Saturday

December 19 (Calendar Date)


December 19 - Basic Facts:
  • December 19 is the 353rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar.
  • 354th day, in leap years, in the Gregorian calendar.
  • 12 days remaining until the end of the year.

Important Events:
  • 24 – Licinius abdicates his position as Roman Emperor.
  • 1154 – Henry II of England is crowned at Westminster Abbey.
  • 1490 – Anne, Duchess of Brittany, is married to Maximilian I (Holy Roman Emperor) by proxy.
  • 1606 – The departure from England of the ships - the Susan Constant, the Godspeed, & the Discovery - carrying the founding settlers of Jamestown, Virginia, which later becomes part of the United States.
  • 1732 – Benjamin Franklin began publishing "Poor Richard's Almanac."
  • 1776 – Thomas Paine publishes The American Crisis, a pamphlet in the Pennsylvania Journal (USA).
  • 1777 – During American Revolutionary War - George Washington's Continental Army has winter quarters at Valley Forge, Pennsylvania.
  • 1828 – Nullification Crisis: Vice President of the United States John C. Calhoun pens a protest of the Tariff of 1828.
  • 1843 – Charles Dickens' Yuletide tale, "A Christmas Carol," was first published in England.
  • 1907 – Serious coal mine explosion in Jacobs Creek, Pennsylvania (USA).
  • 1909 – Borussia Dortmund Football club is founded.
  • 1916 – World War I: Battle of Verdun (Western Front) - French Army successfully holds off German Army and pushes it back to its starting position.
  • 1920 – King Constantine I is restored as King of the Hellenes after death of his son (Alexander I of Greece) & a plebiscite.
  • 1924 – The last Rolls-Royce Silver Ghost is sold in London, England.
  • 1932 – BBC World Service begins broadcasting (known as the BBC Empire Service).
  • 1941 – World War II: Adolf Hitler becomes Supreme Commander-in-Chief of the German Army.
  • 1946 – Beginning of the First Indochina War.
  • 1961 – India annexes Daman & Diu - part of Portuguese India.
  • 1967 – Harold Holt (Prime Minister of Australia) is officially presumed dead.
  • 1972 – Apollo 17 - The last manned lunar flight, returns to Earth.
  • 1975 – John Paul Stevens is appointed a justice of The United States Supreme Court.
  • 1983 – The original FIFA World Cup trophy, the Jules Rimet Trophy, is stolen from Brazilian Football Confederation headquarters in Rio de Janeiro.
  • 1984 – The Sino-British Joint Declaration is signed in Beijing by Deng Xiaoping & Margaret Thatcher.
  • 1986 – Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev releases Andrei Sakharov (& his wife) from internal exile in Gorky.
  • 1997 – "Titanic," the highest-grossing movie of all-time, opened in American theaters.
  • 2001 – Record high barometric pressure of 1085.6 hPa is recorded at Tosontsengel, Khövsgöl Province, Mongolia.
  • 2001 – Argentine economic crisis (December 2001) - riots erupt in Buenos Aires.
  • 2005 – Afghanistan's first democratically elected parliament in more than 3 decades is convened.

