FIDE (Fédération Internationale des Échecs) World Chess Federation

FIDE General Facts:
  • The Fédération Internationale des Échecs or World Chess Federation.
  • International organization that connects the various national chess federations around the world.
  • Acts as the governing body of international chess competition.
  • Usually known as FIDE from its French acronym.
  • Its motto is Gens una sumus, meaning "We are one people".
  • FIDE controls the International Chess Elo Ratings list.
FIDE History:
  • FIDE was founded in Paris, France on July 20, 1924, as a kind of players' union.
  • Alekhine, the reigning world champion in 1928, agreed to place future matches for the world title under the auspices of FIDE.
  • Max Euwe, whilst negotiating his 1937 World Championship re-match with Alexander Alekhine, proposed that if he retained the title FIDE should manage both nomination of future challengers and also conduct the championship matches.
Chess Politics:
  • FIDE was involved in a number of controversies with the late Bobby Fischer regarding candidates matches, & subsequent defense of his world title.
  • During Max Euwe's period as president of FIDE (1970-1978) he strove to increase the number of member countries.
  • The next president, Florencio Campomanes (president 1982-1995) of the Philippines, continued the policy started by Euwe.
  • As a result of there now being alot more weak chess playing nations, it has been commented that FIDE decisions could be easily manipulated.
  • Further controversy erupted in 1992 when Kasparov & Nigel Short concluded that FIDE had failed to get them the best financial deal available & so announced that they would "play under a new body, the "Professional Chess Association" (PCA).
  • The 2 separate World Championships (FIDE & PCA) were not rejoined until 2006 when a re-unification match was played between Vladimir Kramnik & Veselin Topalov, which Kramnik won.
  • The current FIDE president is Kirsan Ilyumzhinov.
  • Kirsan Ilyumzhinov is also president of Kalmykia, an autonomous Republic in Russia.
  • FIDE has also become recognised by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) in 1999.
  • There has, however, been considerable controversy regarding the introduction of the IOC's anti-drugs rules to chess competition.
  • The implementation of IOC anti-drugs rules relates to FIDE's attempts at becoming part of the Olympic Games movement.
FIDE Presidents:
  • 19241949 - Alexander Rueb (25 years)
  • 19491970 - Folke Rogard (21 years)
  • 19701978 - Max Euwe (8 years)
  • 19781982 - Friðrik Ólafsson (4 years)
  • 19821995 - Florencio Campomanes (13 years)
  • 1995–present - Kirsan Ilyumzhinov ((14 years as of 2009)
FIDE Member Federations:
Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Argentina, Armenia, Aruba, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Bermuda, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, British Virgin Islands, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burundi, Cambodia, Canada, Chile, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cote d'Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, England, Estonia, Ethiopia, Faroe Islands, Fiji, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Guernsey, Haiti, Honduras, Hong Kong, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jersey, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Latvia, Lebanon, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macau, Macedonia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Malta, Mauritius, Mexico, Moldova, Monaco, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Netherlands, Netherlands Antilles, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Norway, Pakistan, Palau, Palestine, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Puerto Rico, Qatar, Romania, Russia, Rwanda, San Marino, Scotland, Serbia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Somalia, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Surinam, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Taiwan, Tajikistan, Thailand, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United States of America, Uruguay, US Virgin Islands, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Vietnam, Wales, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Posted by ALCHEssMIST.
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