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Orcagna (Italian Painter, Sculptor, Architect) c 1308-1368


Orcagna Demographics:
  • Name - Andrea di Cione di Arcangelo
  • Nickname - ‘Orcagna’ - local slang for ‘Archangel’ (Arcangelo).
  • Born - c. 1308
  • Death - 1368
  • Home - Florence, Italy
  • Occupation - Painter, Sculptor & Architect.
  • Nationality - Italian
  • Brothers - Nardo di Cione (eldest), Jacopo di Cione & Matteo di Cione.
  • Father - Goldsmith
Education:
  • Student of Andrea Pisano & Giotto di Bondone.
Orcagna General Facts:
  • Brothers Nardo di Cione (eldest), Jacopo di Cione & Matteo di Cione were also artists.
  • The di Cione brothers were known to work collaboratively.
  • Orcagna was admitted to the painters' guild in Florence in 1343/1344.
  • He was admitted to the masons guild in Florence, 1352.
  • Architect of the cathedral at Orvieto (1358).
  • Master of the Works at the cathedral of Orvieto in 1359.
  • He supervised the mosaic decoration of the facade at the cathedral of Orvieto with brother Matteo, 1359–60.
  • Employed as architect in the Duomo in Florence in 1357 and 1364–67.
  • According to Giorgio Vasari, the Brotherhood of Orsammichele took the offerings made to the Blessed Virgin during the Black Death of 1348, using them to build around her image an elaborately ornamented marble tabernacle.
  • This work on the tabernacle was entrusted to Orcagna, which he completed in 1359, and remains his only authentic sculptural work.
Pupils:
  • Nello di Vanni (Pisan Painter)
Artistic Works (Selected):
  • "Altarpiece of the Redeemer" (1354-57) - in the Strozzi Chapel,
  • Santa Maria Novella and the tabernacle - in Orsanmichele (finished 1359).
  • The Triumph of Death (fresco) - inspired Franz Liszt's masterwork Totentanz.
  • Mosiac decoration & the rose window of the cathedral of Orvieto.

Image Credit - Andrea Orcagna by Meyers (cc)

Posted by ALCHEssMIST.
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