Births:
  • 1554 – Philip William, Prince of Orange (d. 1618)
  • 1587 – Dorothea Sophia, Princess-Abbess of Quedlinburg (d. 1645)
  • 1683 – Philip V of Spain (d. 1746)
  • 1699 – William Bowyer, English printer (d. 1777)
  • 1714 – John Winthrop, American astronomer (d. 1779)
  • 1778 – Princess Marie-Thérèse-Charlotte, eldest child of Marie Antoinette & Louis XVI (d. 1851)
  • 1796 – Breton de los Herreros, Spanish playwright (d. 1873)
  • 1813 – Thomas Andrews, Irish chemist (d. 1885)
  • 1852 – Albert Abraham Michelson, Prussian-born American physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1931)
  • 1885 – Joe "King" Oliver, American jazz musician (d. 1938)
  • 1888 – Fritz Reiner, Hungarian-born American conductor (d. 1963)
  • 1895 – Ingeborg Refling Hagen, Norwegian author & teacher (d. 1989)
  • 1899 – Martin Luther King, Sr., American baptist minister & father of Civil Rights activist, Martin Luther King, Jr (d. 1984)
  • 1901 – Rudolf Hell, German inventor (d. 2002)
  • 1902 – Sir Ralph Richardson, English actor (d. 1983)
  • 1903 – George Davis Snell, American geneticist, Nobel laureate (d. 1996)
  • 1906 – Leonid Brezhnev, leader of the Soviet Union (d. 1982)
  • 1910 – Jean Genet, French writer (d. 1986)
  • 1915 – Édith Piaf, French singer and actress (d. 1963)
  • 1922 – Eamonn Andrews, Irish-born television presenter (d. 1987)
  • 1925 – William Schutz, American psychologist (d. 2002)
  • 1932 – Salvador Elizondo, Mexican writer
  • 1941 – Maurice White, American singer & songwriter (Earth, Wind & Fire)
  • 1944 – Mitchell Feigenbaum, American mathematical physicist
  • 1944 – Richard Leakey, Kenyan paleontologist, conservationist & politician
  • 1951 – Alan Rouse, British mountaineer (d. 1986)
  • 1961 – Eric Allin Cornell, American physicist, Nobel laureate
  • 1967 – Criss Angel, American illusionist, actor, & musician
  • 1969 - Richard Hammond, English television presenter
  • 1972 – Alyssa Milano, American actress
  • 1974 – Ricky Ponting, Australian cricketer

Deaths:
  • 211 – Publius Septimius Geta – Roman Emperor (b. 189)
  • 401 – Pope Anastasius I
  • 1075 – Edith of Wessex, wife of Edward the Confessor
  • 1327 – Agnes of France, Duchess of Burgundy
  • 1370 – Pope Urban V (b. 1310)
  • 1737 – James Sobieski, Crown Prince of Poland (b. 1667)
  • 1741 – Vitus Bering, Danish-born explorer (b. 1681)
  • 1745 – Jean-Baptiste van Loo, French painter (b. 1684)
  • 1749 – Francesco Antonio Bonporti, Italian priest and composer (b. 1672)
  • 1751 – Louise of Great Britain, wife of Frederick V of Denmark (b. 1724)
  • 1807 – Friedrich Melchior, baron von Grimm, German writer (b. 1723)
  • 1813 – James McGill, Scottish-born Canadian businessman and philanthropist (b. 1744)
  • 1814 – Joseph Bramah, British inventor and locksmith (b. 1748)
  • 1819 – Sir Thomas Fremantle, British naval officer and politician (b. 1765)
  • 1848 – Emily Brontë, English author (b. 1818)
  • 1878 – Bayard Taylor, American author and poet (b. 1825)
  • 1915 – Alois Alzheimer, German neuroscientist (b. 1864)
  • 1932 – Yoon Bong-Gil, Korean activist (b. 1908)
  • 1933 – George Jackson Churchward, British locomotive engineer. (b. 1857)
  • 1944 – Khedive Abbas II of Egypt (b. 1874)
  • 1946 – Paul Langevin, French physicist (b. 1872)
  • 1953 – Robert Millikan, American physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1868)
  • 1997 – Masaru Ibuka, Japanese industrialist (Sony) (b. 1908)
  • 1997 – Jimmy Rogers, American blues guitarist (b. 1924)
  • 1998 – Antonio Ordóñez, Spanish bullfighter (b. 1932)
  • 1999 – Desmond Llewelyn, Welsh actor (b. 1914)
  • 2000 – Milt Hinton, American jazz double bassist (b. 1910)
  • 2001 – Marcel Mule, French saxophonist. (b. 1901)
  • 2002 – Arthur Rowley, English footballer. (b. 1926)
  • 2003 – Peter Carter-Ruck, English lawyer (b. 1914)
  • 2003 – Hope Lange, American actress (b. 1933)
  • 2004 – Herbert C. Brown, English-born American chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1912)
  • 2005 – Keith Duckworth, English mechanical engineer (Cosworth) (b. 1933)
  • 2008 – James Bevel, American Civil Rights activist (b. 1936)
  • 2008 – Kenny Cox, American jazz musician (b. 1940)
  • 2008 – Carol Chomsky, American linguist (b. 1930)

Posted by ALCHEssMIST.
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