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Henry le Waleys (London Mayor, Merchant and Royal Servant) d. 1301-1302


Henry de Waleys Demographics:
  • Name - Henry de Waleys.
  • Origins - immigrant from Gascony.[12]
  • Birth - unknown.
  • Death - 1301 [6] or 1302 [2].
  • Occupation - London merchant, wine merchant [8] & royal servant, diplomat [10], alderman [10].
  • Saviour of Old London Bridge (image opposite) through lease income from London Stocks Market (1283).
  • Honours - Knighted by Edward I.
Henry de Waleys Facts:
  • Was a great & very wealthy merchant.
  • Sir Henry le Waleys made his fortune as wine merchant to the English Royal Household from 1252-1272.[10]
  • Mayor of Bordeaux in 1275.[6]
  • Lord mayor of London 1273-74, 1281-84 & 1297-99.[1]
  • Being an important revenue farmer for 6 new towns in the Bordeaux wine-growing district in 1284; he had the right to collect revenues for the king & enrich himself also.[10]
  • London Ward of Henry le Waleys is identified with Cornwainer Street Ward (q.v.).[3]
Henry de Waleys Politics:
  • Loyal supporter to the king, served Edward I (pictured) in many capacities.[9]
  • Henry de Waleys was known as a particularly “energetic” & “enterprising mayor,”.[4]
  • In 1274, Henry de Waleys swept the butchers' & fishmongers' stalls out of Cheapside 'in order that no refuse might be found remaining in Chepe on the arrival of his lordship the King'.[12]
  • The 2 most influential citizens of London at the end of the 13th century were Henry le Waleys & Gregory Rokesley.[7]
  • Member of "confrerie des jongleurs et bourgeois d'Arras" London Puy fraternity.[6]
  • Henry le Waleys gave the London Puy fraternity an annuity of 5 marks to maintain a chaplain at the Guildhall (built in 1299).[6]
Henry de Waleys Time Line:
  • 1252 - Became wine merchant to the royal household.
  • 1272 - Ended his role as wine merchant to the royal household.
  • 1273 - Became Mayor of London.
  • 1274 - Mayor of London.
  • 1274 - Swept the butchers' & fishmongers' stalls out of Cheapside.
  • 1275 - Mayor of Bordeaux.
  • 1281 - Mayor of London again (until 1284).
  • 1282 - London Stocks Market (located near the stocks) commenced.[11]
  • 1283 - Built a covered market 'le Stokkes' (for the sale of meat & fish), having secured a site adjoining St Mary Woolchurch, to improve the "economic infrastructure" [4]; with income from leasing the stalls being paid to the old London Bridge.[12]
  • 1284 - Finishes mayorship of London.
  • 1284 - Became an important revenue farmer for 6 new towns in the Bordeaux wine-growing district.
  • 1297 - Commences a 3rd term as London Mayor (until 1299).
  • 1299 - Finishes last term as London Mayor.
  • 1301 - Death [6]
  • 1302 - Death [2]

References:
1 - http://www.barryoneoff.co.uk/html/lord_mayors.html
2 - http://www.oxforddnb.com/index/101028460/
3 - http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=63357#s20
4 - http://juh.sagepub.com/cgi/pdf_extract/33/6/1048
5 - Women, art, and patronage from Henry III to Edward III: 1216-1377. By Loveday Lewes Gee. Boydell Press; English & 196 edition (March 28, 2002)
6 - Sources and analogues of the Canterbury tales, Volume 1. By Robert M. Correale, Mary Hamel. Boydell & Brewer; 1st edition (December 1, 2003).
7 - The gilds and companies of London. By George Unwin. Frank Cass & Co. Ltd., London, UK.
8 - The history of the wine trade in England, Volume 1. By André Louis Simon. Kessinger Publishing, 2007.
9 - Edward I. By Michael Prestwich. 1988
10 - The power of scale: a global history approach. By John H. Bodley. M.E. Sharpe; illustrated edition edition (December 2002).
11 - Book Production and Publishing in Britain 1375-1475. By Jeremy Griffiths, Derek Pearsall. Cambridge University Press; 1 edition (September 3, 2007).
12 - London in the Later Middle Ages: Government and People 1200-1500. By Caroline M. Barron. Oxford University Press 2005.


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