Pope Clement VI Demographics:
- Name - Pierre Roger.
- Born - 1291 (castle of Maumont).
- Elected Pope - May 7, 1342.
- Consecrated - May 19, 1342.
- Died - Dec. 6, 1352, natural causes (buried at La Chaise-Dieu monastery).
- Father - wealthy lord of Rosiers-d'Égletons.
- He was strongly pro-French.
- He purchased (for 80,000 crowns, which he never paid) the sovereignty of Avignon from Queen Joanna I of Naples, whom he had absolved from of her husband's murder.
- His physician, Guy de Chauliac, helped protect him during the Black Death of 1348-1350.
- Clement VI was devoted to lavish living, and his inherited treasury made that lifestyle possible.
- As a catholic pope he is claimed to have said "... lived as a sinner among sinners."
- His grave was desecrated and his remains burned by Huguenots in 1562.
- He entered the Benedictine monastery of La Chaise-Dieu, France at age 10 years.
- Studied at the College de Sorbonne in Paris.
- Abbot of Benedictine monasteries at Fécamp & La Chaise-Dieu.
- Subsequently archbishop of Sens & Rouen, & then a cardinal.
- Was the 4th pope to reside in Avignon.
- He turned down an opportunity to return the papacy to Rome.
- Clement sponsored crusading, with a naval expedition that took control of Smyrna.
- Smyrna was given to the Knights of St. John, and this contributed to ending pirate raids in the Mediterranean.
- He also had a role in the Hungarian invasion of the Kingdom of Naples.
- He was a patron of artists & scholars; with the enlargement of the papal palace, producing a center of culture.
- He offered protection to the Jews who were under suspicion and persecution for starting the Black Death.
- He had disputes with Edward III of England, because of the latter's encroachments on ecclesiastical jurisdiction, & also with the kings of Castile & Aragon.
Image Credit - Cameo of Pope Clement VI by PHGCOM, GNU Free Documentation License
Posted by ALCHEssMIST.
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