Alchemy General Facts:
- Medieval forerunner to chemistry.
- Alchemy particularly looked at the formation of inanimate substances.
- Alchemy was also known as a system of philosophy that dealt with the mystery of life.
- The discipline is a blend of astrology, chemistry, magic and occultism, together with ideas derived from religious systems and other obscure sources.
- Purported to have developed the ability to transmutate base metals, such as lead & mercury, into silver & gold.
- The technique reportedly used the philosopher's stone, a substance which was also said to have the power to give eternal life.
- The Arabian phrase "al-kimia" - refers to the preparation of the Stone or Elixir by the Egyptians.
- The Arabic root "kimia" comes from Coptic "khem" - alluding to the fertile black soil of the Nile delta.
- Probably began in Egypt - based on early records.
- Legends attribute alchemy to Hermes Trismegistus.
- Other religious claims include the fallen angels of the Book of Genesis, & revelations by Moses and Aaron.
- Albert Poisson
- Antoine Lavoisier
- Dr Johnson
- Gottfried Leibniz
- Hermes - origin of hermetically sealed.
- Isaac Newton
- Jabir ibn Hayyan (Geber)
- Johann Glauber,
- John Dalton
- Robert Boyle
- Roger Bacon
- Saint Albertus Magnus
- Saint Thomas Aquinas
- Tycho Brahe
- Thomas Browne
- Vincent of Beauvais
Image Credit (bottom) Alchemist with scale by Chemical Heritage Foundation (cc)
Posted by ALCHEssMIST.
Alchemipedia | Home | Index | AZ | Numbers | Years | Animals | Architecture | Art | Business | Fashion | Films | Food & Drink | Games | Health | History | Literature | Media | Music | People |Politics | Science | Sport | Technology | World |