Wednesday

Mobo Awards 2009 Winners

Best UK Act - N-Dubz
Best UK Newcomer - JLS
Best Song - JLS, Beat Again
Best Album - N-Dubz, Uncle B
Best DJ - Trevor Nelson
Best Hip-Hop Act - Chipmunk
Best R&B Act - Keri Hilson
Best International Act - Beyoncé
Best Video - Beyoncé, Single Ladies (Put a Ring on It)
Best Reggae Act - Sean Paul
Best Jazz Act - YolanDa Brown
Best Gospel Act - Victizzle
Best African Act - Nneka

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Bubonic Plague (Yersinia pestis) Historical Treatment

Historical Woodcut circa 1493
From: Fasciculus medicine
By de Ketham, J.
Published: Gregorii Venice 1495, Folio d3 recto
A physician using pomander, taking the pulse (?) of a man sick with plague; right., attendant with urine-flask basket.

Credit: Wellcome Library, London
Copyrighted work available under Creative Commons by-nc 2.0 UK: England & Wales.


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Pomander (Apple of Amber) Perfume Ball

Basic Facts:
  • From French pomme d'ambre, i.e. apple of amber, "apple of ambergris".
  • Ball made of perfumes, such as ambergris, civet, musk or other fragrent resins.
  • The pomander was worn or carried in a vase, also known by the same name.
  • Pomanders were used as a protection against infection in times of pestilence (ie bubonic plague).
  • They were also used by some plague doctors as a form of treatment, and were useful to reduce the appreciation of the bad odours (from buboes etc).
  • The plague mask probably started out as a modified pomander before taking it's later recognised form.
  • Pomanders were particularlybused in the late Middle Ages through to the 17th century.
  • As time passed, the pomander began to take on the "golden apple" interpretation.
  • By the 18th century, a pomander was often an orange studded with cloves and other spices and given as gifts.
Pomander Globular Cases:
  • These globular cases, which contained the pomanders, were hung from a neck-chain or belt, or even attached to a woman's girdle.
  • The caes were usually perforated to allow the perfume to escape into the surrounding air.
  • They were often made of inert metals such as gold or silver, or precious materials.
  • Sometimes they contained several partitions, into which was placed a separate perfume.
Famous Wearers:
  • Queen Elizabeth I
  • Other Nobles & notables of the day.
Popular Culture:
  • The Roman Polanski 1968 film, Rosemary's Baby showed Rosemary Woodhouse wearing a pomander.

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Samoa / America Samoa Tsunami Videos

Below are videos posted to YouTube showing the scale of the destruction from Tuesday’s (29th September 2009) earthquake and subsequent tsunami which hit Samoa and American Samoa.

Some houses have been completely wiped away, leaving only foundations. Even cars were swept away into houses and trees.







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Tuesday

Principal and Principle (Spelling Mnemonic and Comprehension)

It is helpful to remember these mnemonic phrases.

Your princiPAL is your PAL.

A ruLE can be called a principLE (both end in -le).



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American Samoa Earthquake and Tsunami (September 2009)

Basic Facts:
  • American Samoa is a tiny U.S. territory that lies about halfway between Hawaii and New Zealand.
  • A 7.9 magnitude earthquake has struck 120 miles (190 km) off of the coast of American Samoa on September 29, 2009.
  • The quake is reported to have occurred 11.2 miles (18.0 km) below the ocean floor.
  • As a result of the earthquake a tsunami had been generated.
  • The tsunami has caused waves of 5.1 feet (1.57 metres) above normal sea level off American Samoa, according to reports from the Pacific Western Tsunami Warning Center in Hawaii.
  • There have been many casualties - at least 77 people were reported dead in Samoa, more than 25 in American Samoa and at least six in Tonga.

Related Links:

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American Samoa (Geography, South Pacific Ocean)



American Samoa Basic Facts:
  • American Samoa is an unincorporated territory of the USA located in the South Pacific Ocean, part of the Samoan Islands chain.
  • It is found southeast of the sovereign state of Samoa.
  • Was formerly known as Western Samoa.
  • The main island is Tutuila.
  • Other islands included in the territory are Manuʻa Islands, Rose Atoll, and Swains Island.
  • Total population at 2000 census was 57,291, with around 65,000 currently.
  • Land area is 200.22 km2 (77 sq mi).
  • Economy relies on fishing - with 2 tuna canneries on the territory.

