.
  • The Close is located in the Edinburgh Royal Mile.
  • During World War II the underground vaults were used as an air-raid shelter.
  • The Mary King Close has a reputation of being haunted, with one ghost of a little girl 'Annie' becoming a local celebrity.
  • It is said that she had lost her favourite doll, so now there is now a room full of gifts left by visitors for her.
  • Mary King's Close is now a commercial tourist attraction re-opened to the public in April 2003 and set out as an historically accurate example of life in Edinburgh between the 16th & 19th centuries.
Plague History of Edinburgh & Mary Kings Close (1645-1646):
  • Plague broke out during 1645 probably coming via the port of Leith from Europe.
  • The plague epidemic initially took hold in Edinburgh including Mary Kings Close.
  • There is a myth that the local council decided to try and contain the plague by incarcerating the suffers in this small community by bricking up the close for several years.
  • The consequence was that those inside the close were left to die.
  • It is likely that this explains why the close was nicknamed 'street of sorrows'.
  • The plague in Edinburgh generally was treated with a well organised quarantine, as a result of much experience from previous outbreaks.
  • Suffers indicated their illness by showing a small white flag in the window of their home.
  • Essential supplies were then delivered to the suffers daily.
  • The plague doctor would also make regular visits to the suffers for drainage of bubos.
  • John Paulitious, Edinburgh’s first official plague doctor, actually died from the plague himself. and was he replaced by Dr George Rae on 13 June 1645.
  • For his work Dr George Rae (pictured) eventually received a yearly pension of £1,200 Scots.
The Real Mary Kings Close Paranormal Investigations Location Shots:



The Real Mary Kings Close before the makeover:



Mary Kings Close (Visitor Information Video):



Related Links:
Professor Malcolm Casadaban (1949-2009, RIP)
Plague Mask
Plague Doctor (Medical History)
Black Death (Bubonic Plague)
Bubonic Plague Famous Deaths
The Real Mary Kings Close (Edinburgh)


Image Credit - Dr Rae The Real Mary King's Close (Public Domain)

Image Credit - Mary King Close Model by Shadowgate (cc)

The Real Mary King’s Close
2 Warriston’s Close
Writers Court
Edinburgh EH1 1PG
Tel: 0845 070 6244


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Biology Classification Rap (T.H. Culhane, 1989)

This is an entertaining video which teaches the Linnean biology classification of living things using a "Melodic-Mnemonic" rap song beat. The video was produced by T.H. Culhane with video instructor Phil Kuretski in 1989. T.H. Culhane was then a brand new science teacher at Crenshaw High School in South Central Los Angeles.

The KPCOFGS concepts - Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, Species - become much more memorable for the students when using this rap and melody mnemonic technique. The "Melodic-Mnemonic" method has apparently been particularly beneficial for "at-risk" students. The video posted below comes from T.H. Culhane's user account on Youtube.

"K-P-C-O-F-G-S it's a trip to be a mammal when you drink from mamma's breast."




Related Links:
K P C O F G S (Mnemonic, see KPCOFGS)
Mnemonic Chess - Kings Play Chess On Friday, Generally Speaking
Biology Classification Rap (T.H. Culhane, 1989)
KPCOFGS Species Blog



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Desperate and Separate (Spelling Mnemonic)

A useful mnemonic (spelling mnemonic) for those people who find spelling a challenge.

dEspErAte = nEEdy mAn

s
EpArAte = gEt AwAy

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Daylight Savings Time (Mnemonic)

A useful extra mnemonic reminder about the change in clock time for daylight savings time.

Spring forward.
Fall backward.


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