Sunday

Stephen Hawking (Theoretical Physicist)


Stephen Hawking Demographics:
  • Name - Stephen William Hawking
  • Birth - January 8, 1942
  • Nationality - British
  • Occupation - Theoretical physicist
  • Honours - CH, CBE, FRS, FRSA
  • Father - Dr. Frank Hawking, a research biologist.
  • Mother - Isobel Hawking
  • Siblings - 2 sisters, Philippa & Mary, & adopted brother, Edward.
Stephen Hawking Interesting Facts:
  • Contributions to the fields of cosmology and quantum gravity, especially in the context of black holes.
  • Awarded the US Presidential Medal of Freedom (August 12, 2009).
  • Elected (1974) as one of the youngest Fellows of the Royal Society.
  • Honorary Fellow of the Royal Society of Arts.
  • Has a neuro muscular dystrophy which has progressed, leaving him now almost completely paralyzed.
  • Professor Hawking was ranked 25th in the 2002 BBC Poll of the 100 Greatest Britons (here).
Stephen Hawking Education & Professional Life:
  • St Albans High School for Girls (1950-1953), admitted boys until age 10 years.
  • St Albans School from age 11 years.
  • Enrolled at University College, Oxford for his degree, choosing physics as mathematics was not available.
  • B.A. degree at Oxford University in 1962.
  • Moved from Oxford to Trinity Hall, Cambridge to study theoretical astronomy & cosmology.
  • Lucasian Professor of Mathematics at the University of Cambridge for thirty years (1979 - October 1, 2009).
  • Fellow of Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge.
  • Distinguished Research Chair at the Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics in Waterloo, Ontario.
Stephen Hawking Scientific Plaudits:
  • Provided together with Roger Penrose, theorems regarding singularities in the framework of general relativity, including the theoretical prediction that black holes should emit radiation (Hawking radiation or Bekenstein-Hawking radiation).
  • Lifetime member of the Pontifical Academy of Science.
  • Mathematical proof (with Brandon Carter, Werner Israel & D. Robinson) of John Wheeler's "No-Hair Theorem".
  • Multiple other advances in quantum cosmology, cosmic inflation etc.
Stephen Hawking Awards (Chronology):
  • 1975 - Eddington Medal
  • 1976 - Hughes Medal - Royal Society
  • 1979 - Albert Einstein Medal
  • 1982 - Order of the British Empire (Commander)
  • 1985 - Gold Medal - Royal Astronomical Society
  • 1986 - Member of the Pontifical Academy of Sciences
  • 1988 - Wolf Prize in Physics
  • 1989 - Prince of Asturias Awards in Concord
  • 1989 - Companion of Honour
  • 1999 - Julius Edgar Lilienfeld Prize - American Physical Society
  • 2003 - Michelson Morley Award - Case Western Reserve University
  • 2006 - Copley Medal - Royal Society
  • 2008 - Fonseca Price - University of Santiago de Compostela
  • 2009 - Presidential Medal of Freedom (United States)
Stephen Hawking Popular Publications:
  • 1988 - A Brief History of Time, (Bantam Press)
  • 1993 - Black Holes and Baby Universes and Other Essays, (Bantam Books)
  • 2001 - The Universe in a Nutshell, (Bantam Press)
  • 2002 - On The Shoulders of Giants. The Great Works of Physics and Astronomy, (Running Press)
  • 2005 - A Briefer History of Time, (Bantam Books)
In this audio message Stephen Hawking responds to his question on the survival of the human race:



Image Credit - NASA StarChild Learning Center Public Domain

Posted by ALCHEssMIST.
Alchemipedia | Home | Index | AZ | Numbers | Years | Animals | Architecture | Art | Business | Fashion | Films | Food & Drink | Games | Health | History | Literature | Media | Music | People |Politics | Science | Sport | Technology | World |

No comments:

 
Web Statistics