Related Links:


Image Credit - NOAA

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Great Plague (London, 1665) Geographical Distribution Map


The Great Plague, London (1665)
Geographical Distribution Map

Geographical distribution of the Great Plague, 1665, caused by bubonic plague bacterium Yersinia pestis.
From: The great plague in London in 1665 By: Walter George Bell
Published: John Lane, London, 1924 - Facing page 158

Full Bibliographic Record Link to Wellcome Library Catalogue
Credit: Wellcome Library, London

Copyrighted work available under Creative Commons by-nc 2.0 UK: England & Wales.

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Bills of Mortality - Plague, Disease and Casualties (1665)


Mortality rates and the causes of death in London during the week of the 25th of April to the 2nd of May, 1665.

Bubonic plague caused by Yersinia pestis was a major cause of death in 1665.

From: London's dreadful visitation, or a collection of all the Bills of Mortality.

Published: London 1665

Collection: Rare Books

Credit: Wellcome Library, London

Copyrighted work available under Creative Commons by-nc 2.0 UK: England & Wales

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Flea (Colour-Enhanced Electron Micrograph)


Flea - Colour-Enhanced Electron Micrograph:


Image Credit
Rob Young, Wellcome Images
Collection: Wellcome Images
Creative Commons by-nc-nd 2.0 UK: England & Wales


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The (Bubonic) Plague of Florence (1348) Etching, Wellcome Library, London


The (bubonic) plague of Florence in 1348, as described in Boccaccio's Decameron. Etching by L. Sabatelli after himself.

Engraving By: Giovanni Boccaccio after: Luigi Sabatelli and Pier Roberto Capponi
Published: Giuseppe VolpiniS.l. :
Size: platemark 65.7 x 86.5 cm.
Collection: Iconographic Collections
Library reference no.: ICV No 10909

Image Credit: Wellcome Library, London

Copyrighted work available under Creative Commons by-nc 2.0 UK: England & Wales

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Monday

Innocent (Spelling Mnemonic)

To remember the spelling of innocent say the following sentence.

IN NO CENTury is murder an innocent crime.


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Lucie Jones (Singer, Model, The X Factor, UK, 2009)

Lucie Jones Demographics:
  • Name - Lucie Jones
  • Age - 18 years old (2009)
  • Home - Welsh village of Pentyrch, near Cardiff, South Wales, UK.
  • Occupation - Singer, model.
Lucie Jones Facts:
  • Recently appeared on X Factor, UK (2009).
  • Shares the same vocal coach as Charlotte Church.
  • Trained by Church's former singing teacher Louise Ryan for two years.
  • Lucie’s agent is Leigh-Ann Regan from Regan Rimmer Management.
  • Recently has won a place at the Italia Conti Stage School in London.
  • Former adventure scout.
  • Notable quote - Lucie told panel that X Factor was her “ticket out of the little village on top of a hill, with all the sheep”.
  • Lucy has been signed with model agency Select - following her high fashion photo shoot with Grazia.
  • Recently seen (January 2010) at the premiere of the new West End musical version of the movie Legally Blonde with Stacey Solomon.
Lucie Jones Videos:
  • Auditions
  • Bootcamp
  • Judges Houses
Lucie Jones Songs Sang:
  • Whitney Houston's I Will Always Love You.

Lucie Jones (Auditions 3):




Lucie Jones (Bootcamp 1):





Lucie Jones (Judges' Houses 2
)




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90 Minutes in Heaven - A True Story of Death & Life (Don Piper)

In 1989, after colliding with a semi-truck, Don Piper claims he died ("killed instantly") and "immediately transported to the gates of heaven". He then, after 90 minutes, apparently returned to life on earth. This book descibes Piper's feelings and perceptions at the time of his visit to heaven, and how it has profoundly affected his life.

Whether you believe in God, religion or the after-life, these accounts of near death experiences are important to recognise and study.

Promotional Video for the Book (See Below):




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Seven Natural Wonders of the World (CNN List)

There is no clear consensus on a list of seven natural wonders of the world.

The list compiled by CNN appears as good as any:

Aurora
Grand Canyon
Great Barrier Reef
Harbour of Rio de Janeiro
Mount Everest
Parícutin volcano
Victoria Falls


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Seven Wonders of the Ancient World

Colossus of Rhodes
Great Pyramid of Giza
Hanging Gardens of Babylon
Lighthouse of Alexandria
Mausoleum of Maussollos at Halicarnassus
Statue of Zeus at Olympia
Temple of Artemis at Ephesus


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