Saturday

Orange (Citrus Fruit)


Orange Botanical Facts:
  • Name - Citrus aurantium ssp. sinensis, Citrus sinensis
  • Appearance - Small flowering tree.
  • Size - grows to about 10 m tall.
  • Leaves - Evergreen leaves, arranged alternately, of ovate shape with crenulate margins.
  • Fruit - orange fruit is a hesperidium (a type of berry).
  • The fruit of Citrus aurantium ssp. sinensis is called sweet orange to distinguish it from Citrus aurantium, the bitter orange.
Orange History:
  • Now generally believed that oranges originate from Northern or North Eastern India.
  • The orange tree is an ancient hybrid possibly between pomelo (Citrus maxima) and tangerine (Citrus reticulata).
  • The first oranges were brought to Europe by the Moors, probably already available in the 9th century, though these were not sweet oranges.
  • The name is thought to have been derived from the Dravidian & Tamil word for the orange tree, after passing through a number of languages.
Orange - Other Names:
  • Chinese (Cantonese) - Chaang
  • Chinese (Mandarin) - Guang gan, Tian cheng
  • Dutch - Sinaasappel "Chinese apple"
  • German - Apfelsine "China's apple"
  • Hebrew - Tapuz, Tappuah zahav
  • Spanish - Naranja, Naranja china
Orange Varieties:
  • Blood orange
  • Navel orange
  • Persian orange
  • Valencia orange

Inage Credit - by gem66 (cc)

Posted by ALCHEssMIST.
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