Monday

Nomanneslond (Pardon Churchyard, New Church Hawe) Medieval History of London


Nomanneslond Details:
  • Names - Nomanneslond, Nomanneslonde, Nomansland
  • Land Size - Piece of ground about three acres in size.
  • Location - Situated outside the north wall of the City; area later known as Clerkenwell.
  • Proximities - Found between the lands of the Abbot of Westminster & the Prior of St. John of Jerusalem. [2]
Functions Over the Years:
  • Historically a place of execution.
  • Later a Black Death burial ground.
  • Later again was site of Carthusian monastery.
  • Charterhouse complex - containing remains of a Carthusian monastery, Tudor mansion, Jacobean hospital (Sutton's hospital) & other buildings (hidden away behind a square in Clerkenwell).
  • Sutton's Hospital on Charterhouse complex (see image of hospital entrance 1611).
Early Events:
  • 1326 - Site of the beheading of Bernard d'Espaygne (a wine-merchant) for treason. [2]
  • 1348 - Ralph Stratford, Bishop of London, bought this 3 acre waste land. [1,4]
  • 1348 - A small chapel for mass was built, & the ground named Pardon Churchyard. [4]
  • 1349 - Burial of up to 50,000 persons from the Black Death. [4]
  • 1361 - Founding & building of a Carthusian monastery at Pardon Churchyard. [4]
  • 1371 - Sir Walter de Manny founded a Carthusian convent. [4]
  • 1390 - Mentioned in will of John Scorfeyn, who left money for the repair of the highway between "Nomanneslonde" and Iseldon, 1390-1. [3]
Nonmanneslond & the Black Death:
"Ralph Stratford, Bishop of London, shocked at these unsanctified interments, in his zeal to amend the evil consecrated three acres of waste ground, called "No Man's Land," outside the walls, between the lands of the Abbey of Westminster and those of St. John of Jerusalem, at Clerkenwell. He there erected a small chapel, where masses were said for the repose of the dead, and named the place Pardon Churchyard. The plague still raging, Sir Walter de Manny, that brave knight whose deeds are so proudly and prominently blazoned in the pages of Froissart, purchased of the brethren of St. Bartholomew Spital a piece of ground contiguous to Pardon Churchyard, called the Spital Croft, which the good Bishop Stratford also consecrated. The two burial-grounds, afterwards united, were known as New Church Hawe." [4]

References:
[1] - Shrewsbury, J.F.D. (2005) A History of Bubonic Plague in the British Isles. Cambridge University Press.
[2] - www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=64850
[3] - www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=63251
[4] - www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=45110


Image Credit - by STML (cc)

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