Monday

1933

1933 History Facts:
  • The Nazi Party leader Adolf Hitler is appointed German chancellor.
  • The Children and Young Persons Act 1933 is passed in Great Britain.
  • Construction of Golden Gate Bridge begins, San Francisco Bay, California (January 5).
  • Sir Charles Kingsford Smith - first commercial flight between Australia & New Zealand. (January 11)
  • Adolf Hitler - appointed Chancellor of Germany by Paul von Hindenburg (January 30).
  • Adolf Hitler gives his "Proclamation to the German People" in Berlin (February 1).
  • Nazis in Germany begin organized persecution of the Jews.
  • Newsweek (magazine) is published for the first time (February 17).
  • The Blaine Act ends Prohibition in the United States (February 17).
  • Germany's the Reichstag, is set on fire (February 27).
  • The original film version of King Kong is released (March 2).
  • Mount Rushmore National Memorial is dedicated (March 3).
  • U.S. President Herbert Hoover is succeeded by Franklin D. Roosevelt (March 4).
  • Franklin Delano Roosevelt addresses the nation for the first time as President of the USA (March 12).
  • The Reichstag passes the Enabling Act, making Adolf Hitler dictator of Germany. (March 23)
  • Japan leaves the League of Nations. (March 27)
  • Franklin D. Roosevelt declares a national emergency & issues Executive Order 6102, making it illegal for U.S. citizens to own gold. (April 5)
  • Beer is legalized in the U.S. (April 7)
  • The Gestapo is established in Germany. (April 26)
  • The first reported modern sighting of the Loch Ness Monster occurs (May 2).
  • Radio waves from the center of the Milky Way Galaxy, detected by Karl Jansky, leading to the birth of radio astronomy (May 5).
  • The Nazi Party in Germany introduces a law to legalize eugenic sterilization. (May 26)
  • All non-Nazi parties are forbidden in Germany (June 21).
  • Leó Szilárd conceives the idea of the nuclear chain reaction (September 12).
  • Albert Einstein arrives in the US as a refugee from Nazi Germany (October 17).
  • The 21st Amendment to the United States Constitution, repealing Prohibition, comes into effect (December 5).
  • FM radio is patented (December 26).
  • The Holodomor famine (1933) takes place in the Ukraine.
Births:
  • Amartya Sen, Indian economist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. November 3)
  • Arno Allan Penzias, German-born physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. April 26)
  • Barry Norman, English film critic (b. August 21)
  • Chen Jingrun, Chinese mathematician (b. May 22, d. 1996)
  • Claude Cohen-Tannoudji, French physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. April 1)
  • Conway Twitty, American country music artist (b. September 1, d. 1993)
  • Corazon Aquino, President of the Philippines (b. January 25, d. 2009)
  • Cormac McCarthy, Pulitzer Prize winner (b. July 20)
  • Donna Douglas, American actress (The Beverly Hillbillies) (b. September 26)
  • Doyle Brunson, American poker player (b. August 10)
  • Elizabeth Montgomery, American actress (Bewitched) (b. April 15,d. 1995)
  • Emperor Akihito of Japan (b. December 23)
  • Gene Wilder, American actor (Willy Wonka and the Chocolate Factory) (b. June 11)
  • Heinrich Rohrer, Swiss physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. June 6)
  • James Brown, African-American soul musician (I Feel Good) (b. May 3, d. 2006)
  • Jayne Mansfield, American actress (b. April 19, d. 1967)
  • Joan Bakewell, British broadcaster (b. April 16)
  • Joan Collins, English actress (Dynasty) (b. May 23)
  • Joan Rivers, American comedian (b. June 8)
  • John Boorman, English film director (b. January 18)
  • Kim Novak, American actress (b. February 13)
  • Larry King, American talk show host (b. November 19)
  • Leslie Crowther, British TV comedian & game show host (b. February 6, d. 1996)
  • Louis Farrakhan, African-American Muslim leader (b. May 11)
  • Marty Feldman, English comedian and actor (b. July 8, d. 1982)
  • Michael Caine, English actor (Alfie) (b. March 14)
  • Michael Dukakis, American politician (b. November 3)
  • Michael Novak, American philosopher and author (b. September 9)
  • Morimura Seiichi, Japanese novelist and author (b. January 2)
  • Nina Simone, American singer (b. February 21, d. 2003)
  • Oleg Makarov, Russian cosmonaut (b. January 6, d. 2003)
  • Paul J. Crutzen, Dutch chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. December 3)
  • Peter Mansfield, British physicist, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. October 9)
  • Philip Roth, American author (b. March 19)
  • Quincy Jones, American music producer and composer (b. March 14)
  • Reginald Kray, British gangster (b. October 24)
  • Richard R. Ernst, Swiss chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. August 14)
  • Robert Curl, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. August 23)
  • Roman Polanski, French film director (b. August 18)
Deaths:
  • Calvin Coolidge, 30th President of the United States (b. 1872, d. January 5)
  • Émile Roux, French physician (b. 1853, d. November 3)
  • Faisal I of Iraq, king of Iraq (d. September 8)
  • Fatty Arbuckle, American comedian (b. 1887, d. June 29)
  • Frank Jarvis, American athlete (b. 1878, d. June 2)
  • Freddie Keppard, American jazz musician (b. 1890, d. July 15)
  • Harriet Brooks, Canadian physicist (b. 1876, d. January 1)
  • Henry Royce, English car manufacturer (b. 1863, d. April 22)
  • Jack Pickford, Canadian-born actor (b. 1896, d. January 3)
  • James J. Corbett, American boxer (b. 1866, d. February 18)
  • Jimmie Rodgers, American country singer (b. 1897, d. May 26)
  • John Galsworthy, English writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1867, d. January 31)
  • Stefan George, German poet (b. 1868, d. December 4)
  • Thubten Gyatso, 13th Dalai Lama (b. 1876, d. December 17)

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