- Occitania is the name given to the area where Occitan, the langue d'oc, was traditionally the first language.
- The area is equivalent to approximately half of modern day France (see map).
- It included the midi - Southern France excluding the Basque Country & the Roussillon (Catalan speaking); also contained parts of now Spain (Aran Valley) & Italy (Occitan Valleys).
- Area covers present day regions of:
- Old Aquitaine
- Southern part of the French Alps.
- Cities included in region are:
- Occitania has been recognized as a cultural concept since the Middle Ages.
- The words Occitan and Occitania were used by the official administration in the 14th-century, i.e. 'Occitania', 'lingua occitana', 'respublica occitana', 'patria linguae occitanae'.
- Occitania has never known full political unification - though it was mostly being ruled by the Counts of Toulouse (or their vassals) in the early Middle Ages.
- There are many cultural similarities in the region, such as architecture, attitudes, food, & way of life.
- Long history of liberty & providing refuge to those suffering persecution.
- Camisards - Protestants heavily persecuted by French Catholics who sought & received protection in the Lozère in the 16th, 17th & 18th-centuries.
- Faidits - disposed Cathars - help from persecution by crusaders & the Inquisition.
- Maquis - resistance fighters who had opposed German occupation of the Midi.
- Sephardic Jews were not persecuted under The Counts of Toulouse as they were elsewhere in western Christendom.
- Spanish Political Refugees - Following the Spanish Civil War (ending 1939), many Spaniards were welcomed throughout Occitania.
- Waldenians - also persecuted by crusaders & the Inquisition.
Image Credit - by Cedric31 on Wikipedia, GNU licence
Posted by ALCHEssMIST.
Alchemipedia | Home | Index | AZ | Numbers | Years | Animals | Architecture | Art | Business | Fashion | Films | Food & Drink | Games | Health | History | Literature | Media | Music | People |Politics | Science | Sport | Technology | World |